Nigeria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent after South Africa. Given the potential for further growth, the sector attracts considerable foreign investment. Market liberalisation measures in recent years have led to hundreds of companies, many of them small and localised, being set up to provide a range of telecom and value-added services.

The mobile sector has benefited from market competition and the wider deployment of LTE technologies, which have in turn supported operator revenue growth and encouraged the adoption of mobile broadband among subscribers. Other than the key mobile network operators, there are a number of additional players operating under a unified licensing regime.

The regulator has licensed two regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build a national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis. An additional five InfraCo licenses are expected to be awarded later in 2017.

Nigeria has the most competitive fixed-line market in Africa, featuring a second national operator (Globacom) and over 80 other companies licensed to provide fixed-telephony services. The alternative carriers combined now provide around 85% of all fixed connections.

Several microwave and fibre-based national backbone networks are being rolled out by various companies. Nitel’s monopoly on international fibre bandwidth via the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable system ended in 2009 when Globacom’s Glo-1 cable landed in the country. The landing of additional submarine cables (supported by improved domestic fibre infrastructure) has delivered a further boost to the country’s developing broadband sector by improving bandwidth and reducing prices for end-users.

Key developments:

Regulator prepares to auction five more InfraCo licences; MTN Nigeria secures licence for spectrum in the 2.6GHz band; state oil company NNPC allows part of its fibre infrastructure to be used for telecom services; NCC and NITDA establish joint committee to collaborate on efforts to develop the telecoms and ICT sectors; government proposes new tax on telecom services; regulator hopes for the telecoms sector to account for a greater share of GDP by 2025; government shelves plans to sell NigComSat; Lagos State government agrees to abolish arbitrary charges on telcos; regulator cracks down on poor quality of service; number portability finally introduced; efforts continue to promote infrastructure sharing; report update includes the regulator’s market data to April 2017, operator data to Q1 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp), Globacom, VGC Communications (MTN), Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Alheri Engineering, Gateway Telecoms Integrated Services, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One (Mainstreet Technologies), Brymedia, NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Historical overview
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
    • 5.2 National Telecommunications Policy (NTP)
    • 5.3 Nigerian Communications Act
    • 5.4 West African common regulatory framework
    • 5.5 Interconnection
    • 5.6 Infrastructure sharing
    • 5.7 Telecom taxes
    • 5.8 2.6GHz auction – 2016
    • 5.9 Universal service
      • 5.9.1 National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
      • 5.9.2 National Information Technology Development (NITD) Fund
      • 5.9.3 Backbone Transmission Infrastructure Project (BTRAIN)
    • 5.10 Telecom sector liberalisation
      • 5.10.1 Globacom’s SNO licence
      • 5.10.2 Regional fixed-wireless access (FWA) licences
      • 5.10.3 International gateway licences
      • 5.10.4 Unified licensing regime
      • 5.10.5 Regional broadband infrastructure licences
    • 5.11 Privatisation of Nitel
      • 5.11.1 IPO
      • 5.11.2 Liquidation
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, defunct)
      • 6.1.1 Network infrastructure
      • 6.1.2 National backbone network
      • 6.1.3 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 6.1.4 Services
    • 6.2 Globacom
      • 6.2.1 Network infrastructure
      • 6.2.2 Fibre optic backbone network
      • 6.2.3 International presence
      • 6.2.4 Services
      • 6.2.5 International expansion
    • 6.3 VGC Communications, MTN
    • 6.4 National Long-Distance Operators (NLDO)
    • 6.5 Fixed-wireless network operators
      • 6.5.1 MTS First Wireless
      • 6.5.2 Mobitel Nigeria
      • 6.5.3 Prestel (O-Mobile)
      • 6.5.4 Regional FWA operators
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Backbone networks
      • 7.2.1 National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
      • 7.2.2 Galaxy Backbone
      • 7.2.3 Suburban Telecom
      • 7.2.4 Phase3 Telecom
      • 7.2.5 Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
      • 7.2.6 Private networks
    • 7.3 International terrestrial infrastructure
      • 7.3.1 The Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • 7.3.2 Nigeria – Niger link
      • 7.3.3 Trans-Saharan Backbone
      • 7.3.4 NNPC network
    • 7.4 International submarine infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 SAT-3/WASC
      • 7.4.2 Glo-1
      • 7.4.3 Main One
      • 7.4.4 WACS
      • 7.4.5 ACE
      • 7.4.6 WASACE
    • 7.5 Satellite
      • 7.5.1 Rascom
      • 7.5.2 NigComSat
      • 7.5.3 O3b Networks
    • 7.6 Data centres
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2017 (Mar)
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2017
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (Apr)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Telecom sector contribution to GDP – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 8 – Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round – 2010
  • Table 9 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 11 – VoIP lines by operator – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 12 – Fixed-wireless lines by operator – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 13 – Fixed-wired lines by operator – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 14 – International internet bandwidth in Nigeria – 2001 - 2016
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Regional FWA licensees
  • Exhibit 2 – Regional FWA licensees in Nigeria

Related Reports

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Companies (Major Players)
Regulations & Government Policies
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 48

Status Current

Last updated 12 Jul 2017
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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