Mozambique - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Mozambique prepares for multi-spectrum auction

Although delayed by the long civil war which ended in 1992, Mozambique was one of the first countries in the region to embark upon telecom reform. As a result, some sectors have been opened to competition. The mobile segment in particular has shown strong growth since the introduction of competition in 2003 between Vodacom Mozambique and mCel, the incumbent mobile subsidiary of the national telco Telecomunicações de Moçambique (TdM). Mobile penetration remains far below the average for the region. Given that the country has relatively low fixed-line penetration there is considerable room for further growth in coming years. This has been stimulated by the launch of commercial services from the third operator Movitel, which is backed by Vietnam’s Viettel.

In recent years the government has drafted legislation aimed at enforcing the registration of SIM cards. At the end of 2016 almost five million unregistered SIM cards were deactivated. Measures aimed at sharing network infrastructure have helped reduce operational and investment costs, and enabled players to provide converged voice, data and TV services over single networks. Vodacom Mozambique was awarded such a licence in mid-2018, and soon afterwards launched the country’s first LTE service.

The poor fixed-line infrastructure has largely held back the market for fixed-line internet services, and as a result mobile internet accounts for most connections. The high cost of international bandwidth had long hampered internet use, though the landing of two international submarine cables (SEACOM and EASSy) has reduced the cost of bandwidth and so led to drastic reductions in broadband retail prices.

There is some cross-platform competition, with DSL, cable broadband, WiMAX, 3G and limited fibre broadband available. Further improvements can be expected from the ongoing rollout of a national fibre backbone networks by TdM and the mobile operators.

Key developments:

  • Regulator starts multi-spectrum auction process, imposes MTR cuts through to 2020;
  • Vodacom Mozambique secures Unified Telecom License, launches LTE services;
  • TdM and mCel begin restructure and merger exercise;
  • TdM contracts Intelsat for satellite broadband and backhaul services;
  • Liquid Sea and Africa-1 submarine cable systems to improve bandwidth;
  • Mozambique joins the Alliance for Affordable Internet, aiming to provide broadband at less than 5% of average monthly income;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2017, operator data updates to Q3 2018, ITU market data updates, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecomunicações De Moçambique (TdM); Vodacom Mozambique; mCel (TdM); Movitel (Viettel); Teledata (TdM); TV Cabo; Intra; Tropical Web, SEACOM.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regional African Market Comparison
    • 5.1 Mobile and mobile broadband
    • 5.2 Fixed and mobile broadband
    • 5.3 TMI vs GDP
  • 6. Regulatory environment
    • 6.1 Telecommunications Law 1992
    • 6.2 Basic Telecommunications Act 2004
    • 6.3 Amended Telecommunications Act 2016
    • 6.4 Regulatory authority
    • 6.5 National Commission on Information
    • 6.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 6.7 Privatisation
    • 6.8 Interconnection
    • 6.9 Universal service
    • 6.10 Spectrum monitoring
  • 7. Fixed network operator - TdM
  • 8. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 8.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 8.2 National fibre backbone
    • 8.3 Data centres
    • 8.4 International infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Satellite
      • 8.4.2 Terrestrial microwave and fibre
      • 8.4.3 Submarine fibre
  • 9. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 9.2 Broadband statistics
    • 9.3 Public internet access locations
    • 9.4 Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
    • 9.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 9.5.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 9.5.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 9.5.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 9.5.4 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • 10. Digital economy
    • 10.1 E-government
    • 10.2 e-learning
  • 11. Mobile market
    • 11.1 Market analysis
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
    • 11.3 Mobile broadband
    • 11.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 11.5 Regulatory issues
      • 11.5.1 Third mobile licence
      • 11.5.2 Spectrum auction3
      • 11.5.3 Roaming
      • 11.5.4 SIM card registration
    • 11.6 Mobile infrastructure
      • 11.6.1 3G
      • 11.6.2 LTE
    • 11.7 Major mobile operators
      • 11.7.1 mCel
      • 11.7.2 Vodacom Mozambique
      • 11.7.3 Movitel
    • 11.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 11.8.1 m-money
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Mozambique – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telecom market investment by operator – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 3 – Telecom market revenue by sector – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 4 – Historic - TdM financial results – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 5 – TdM fixed lines – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 6 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 7 – Mobile on-net and fixed-line national voice traffic – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 10 – International bandwidth – 2001 - 2016
  • Table 11 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2009
  • Table 12 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2011 -2017
  • Table 15 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 16 – Mobile market revenue – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 17 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
  • Table 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 19 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 20 – Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
  • Table 21 – 2G mobile base stations by operator – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 22 – 3G mobile base stations by operator – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 23 – mCel mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 24 – Historical - Vodacom Mozambique financial results (ZAR) – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 25 – Vodacom Mozambique financial data (MZM) – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 26 – Vodacom Mozambique subscribers – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 27 – Vodacom Mozambique data subscribers – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 28 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 29 – Movitel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 30 – Vodacom Mozambique M-Pesa subscribers – 2016 - 2018
  • Chart 1 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – East Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 3 – East Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 4 – East Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 5 – Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 6 – East Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – East Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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