Ghana - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Ghana has one of the most vibrant mobile markets in Africa, with six competing operators including the regional heavyweights MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain) and Millicom (Tigo). In March 2017 the owners of Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana agreed on terms for the merger of these local units, creating the second largest operator in the country by subscribers. Although subscriber growth has remained strong in recent years competition has resulted in lower Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) and consequently operators have seen stagnant revenue growth. While growth in the voice market has slowed, there is enormous potential in mobile broadband services, both in terms of subscriber additions and in mobile data ARPU. Mobile broadband already accounts for the vast majority of internet connections in the country. The launch of LTE services by MTN Ghana in mid-2016 has added to the vibrancy of this sector.

Key developments:

Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana complete merger; government re-imposes mobile phone tax; Tigo doubles data rates deploying sing HSPA+ technology; Afriwave Telecom licensed to operate as an Interconnect Clearing House for mobile calls; Airtel Ghana partners with Verifone Mobile Money to launch NFC-enabled devices; National Information Technology Agency sets up a mobile TV service; MTN Ghana secures one of two blocks of spectrum in the 800MHz band, launches LTE services; Vodafone Ghana launches M-PESA service; Expresso considers sale of tower assets; strong increase in mobile number portings; Surfline Communications and Blu Telecoms launch LTE services; regulator’s fines on MNOs for QoS issues stimulate additional investments; report update includes the regulator’s market data to July 2017, telcos’ operating data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

MTN Ghana; Vodafone (Ghana Telecom; OneTouch); Millicom Ghana (Tigo); Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa); Globacom (Glo Mobile); Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel); Thuraya.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
    • 3.2 Mobile broadband/data
      • 3.2.1 SMS
    • 3.3 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
      • 3.3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
  • 4. Regulatory issues
    • 4.1 Licensing
    • 4.2 Spectrum
    • 4.3 Roaming
    • 4.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • 4.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 4.6 Network sharing
    • 4.7 Taxation
    • 4.8 Registration of subscriber details
    • 4.9 Billing
  • 5. Mobile infrastructure
    • 5.1 Analogue networks
    • 5.2 Digital networks
      • 5.2.1 GSM
      • 5.2.2 UMTS (3G)
      • 5.2.3 High speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • 5.2.4 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
    • 5.3 Other infrastructure developments
      • 5.3.1 GPRS
      • 5.3.2 EDGE
  • 6. Satellite mobile
  • 7. Major mobile operators
    • 7.1 Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
      • 7.1.1 Network development and coverage
      • 7.1.2 Services
    • 7.2 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
      • 7.2.1 Network development and coverage
      • 7.2.2 Services
    • 7.3 Tigo (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
      • 7.3.1 Network development and coverage
      • 7.3.2 Merger with Airtel Ghana
    • 7.4 Expresso
    • 7.5 Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
    • 7.6 Glo Mobile
    • 7.7 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 7.8 M2M
  • 8. Mobile content and applications
    • 8.1 M-banking
    • 8.2 Mobile video streaming
    • 8.3 M-health
    • 8.4 M-TV
  • 9. Mobile handsets
  • 10. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 2 – Total mobile voice subscribers – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 4 – Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 5 – Overview of mobile network launch dates
  • Table 6 – Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 7 – Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 - 2017
  • Table 9 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 10 – Cumulative mobile number portings – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 11 – LTE subscribers by operator – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 12 – Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 13 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 14 – MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 15 – MTN Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 16 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 – 2016
  • Table 17 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 18 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 19 – Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 21 – Glo Mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • Chart 1 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 2 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
  • Chart 3 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2016
  • Exhibit 1 – SMS as a weapon against drug counterfeiting

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