Montenegro - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Montenegro’s telecom regulator prepping for 700MHz spectrum auction

Montenegro’s fixed broadband services are available via a variety of technology platforms including DSL, cable, leased line, fibre and wireless. The fibre sector has shown particularly strong growth since 2010 as the incumbent has invested in infrastructure upgrades, albeit mainly to serve apartment blocks in the main towns. The number of fibre connections increased 24% in the year to September 2019 and accounted for 34% of all fixed broadband connections. The share held by DSL is marginally higher, a legacy of the incumbent’s copper network coupled with its existing market presence and range of service offerings that include broadband TV, but it is falling steadily.

Mobile penetration is particularly high, though this is partly due to the significant number of tourists visiting the country seasonally, as also to the popularity of subscribers having multiple prepaid cards. Networks are based on WCDMA/HSPA and LTE technologies support a vibrant mobile broadband services sector. The wide availability of LTE has made mobile broadband a viable alternative to fixed-line broadband in many rural areas. Recent multi-band spectrum auctions stipulated that mobile broadband services were to be made available to 95% of the population by mid-2018. An auction for spectrum in the 700MHz band, being coordinated with Albania, will support the launch of 5G services anticipated by the end of 2020.

Key developments:

  • Telenor Group completes the sale of its Montenegro business;
  • T-Mobile Montenegro launches a 500Mb/s mobile data service;
  • Three MNOs secure spectrum in multi-band auction;
  • Crnogorski Telekom expands VDSL services as complement to fibre roll-out;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to September 2019, telcos' operating and financial data to Q2 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Crnogorski Telekom (T-Mobile Montenegro), M:tel, Telenor Montenegro

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Regional European Market Comparison

    • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • TMI versus GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
    • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Fixed-line developments
      • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Privatisation
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Carrier Selection/Carrier PreSelection
      • Number Portability (NP)
    • Mobile network developments
      • 3G mobile licences
      • 700MHz spectrum
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  • Mobile market

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
    • Mobile data
      • Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • Mobile broadband
    • Major mobile operators
      • Telenor Montenegro
      • T-Mobile Montenegro
      • M:tel
    • Mobile content and applications
  • Fixed-line broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Crnogorski Telekom
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Montenegro – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Change in household use of devices used for internet access (%) – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Penetration of computers and internet in SMEs– 2013 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Increase in the number of annual fixed numbers ported – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 5 – Spectrum allocations by operator
  • Table 6 – Change in the number of annual mobile numbers ported – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 7 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 8 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 9 – Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Increase in the proportion of prepaid and contract subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Decline in SMS traffic – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 12 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 13 – Change in the number of Telenor Montenegro’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Change in the number of T-Mobile Montenegro’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Change in T-Mobile Montenegro’s mobile subscribers by type (company data) – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 16 – Growth in T-Mobile Montenegro’s mobile revenue (HRK) – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 17 – Change in the number of M:tel’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 18 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 19 – Change in market share of broadband connections by platform – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 20 – Change in the market share of broadband connections by speed – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 21 – Increase in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Increase in the number of DSL broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 23 – Increase in the number of Crnogorski Telekom’s broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 24 – Development in the number of FttX subscribers by type – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 25 – Installed FttX connections – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 26 – Proportion of FttX subscribers by type– 2011 - 2019
  • Table 27 – Decline in the number of WiMAX ports in service – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Decline in the number of Wi-Fi subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 29 – Change in the number of fixed-lines by operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 30 – Change in the share of fixed-lines by operator – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 31 – Decline in the number of Crnogorski Telekom’s fixed-line voice customers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 32 – Crnogorski Telekom revenue by sector (HRK) – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 33 – Growth in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 34 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2015
  • Table 35 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 36 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 37 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 38 – Historic - Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 39 – Historic - Proportion of prepaid and contract subscribers – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 40 – Historic - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 41 – Historic - T-Mobile Montenegro mobile subscribers – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 42 – Historic - Telenor Montenegro subscribers – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 43 – Historic - T-Mobile Montenegro mobile MOU and ARPU – 2005 – 2016
  • Table 44 – Historic - T-Mobile Montenegro mobile revenue (HUF) – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 45 – Historic - Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2008 – 2016
  • Table 46 – Historic - Length of shared cable ducts – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 47 – Historic - IPTV subscribers and share of pay TV market – 2008 – 2017
  • Table 48 – Historic - Crnogorski Telekom financial data (HUF) – 2006 – 2016
  • Table 49 – Historic - Crnogorski Telekom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 50 – Historic - M:tel financial data – 2008 – 2011
  • Table 51 – Historic - Penetration of devices by household – 2012 – 2015
  • Table 52 – Historic - Business e-commerce use – 2014 – 2016
  • Table 53 – Historic - Telenor Montenegro financial data – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 54 – Historic - Telenor Montenegro ARPU – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 55 – Historic - Telenor Montenegro monthly mobile traffic – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 56 – Historic - M:tel mobile subscribers by type (company data) – 2008 – 2014
  • Table 57 – Historic - M-Kable broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2017

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Change in household use of devices used for internet access (%) – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 15 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 16 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator– 2004 – 2018
  • Chart 17 – Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Increase in the proportion of prepaid and contract subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 20 – Change in the number of Telenor Montenegro’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Change in the number of T-Mobile Montenegro’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 22 – Change in T-Mobile Montenegro’s mobile subscribers by type (company data) – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Change in the number of M:tel’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 24 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 25 – Change in market share of broadband connections by platform – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 26 – Change in the market share of broadband connections by speed – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 27 – Increase in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 28 – Increase in the number of DSL broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 29 – Increase in the number of Crnogorski Telekom’s broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – Development in the number of FttX subscribers by type – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Decline in the number of WiMAX ports in service – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 32 – Decline in the number of Wi-Fi subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 33 – Change in the number of fixed-lines by operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 34 – Change in the share of fixed-lines by operator – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – Decline in the number of Crnogorski Telekom’s fixed-line voice customers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 36 – Decline in the number of Crnogorski Telekom’s fixed-line voice customers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 37 – Growth in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment

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