Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Spain’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Mobile subscriber and ARPU forecasts;
  • Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2022.
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2017 (16th Edition)

Executive Summary

Spain’s government launches consultation on 5G technologies and services

Spain’s telecom market in recent years has fallen steadily, with the sector affected by the poor economic climate exacerbated by high unemployment and reduced disposable income among consumers. However, a five-year recession, with falling GDP, effectively ended in 2014 when the economy showed a steady return to growth and this has been sustained since then: growing confidence among investors has been palpable since 2015, while economic growth is expected to be 3.1% for 2017. The improved business climate should augur well for the sector into 2018.

Mobile penetration is high and growing steadily if slowly, while broadband uptake is backed by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators in a bid to provide improved bundled services and so compete more effectively against other players. The regulator has fostered competition by providing access to the incumbent’s DSL and FttP networks, which has stimulated fibre roll-outs.

Spain has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, with effective competition from four MNOs and a growing number of resellers and MVNOs. This competition, together with regulated roaming and mobile termination rates, has driven down the cost of mobile calls. The market has seen considerable changes in recent years, including the acquisition of Yoigo by Másmóvil, by which the latter has become a full service provider. There have also been growing investments in network upgrades to support LTE and HSPA+ technologies, while MNOs and vendors are also investing in 5G technologies and services.

Orange Spain and Vodafone Spain have acquired fixed-line operators in a bid to compete more effectively with Movistar in their bundled service offerings.

In recent quarters Spain’s broadband market has shifted from copper to fibre infrastructure. By mid-2017 the number of fibre broadband subscribers outnumbered those on DSL for the first time. Broadband penetration remains on a par with the EU average, though growth into 2018 is expected to be stimulated by regulatory measures introduced in 2017 which obliged Telefónica to reduce wholesale access prices on some submarine cables by up to 35%.

Telefónica continues to invest heavily in fibre infrastructure while its recent access deal with Vodafone Spain has significantly increased the latter’s footprint. Vodafone now offers a 1Gb/s service across much of its network, while in the cable sector the company has also invested in DOSCIS3.1 technology.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiles of the main players. The report also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition the report assesses the mobile sector, including a review of regulatory issues, analyses of the major providers and details of progress in the build-out of technologies including M2M, LTE and 5G. The report also covers Spain’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies such as fibre, and broadband powerline.

Key developments:

