Burundi - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Burundi’s mobile subscriber base shows strong growth in 2015

Burundi remains one of the most attractive telecom markets in Africa for investors. The country has a high population density with relatively low, yet fast growing, mobile market penetration. This provides considerable potential for revenue growth in coming years. Nevertheless, investor reticence is still evident given the country’s low economic output and the fact that outside the main urban areas fixed-line infrastructure remains poor. To overcome these difficulties, the government, supported by the Word Bank, has backed a joint venture with a number of prominent telcos to build a national fibre backbone network, offering onward connectivity to submarine cable infrastructure landings in Kenya and Tanzania. The first sections of this network were switched on in early 2014.

Since 2012 Burundi has had improved access to international cables, thus ending its dependence on expensive satellite connections. The higher international bandwidth made available has resulted in lower retail prices for consumers.

Market limitations have delayed the launch of services among some players: in late 2012 two GSM licensees had their licenses withdrawn after having failed to launch services. Two of the remaining mobile operators have launched 3G mobile services to capitalise on the growing demand for internet services. The number of mobile subscribers has grown rapidly in recent years, with penetration approaching 50% by early 2016. Nevertheless, this remains low by regional standards, suggesting considerable room for further growth. A new player, Viettel Group, which received a licence to provide mobile services in early 2014, launched 2G and 3G services in June 2015 and claimed to have signed up 600,000 subscribers within the first month. This placed the operator as the third largest in the country. Trading as Lumitel, Viettel aims to become the largest operator in Burundi, and to complement its mobile operations with fixed-line services. These developments, coupled with the relatively take-up of telecom services thus far, make Burundi is one of the most attractive growth markets in Africa, despite the limited size of the population.

The long-established plans to privatise the national telco Onatel (which also operates one of the mobile networks), have been delayed several times, but the government since 2013 has made efforts to kick-start the process.

Market penetration rates in Burundi’s telecoms sector – 2015 (e)

Penetration of telecoms services: Penetration
Fixed-line telephony 0.1%
Fixed internet 5.7%
Mobile SIM (population) 31%

(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Key developments:

  • Viettel Group claiming to have one million mobile subscribers;
  • Yahsat collaborates to provide satellite broadband services;
  • Africell’s interconnection services suspended following failure to pay tax debt and licence renewal fees;
  • Coup against President causing more social unrest;
  • Huawei commissioned to build MAN infrastructure, funded by Chinese government grants;
  • Continuing high growth rate in the low-penetration mobile market;
  • Internet use developing strongly as the national backbone network increases connectivity;
  • Further consolidation among mobile operators expected in the face of competition in a small market;
  • Privatisation of national telco planned rekindled;
  • Backbone network has some 1,000km of cabling completed;
  • Smart Telecom relaunches as Smart Burundi;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to Q4 2015.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Office National des Telecommunications (Onatel, Onamob); U-Com (Orascom, Telecel Globe, Leo); VTEL Holdings (Tempo, Africell Safaris); Econet Wireless Burundi (Spacetel); LaCell SU (Smart Burundi); Renaissance Capital; BNP Paribas; Millenium Finance; Linkstone Capital.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecom, mobile and internet market overview
    • 4.1 Fixed-line
    • 4.2 Mobile
    • 4.3 Internet
    • 4.4 National Backbone Network
  • 5. Market statistics
    • 5.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 5.2 Internet statistics
    • 5.3 Mobile statistics
  • 6. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2015 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2015 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2015 (e)
  • Table 4 – Internet and social media user statistics – 2015 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2015 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – U-Com (Econet) mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 8 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 9 – Mobile subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 10 – SMS traffic market share by operator – 2014
  • Table 11 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 13 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 14 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 15 – Internet subscribers – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 16 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2014
  • Table 17 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2016
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2016
  • Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2004 - 2016
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2016
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Burundi

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