Cameroon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Cameroon set for further competition in m-money services

The ICT sector in Cameroon contributes only about 3.5% of GDP, which is low for the region. The sector requires considerable development for the country to make better use of the digital economy. The Commonwealth has been active in supporting e-commerce, and about 95% of all electronic transactions are carried through the m-money services operated by MTN Cameroon and Orange Cameroon. The government has also been supportive, having launched its ‘Cameroon Digital 2020’ program, aimed at improving connectivity nationally. A large number of small ICT projects form part of the overall program. By September 2018 the country is expected to be connected to the SAIL submarine cable, providing a direct link to Brazil and with onward connectivity to other countries in the Americas. The cable will substantially improve international bandwidth and lead to further reductions in access prices for consumers.

Cameroon was for many years one of the few countries in Africa with only two competing mobile operators. After some delays, Nextell Cameroon (majority-owned by Viettel) launched a third network in late 2014, including the country’s first 3G mobile service. The operator has grown rapidly, signing up more than 4.2 million subscribers by the end of 2017. LTE services have also developed strongly, with Orange Cameroon securing revised concessions to its existing 3G licence to enable it to launch LTE services and so compete more effectively with MTN. These developments were the catalyst for a fast-developing mobile broadband sector. The investment programs among operators over the next few years will considerably boost mobile broadband services in rural areas of the country, many of which are underserved by fixed-line infrastructure.

Further development is quickening in mobile banking and commerce, with Nextell expected to launch its own m-money service by late 2018.

Key developments:

  • Cable laying for the SAIL cable system to Brazil gets underway;
  • Telecom revenue falls 0.5% in 2016, year-on-year;
  • Orange Cameroon launches LTE services using revised licence concession;
  • Nextell Cameroon to launch m-money service by late 2018;
  • Vodafone Cameroon closes operations after losing licence; MNOs fined for SIM card registration failures;
  • YooMe Mobile launches LTE offers as an MVNO;
  • Camtel handed newly built fibre loops in Douala and Yaounde;
  • MTN launches mobile health platform; further delays in MNP launch;
  • National fibre rollout continues with new funding;
  • Report update includes regulator’s market report for 2016, telcos’ operating data to Q1 2018, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, recent market developments
  • Companies mentioned in this report:

MTN Cameroon, Orange Cameroon, Camtel, Cameroon Mobile Telecommunications (CMT), Pastel, CamNet, MTN Network Solutions, Matrix Telecoms, Ringo, Nextell Cameroon (Viettel), YooMee.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regional African Market Comparison
    • 5.1 Mobile and mobile broadband
    • 5.2 Fixed and mobile broadband
    • 5.3 TMI vs GDP
  • 6. Regulatory environment
    • 6.1 Regulatory authority
    • 6.2 Licensing
    • 6.3 Market liberalisation
    • 6.4 Interconnection
    • 6.5 International gateways
    • 6.6 Universal Access Fund (UAF)
    • 6.7 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 7. Fixed network operators
    • 7.1 Cameroon Telecommunication (Camtel)
      • 7.1.1 Privatisation
    • 7.2 Pastel
  • 8. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 8.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 8.1.1 National fibre backbone
      • 8.1.2 Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • 8.1.3 Internet Exchange Points (IXPs)
      • 8.1.4 Cloud services
    • 8.2 International infrastructure
      • 8.2.1 Submarine cables
      • 8.2.2 VSAT
  • 9. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 9.2 Market analysis
      • 9.2.1 Public access locations
    • 9.3 Broadband statistics
      • 9.3.1 ISP market
    • 9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 9.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 9.4.2 Other fixed broadband services
  • 10. Mobile market
    • 10.1 Market analysis
    • 10.2 Mobile statistics
    • 10.3 Mobile data
    • 10.4 Mobile broadband
      • 10.4.1 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 10.5 Regulatory issues
      • 10.5.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 10.5.2 SIM card registration
    • 10.6 Mobile infrastructure
      • 10.6.1 Digital networks
      • 10.6.2 Other infrastructure developments
    • 10.7 Major mobile operators
      • 10.7.1 MTN Cameroon
      • 10.7.2 Orange Cameroon
      • 10.7.3 Nextell Cameroon (Viettel)
      • 10.7.4 Camtel Mobile
      • 10.7.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
    • 10.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 10.8.1 M-payment and m-banking
      • 10.8.2 M-health
  • 11. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Cameroon – 2017 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2018 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2018
  • Table 4 – Internet and broadband statistics – 2018 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2018 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Telecom market revenue – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 8 – Telecom market investment – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 9 – Market share of investment by sector– 2010 - 2016
  • Table 10 – Camtel revenue – 1997 - 2009
  • Table 11 – Historic - fixed lines in service – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 12 – Fixed lines in service – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 13 – Fixed-line subscribers – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 14 – Fixed-line subscribers by type – 2012 – 2016
  • Table 15 – International bandwidth – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 16 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 19 – CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 20 – WiMAX subscribers – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 21 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
  • Table 22 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 23 – Mobile subscribers by type (regulator data) – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 24 –Mobile market share by operator – 2014 - 2015
  • Table 25 –Mobile ARPU, SMS and voice traffic per subscriber per month – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 26 –Mobile voice traffic – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 27 –Mobile market revenue – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 28 –Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 29 – GSM SMS traffic – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 30 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 31 – GPRS/EDGE/3G mobile internet subscribers – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 32 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 33 – Mobile 3G and WiMAX/LTE population coverage – 2014 - 2016
  • Table 34 – MTN Cameroon ARPU ($) – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 35 – MTN Cameroon ARPU (CFA) – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 36 – MTN Cameroon financial data – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 37 – MTN Cameroon revenue by type – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 38 – MTN Cameroon revenue (XAF) – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 39 – MTN Cameroon subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 40 – Orange Cameroon mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 41 – Orange Cameroon revenue – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 42 – Orange Cameroon annualised ARPU – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 43 – Nextell Cameroon mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 44 – M-money users and transactions – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 45 – M-money penetration – 2012 - 2016
  • Chart 1 – Telecom market revenue – 2012 – 2016
  • Chart 2 – Telecom market investment – 2009 – 2016
  • Chart 3 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Laggards (bottom tier) - 2017
  • Chart 4 – Central Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country - 2017
  • Chart 5 – Central Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration - 2017
  • Chart 6 – Central Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates - 2017
  • Chart 7 – Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita - 2017
  • Chart 8 – Central Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita - 2017
  • Chart 9 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Central Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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