Ghana - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Ghana has one of the most vibrant mobile markets in Africa, with competing operators including the regional heavyweights MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana and AirtelTigo, formed from the merger of Airtel Ghana and Tigo Ghana. Although subscriber growth has remained strong in recent years, with the exception of a dip in 2017 resulting from a redefinition of active subscribers from one of the operators, competition has resulted in lower Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) and pressure on revenue. The country ranks high in BuddeComm’s Telecom Maturity Index, a testament to ongoing developments in network upgrades among operators as well as efforts by the government and regulator to expand services to underserved rural areas.

There remains enormous potential in mobile broadband services, both in terms of subscriber additions and in mobile data ARPU. Mobile internet connections already account for the vast majority of all internet accesses in the country. The launch of LTE services by MTN Ghana in mid-2016 and by Vodafone Ghana in March 2019 has added to the vibrancy of this sector. The regulator has encouraged other operators to refarm 2G spectrum for 3G use in a bid to improve internet access in rural and remote areas.

Key developments:

  • Vodafone Ghana secures block of 800MHz spectrum for $30 million, launches LTE services;
  • MTN Ghana lists on the Ghanaian stock exchange;
  • Government to set up an additional 600 towers to provide basic mobile services;
  • M-money interoperability launched;
  • Regulator to replace 2G licenses with unified access licenses in 2019;
  • Merger of networks of Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana nears completion;
  • Afriwave Telecom licensed to operate as an Interconnect Clearing House for mobile calls;
  • Regulator’s fines on MNOs for QoS issues stimulate additional investments;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2018, telcos’ operating data to Q4 2018, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

AirtelTigo (Tigo Ghana, Airtel Ghana), MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch), Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa), Globacom (Glo Mobile), Thuraya.

Table of Contents

  • Market analysis

  • Mobile statistics

    • General statistics
    • Mobile broadband
    • SMS
    • Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Regulatory issues

    • Quality of Service (QoS)
    • Licensing
    • Spectrum
    • Roaming
    • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • Network sharing
    • Taxation
    • SIM card registration
  • Mobile infrastructure

    • Analogue networks
    • Digital networks
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • GSM
    • Other infrastructure developments
      • Satellite mobile
  • Major mobile operators

    • Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
    • MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
    • Tigo Ghana (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
      • Merger with Airtel Ghana
    • Expresso
    • Airtel Ghana (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
    • Glo Mobile
    • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • M2M
  • Mobile content and applications

    • M-banking
    • M-health
  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 2 – Mobile voice subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Overview of mobile network launch dates
  • Table 6 – Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 10 – LTE subscribers by operator – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 11 – Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 12 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 13 – MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 14 – MTN Ghana mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 15 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 17 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 18 – Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 19 – Airtel Ghana (Airtel Tigo) mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 20 – Glo Mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 - Mobile voice subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – SMS as a weapon against drug counterfeiting

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