Denmark - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Denmark’s MNOs prepare to close down 3G services

Denmark’s competitive telecom market continues to benefit from having one of the highest broadband penetration rates globally, as well as comprehensive LTE coverage and a fast-developing 5G segment. This market maturity has stimulated a range of IP-enabled applications which has encouraged revenue growth in the mobile and internet segments, though market competition meant that overall sector growth fell for several years before picking up in 2018.

Excellent cable and DSL infrastructure have been supported by a progressive regulatory regime which has encouraged operator access to both copper and fibre networks. Fibre networks have a fast-growing footprint, while a number of community and metropolitan schemes have supplemented TDC’s own commitments to build out fibre nationally. The development of VDSL and fibre, as well as LTE-A and 5G in the mobile market, is crucial to meeting the government’s objective for all premises to have access to a 100Mb/s service by the end of 2020.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Danish telecom market, providing data on the fixed network services sector as well as profiles of the major operators. It also analyses market statistics and assesses the key regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition, the market reviews the fixed broadband and mobile markets, including a range of subscriber forecasts.

Key developments

  • 3 Denmark planning to close down 3G services by end-2020;
  • Auction for spectrum in the 3.5GHz band expected later in 2020;
  • Nokia Networks given five-year managed services contract for TT-Netværket;
  • TDC expands NB-IoT across its LTE footprint;
  • Aqua Comms finishes work on the HAVFRUE submarine cable;
  • TDC completes DOCSIS3.1 network upgrade;
  • Continuing slide in the number of PSTN lines;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data update to June 2019, telcos' operating and financial data to Q4 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report

TDC, Telia Denmark, Telenor, MIT Tele (DLG Tele), 3 Denmark, Lycamobile, Tele2

Table of Contents

  • Key Statistics

  • Regional Market Comparison

    • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • TMI versus GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
    • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Fixed-line developments
      • Privatisation of Tele Danmark
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • Mobile network developments
      • Spectrum
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Network sharing
  • Mobile market

    • Market statistics
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Major mobile operators
      • TDC
      • Telenor Denmark
      • Telia Danmark
      • 3 Denmark
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile content and applications
      • Near Field Communications
      • M-commerce
  • Fixed-line broadband market

    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Government support
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Very High Data Rate DSL (VDSL)
      • Vectoring DSL
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Fixed wireless
      • WiMAX
      • Satellite
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • TDC
    • Telenor Denmark
    • Telia Denmark
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • VoIP
    • Next Generation Access (NGA)
    • Alternative networks
    • International infrastructure
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • Smart infrastructure

