Egypt - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Egypt’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2019 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

Egypt on track to replace 95% of copper infrastructure with fibre by 2020

Supported by a population of about 95 million, Egypt has one of the largest telecom markets in North Africa. There is effective competition in most sectors, and this has been supported by the award of unified licences to allow operators to offer fixed-line as well as mobile services.

The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to roll out next-generation networks, develop technology parks and extend broadband availability. In terms of investment, and in smart infrastructure developments, the government’s ambitions to develop a new capital city east of Cairo promises to be a catalyst for an intensification in the deployment of 5G and fibre networks in coming years.

Egypt has one of the largest mobile telecom markets in Africa, with effective competition and a penetration rate of about 94%. Although the country was among the first countries in the region to launch 3G mobile services, the development of LTE services was delayed by the late issuing of licenses. Telecom Egypt in mid-2019 began trialling 5G and building a 5G network.

The country’s geographical position has enabled it to capitalise on the numerous cables which cross through it, interconnecting various parts of Europe with the Middle East and Asia. Egypt also has considerable domestic fibre infrastructure which can tap into cables at several points. This has helped considerably increase bandwidth availability for internet users. The extensive bandwidth, together with effective market competition, has meant that Egypt offers some of the lowest prices for DSL services on the continent.

This report outlines the major developments in the Egyptian telecom sector, including national and international network developments and covering government efforts to improve connectivity in rural and remote areas. The market also reviews the mobile market, providing statistics and profiles of the network operators as well as an assessment of the licensing regime and operator strategies relating to mobile broadband and 5G. In addition, the report assesses the fixed broadband sector, providing subscriber forecasts and reviewing the development of fibre as part of efforts to extend the availability of upgraded internet services.

Key developments:

  • Government planning to replace 95% of copper infrastructure with fibre by 2020;
  • Work begins on planning a EGP40 billion telecom infrastructure for the proposed new capital city;
  • Telecom Egypt and Liquid Telecom agree to expedite the roll out of fibre networks across North Africa;
  • Orange Egypt, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal;
  • SEA-ME-WE 5 cable comes online to add additional international internet capacity;
  • Telecom Egypt contracts Nokia to develop a 5G network;
  • Telecom Egypt and Vodafone Egypt sign ten-year infrastructure sharing agreement;
  • Vodafone Egypt sees continuing subscriber decline into 2019;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2019, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Egypt, Menatel, NilePhone, Raya Telecom, Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS, Orascom Telecom, Global Telecom Holding), Vodafone Egypt, Etisalat Misr, Thuraya, Iridium, Inmarsat, Alkan Communications, EgyptSat, MobiServe, EgyNet, LINKdotNET, Nile Online, Yalla, Equant, Noor, Vodafone Data (Raya Telecom), Batelco, Soficom, Egypt Network, Internet Egypt, MenaNet, MenaSat, iSkySat, StormSat Egypt, PLC International

Henry Lancaster
October 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

    • Country overview
  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Regional Africa Market Comparison
      • TMI vs GDP
      • Mobile and mobile broadband
      • Fixed and mobile broadband
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authorities
      • National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (TRA)
      • Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
    • New Regulatory Framework
    • Telecommunications Master Plan
    • Legislative reform
    • Unified Telecom License (UTL)
    • Privatisation of Telecom Egypt
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • International gateway licences
      • International submarine cable licence
    • Interconnection
  • Fixed network operators

    • Telecom Egypt
      • Services
    • Etisalat Misr
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Public payphones
    • Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • Data centres
    • International infrastructure
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine fibre
      • Satellite
      • Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
    • Smart infrastructure
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Free Internet project
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Public internet access locations
      • Broadband statistics
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Vodafone Egypt
      • EgyNet
      • LINKdotNET
      • Nile Online (NOL)
      • TE Data
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wireless broadband
      • Broadband via satellite
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
  • Digital economy

    • E-commerce
    • Information Highway Project
    • E-government
    • E-learning
    • GLORIAD (Academic sector)
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory issues
      • Third mobile licence
      • Fourth mobile licence
      • International gateways
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • SIM card registration
      • Infrastructure sharing
    • Major mobile operators
      • Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS)
      • Vodafone Egypt
      • Etisalat Misr
      • Telecom Egypt
    • Mobile content and applications
      • m-banking
    • Mobile handsets
  • Appendix – Historic data


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Egypt – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s fixed-line voice subscribers by sector – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Development of Telecom Egypt’s financial results – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Change in Telecom Egypt’s residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Growth in the number of fixed lines and teledensity – 2010 – 2024
  • Table 6 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 8 – Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 9 – Growth in the number of DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt’s fixed broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Decline in the number of Orange Egypt’s fixed broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2019
  • Table 12 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 13 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2024
  • Table 14 – Development in the market share of mobile subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Change in SMS traffic – 2009 - 2019
  • Table 16 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 17 – Change in the number of dedicated mobile (USB) broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 18 – Decline in the number of mobile number portings – 2009 – 2017
  • Table 19 – Development in the number Orange Egypt’s mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 20 – Change in Orange Egypt’s financial results (EGP) – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 21 – Change in Orange Egypt’s financial results (€) – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Development of Vodafone Egypt’s financial data (£) – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 23 – Growth in Vodafone Egypt’s financial data (EGP) – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 24 – Growth in Vodafone Egypt’s mobile data traffic – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 25 – Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 26 – Change in Vodafone Egypt’s monthly ARPU – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 27 – Development of Etisalat Misr’s financial data – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Change in Etisalat Misr’s revenue by segment – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 29 – Change in the number of Etisalat Misr’s mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 30 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s mobile subscribers – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 31 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 – 2009
  • Table 32 – Historic - International bandwidth in Egypt – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 33 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 34 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers in Egypt – 2003 – 2012
  • Table 35 – Historic - DSL subscribers in Egypt – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 36 – Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 37 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 38 – Historic - Mobile numbers ported – 2008 – 2015

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2018
  • Chart 2 – North Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Africa – Top-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Leaders) – 2018
  • Chart 4 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country – 2018
  • Chart 5 – North Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration – 2018
  • Chart 6 – North Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s fixed-line voice subscribers by sector – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – Development of Telecom Egypt’s financial results – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 9 – Change in Telecom Egypt’s residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Growth in the number of fixed lines and teledensity – 2010 – 2024
  • Chart 11 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 12 – Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 13 – Growth in the number of internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 14 – Growth in the number of DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 15 – Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt’s fixed broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Decline in the number of Orange Egypt’s fixed broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2019
  • Chart 17 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 19 – Development in the market share of mobile subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – Change in SMS traffic – 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 21 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 22 – Change in the number of dedicated mobile (USB) broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Decline in the number of mobile number portings – 2009 – 2017
  • Chart 24 – Development in the number Orange Egypt’s mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Change in Orange Egypt’s financial results (EGP) – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 26 – Change in Orange Egypt’s financial results (€) – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 27 – Development of Vodafone Egypt’s financial data (£) – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 28 – Growth in Vodafone Egypt’s financial data (EGP) – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 29 – Growth in Vodafone Egypt’s mobile data traffic – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – Growth in the number of Vodafone Egypt’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Change in Vodafone Egypt’s monthly ARPU – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 32 – Development of Etisalat Misr’s financial data – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 33 – Change in Etisalat Misr’s revenue by segment – 2017 – 2019
  • Chart 34 – Change in the number of Etisalat Misr’s mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s mobile subscribers – 2017 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – North Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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