Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Spain’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2019 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

Spain expected to have universal FttP coverage by 2024

Spain’s telecom market is one of the largest in Europe, supported by a population of more than 46 million. Mobile penetration is on a par with the European average and there remains room for further growth, particularly in the mobile broadband segment which has been supported by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators. With LTE widely available, the focus among operators has shifted to services based on 5G. Vodafone Spain was the first operator to launch a 5G network, in June 2019, while the other players are expected to wait until after the auction of spectrum in the 700MHz bad in mid-2020.

The fixed-line broadband sector has also been backed by investment in fibre infrastructure, enabling providers to develop improved bundled services and to compete more effectively. The regulator has fostered competition by providing access to Telefónica’s DSL and FttP networks, while network sharing agreements have meant that Orange Spain, Vodafone Spain and Másmóvil have become significant operators. By mid-2019 fibre accounted for 62% of all fixed broadband connections. Telefónica alone expects to provide complete FttP coverage by 2024.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiles of the main players. The report also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition, the report covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies, as well as analyses on the mobile sector, including an assessment of regulatory issues, a profile of the major providers, and a review of mobile data services and technologies including LTE and 5G. The report also provides fixed-line, broadband, mobile, and mobile broadband subscriber forecasts to 2024.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains all around the world. During this time, the telecoms sector may experience a downturn in mobile device and ICT equipment production and a decline in consumer spending on telecoms services. Overall progress towards 5G may also be postponed or slowed down in some countries. Please also note: Industry forecasts contained in this report have not taken Coronavirus into consideration as it is yet largely unknown what the long-term impact will be.

Key developments:

  • Regulator delays 700MHz spectrum auction due to COVID-19;
  • EllaLink submarine cable connecting Spain with Brazil to be ready in 2020;
  • Telefónica joins the 5G Technological Cities project;
  • Orange and Vodafone sign revised network sharing agreement to include 5G;
  • Orange Spain adds ZTE as a 5G vendor partner;
  • Vodafone Spain launches 5G services;
  • Vodafone Spain contracts Huawei to upgrade its HFC network with DOCSIS3.1, launches a 1Gb/s broadband service to four million premises;
  • Movistar aiming to provide 100% FttP coverage by 2024;
  • Fibre broadband accounting for 62% of all fixed-line broadband connections
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to June 2019, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Spain, Telefónica (Movistar), Jazztel, Ono, Vodafone Spain, Lebara, Lycamobile, Másmóvil, YouMobile, Yoigo

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Regional European Market Comparison

    • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • TMI versus GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
    • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market overview
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Fixed-line developments
      • General Telecommunications Act
      • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
      • Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
    • Mobile network developments
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
  • Mobile market

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Operator market shares
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Major mobile operators
      • Movistar
      • Vodafone Spain
      • Orange Spain
      • Másmóvil
      • MVNOs
    • Mobile content and applications
  • Fixed-line broadband market

    • Market analysis
      • Government initiatives
      • Broadband statistics
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Movistar
      • ADSL2+
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Regulatory issues
      • Fibre market
      • Movistar
      • Vodafone Spain
      • Orange Spain
      • Other developments
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • Wi-Fi
      • WiMAX
      • Satellite broadband
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Telefónica
    • Orange Spain
      • Jazztel
    • Vodafone España
      • Ono
    • Másmóvil
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • International infrastructure
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cable
    • Smart Infrastructure
      • Smart Cities – Barcelona
  • Appendix – Historic data


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Spain – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 – 2018
  • Chart SEQ Chart 75 – Orange Spain connectable fibre premises – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 – 2013
  • Table 7 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2015
  • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 9 – Historic - DSL and cable broadband subscribers – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 10 – Historic - Broadband revenue by platform – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 11 – Historic - FttX lines installed – 2009 – 2014
  • Table 12 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 13 – Historic - Mobile retail market revenue and annual change– 2000 – 2009
  • Table 14 – Historic - Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 15 – Historic - Annual number portings – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 16 – Historic - Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 17 – Historic - Mobile subscribers by technology platform – 2002 – 2014
  • Table 18 – Historic - Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 19 – Historic - Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 20 – Historic - Base stations in service, by technology – 2001 – 2015