    • Smart cities
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – 2020 (e)
  • Table 2 – Development of telecom revenue by sector – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Development of telecom earnings (EBIT) – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 4 – Development of telecom investment and proportion of revenue – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Change in fixed infrastructure investment by type– 2015 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Change in the number of annual fixed-line number portings – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Change in the number of annual mobile numbers ported – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 9 – Growth in the number of mobile voice and data subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Change in mobile services revenue by type – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 11 – Fall in average revenue per mobile subscriber – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Change in mobile sector investment – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Change in the market share of mobile subscribers by operator (main operators) – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Change in the market share of mobile subscribers by operator (main operators) – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Fall in the number of prepaid subscriptions and proportion of total – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 16 – Growth in the number of LTE subscriptions – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 17 – Growth in the number of M2M subscriptions by operator – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 18 – Development of mobile voice traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 19 – Fall in SMS traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 20 – Growth in MMS traffic – 2009 - 2019
  • Table 21 – Growth in mobile data traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Change in the number of dedicated mobile data subscriptions – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 23 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 24 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 25 – Growth in the number of TDC’s mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 26 – Growth in the number of TDC’s mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 27 – Change in the number of TDC’s domestic mobile subscribers (retail, wholesale) – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Growth in TDC’s mobile voice ARPU (consumer) – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 29 – TDC’s spectrum concessions in Denmark
  • Table 30 – Change in the number of Telenor Denmark’s mobile subscribers, proportion prepaid – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 31 – Development of Telenor Denmark’s mobile ARPU by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 32 – Development of Telenor Denmark’s mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 33 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 34 – Change in Telia Denmark’s blended mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 35 – Development of Telia Denmark’s mobile service revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 36 – Change in the number of 3 Denmark’s registered subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 37 – Change in the number of 3 Denmark’s active subscribers – 2018 – 2019
  • Table 38 – Development of 3 Denmark’s mobile financial data – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 39 – Change in 3 Denmark’s annualised monthly ARPU – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 40 – Change in the number of fixed and mobile internet subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 41 – Change in the number of total subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 42 – Change in fixed broadband penetration by technology – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 43 – Development of fixed broadband subscribers by technology – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 44 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration– 2009 – 2024
  • Table 45 – Broadband subscribers by lower access speeds – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 46 – Growth in the number of broadband subscribers by superfast (>100Mb/s) access speed – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 47 – Development of fixed-line broadband revenue by type – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 48 – Growth in fixed-line broadband traffic – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 49 – Change in the number of TDC’s broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 50 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s broadband subscribers and ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 51 – Decline in the number of Telenor Denmark’s broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 52 – Growth in the number of VDSL lines – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 53 – Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 54 – Change in the number of wireless broadband subscribers by type – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 55 – Satellite broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 56 – Decline in the number of fixed subscriber lines by major operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 57 – Fixed subscriber lines by minor operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 58 – Decline in the number of fixed network lines by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 59 – Development of TDC Group’s financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 60 – Development of TDC’s consumer and business revenue – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 61 – TDC consumer revenue by sector – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 62 – TDC business revenue by sector – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 63 – Development of TDC’s consumer RGUs by sector – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 64 – Decline in Telenor Denmark’s fixed-line revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 65 – Development of Telenor Denmark’s EBITDA, op. profit – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 66 – Change in the number of Telenor Denmark’s fixed-line subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 67 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s fixed-line subscribers by sector – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 68 – Development of Telia Denmark’s revenue by sector – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 69 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 70 – Decline in fixed-telephony voice traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 71 – Development of retail and wholesale fixed-telephony revenue – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 72 – Development of VoIP subscribers and traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 73 – Change in the number of TDC’s VoIP subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 74 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’ VoIP subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 75 – Change in the number of NGA connections by type – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 76 – Change in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2017
  • Table 77 –- Telecom sector investment – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 78 – Historic - Telecom investment and proportion of revenue – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 79 – Historic - Carrier and call-by-call PreSelection registrations – 2005 – 2013
  • Table 80 – Historic - Mobile voice traffic – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 81 – Historic - TDC mobile services revenue by segment – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 82 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 83 – Historic - Prepaid subscriptions and percentage of subscribers – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 84 – Historic - Mobile retail services revenue – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 85 – Historic - Mobile traffic in minutes – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 86 – Historic - Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 87 – Historic - Telenor Denmark mobile subscribers, proportion prepaid – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 88 – Historic - Telenor Denmark ARPU – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 89 – Historic - Telenor Denmark’s mobile revenue – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 90 – Historic 3 Denmark financial data – 2007 – 2009
  • Table 91 – Historic - 3 Denmark annualised monthly ARPU and data proportion – 2007 – 2010
  • Table 92 – Historic - SMS traffic – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 93 – Historic - SMS sent per subscriber – 2014 – 2017
  • Table 94 – Historic - Total MMS sent – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 95 – Historic - MMS sent per subscriber – 2014 – 2017
  • Table 96 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2015
  • Table 97 – Historic –Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 98 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 99 – Historic - Total fixed-line broadband subscribers by sector – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 100 – Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 101 – Historic – Mobile, fixed telephony and broadband revenue – 2001 – 2012
  • Table 102 – Historic - Broadband coverage by data rate – 2011 – 2015
  • Table 103 – Historic - Fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 104 – Historic - Fixed network and ISDN lines – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 105 – Historic - Telenor Denmark fixed-line subscribers – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 106 – Historic - Telia Denmark fixed-line subscribers by sector – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 107 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 108 – Historic - Fixed-telephony domestic voice traffic – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 109 – Historic - Average revenue per fixed line – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 110 – Historic - Development of VoIP subscribers and traffic – 2005 – 2009
  • Table 111 – Historic - Telenor VoIP subscribers – 2008 – 2014
  • Table 112 – Historic - International internet bandwidth – 1999 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Development of telecom revenue by sector – 2009 - 2018
  • Chart 15 – Development of telecom investment and proportion of revenue – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 16 – Change in fixed infrastructure investment by type– 2015 – 2018
  • Chart 17 – Change in the number of annual fixed-line number portings – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Change in the number of annual mobile numbers ported – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 20 – Growth in the number of mobile voice and data subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Change in mobile services revenue by type – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 22 – Fall in average revenue per mobile subscriber – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 23 – Fall in the number of prepaid subscriptions and proportion of total – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 24 – Growth in the number of M2M subscriptions by operator – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Development of mobile voice traffic – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 26 – Fall in SMS traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 27 – Growth in MMS traffic – 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 28 – Growth in mobile data traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 29 – Change in the number of dedicated mobile data subscriptions – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – Change in the number of TDC’s domestic subscribers (retail, wholesale) – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Change in the number of Telenor Denmark’s mobile subscribers, proportion prepaid – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 32 – Development of Telenor Denmark’s mobile ARPU by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 33 – Development of Telenor Denmark’s mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 34 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – Change in Telia Denmark’s blended mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 36 – Development of Telia Denmark’s mobile service revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 37 – Change in the number of 3 Denmark’s registered subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 38 – Development of 3 Denmark’s mobile financial data – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 39 – Change in 3 Denmark’s annualised monthly ARPU – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 40 – Change in the number of fixed and mobile internet subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 41 – Change in the number of internet subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 42 – Change in fixed broadband penetration by technology – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 43 – Development of fixed broadband subscribers by technology – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 44 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration– 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 45 – Growth in the number of broadband subscribers by superfast (>100Mb/s) access speed – 2017 – 2019
  • Chart 46 – Development of fixed-line broadband revenue by type – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 47 – Change in the number of TDC’s broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 48 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s broadband subscribers and ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 49 – Decline in the number of Telenor Denmark’s broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 50 – Growth in the number of VDSL lines – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 51 – Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 52 – Decline in the number of fixed subscriber lines by major operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 53 – Decline in the number of fixed subscriber lines by minor operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 54 – Decline in the number of fixed network lines by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 55 – Development of TDC Group’s financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 56 – Development of TDC’s consumer and business revenue – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 57 – Development of TDC’s consumer RGUs by sector – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 58 – Decline in Telenor Denmark’s fixed-line revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 59 – Change in the number of Telenor Denmark’s fixed-line subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 60 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s fixed-line subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 61 – Change in the number of Telia Denmark’s fixed-line subscribers by sector – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 62 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 63 – Decline in fixed-telephony voice traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 64 – Development of retail and wholesale fixed-telephony revenue – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 65 – Development of VoIP subscribers and traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 66 – Change in the number of NGA connections by type – 2013 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
  • Exhibit 3 – Denmark’s 3G licensing results – 2001
  • Exhibit 4 – 2.5GHz licence awards – 2010
  • Exhibit 5 – 800MHz licence awards – 2012
  • Exhibit 6 – 1800MHz licence awards – 2016
  • Exhibit 7 – 3 Denmark spectrum concessions

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