Mozambique - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Mozambique progresses with plans to merge TdM with mCel

Although delayed by the long civil war which ended in 1992, Mozambique was one of the first countries in the region to embark upon telecom reform. As a result, some sectors have been opened to competition. The mobile segment in particular has shown strong growth since the introduction of competition in 2003 between Vodacom Mozambique and mCel, the incumbent mobile subsidiary of the national telco Telecomunicações de Moçambique (TdM). Mobile penetration remains far below the average for the region. Given that the country has relatively low fixed-line penetration there is considerable room for further growth in coming years. This has been stimulated by the launch of commercial services from the third operator Movitel, which is backed by Vietnam’s Viettel.

In recent years the government has drafted legislation aimed at enforcing the registration of SIM cards. At the end of 2016 almost five million unregistered SIM cards were deactivated. Measures aimed at sharing network infrastructure have helped reduce operational and investment costs, and enabled players to provide converged voice, data and TV services over single networks.

The poor fixed-line infrastructure has largely held back the market for fixed-line internet services, and as a result mobile internet accounts for most connections. The high cost of international bandwidth had long hampered internet use, though the landing of two international submarine cables (SEACOM and EASSy) has reduced the cost of bandwidth and so led to drastic reductions in broadband retail prices.

There is some cross-platform competition, with DSL, cable broadband, WiMAX, 3G and limited fibre broadband available. Further improvements can be expected from the ongoing rollout of a national fibre backbone networks by TdM and the mobile operators.

Key developments:

  • Almost five million unregistered SIM cards deactivated
  • government proceeds with plan to merge struggling TdM with mCel
  • TdM contracts Intelsat for satellite broadband and backhaul services
  • Liquid Sea and Africa-1 submarine cable systems to improve bandwidth into 2018
  • Mozambique joins the Alliance for Affordable Internet, aiming to provide broadband at less than 5% of average monthly income
  • report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2016, operator data updates to Q3 2017, ITU market data updates, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecomunicações De Moçambique (TdM); Vodacom Mozambique; mCel (TdM); Movitel (Viettel); Teledata (TdM); TV Cabo; Intra; Tropical Web, SEACOM.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Telecommunications Law 1992
    • 5.2 Basic Telecommunications Act 2004
    • 5.3 Amended Telecommunications Act 2016
    • 5.4 Regulatory authority
    • 5.5 National Commission on Information
    • 5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 5.7 Privatisation
    • 5.8 Interconnection
    • 5.9 Universal service
    • 5.10 Spectrum monitoring
  • 6. Fixed network operator
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 National fibre backbone
    • 7.3 Data centres
    • 7.4 International infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Satellite
      • 7.4.2 Terrestrial microwave and fibre
      • 7.4.3 Submarine fibre
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Public internet access locations
    • 8.4 Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
    • 8.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.5.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 8.5.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 8.5.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 8.5.4 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • 9. Digital economy
    • 9.1 E-government
    • 9.2 e-learning
  • 10. Mobile market
    • 10.1 Market analysis
    • 10.2 Mobile statistics
      • 10.2.1 General statistics
    • 10.3 Mobile broadband
    • 10.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 10.5 Regulatory issues
      • 10.5.1 Third mobile licence
      • 10.5.2 Spectrum auction
      • 10.5.3 Roaming
      • 10.5.4 SIM card registration
    • 10.6 Mobile infrastructure
      • 10.6.1 Digital networks
    • 10.7 Major mobile operators
      • 10.7.1 mCel
      • 10.7.2 Vodacom Mozambique
      • 10.7.3 Movitel
    • 10.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 10.8.1 m-money
  • 11. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics – Mozambique – 2017 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2017
  • Table 4 – Internet and social media user statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Telecom market investment by operator – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 8 – Telecom market revenue by sector – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 9 – Historic - TdM financial results – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 10 – Mobile on-net and fixed-line national voice traffic – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 11 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 13 – International bandwidth – 2001 - 2016
  • Table 14 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2009
  • Table 15 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 17 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2011 -2017
  • Table 18 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 19 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
  • Table 20 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 21 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 22 – Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
  • Table 23 – 2G mobile base stations by operator – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 24 – 3G mobile base stations by operator – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 25 – mCel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 26 – Historical - Vodacom Mozambique financial results (ZAR) – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 27 – Vodacom Mozambique financial data (MZM) – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 28 – Vodacom Mozambique subscribers – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 29 – Vodacom Mozambique data subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 30 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 31 – Movitel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018

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