Egypt - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Supported by a population of about 95 million, Egypt has one of the largest telecom markets in North Africa. There is effective competition in most sectors, and this has been supported by the recent award of unified licences to allow operators to offer fixed-line as well as mobile services. The incumbent telco Telecom Egypt secured one of the licenses in August 2016 and launched mobile services in the following year. The three mobile network operators initially failed to bid for the remaining three licenses, which would have enabled them to enter the fixed-line market and provide fully convergent service offerings. This prompted the government to consider opening the bidding process to international operators, but shortly afterwards the three secured licences, being assigned spectrum in June 2017.

The country’s political crisis following the ‘Arab Spring’ revolution which began in 2011 adversely affected the telecom sector. Although revenue has remained stable, capital expenditure has been under pressure and profit margins have fallen due to a weaker local currency and inflation. International investors have also shown considerable caution in response to political uncertainties.

The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to roll out next-generation networks, develop technology parks and extend broadband availability. In terms of investment, and in smart infrastructure developments, the government’s ambitions to develop a new capital city east of Cairo promises to be a catalyst for an intensification in the deployment of 5G and fibre networks in coming years.

Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, while it also has an extensive national fibre backbone and some of Africa’s most vibrant FttP deployments.

Key developments:

  • Government planning to replace 95% of copper infrastructure with fibre by 2020;
  • Work begins on planning a EGP40 billion telecom infrastructure for the proposed new capital city;
  • Telecom Egypt and Liquid Telecom agree to expedite the roll out of fibre networks across North Africa;
  • Orange Egypt, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal;
  • SEA-ME-WE 5 cable comes online to add additional international internet capacity;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2019, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Egypt, Orascom Telecom, Menatel, NilePhone, Raya Telecom, Zhone Technologies

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
    • Market analysis
  • Regional Africa Market Comparison

    • TMI vs GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband
    • Fixed and mobile broadband
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authorities
      • National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (TRA)
      • Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
    • New Regulatory Framework
    • Telecommunications Master Plan
    • Legislative reform
    • Unified Telecom License (UTL)
    • Privatisation of Telecom Egypt
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • International gateway licences
      • International submarine cable licence
    • Interconnection
  • Fixed network operators

    • Telecom Egypt
      • Services
    • Etisalat Misr
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Public payphones
    • Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • Data centres
    • International infrastructure
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine fibre
      • Satellite
      • Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
    • Smart infrastructure
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Egypt – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s fixed-line voice subscribers by sector – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Development of Telecom Egypt’s financial results – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Change in Telecom Egypt’s residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Growth in the number of fixed lines and teledensity – 2010 – 2024
  • Table 6 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 – 2009
  • Table 8 – Historic - International bandwidth in Egypt – 2003 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2018
  • Chart 2 – North Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Africa – Top-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Leaders) – 2018
  • Chart 4 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country – 2018
  • Chart 5 – North Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration – 2018
  • Chart 6 – North Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Growth in the number of Telecom Egypt’s fixed-line voice subscribers by sector – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – Development of Telecom Egypt’s financial results – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 9 – Change in Telecom Egypt’s residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Growth in the number of fixed lines and teledensity – 2010 – 2024
  • Chart 11 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – North Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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