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 15 – Total telecom retail revenue and annual change – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 16 – Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 17 – Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 18 – Decline in interconnection revenue – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 19 – Fixed-line subscribers by type of access – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 20 – Fixed number portings – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Decline in the number of Carrier PreSelection lines – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 22 – Change in the number of annual mobile numbers ported – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Decline in mobile retail market revenue, annual change– 2000 – 2018
  • Chart 24 – Mobile market revenue by sector – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 25 – Decline in mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 26 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 27 – Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers:– 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 28 – Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 29 – Change in mobile service price index – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – Subscriber market share by operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Change in prepaid and contract mobile voice traffic – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 32 – Change in messaging revenue by type – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 33 – Change in messaging traffic by type – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 34 – Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – Growth in the number of mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 36 – Development of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 37 – Growth in mobile broadband traffic – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 38 – Growth in mobile broadband revenue and annual change – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 39 – Growth in Movistar’s LTE subscriber base and penetration – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 40 – Growth in the number of M2M lines – 2004 – 2019
  • Chart 41 – Change in the number of Movistar’s mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 42 – Vodafone revenue by type – 2013 – 2020
  • Chart 43 – Vodafone quarterly mobile service revenue (year to March) – 2016 – 2020
  • Chart 44 – Change in the number of Vodafone’s mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 45 – Growth in Vodafone’s mobile data traffic – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 46 – Change in Vodafone’s mobile ARPU – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 47 – Vodafone Spain customer churn – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 48 – Decline in Vodafone’ mobile customer retention costs – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 49 – Change in the number of Orange’s mobile subscribers by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 50 – Orange mobile service revenue – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 51 – Orange ARPU/ARPO by sector (per month) – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 52 – Orange customer churn – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 53 – Growth in the number of Másmóvil subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 54 – Growth in Másmóvil revenue – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 55 – Growth in the number of MVNO subscribers and market share – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 56 – DSL, cable and fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 57 – Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 58 – Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 59 – Fixed broadband lines by data rate (Mb/s) – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 60 – Broadband subscriptions by major operator – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 61 – Share of broadband lines by operator – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 62 – Change in fixed internet market revenue – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 63 – Broadband revenue by platform – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 64 – Euskatel cable broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 65 – Movistar retail and wholesale broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 66 – Consumer and business FttP subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 67 – FttP lines by operator – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 68 – Másmóvil broadband accessible premises – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 69 – Másmóvil broadband subscriber share by platform – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 70 – Growth in the number of Másmóvil’s broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 71 – Movistar retail and wholesale broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 72 – Growth in the number of Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 73 – Growth in the number of Orange Spain broadband subscribers, by type – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 74 – Development of Orange Spain’s broadband ARPU/ARPO – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 76 – Decline in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 77 – Decline in fixed line revenue – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 78 – Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 79 – Decline in Telefónica de España EBITDA – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 80 – Telefónica de España consumer and business wireline line revenue – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 81 – Telefónica de España fixed telephony and broadband lines – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 82 – Telefónica de España retail and wholesale access lines – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 83 – Growth in the number of Orange mobile and broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 84 – Growth in Orange EBITDA, capex – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 85 – Change in Vodafone Spain’s revenue by segment – 2017 – 2019
  • Chart 86 – Decline in fixed line traffic – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 87 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 88 – NGN installed lines by access type – 2010 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
  • Exhibit 3 – 3G licence results in Spain – March 2000
  • Exhibit 4 – Overview of spectrum allocations – 2011
  • Exhibit 5 – 3.6GHz auction results – July 2018
  • Exhibit 6 – Overview of MVNOs
  • Exhibit 7 – Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees – 2000

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