Benin - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Benin government set to restructure state-owned telcos

Development within Benin’s telecom market continues to be restricted by the poor condition of the country’s fixed-line infrastructure. The use of fixed-line voice and internet services is low, and consequently little revenue is derived from these sectors. Mobile networks account for almost all internet connections, and also carry most voice traffic. As such, it is this sector which is attracting most investment among the two remaining operators, following the closure of services from Glo Mobile and Libercom in 2018.

There has been some progress resulting from improved international internet connectivity and the rapidly escalating bandwidth available, which has led to lower access pricing for end-users. This additional bandwidth has assisted MTN Benin and Moov to expand their networks and provided the necessary backhaul capacity to support the growing use of mobile data applications and service, including m-commerce and m-banking. Improved telecoms infrastructure has the potential to transform many areas of the country’s economy, bringing a greater proportion of the population into the orbit of internet commerce and connectivity.

The fixed-line monopoly operator be.Telecoms (rebranded from Benin Telecoms in October 2015) has also expanded its fixed-wireless and DSL-based broadband services in recent years, extending its national fibre backbone and international fibre connections. Long-established plans to privatise the company have thus far come to nought, though through the government’s strategy to sell of the company’s assets the mobile services unit Libercom was spun off and disbanded, with its subscriber base being migrated to MTN’s network.

Although fixed-line internet services have been available in Benin since 1995, access is limited to a small proportion of the population. Fixed-line internet represents only a small fraction of all accesses, with most connections being made via the mobile networks. To address these limitations, the government and regulator are engaged in an ICT development program through to 2021, which aims to provide telecoms services to 80% of the country, mostly via mobile infrastructure.

Key developments:

  • Mobile Number Portability becomes available;
  • Libercom and Glo Mobile cease trading;
  • Benin joins free roaming scheme;
  • MTN agrees to pay CFA134.4 billion in licence fees for 2016 and 2017;
  • Government restructures state-owned telcos;
  • Benin Smart City construction starts;
  • Canal+ signed deal with the Beninese Electric Power Company to provide internet services via powerlines;
  • MTN Benin signs five-year Managed Rural Coverage deal with Ericsson;
  • Orange commissions new connection from the ACE submarine cable, connecting Benin with Tenerife;
  • be.Telecoms launches LTE services;
  • Isocel announces plans to roll out FttP services
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation donate funds to a mobile vaccine registry program;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2018, telcos’ operating data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

MTN, Moov (Telecel), Libercom, BBCom (Bell Benin), Glo Mobile (Globacom), be.Telecoms (Bénin Télécoms, formerly OPT), Kanakoo (BeninNet), Isocel, EIT, FirstNet, Arts Bobo, Sobiex Informatique, Global Trading Agency, Afripa Telecom, Thuraya, Nitel, Suburban Telecom, CEB.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
    • 5.2 West African common regulatory framework 2005
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 be.Telecoms Services (Bénin Télécoms)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 7.1.1 CDMA2000 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 7.1.2 National fibre backbone
      • 7.1.3 Terrestrial fibre
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
      • 7.2.1 Submarine fibre
      • 7.2.2 Satellite
    • 7.3 Smart infrastructure
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Public Internet Access Locations
      • 8.3.1 Telecentres
    • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 8.4.2 Other fixed broadband services
      • 8.4.3 Benin Internet Service Providers Association (AFAIB)
      • 8.4.4 Benin Internet Society
      • 8.4.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General Statistics
      • 9.2.2 Mobile data
      • 9.2.3 Mobile broadband
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.3.2 Spectrum auction – 2013
      • 9.3.3 Roaming
    • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.4.1 4G (LTE)
      • 9.4.2 3G
      • 9.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 MTN (Spacetel-Benin, Areeba)
      • 9.5.2 Moov
      • 9.5.3 Libercom (Benin Telecoms)
      • 9.5.4 BBCom (Bell Benin)
      • 9.5.5 Glo Mobile Benin (Globacom)
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 m-banking
      • 9.6.2 m-health
  • 10. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Benin – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telecom market investment by sector – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 3 – Fixed-line and mobile revenue – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 4 – Mobile revenue by operators – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 5 – Benin Telecoms revenue – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 6 – Benin Telecoms fixed-line revenue – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 7 –Fixed-line and mobile voice traffic – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service by type – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 11 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
  • Table 12 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 13 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Internet subscribers by technology – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 15 – Fixed internet subscribers by main operator – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 16 – DSL subscribers – 2004 - 2017
  • Table 17 – Isocel broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 18 – WiMAX broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2016
  • Table 19 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 20 – Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 21 – Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 22 –Mobile market investments – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 24 – SMS traffic – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 25 – Mobile internet subscribers – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 26 – Mobile internet subscribers by operator – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 27 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 28 – CDMA broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 29 – MTN Benin subscribers and ARPU – 2003 - 2018
  • Table 30 – MTN Benin revenue – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 31 – Moov subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 32 – Libercom subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 33 – BBCom subscribers – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 34 – Glo Mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 35 – Mobile money subscribers by provider– 2016 - 2017
  • Chart 1 – Fixed-line and mobile revenue – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 3 – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 5 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Benin
  • Exhibit 2 – West African common regulatory framework 2005

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