Spain - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Spain’s telecom market is one of the largest in Europe, supported by a population of more than 46 million. The country’s economy has recovered from the shock consequent to the GFC in 2008/9, which had led to high unemployment and reduced disposable income among consumers. Revenue growth in the telecom sector recovered in 2016 and 2017 though growth fell 0.5% in 2018.

Mobile penetration is on a par with the European average and there remains room for further growth, particularly in the mobile broadband segment which has been supported by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators. The fixed-line broadband sector has also been backed by investment in fibre infrastructure, thus enabling providers to develop improved bundled services and to compete more effectively against other players. The regulator has fostered competition by providing access to the incumbent’s DSL and FttP networks, which has stimulated fibre roll-outs. Telefónica expects to provide 100% FttP coverage by 2024.

Spain has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, with effective competition from four MNOs and a good number of resellers and MVNOs. This competition, together with regulated roaming and mobile termination rates, has driven down the cost of mobile calls for end users while investment in network infrastructure has also led to a rapid increase in mobile data traffic. With LTE widely available, the focus has shifted to services based on 5G. Vodafone Spain was the first operator to launch a 5G network, in June 2019, while the other players are expected to wait until after the auction of spectrum in the 700MHz bad in mid-2020.

Orange Spain and Vodafone Spain have acquired fixed-line operators in a bid to compete more effectively with Movistar in their bundled service offerings. Másmóvil has also become one of the main FttP providers in the country through its own network infrastructure as well as through network share agreements with Telefónica, Vodafone Spain and Orange Spain.

This report provides statistics and market analyses on the Spanish mobile sector, including an assessment of regulatory issues, a profile of the major providers, and an analysis of mobile data services as well as technologies including LTE and 5G

This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiles of the main players. The report also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection.

Key developments:

  • EllaLink submarine cable connecting Spain with Brazil to be ready in 2020;
  • Revised wholesale broadband access regulations;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to June 2019, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Spain, Telefónica, Jazztel, Ono, Vodafone Spain.

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market overview
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • General Telecommunications Act
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Interconnect
    • Access
    • Number Portability (NP)
    • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Telefónica
    • Orange Spain
      • Jazztel
    • Vodafone España
      • Ono
    • Másmóvil
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • International infrastructure
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cable
    • Smart Infrastructure
      • Smart Cities – Barcelona
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Spain – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 6 – Historic - Telecom revenue annual change – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 7 – Historic - Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 8 – Historic - Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 9 – Historic - Telecom investment and annual change – 2000 – 2015
  • Table 10 – Historic - Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 11 – Historic - Fixed-line traffic – 2000 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Total telecom retail revenue and annual change – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Decline in interconnection revenue – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Fixed-line subscribers by type of access – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Fixed number portings – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – Decline in the number of Carrier PreSelection lines – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 9 – Decline in fixed line revenue – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 11 – Decline in Telefónica de España EBITDA – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 12 – Telefónica de España consumer and business wireline line revenue – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 13 – Telefónica de España fixed telephony and broadband lines – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 14 – Telefónica de España retail and wholesale access lines – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 15 – Growth in the number of Orange mobile and broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Growth in Orange EBITDA, capex – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 17 – Change in Vodafone Spain’s revenue by segment – 2017 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Decline in fixed line traffic – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 19 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 20 – NGN installed lines by access type – 2010 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Access and the local loop

Related Reports

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Licence Information

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Regulations & Government Policies
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 58

Status Current

Last updated 30 Sep 2019
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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