Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Spain’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Spain’s telcos sign more fibre sharing agreements

Spain’s telecom market is one of the largest in Europe, supported by a population of more than 46 million. The poor economic climate which followed the GFC in 2008/9 was exacerbated by high unemployment and reduced disposable income among consumers. A five-year recession, with falling GDP, effectively ended in 2014 when the economy showed a steady return to growth and this has been sustained since then: growing confidence among investors has been palpable since 2015. Revenue from the telecom sector has grown since 2016 in line with the overall economic recovery. The improved business climate should augur well for the sector into 2019.

Mobile penetration is on a par with the European average and there remains room for further growth, particularly in the mobile broadband segment which has been supported by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators, with a particular emphasis on 5G. There is effective competition from four MNOs and a growing number of resellers and MVNOs. This competition, together with regulated roaming and mobile termination rates, has driven down the cost of mobile calls. The market has seen considerable changes in recent years, including the acquisition of Yoigo by Másmóvil, by which the latter has become a full-service provider.

Orange Spain and Vodafone Spain have acquired fixed-line operators in a bid to compete more effectively with Telefónica in bundled service offerings. Másmóvil, operating under the Yoigo banner, has also become one of the main FttP providers in the country through its own network infrastructure as well as through network share agreements with Telefónica, Vodafone Spain and Orange Spain.

In recent quarters Spain’s broadband market has shifted from copper to fibre infrastructure. By mid-2018 fibre accounted for half of all fixed broadband connections. Telefónica continues to invest heavily in fibre infrastructure while its recent access deal with Vodafone Spain has significantly increased the latter’s footprint. Vodafone offers a 1Gb/s service across much of its network, while in the cable sector the company has also invested in DOSCIS3.1 technology.

This report on the Spanish telecom market provides sector statistics and profiles of the main players, as also an analysis on the main regulatory issues. The report also examines the fixed and wireless broadband markets, noting developments in technologies including fibre and broadband powerline. In addition the report covers statistics and analyses on the mobile voice and data sectors, including an appraisal of regulatory issues and technologies, and the strategies of the major providers in a fiercely competitive market.

Key developments:

  • Regulator concludes 3.7GHz spectrum auction;
  • Telefónica joins the 5G Technological Cities project;
  • Orange Spain teams up with Ericsson to trial 5G;
  • Vodafone Spain launches Spain’s first NB-IoT network;
  • Vodafone Spain contracts Huawei to upgrade its HFC network with DOCSIS3.1, launches a 1Gb/s broadband service to four million premises;
  • Regulator sets pricing for competitors to access Telefónica’s fibre network;
  • Fibre broadband accounting for 50% of all fixed-line broadband connections;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to June 2018, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telefónica (Movistar), Orange Spain, Vodafone Spain, Lebara, Lycamobile, Másmóvil, YouMobile, Ono, Jazztel

