2013 Egypt - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of trends and developments in Egypt’s telecommunications market, including forecasts. Subjects covered include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • The impact of the global economic crisis;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Infrastructure development;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet development and growth;
  • Broadband, including 3G mobile
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);
  • Average Revenue per User (ARPU), fixed and mobile;
  • Forecasts for the mobile and Internet market to 2014 and 2017.

Researcher:- Peter Lange
Current publication date:- August 2013 (12th Edition)

Executive Summary

12 billion Dollars for Egypt

The IMF was about to sign off a US$4.8 billion loan to Egypt but is currently holding this back following the removal of President Morsi. However, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait have just approved US$12 billion in loans, grants and cash. Like most sectors of the economy, Egypt's telecom sector is currently being affected by the political crisis, but once the situation stabilises again, it will be an attractive market for investors to re-enter.

Despite some restrictions and censorship, Egypt is one of the most developed Internet markets in Africa in terms of users, international bandwidth and services offered. Subscriber growth has slowed since the beginning of the country’s political crisis in 2011, but Egypt was again ranked fourth among African countries in the ‘Networked Readiness Index’ of the Davos World Economic Forum’s 2013 Global Information Technology Report. It is well connected through national and international fibre infrastructure and some of Africa’s first Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) deployments. Egypt also has some of the lowest prices for DSL broadband services on the continent, the result of a highly competitive sector with more than 150 Internet and data service providers.

The strongest growth is currently seen in mobile broadband services, which offers the network operators new revenue streams in an environment of falling average revenue per user (ARPU). All three operators have also acquired controlling stakes in leading data and Internet service providers. Egypt was one of the first countries in Africa to launch 3G mobile services, following the award of the country’s third mobile licence in 2006. The record price that was paid for the licence indicated the potential that is seen in the Egyptian mobile market, and the penetration rate has indeed multiplied since then and broke the 100% barrier in 2011. The country’s telecom regulator is now preparing to issue Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) licences, with fixed-line operator Telecom Egypt standing ready to enter the market. A fourth mobile network licence may also be tendered in the future. In return, the mobile operators may be allowed to enter the fixed-line market.

Egypt has the largest fixed-line market in Africa and the Arab region, with a profitable incumbent telco which has been partially privatised through an IPO. However, the country’s political crisis has not left this sector unaffected: Revenue has remained stable, ARPU has actually risen, but profit margins and capital expenditure are down due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview of Egypt’s telecom market
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Creation of a new regulatory framework
    • 3.3 Telecommunications Master Plan
    • 3.4 Legislative reform
    • 3.5 Regulatory authority
      • 3.5.1 National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
      • 3.5.2 Ministry of Communications & Information Technology
    • 3.6 Telecom sector liberalisation in Egypt
      • 3.6.1 International gateway licences
      • 3.6.2 International submarine cable licence
      • 3.6.3 Second fixed-line licence
      • 3.6.4 Triple-play licences
      • 3.6.5 Fourth mobile licence
      • 3.6.6 Local loop unbundling (LLU, ULL)
    • 3.7 Interconnection
    • 3.8 Tariffs
  • 4. Fixed Network Market
    • 4.1 Telecom Egypt
      • 4.1.1 Network infrastructure
      • 4.1.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
      • 4.1.3 Services
      • 4.1.4 Wholesale
      • 4.1.5 Financial results
      • 4.1.6 Privatisation
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 5.2 Public payphones
    • 5.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 5.4 FttH
    • 5.5 International infrastructure
      • 5.5.1 Terrestrial
      • 5.5.2 Submarine fibre
      • 5.5.3 Satellite
  • 6. Internet Market
    • 6.1 Overview
    • 6.2 Internet statistics
    • 6.3 Free Internet project
    • 6.4 Affordable Personal Computer (APC) programs
    • 6.5 E-schools
    • 6.6 Public Internet access locations
      • 6.6.1 Multipurpose Community Telecentres (MCTs)
    • 6.7 ISP and data service providers in Egypt
      • 6.7.1 Data service operators
      • 6.7.2 Data centres
      • 6.7.3 ISP market
      • 6.7.4 Internet gateways
      • 6.7.5 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
      • 6.7.6 VSAT networks
  • 7. Broadband Market
    • 7.1 Broadband initiative
    • 7.2 DSL
    • 7.3 Wireless broadband
      • 7.3.1 WiFi
      • 7.3.2 WiMAX
      • 7.3.3 CDMA2000 1x EV-DO
    • 7.4 Broadband via satellite
    • 7.5 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
    • 7.6 Convergence
      • 7.6.1 VoIP telephony
      • 7.6.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
      • 7.6.3 IPTV
  • 8. Digital Economy
    • 8.1 E-commerce
      • 8.1.1 E-commerce initiatives
      • 8.1.2 E-commerce legislation
    • 8.2 Information Highway Project
    • 8.3 E-government
    • 8.4 E-learning
    • 8.5 GLORIAD (Academic sector)
  • 9. Mobile Communications
    • 9.1 Overview of Egypt’s mobile market
      • 9.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2 Regulatory issues
      • 9.2.1 Third mobile licence
      • 9.2.2 Fourth mobile licence
      • 9.2.3 MVNO licences
      • 9.2.4 International gateways
      • 9.2.5 Mobile termination rates (MTR)
      • 9.2.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.2.7 SIM card registration
      • 9.2.8 GPS ban
      • 9.2.9 Foreign ownership
      • 9.2.10 Infrastructure sharing
    • 9.3 Major mobile operators
      • 9.3.1 Mobinil (ECMS)
      • 9.3.2 Vodafone Egypt
      • 9.3.3 Etisalat Misr
    • 9.4 Mobile voice services
      • 9.4.1 Prepaid services
      • 9.4.2 Satellite mobile
      • 9.4.3 Mobile VoIP
    • 9.5 Mobile data services
      • 9.5.1 SMS
      • 9.5.2 MMS
      • 9.5.3 WAP
      • 9.5.4 GPRS and EDGE
    • 9.6 3G mobile broadband
    • 9.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.7.1 Mobile TV
      • 9.7.2 Mobile banking
  • 10. Forecasts
    • 10.1 Forecasts – Internet users 2014; 2017
    • 10.2 Forecasts – Mobile subscribers 2014; 2017
    • 10.3 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2013
    • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2013
    • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2013
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2013
    • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2013
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2013
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
    • Table 8 – Telecom Egypt key performance indicators – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 9 – Telecom Egypt fixed voice vs. broadband ARPU – 2010 - 2012
    • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 - 2013
    • Table 11 – Public payphones by operator in Egypt – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 12 – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 1999 - 2013
    • Table 13 – DSL subscribers in Egypt, total vs TE – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 14 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Egypt – 2000 - 2013
    • Table 15 – Mobile termination rates (MTR) in Egypt – 2013
    • Table 16 – Mobinil subscribers – 2000 - 2013
    • Table 17 – Mobinil financial results – 2002 - 2012
    • Table 18 – Mobinil blended monthly ARPU – 2002 - 2012
    • Table 19 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2013
    • Table 20 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 21 – Forecast Internet users in Egypt – 2014; 2017
    • Table 22 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Egypt – 2014; 2017
    • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2000 - 2013
    • Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 2002 - 2013
    • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Egypt – 2002 - 2013
    • Exhibit 1 – Major licences issued in Egypt – 2013
    • Exhibit 3 – Telecom Egypt’s mobile business: In and out and in again
    • Exhibit 4 – An analysis of Egypt’s third mobile licence valuation
    • Exhibit 5 – Vodafone Egypt’s public listing and delisting

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