Egypt - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses


Supported by a population of more than 90 million, Egypt has one of the largest telecom markets in North Africa. There is effective competition in most sectors, while one key development has been the recent award of unified licences to allow operators to offer services in the fixed-line and mobile sectors. The incumbent telco Telecom Egypt secured one of the licenses in August 2016. The three mobile network operators initially failed to bid for the remaining three licenses, which would have enabled them to enter the fixed-line market and provide fully convergent service offerings. This prompted the government to consider opening the bidding process to international operators, but shortly afterwards these network operators secured licences after having renegotiated licence terms. Spectrum was assigned to these licensees in June 2017.

The country’s political crisis following the ‘Arab Spring’ revolution which began in 2011 adversely affected the telecom sector. Although revenue has remained stable, profit margins and capital expenditure have fallen due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013, and international investors have shown considerable caution. The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to develop technology parks and to extend broadband availability, and in the process to create jobs in ICT and rekindle international investor interest.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, while it also has an extensive national fibre backbone and some of Africa’s most vibrant FttP deployments.

Key developments:

  • Telecom Egypt to provide Etisalat Misr with virtual fixed voice services, partners with Huawei to develop cloud computing services;
  • Liquid Telecom investing $400 million in data centres and telecom infrastructure in Egypt;
  • Telecom Egypt and Liquid Telecom agree to expedite the roll out of fibre networks across North Africa;
  • Government and Hungary sign MoU to increase cooperation and investment in ICTs, e-government and e-commerce;
  • Telecom Egypt and Orange Egypt receive LTE licences and spectrum assignments;
  • Orange Egypt, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal;
  • SEA-ME-WE 5 cable comes online to add additional international internet capacity;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to January 2019, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q4 2018, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Egypt, Orascom Telecom, Menatel, NilePhone, Raya Telecom, Zhone Technologies, Ericsson, NEC, Nortel Networks, Qualcomm, ZTE, Huawei Technologies.

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
    • Market analysis
  • Regional Africa Market Comparison

    • TMI vs GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband
    • Fixed and mobile broadband
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authorities
      • Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
    • New Regulatory Framework
    • Telecommunications Master Plan
    • Legislative reform
    • Unified Telecom License (UTL)
    • Privatisation of Telekom Egypt
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • International gateway licences
      • International submarine cable licence
    • Interconnection
  • Fixed network operators

    • Telecom Egypt
      • Services
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Public payphones
    • Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • Data centres
    • International infrastructure
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine fibre
      • Satellite
    • IT developments
      • Data service providers
      • Data centres
      • Internet gateways
      • Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
      • VSAT networks
    • Smart infrastructure
  • Related reports

List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Egypt – 2018
  • Table 2 – Average price for telecom services in Egypt – 2012 – 2016
  • Table 3 – Telecom Egypt fixed-line voice subscribers by sector – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Telecom Egypt financial data – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Telecom Egypt residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 – 2009
  • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Public payphones by operator in Egypt – 2002 – 2014
  • Table 9 – International bandwidth in Egypt – 2003 – 2018

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2018
  • Chart 2 – North Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Africa – Top-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Leaders) – 2018
  • Chart 4 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country – 2018
  • Chart 5 – North Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration – 2018
  • Chart 6 – North Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Telecom Egypt financial data – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2005 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – North Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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