Somalia’s telecom market has managed to keep going despite the lack of guidance from a central government or sector regulatory since 1991, when a dictatorial regime was overthrown. Through the anarchy which has followed, and which continues in many areas, the telecoms market, dominated by the competitive mobile sector where seven networks compete for customers, has flourished. Some of these mobile services operators also offer fixed-line and internet services. There are no regulations or taxes, and no service obligations. Tariffs are among the lowest in Africa. However, the absence of regulation has also led to problems with frequency spectrum coordination and interconnection between networks.
The country’s access to international submarine fibre optic cables was delayed until 2014, largely due to concerns resulting from piracy as well as to social difficulties and political anarchy. The landing of the first cable ended Somalia’s dependence on expensive satellite connectivity for internet access. Consequently, Somalia’s Internet Service Providers (ISPs) have been able to provide much improved services, though international bandwidth remains very limited. This is set to change with two key submarine cables: the 1,500km G2A cable (with a terrestrial connection to Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, expected to be ready for service at the end of 2016), and the 5,500km DARE cable, expected to be made available in May 2018.
There are also fibre-optic broadband links connecting Somalia across the Kenya border and linking to directly into Hormuud Telecom’s network.
Recent progress in the fight against Islamist militias and the formation of a new government are giving rise to hopes that the country may finally stabilise and become more attractive to foreign investment, which is needed to take the telecoms and broadband sector to the next level. The new government is beginning to regulate the sector and is planning to issue new spectrum licences that will allow the operation of high-speed mobile broadband technologies.
|Penetration of telecoms services:||Penetration|
|Mobile SIM (population)||52%|
Dalkom; Golis Telecom; Hormuud Telecom; Nationlink; Netco; Somafone; Somtel; Telcom Somalia; Telesom; Thuraya.
Companies (Major Players)
Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Regulations & Government Policies
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Number of pages 17
Last updated 3 Aug 2016
Analyst: Henry Lancaster
Paul has been a relentless advocate and tireless activist for making the world a more connected place.
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Senator Stephen Conroy, former Communications Minister and Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Senate
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