Burundi - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Burundi Broadband project aiming for national coverage by 2025

Given its high population density and the low penetration rates across all telecom sectors, Burundi remains one of the most attractive telecom markets in Africa for investors. Nevertheless, investor reticence is still evident given the country’s low economic output and the fact that outside the main urban areas fixed-line infrastructure remains poor. To overcome these difficulties, the government, supported by the Word Bank, has backed a joint venture with a number of prominent telcos to build a national fibre backbone network, offering onward connectivity to submarine cable infrastructure landings in Kenya and Tanzania. The first sections of this network were switched on in early 2014, and additional provinces have since been connected. In addition, the government in early 2018 kick-started the Burundi Broadband project, which aims to deliver national connectivity by 2025.

International bandwidth increased almost five-fold between 2014 and the end of 2017, resulting in lower retail prices for consumers. There have also been efforts to encourage the country’s ISPs to join the national IXP in a bid to cannel internet traffic locally and thus reduce the cost of providing services to end-users.

Two of the mobile operators have launched 3G and LTE mobile services to capitalise on the growing demand for internet access. The number of mobile subscribers grew rapidly for several years, and though this slowed in 2016 there are now about six million subscribers. Mobile penetration, at 50%, remains low by regional standards, suggesting considerable room for further growth. A new player, Viettel Group, which received a licence to provide mobile services in early 2014, launched 2G and 3G services in June 2015 and LTE services in February 2016. It soon became the leading player in the country, with an extensive fibre-backhaul network which it can use to provide fixed-line services.

The long-established plans to privatise the national telco Onatel (which also operates one of the mobile networks), have been delayed several times, but the government since 2013 has made efforts to kick-start the process.

Key developments:

  • Government secures loan to invest in Onamob’s network;
  • Burundi Broadband project gets underway, aiming for national coverage by 2025;
  • Regulator calls on local ISPs to join the national ISP and so reduce the cost of internet traffic;
  • Econet launches LTE services, competing with Viettel;
  • Huawei commissioned to build MAN infrastructure, funded by Chinese government grants;
  • Mobile subscriber penetration grows 4.4% in 2017;
  • Internet use developing strongly as the national backbone network increases connectivity;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Office National des Telecommunications (Onatel, Onamob); U-Com (Orascom, Telecel Globe, Leo); VTEL Holdings (Tempo, Africell Safaris); Econet Wireless Burundi (Spacetel); LaCell SU (Smart Burundi); Renaissance Capital; BNP Paribas; Millenium Finance; Linkstone Capital.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
  • 5. Regulatory environment
  • 6. Fixed network operators
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Broadband market
      • 7.2.1 Broadband statistics
    • 7.3 Mobile market
      • 7.3.1 Mobile statistics
      • 7.3.2 Mobile broadband
      • 7.3.3 Major mobile operators
      • 7.3.4 M-money
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2018
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – Telecom market revenue by sector ($) – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 10 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Historic – Fixed internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 12 – Fixed internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 13 – Internet users – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 15 – Internet market revenue (BIF) – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 16 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Mobile market revenue (BIF) – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 19 – Mobile market investment (BIF) – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 20 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 21 –Econet mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 22 –Lumitel mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 23 –Smart Telecom mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 24 –Onamob mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 25 – Mobile money users and penetration rate – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 26 – Value of mobile money transactions (registered users) – 2016 - 2017
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Burundi

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