Egypt - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Egypt’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- September 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Egypt’s unified licences leading to cross-platform access deals

Supported by a population of more than 90 million, Egypt has one of the largest telecom markets in North Africa. There is effective competition in most sectors, while one key development has been the recent award of unified licences to allow operators to offer services in the fixed-line and mobile sectors. The incumbent telco Telecom Egypt secured one of the licenses in August 2016. The three mobile network operators initially failed to bid for the remaining three licenses, which would have enabled them to enter the fixed-line market and provide fully convergent service offerings. This prompted the government to consider opening the bidding process to international operators, but shortly afterwards these network operators secured licences after having renegotiated licence terms. Spectrum was assigned to these licensees in June 2017.

The country’s political crisis following the ‘Arab Spring’ revolution which began in 2011 adversely affected the telecom sector. Although revenue has remained stable, profit margins and capital expenditure have fallen due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013, and international investors have shown considerable caution. The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to develop technology parks and to extend broadband availability, and in the process to create jobs in ICT and rekindle international investor interest.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, while it also has an extensive national fibre backbone and some of Africa’s most vibrant FttP deployments.

Egypt has one of the largest mobile telecom markets in Africa, with effective competition and a penetration rate of about 105%. Although the country was among the first countries in the region to launch 3G mobile services, the development of LTE services was delayed to late 2017.

The internet market is relatively developed in terms of the number of users and the availability of services. The country’s geographical position has enabled it to capitalise on the numerous cables which cross through it, interconnecting various parts of Europe with the Middle East and Asia. Egypt also has considerable domestic fibre infrastructure which can tap into cables at several points. The MENA subsea cable came into commercial use in late 2015, augmenting the country’s considerable international bandwidth.

Growth in the number of broadband subscribers slowed briefly at the start of the country’s political crisis in 2011 and continuing social and political disturbances since then have seen some measures imposed to restrict access to content and services.

The extensive bandwidth, together with considerable market competition, has meant that Egypt offers some of the lowest prices for DSL services on the continent. The four mobile network operators also offer mobile internet based on 3G and LTE technologies.

This report outlines the major developments in the Egyptian telecom sector, including updated statistics and profiles of the operators, an assessment of market structures and regulatory measures related to spectrum awards and licensing, as well as emerging mobile and fixed-line technologies and services.

Key developments:

  • Telecom Egypt to provide Etisalat Misr with virtual fixed voice services;
  • Telecom Egypt and Liquid Telecom agree to expedite the roll out of fibre networks across North Africa;
  • Orange Egypt, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal;
  • SEA-ME-WE 5 cable comes online to add additional international internet capacity;
  • Telecom Egypt signs a three-year wholesale agreement with Vodafone Egypt;
  • Vodafone Egypt trials fixed-line services;
  • Central Bank of Egypt approves new regulations to encourage m-payment services;
  • Orange Egypt contracts NEC Corporation to provide microwave radio system for LTE traffic;
  • Vodafone Egypt sees subscriber decline into 2018;
  • MVNO licences issued as part of new unified licensing regime;
  • Telecom Egypt extends the reach of its fibre networks;
  • Continuing strong growth of DSL and mobile broadband;
  • Economic recovery shown in e-commerce market growth;
  • Report updates include the regulator’s market updates to March 2018, telcos’ operating data to Q2 2018, recent market developments