  • EllaLink submarine cable connecting Spain with Brazil gets the go-ahead;
  • Telefónica sells stake in Telxius network unit;
  • Orange Spain teams up with Ericsson to trial 5G;
  • Vodafone Spain launches Spain’s first NB-IoT network;
  • Orange Spain investing up to €1.5 billion to provide 95% population coverage with LTE by end-2017;
  • Government launches consultation on 5G technologies and services;
  • Mobile revenue continues to fall in line with a decline in the number of subscribers;
  • Vodafone Spain contracts Huawei to upgrade its HFC network with DOCSIS3.1, launches a 1Gb/s broadband service to four million premises;
  • Euskaltel completes acquisition of Telecable;
  • Fibre broadband accounting for 41% of all fixed-line broadband connections;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to August 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Spain, Telefónica (Movistar), Jazztel, Ono, Vodafone Spain, Lebara, Lycamobile, Másmóvil, YouMobile.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Recent developments
    • 2.2 Market overview
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
    • 3.3 General Telecommunications Act
    • 3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.5 Interconnect
    • 3.6 Access
    • 3.7 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.8 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 3.9 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Telefónica
    • 4.3 Orange Spain
      • 4.3.1 Jazztel
    • 4.4 Vodafone España
      • 4.4.1 Ono
    • 4.5 Másmóvil
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 Satellite networks
      • 5.3.2 Submarine cable
    • 5.4 IT developments
      • 5.4.1 Cloud computing
    • 5.5 Smart Infrastructure
      • 5.5.1 Smart Cities – Barcelona
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Government initiatives
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.4 Forecasts – broadband subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 Movistar
      • 6.3.2 ADSL2+
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 6.4.1 Regulatory issues
      • 6.4.2 Fibre market
      • 6.4.3 Movistar
      • 6.4.4 Vodafone
      • 6.4.5 Other developments
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 6.5.2 Wi-Fi
      • 6.5.3 WiMAX
      • 6.5.4 Satellite broadband
      • 6.5.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • 6.6 Videostreaming
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 E-commerce
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Operator market shares
      • 8.2.3 Mobile voice
      • 8.2.4 Mobile data
      • 8.2.5 Mobile broadband
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.3.2 Roaming
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Digital networks
      • 8.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
      • 8.4.3 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
      • 8.4.4 Internet of Things (IoT)
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 Movistar
      • 8.5.2 Vodafone Spain
      • 8.5.3 Orange Espana
      • 8.5.4 Yoigo (Xfera Moviles)
      • 8.5.5 MVNOs
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
    • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2016
    • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authority
    • Table 8 – Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 9 –Telecom revenue annual change – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 10 – Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 11 – Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 12 – Telecom investment and annual change – 2000 - 2015
    • Table 13 – Interconnection revenue – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 14 – Access lines by type (regulator data) – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Subscribers by type of access – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 16 – Fixed number portings – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 17 – Carrier PreSelection lines – 2006 – 20167
    • Table 18 – Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 19 – Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 20 – Fixed-lines in service by major operator – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 21 – Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator – 2010 – 2016s
    • Table 22 – Fixed-line price index (old style) – 2004 - 2011
    • Table 23 – Fixed-line price index (new style) – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 24 – Fixed-line revenue – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 25 – Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 26 – Telefónica de España EBITDA – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 27 – Telefónica de España revenue by type (old style) – 2007 - 2015
    • Table 28 – Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) – 2005 - 2011
    • Table 29 – Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 30 – Telefónica de España consumer and business wireline line revenue – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 31 – Telefónica de España access lines by service – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 32 – Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) – 2007 - 2014
    • Table 33 – Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, new style) – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 34 – Orange subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 35 – Orange EBITDA, capex – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 36 – Orange revenue – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 37 – Jazztel financial data (historic) – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 38 – Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) – 2012 - 2015
    • Table 39 – JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers (historic) – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 40 – Vodafone financial data (old style) – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 41 – Vodafone revenue by type (new style) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 42 – Ono financial data by sector (historic) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 43 – Ono RGUs by sector (historic) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 44 – Másmóvil mobile and broadband subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 45 – Másmóvil financial data – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 46 – Fixed-line traffic – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 47 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 48 – NGN installed lines by access type – 2009 – 2016
    • Table 49 – Broadband revenue, DSL and cable – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 50 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 - 2009
    • Table 51 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 52 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 53 – Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, fibre, total – 2001 - 2017
    • Table 54 – Fixed-line broadband penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 55 – Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 56 – Fixed broadband lines by data rate – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 57 – Broadband lines by major operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 58 – Broadband lines by minor operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 59 – Share of broadband lines by operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 60 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 61 – Total internet market revenue – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 62 – Broadband revenue by technology – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 63 – Broadband traffic – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 64 – Forecast broadband subscribers –– 2018; 2020; 2022
    • Table 65 – Cable broadband subscribers by operator – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 66 – Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 67 – DSL subscribers by major operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 68 – DSL subscribers by minor operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 69 –DSL subscribers – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 70 – Movistar internet subscribers – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 71 – Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 72 – FttP subscribers, consumers and business – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 73 – FttP lines by operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 74 – FttX lines installed – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 75 – FttP revenue – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 77 – Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 78 – Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 79 – Orange Spain broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 80 – Orange Spain broadband ARPU – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 81 – Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 82 – Satellite broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 83 – IPTV revenue – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 84 –IPTV subscribers – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 85 – Telefónica IPTV/satellite pay-TV subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 86 – Orange IPTV subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 92 – Mobile retail market revenue and annual change– 2000 - 2016
    • Table 93 – Mobile market revenue by sector – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 94 – Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 95 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997; 1999 - 2009
    • Table 96 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 97 – Mobile price index – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 98 – Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 - 2016
    • Table 99 – Mobile subscribers by technology platform – 2001 - 2014
    • Table 100 – Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 101 – Base stations in service, by technology – 2001 - 2015
    • Table 102 – Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 103 – Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 104 – SMS revenue and messages sent – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 105 – MMS revenue and messages sent – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 106 – Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 107 – Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 108 – Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 109 – Mobile broadband penetration – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 110 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 111 – Mobile broadband revenue and annual change – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 112 – Cost of mobile broadband services – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 113 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2014
    • Table 114 – European retail voice and data roaming charges – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 115 – European wholesale voice and data roaming charges – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 116 – Annual number portings – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 117 – Mobile termination rates by operator – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 118 – Mobile interconnection revenue – 2003 - 2014
    • Table 119 – Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 120 – M2M lines – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 121 – Movistar mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 122 – Movistar ARPU – 2005 - 2015
    • Table 123 – Movistar mobile financial data – 2006 - 2015
    • Table 124 – Vodafone revenue by type (old style) – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 125 – Vodafone revenue by type (new style) – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 126 – Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 127 – Vodafone mobile voice traffic statistics – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 128 – Vodafone mobile data traffic statistics – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 129 – Vodafone ARPU – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 130 – Vodafone Spain customer churn – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 131 – Vodafone mobile customer retention cost – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 132 – Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 133 – Orange mobile service revenue – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 134 – Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 135 – Orange ARPU by sector (per month) – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 136 – Orange mobile customer acquisition costs – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 137 – Orange customer churn – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 138 – Yoigo subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 139 – Yoigo financial data – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 140 – Yoigo mobile service revenue – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 141 – MVNO mobile subscribers and market share – 2006 - 2017
    • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2000 - 2016
    • Chart 2 – Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2005 - 2016
    • Chart 3 – Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 - 2017
    • Chart 4 – Telefónica de España access by service – 2005 – 2017
    • Chart 5 – Orange subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 6 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 – 2018
    • Chart 7 – Broadband revenue, DSL and cable – 2003 - 2016
    • Chart 8 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
    • Chart 9 – Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, total – 2001 - 2017
    • Chart 10 – Number of broadband lines by data speed – 2004 – 2016
    • Chart 11 – Mobile market revenue by sector – 2006 - 2016
    • Chart 12 – Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 - 2016
    • Chart 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
    • Chart 14 – Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 - 2016
    • Chart 15 – Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract – 2006 - 2017
    • Chart 16 – Subscriber market share by operator – 2004 – 2017
    • Chart 17 – Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 - 2016
    • Chart 18 – Movistar mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 19 – Movistar ARPU – 2005 - 2015
    • Chart 20 – Vodafone revenue by type (new style) – 2013 - 2018
    • Chart 21 – Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2006 - 2017
    • Chart 22 – Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 23 – Yoigo subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Chart 24 – Yoigo financial data – 2008 - 2016
    • Exhibit 1 – Access and the local loop
    • Exhibit 2 – Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees – 2000
    • Exhibit 3 – Definitions of video streaming and IPTV
    • Exhibit 4 – 3G licence results in Spain – March 2000
    • Exhibit 5 – Overview of spectrum allocations – 2011
    • Exhibit 6 – Overview of MVNOs

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