Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Nigeria’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

 

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster

Current publication date:- March 2019 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

Nigeria updates broadband penetration target for 2021

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent after South Africa. The economy has recovered from a recent recession, with DGP growth of 1.9% in 2018. This has helped the telecom sector to attract foreign investment, particularly from China, while government infrastructure programs are also stimulating investment.

The regulator has licensed a number of regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build the national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis. This is helping to boost the country’s fixed-line broadband sector, which has seen considerable consolidation among players in recent years. The government has updated its broadband ambitions, aiming to increase penetration from 30% by 2020 to 70% by 2021 though most connections will be via mobile networks. The sector is still dominated by GSM technology, though a greater reliance on LTE infrastructure is expected in coming years, supported by improved terrestrial fibre networks to provide backhaul for data services.

Key developments:

  • Globacom commissions the Glo-2 cable system;
  • Government approves $328 million loan to complete national backbone project;
  • Regulator licences additional InfraCos;
  • Government pledges to deploy 18,000km of fibre to extend broadband to rural areas;
  • Two additional satellites proposed to provide additional capacity to NigComSat;
  • Swift Networks to add an additional 10,000 hotspots in Lagos, reaching two million people;
  • Digital broadcasting migration process begins in six states;
  • MTN and Airtel apply for Payment Service Bank licence;
  • Government commits to increasing mobile broadband penetration to 70% by 2021;
  • Disagreements emerge among new shareholders of 9Mobile;
  • Regulator calls for an additional 80,000 mobile base stations;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2018, operator data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (ntel, Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp, M-Tel), Globacom (Glo Mobile), VGC Communications (MTN Nigeria), Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Alheri Engineering, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One (Mainstreet Technologies), Brymedia, NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE, Linkserve, Pinet Informatics, Odu’a Telecom, Swift Networks, Startech Connection, Netcom Africa, MWEB Nigeria, Accelon (Internet Solutions), Polestar, Naija Wi-Fi, Suburban Telecom, Zinox, Starcomms, Layer3, Airtel Nigeria (formerly Zain, Celtel), 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala), Visafone, Starcomms (Capcom), Multi-Links, Reliance, Econet Wireless, Vodacom.

Henry Lancaster
February 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

    • Country overview
  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
  • Regulatory environment

    • Regulatory authority
    • National Telecommunications Policy (NTP)
    • Nigerian Communications Act
    • West African common regulatory framework
    • Interconnection
    • Infrastructure sharing
    • Telecom taxes
    • Universal service
      • National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
      • National Information Technology Development (NITD) Fund
      • Backbone Transmission Infrastructure Project (BTRAIN)
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Globacom’s SNO licence
      • Regional fixed-wireless access (FWA) licences
      • International gateway licences
      • Unified licensing regime
    • Privatisation of Nitel
  • Fixed network operators

    • Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel)
      • National backbone network
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • Globacom
      • Network infrastructure
      • Fibre optic backbone network
      • International presence
      • Services
      • International expansion
    • VGC Communications
    • National Long-Distance Operators (NLDO)
    • Fixed-wireless network operators
      • MTS First Wireless
      • Mobitel Nigeria
      • Prestel (O-Mobile)
      • Regional FWA operators
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Backbone networks
      • National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
      • NIPTI
      • Suburban Telecom
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
      • Private networks
    • International terrestrial infrastructure
      • The Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • Nigeria – Niger link
      • Trans-Saharan Backbone
      • NNPC network
    • International submarine infrastructure
      • SAT-3/WASC
      • Glo-1
      • Main One
      • WACS
      • ACE
      • WASACE
    • Satellite
      • Rascom
      • NigComSat
      • O3b Networks
    • Data centres
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Providers
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
      • Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Regulatory issues
      • GSM licence terms
      • Spectrum
      • Mobile Termnation Rate (MTR)
      • Mobile tariffs
      • Unified licensing regime
      • Universal service
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Quality of Service
      • SIM card registration
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • International gateways
      • National mobile infrastructure plan
      • Tower infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Major GSM mobile operators
      • MTN Nigeria
      • Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
      • Globacom
      • 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala)
      • M-Tel
    • Major CDMA mobile operators
      • Multi-Links Telkom
      • Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
      • Starcomms (Capcom)
      • InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
      • Visafone
    • Mobile content and applications
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
      • M-health

List of Tables

  • Table 2 – Telecom sector contribution to GDP – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round – 2010
  • Table 4 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 5 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 6 – VoIP lines by operator – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Fixed-wireless lines by operator – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 8 – International internet bandwidth in Nigeria – 2001 – 2016
  • Table 9 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 10 – Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2010 – 2022
  • Table 11 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator – 2017 – 2018
  • Table 14 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 15 – Fixed and-fixed wireless broadband lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 17 – Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 18 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 19 – Prepaid mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 20 – SMS traffic – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 21 – Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 22 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 23 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 24 – Annual outgoing mobile number portings – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 25 – GSM subscribers in Nigeria – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 26 – MTN mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 27 – MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 28 – MTN Nigeria revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 29 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Airtel mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 31 – Globacom mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 32 – Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 33 – 9Mobile mobile revenue and capex – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 34 – CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
  • Table 35 – Historic - Starcomms mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2014
  • Table 36 – Visafone mobile subscribers – 2009; 2013 – 2017

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 – 2022
  • Chart 3 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 7 – GSM subscribers in Nigeria – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Regional FWA licensees
  • Exhibit 2 – Regional FWA licensees in Nigeria

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