Burundi - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Burundi launches ICT strategy to 2028

Given its high population density and the low penetration rates across all telecom sectors, Burundi remains potentially one of the most attractive telecom markets in Africa for investors. Nevertheless, investor reticence is still evident given the country’s low economic output and the fact that outside the main urban areas fixed-line infrastructure remains poor. Compounding these practical difficulties is the continuing political turmoil which can has rendered the investment environment problematic.

To overcome difficulties associated with the poor telecom infrastructure the government, supported by the Word Bank, has backed a joint venture with a number of prominent telcos to build a national fibre backbone network, offering onward connectivity to submarine cable infrastructure landings in Kenya and Tanzania. The first sections of this network were switched on in early 2014, and additional provinces have since been connected. In addition, the government in early 2018 kick-started the Burundi Broadband project, which aims to deliver national connectivity by 2025. Based on this improved infrastructure the government and ITU have developed an ICT strategy to make use of telecoms to promote the country’s socio-economic development through to 2028.

International bandwidth increased almost five-fold between 2014 and the end of 2017, resulting in lower retail prices for consumers. There have also been efforts to encourage the country’s ISPs to join the national IXP in a bid to cannel internet traffic locally and thus reduce the cost of providing services to end-users.

Two of the mobile operators have launched 3G and LTE services to capitalise on the growing demand for internet access. The number of mobile subscribers grew rapidly for several years, and though this slowed in 2016 there were about 6.2 million subscribers as of early 2019. Mobile penetration, at 52%, remains low by regional standards, suggesting considerable room for further growth. A new player, Viettel Group, which received a licence to provide mobile services in early 2014, launched 2G and 3G services in June 2015 and LTE services in February 2016. It soon became the leading player in the country, with an extensive fibre-backhaul network which it can use to provide fixed-line services.

The long-established plans to privatise the national telco Onatel (which also operates one of the mobile networks), have been delayed several times, but the government since 2013 has made efforts to kick-start the process.

Key developments:

  • Government launches e-health project;
  • Lumitel providing national LTE coverage;
  • ICT program launched to promote socio-economic development;
  • Burundi Broadband project gets underway, aiming for national coverage by 2025;
  • Mobile subscriber penetration broaches 52%;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Office National des Telecommunications (Onatel, Onamob); U-Com (Orascom, Telecel Globe, Leo); VTEL Holdings (Tempo, Africell Safaris); Econet Wireless Burundi (Spacetel); LaCell SU (Smart Burundi); Renaissance Capital; BNP Paribas; Millenium Finance; Linkstone Capital.

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

  • Regulatory environment

  • Fixed network operators

  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
  • Broadband market

    • Broadband statistics
  • Mobile market

    • Mobile statistics
    • Mobile broadband
    • Major mobile operators
      • Econet
      • Africa Cellulaire
      • Viettel (Lumitel)
      • Smart Telecom
      • Onamob
    • M-money
  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Burundi – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telecom market revenue by sector ($) – 2008 – 2016
  • Table 3 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 4 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 5 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2017
  • Table 6 – Historic – Fixed internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 7 – Fixed internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Internet users – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Internet market revenue (BIF) – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 11 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 12 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Mobile market revenue (BIF) – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 14 – Mobile market investment (BIF) – 2011 – 2015
  • Table 15 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 16 –Econet mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 17 – Lumitel mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 18 –Smart Telecom mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 19 –Onamob mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 20 – Mobile money users and penetration rate – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 21 – Value of mobile money transactions (registered users) – 2016 – 2017

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2011 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Burundi

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