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Recent developments
    • 2.2 Market overview
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
    • 3.3 General Telecommunications Act
    • 3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.5 Interconnect
    • 3.6 Access
    • 3.7 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.8 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 3.9 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Telefónica
    • 4.3 Orange Spain
      • 4.3.1 Jazztel
    • 4.4 Vodafone España
      • 4.4.1 Ono
    • 4.5 Másmóvil
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 Satellite networks
      • 5.3.2 Submarine cable
    • 5.4 Smart Infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 Smart Cities – Barcelona
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Government initiatives
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.4 Forecasts – broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 Movistar
      • 6.3.2 ADSL2+
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 6.4.1 Regulatory issues
      • 6.4.2 Fibre market
      • 6.4.3 Movistar
      • 6.4.4 Vodafone Spain
      • 6.4.5 Orange Spain
      • 6.4.6 Other developments
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 6.5.2 Wi-Fi
      • 6.5.3 WiMAX
      • 6.5.4 Satellite broadband
      • 6.5.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • 6.6 Videostreaming
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 E-commerce
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Operator market shares
      • 8.2.3 Mobile voice
      • 8.2.4 Mobile data
      • 8.2.5 Mobile broadband
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.3.2 Roaming
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 5G
      • 8.4.2 4G (LTE)
      • 8.4.3 3G
      • 8.4.4 Other infrastructure developments
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 Movistar
      • 8.5.2 Vodafone Spain
      • 8.5.3 Orange Spain
      • 8.5.4 Yoigo (Másmóvil)
      • 8.5.5 MVNOs
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
    • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Spain – 2018 (e)
    • Table 2 – Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 3 –Telecom revenue annual change – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 4 – Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 5 – Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 6 – Telecom investment and annual change – 2000 - 2015
    • Table 7 – Interconnection revenue – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 8 – Subscribers by type of access – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 9 – Fixed number portings – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 10 – Carrier PreSelection lines – 2006 – 2017
    • Table 11 – Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 12 – Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 13 – Fixed-lines in service by major operator – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 14 – Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator – 2010 – 2017
    • Table 15 – Fixed-line price index (old style) – 2004 - 2011
    • Table 16 – Fixed-line price index (new style) – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 17 – Fixed-line revenue – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 18 – Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 19 – Telefónica de España EBITDA – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 20 – Telefónica de España revenue by type (old style) – 2007 - 2015
    • Table 21 – Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) – 2005 - 2011
    • Table 22 – Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 23 – Telefónica de España consumer and business wireline line revenue – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 24 – Telefónica de España access lines by service – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 25 – Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 26 – Movistar wholesale broadband accesses (new style) – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 27 – Orange subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 28 – Orange EBITDA, capex – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 29 – Orange revenue – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 30 – Jazztel financial data (historic) – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 31 – Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) – 2012 - 2015
    • Table 32 – JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers (historic) – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 33 – Vodafone financial data (old style) – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 34 – Vodafone revenue by type (£, new style) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 35 – Vodafone revenue by type (€) – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 36 – Ono financial data by sector (historic) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 37 – Ono RGUs by sector (historic) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 38 – Fixed-line traffic – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 39 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 40 – NGN installed lines by access type – 2009 – 2017
    • Table 41 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 - 2009
    • Table 42 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 43 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 44 – Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, fibre, total – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 45 – Fixed-line broadband penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 46 – Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology – 2004 - 2018
    • Table 47 – Fixed broadband lines by data rate (old style) – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 48 – Fixed broadband lines by data rate (new style, Mb/s) – 2016 - 2017
    • Table 49 – Broadband lines by major operator – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 50 – Broadband lines by minor operator – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 51 – Share of broadband lines by operator – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 52 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 53 – Total internet market revenue – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 54 – Broadband revenue by platform – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 55 – Broadband traffic – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 56 – Forecast broadband subscribers –– 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Table 57 – Cable broadband subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 58 – DSL subscribers by major operator (regulator data) – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 59 – DSL subscribers by minor operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 60 –DSL subscribers – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 61 – Movistar internet subscribers – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 62 – Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 63 – FttP subscribers, consumers and business – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 64 – FttP lines by operator – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 65 – FttX lines installed – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 66 – Másmóvil broadband accessible premises – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 67 – Másmóvil broadband subscriber share by platform – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 68 – Másmóvil broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 69 – Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 70 – Movistar wholesale fibre connections – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 71 – Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 72 – Orange Spain broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 73 – Orange Spain broadband ARPU/ARPO – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 74 – Orange Spain connectable fibre premises – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 75 – Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 76 – Satellite broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 77 – IPTV revenue – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 78 –IPTV subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 79 – Telefónica IPTV/satellite pay-TV subscribers – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 80 – Orange IPTV subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 81 – E-commerce revenue – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 82 – E-commerce transactions – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 83 – Proportion of businesses with a website – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 84 – Mobile retail market revenue and annual change– 2000 - 2018
    • Table 85 – Mobile market revenue by sector – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 86 – Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 87 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997; 1999 - 2009
    • Table 88 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2019
    • Table 89 – Mobile price index – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 90 – Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 - 2016
    • Table 91 – Mobile subscribers by technology platform – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 92 – Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 93 – Base stations in service, by technology – 2001 - 2015
    • Table 94 – Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2004 - 2018
    • Table 95 – Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 96 – SMS revenue and messages sent – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 97 – MMS revenue and messages sent – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 98 – Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 99 – Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 100 – Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 101 – Mobile broadband penetration – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 102 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 103 – Mobile broadband revenue and annual change – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 104 – Cost of mobile broadband services – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 105 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
    • Table 106 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 107 – Annual number portings – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 108 – Mobile interconnection revenue – 2003 - 2014
    • Table 109 – Mobile termination rates by operator – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 110 – Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 111 – M2M lines – 2004 - 2018
    • Table 112 – Movistar mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 113 – Movistar ARPU – 2005 - 2015
    • Table 114 – Movistar mobile financial data – 2006 - 2015
    • Table 115 – Vodafone revenue by type (old style) – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 116 – Vodafone service revenue by type (new style, €) – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 117 – Vodafone mobile service revenue by type – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 118 – Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 119 – Vodafone mobile voice traffic statistics – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 120 – Vodafone mobile data traffic statistics – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 121 – Vodafone ARPU – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 122 – Vodafone Spain customer churn – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 123 – Vodafone mobile customer retention cost – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 124 – Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 125 – Orange mobile service revenue – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 126 – Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 127 – Orange mobile customer acquisition costs – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 128 – Orange ARPU/ARPO by sector (per month) – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 129 – Orange customer churn – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 130 – Yoigo subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 131 – Historic - Yoigo financial data – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 132 – Historic - Yoigo mobile service revenue – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 133 – Yoigo financial data (€) – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 134 – MVNO mobile subscribers and market share – 2006 - 2018
    • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2000 - 2017
    • Chart 2 – Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 3 – Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 - 2018
    • Chart 4 – Telefónica de España access by service – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 5 – Orange subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 6 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 – 2018
    • Chart 7 – NGN installed lines by access type – 2009 – 2017
    • Chart 8 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 9 – Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, total – 2001 - 2018
    • Chart 10 – Number of broadband lines by data speed – 2004 – 2016
    • Chart 11 – Broadband revenue by platform – 2003 - 2017
    • Chart 12 – FttP lines by operator – 2009 – 2018
    • Chart 13 – Mobile market revenue by sector – 2006 - 2017
    • Chart 14 – Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 - 2017
    • Chart 15 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2019
    • Chart 16 – Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 - 2016
    • Chart 17 – Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract – 2006 - 2018
    • Chart 18 – Subscriber market share by operator – 2004 – 2018
    • Chart 19 – Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 - 2017
    • Chart 20 – Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2018
    • Chart 21 – Movistar mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 22 – Movistar ARPU – 2005 - 2015
    • Chart 23 – Vodafone revenue by type (new style) – 2013 - 2018
    • Chart 24 – Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2006 - 2018
    • Chart 25 – Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 26 – Yoigo subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Chart 27 – Historic - Yoigo financial data – 2008 - 2015
    • Exhibit 1 – Access and the local loop
    • Exhibit 2 – Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees – 2000
    • Exhibit 3 – Definitions of video streaming and IPTV
    • Exhibit 4 – 3G licence results in Spain – March 2000
    • Exhibit 5 – Overview of spectrum allocations – 2011
    • Exhibit 6 – 3.6GHz auction results – July 2018
    • Exhibit 7 – Overview of MVNOs

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