Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Nigeria’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major players, revenue, subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, videostreaming;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Mobile subscriber forecasts;
  • Mobile market forecasts for selective years to 2023.
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- February 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Nigeria licenses two more InfraCos for wholesale broadband

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent after South Africa. During 2016 the economy went into recession, though GDP growth returned in 2017. Given the potential for further growth, the telecom sector attracts considerable foreign investment. Market liberalisation measures in recent years have led to hundreds of companies, many of them small and localised, being set up to provide a range of telecom and value-added services.

The mobile sector has benefited from market competition and the wider deployment of LTE technologies, which have in turn supported operator revenue growth and encouraged the adoption of mobile broadband among subscribers. Other than the key mobile network operators, there are a number of additional players operating under a unified licensing regime.

The regulator has licensed four regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build a national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis. An additional three InfraCo licenses are expected to be awarded by mid-2018.

The competitive fixed-line market includes a second national operator (Globacom) and over 80 other licensed companies. The alternative carriers combined provide around 85% of all fixed connections, though in general terms about 80% of all connections are wireless.

Nigeria’s broadband sector has seen considerable consolidation among players, from over 400 ISPs in 2012 to fewer than 90 by early 2018. Most internet connections are via mobile networks, principally GSM and 3G and more recently LTE, though there are a number of WiMAX operators which have found niche markets. The government has continued with its plan to increase broadband penetration to 30% by 2018 and to increase mobile broadband penetration to 50% by 2020. To this end the regulator is looking to auction additional spectrum in the 700MHz and 2.3GHz bands.

The country has Africa’s largest mobile market, with about 142 million subscribers and a penetration rate of 101%. The number of subscribers fell in 2017 as consumers responded to a poor economic climate, adopted other OTT channels for voice and data services, and as regulatory measures continued to oblige operators to disconnect unregistered SIM cards.

Key developments:

