Algeria has a steadily developing telecom infrastructure with growth encouraged by supportive regulatory measures and by government policies aimed at delivering serviceable internet connections across the country. The regulator recently initiated a new bidding process to licence a provider of universal telecom services, aiming to provide comprehensive coverage to all settlements.
Mobile broadband is largely based on 3G and LTE. Developments on 5G have been slow thus far, though the government has acknowledged that the country risks falling behind and has thus looked at releasing suitable spectrum. In the meantime, the three MNOs – Mobilis, Djezzy and Ooredoo Algeria – MNOs have worked to develop 5G with vendors, with a view to launching commercial services. Although LTE is available in all provinces, much investment is required from the MNOs to improve the quality of service.
Fixed internet speeds remain slow, and the country ranks poorly in international tables. Some effort is ongoing to address this, with the government having pressed Algérie Télécom to increase the minimum rate available from 4Mb/s to 10Mb/s.
Intensifying price competition between the MNOs together with taxes on voice and data services, have had a negative effect on operator revenue. The difficult operating climate encouraged VEON to sell its entire share in Djezzy in mid-2022, allowing it to focus on its more profitable markets. The sale meant that the state now has a controlling interest in two of the country’s three MNOs, which together had a 74% share of the mobile market by subscribers as of March 2023.
Algérie Télécom (Mobilis), Optimum Telecom Algérie (Djezzy), Wataniya Telecom (Nedjema, Ooredoo), Djaweb, EEPAD, Swan Informatique, IcosNet, Smart link Communication
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