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS, Orascom Telecom, Global Telecom Holding), Vodafone Egypt, Etisalat Misr, Telecom Egypt, Thuraya, Iridium, Inmarsat, Alkan Communications, EgyptSat, MobiServe, Ericsson, Nokia Networks, Alcatel-Lucent, Huawei Technologies, TE Data, EgyNet, LINKdotNET, Nile Online, Yalla, Equant, Noor, Vodafone Data (Raya Telecom), Batelco, Soficom, Egypt Network, Internet Egypt, MenaNet, MenaSat, iSkySat, StormSat Egypt, PLC International, JumpTV, Menatel, NilePhone, Raya Telecom, Zhone Technologies, NEC, Nortel Networks, Qualcomm, ZTE.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
      • 3.2.1 Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
    • 3.3 New Regulatory Framework
    • 3.4 Telecommunications Master Plan
    • 3.5 Legislative reform
    • 3.6 Unified Telecom License (UTL)
    • 3.7 Privatisation of Telekom Egypt
    • 3.8 Telecom sector liberalisation
      • 3.8.1 International gateway licences
      • 3.8.2 International submarine cable licence
    • 3.9 Interconnection
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Telecom Egypt
      • 4.1.1 Services
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Public payphones
    • 5.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 5.4 International infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 Terrestrial
      • 5.4.2 Submarine fibre
      • 5.4.3 Satellite
    • 5.5 IT developments
      • 5.5.1 Data service providers
      • 5.5.2 Data centres
      • 5.5.3 Internet gateways
      • 5.5.4 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
      • 5.5.5 VSAT networks
    • 5.6 Smart infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Free Internet project
      • 6.1.3 National Broadband Plan
      • 6.1.4 Public internet access locations
      • 6.1.5 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.6 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.2.1 Vodafone Egypt
      • 6.2.2 EgyNet
      • 6.2.3 LINKdotNET
      • 6.2.4 Nile Online (NOL)
      • 6.2.5 TE Data
      • 6.2.6 Other ISPs
    • 6.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.4 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.4.1 Wireless broadband
      • 6.4.2 Broadband via satellite
      • 6.4.3 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 E-commerce
    • 7.2 Information Highway Project
    • 7.3 E-government
    • 7.4 E-learning
    • 7.5 GLORIAD (Academic sector)
  • 8. Digital media
    • 8.1 Videostreaming
    • 8.2 Communications
      • 8.2.1 VoIP
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
    • 9.3 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.3.1 Other infrastructure developments
      • 9.3.2 Mobile data
      • 9.3.3 Mobile broadband
      • 9.3.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 9.4 Regulatory issues
      • 9.4.1 Third mobile licence
      • 9.4.2 Fourth mobile licence
      • 9.4.3 International gateways
      • 9.4.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
      • 9.4.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.4.6 SIM card registration
      • 9.4.7 Infrastructure sharing
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS)
      • 9.5.2 Vodafone Egypt
      • 9.5.3 Etisalat Misr
      • 9.5.4 Telecom Egypt
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 m-banking
    • 9.7 Mobile handsets
    • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Egypt – 2018
    • Table 2 – Average price for telecom services in Egypt – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 3 – Telecom Egypt fixed-line voice subscribers by sector – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 4 – Telecom Egypt financial data – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 5 – Telecom Egypt residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 6 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 - 2009
    • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 8 – Public payphones by operator in Egypt – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 9 – International bandwidth in Egypt – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 10 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 11 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 12 – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 13 – Dial-up internet subscribers in Egypt – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 14 – Forecast – broadband subscribers in Egypt – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Table 15 – DSL subscribers in Egypt – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 16 – Vodafone Egypt broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 17 – Orange Egypt broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 18 – TE DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 19 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 - 2009
    • Table 20 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 21 – Mobile market share of subscribers – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 22 – Mobile internet and USB internet connections (regulator data) – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 23 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 24 – Dedicated mobile (USB) broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
    • Table 25 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Egypt – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Table 26 – Mobile numbers ported – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 27 – Orange Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2018
    • Table 28 – Orange Egypt consolidated financial results (EGP) – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 29 – Orange Egypt financial results (€) – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 30 – Orange Egypt blended monthly ARPU (€) – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 31 – Vodafone Egypt financials (£) – 2013 - 2019
    • Table 32 – Vodafone Egypt financials (EGP) – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 33 – Vodafone Egypt mobile data traffic – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 34 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2018
    • Table 35 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 36 – Etisalat Misr financial data – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 37 – Etisalat Misr mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 38 – Telecom Egypt mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2018
    • Chart 1 – Telecom Egypt key performance indicators – 2003 – 2018
    • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 3 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2002 – 2018
    • Chart 4 – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 2003 - 2018
    • Chart 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2018
    • Chart 6 – Orange Egypt financial results (EGP) – 2002 – 2018
    • Chart 7 – Vodafone Egypt financials (£) – 2013 – 2018
    • Chart 8 – Vodafone Egypt financials (EGP) – 2012 – 2018

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