  • Regulator licences two more InfraCos;
  • Government pledges to deploy 18,000km of fibre to extend broadband to rural areas;
  • MTN Nigeria secures licence for spectrum in the 2.6GHz band;
  • State oil company NNPC allows part of its fibre infrastructure to be used for telecom services;
  • Regulator hopes for the telecoms sector to account for a greater share of GDP by 2025;
  • Government devising strategy to increase broadband penetration to 30% by end-2018, increase mobile broadband penetration to 50% by 2020;
  • Bidders shortlisted for acquisition of 9Mobile;
  • Regulator prepares to revise mobile interconnection rate;
  • MTN Nigeria extends licenses for spectrum in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands to August 2021;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, operator data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp), Globacom, VGC Communications,  Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Gateway Telecoms Integrated Services, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One (Mainstreet Technologies), NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE, Linkserve, Pinet Informatics, Odu’a Telecom, Swift Networks, Startech Connection, Netcom Africa, MWEB Nigeria, Starcomms, Layer3, Communication Trends Nigeria, Entertainment Highway (HiTV), MTN Nigeria, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel), 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala), Econet Wireless, Vodacom.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Regulatory authority
    • 3.2 National Telecommunications Policy (NTP)
    • 3.3 Nigerian Communications Act
    • 3.4 West African common regulatory framework
    • 3.5 Interconnection
    • 3.6 Infrastructure sharing
    • 3.7 Telecom taxes
    • 3.8 Universal service
      • 3.8.1 National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
      • 3.8.2 National Information Technology Development (NITD) Fund
      • 3.8.3 Backbone Transmission Infrastructure Project (BTRAIN)
    • 3.9 Telecom sector liberalisation
      • 3.9.1 Globacom’s SNO licence
      • 3.9.2 Regional fixed-wireless access (FWA) licences
      • 3.9.3 International gateway licences
      • 3.9.4 Unified licensing regime
    • 3.10 Privatisation of Nitel
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, defunct)
      • 4.1.1 National backbone network
      • 4.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • 4.2 Globacom
      • 4.2.1 Network infrastructure
      • 4.2.2 Fibre optic backbone network
      • 4.2.3 International presence
      • 4.2.4 Services
      • 4.2.5 International expansion
    • 4.3 VGC Communications
    • 4.4 National Long-Distance Operators (NLDO)
    • 4.5 Fixed-wireless network operators
      • 4.5.1 MTS First Wireless
      • 4.5.2 Mobitel Nigeria
      • 4.5.3 Prestel (O-Mobile)
      • 4.5.4 Regional FWA operators
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Backbone networks
      • 5.2.1 National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
      • 5.2.2 Galaxy Backbone
      • 5.2.3 Suburban Telecom
      • 5.2.4 Phase3 Telecom
      • 5.2.5 Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
      • 5.2.6 Private networks
    • 5.3 International terrestrial infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 The Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • 5.3.2 Nigeria – Niger link
      • 5.3.3 Trans-Saharan Backbone
      • 5.3.4 NNPC network
    • 5.4 International submarine infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 SAT-3/WASC
      • 5.4.2 Glo-1
      • 5.4.3 Main One
      • 5.4.4 WACS
      • 5.4.5 ACE
      • 5.4.6 WASACE
    • 5.5 Satellite
      • 5.5.1 Rascom
      • 5.5.2 NigComSat
      • 5.5.3 O3b Networks
    • 5.6 Data centres
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • 6.1.3 National Broadband Plan
      • 6.1.4 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.5 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.2.1 Providers
    • 6.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.4 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.4.1 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • 6.4.2 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Mobile communications
    • 7.1 Market analysis
    • 7.2 Mobile statistics
      • 7.2.1 General statistics
      • 7.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 7.2.3 Mobile data
      • 7.2.4 Mobile broadband
      • 7.2.5 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 7.3 Regulatory issues
      • 7.3.1 GSM licence terms
      • 7.3.2 Spectrum
      • 7.3.3 Interconnection
      • 7.3.4 Mobile tariffs
      • 7.3.5 Unified licensing regime
      • 7.3.6 Universal service
      • 7.3.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 7.3.8 Quality of Service
      • 7.3.9 SIM card registration
    • 7.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 International gateways
      • 7.4.2 National mobile infrastructure plan
      • 7.4.3 Tower infrastructure
      • 7.4.4 Analogue networks
      • 7.4.5 Digital networks
      • 7.4.6 Other infrastructure developments
    • 7.5 Major GSM mobile operators
      • 7.5.1 MTN Nigeria
      • 7.5.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
      • 7.5.3 Globacom
      • 7.5.4 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala)
      • 7.5.5 M-Tel
    • 7.6 Major CDMA mobile operators
      • 7.6.1 Multi-Links Telkom
      • 7.6.2 Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
      • 7.6.3 Starcomms (Capcom)
      • 7.6.4 InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
      • 7.6.5 Visafone
    • 7.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 7.7.1 Mobile money transfer, m-banking
      • 7.7.2 M-health
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2017 (Mar)
      • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2017
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 7 – Telecom sector contribution to GDP – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 8 – Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round – 2010
      • Table 9 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 11 – VoIP lines by operator – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 12 – Fixed-wireless lines by operator – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 13 – International internet bandwidth in Nigeria – 2001 - 2016
      • Table 14 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 - 2009
      • Table 15 – Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2010 - 2022
      • Table 16 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 17 – Fixed-line / fixed wireless broadband subscribers by operator – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 18 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 19 – Fixed and-fixed wireless broadband lines – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 20 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 21 – Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
      • Table 22 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 23 – Prepaid mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 24 – SMS traffic – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 25 – Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 26 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 27 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 28 – Annual outgoing mobile number portings – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 29 – GSM subscribers in Nigeria – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 30 – MTN mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 31 – MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 32 – MTN Nigeria revenue by type – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 33 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 - 2017
      • Table 34 – Airtel mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 35 – Globacom mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 36 – Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 37 – 9Mobile mobile revenue and capex – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 38 – CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 39 – Historic - Starcomms mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2014
      • Table 40 – Visafone mobile subscribers – 2009; 2013 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 - 2022
      • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
      • Exhibit 1 – Regional FWA licensees
      • Exhibit 2 – Regional FWA licensees in Nigeria

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