Belarus - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Belarus’s prepares for regional mobile roaming deal

Belarus’s government and telecom regulator have in place three programs running through to 2020 which are aimed at developing the telecom sector and digital economy. Considerable progress has been made, in particular with enabling the mobile network operators to trial 5G services and with extending the reach of fibre infrastructure.

These programs were initiated while the country experienced declining economic growth (in 2015 and 2016) and formed part of wider efforts to secure economic growth through promoting the digital economy and developing the ICT sector. Such considerations have also encompassed a growing interest in applications relevant for smart cities.

There remain many opportunities for growth in coming years, particularly in the broadband segment where the incumbent telco Beltelecom is migrating its PSTN network to a fibre-based network. This will better position the company to offer a range of bundled services. Although the sector has been reformed, this has not yet resulted in the privatisation of the incumbent despite the government being pressed to sell state enterprises in a bid to reduce overall debt. Revenue growth for Beltelecom is expected to come from the FttP sector, where much of the company’s capex is directed.

The mobile sector has also experienced some growth, with a rise in mobile penetration attributed to effective competition which has helped drive down consumer prices. Operators have concentrated on developing mobile broadband and data services with a view to capitalising on such services to increase ARPU. Recent spectrum auctions have facilitated the development of mobile broadband access, particularly in rural areas, while the state-sponsored operator beCloud, charged with developing a wholesale-based LTE network, has enabled commercial LTE services to be extended to about 80% of the population. beCloud is also charged with developing the network infrastructure to support 5G services.

In early 2015 the government decreed that the 1.5% tax on revenue derived from telcos (which was put in place in 2007) should be channelled to developing universal telecom services, particularly aimed at rural areas. In mid-2016 the cash-strapped government increased the tax on all telecom services from 20% to 25%, while a ‘Google tax’ was imposed from the beginning of 2018.

Key developments:

  • VELCOM rebrands as A1;
  • Regulator considering end to roaming charges with Eastern Partnership Initiative countries by 2020;
  • A1 Belarus launches an NB-IoT service, begins deploying GPON networks;
  • beCloud and Huawei 5G trials deliver data at 2Gb/s;
  • 'Google tax' raises Br15 million in its first year;
  • Beltelecom closes down its dial-up internet and WiMAX services;
  • Belarus having almost 31,000 base stations in service by March 2019;
  • Beltelecom completes almost two million GPON connections;
  • LTE use reaches 80% of mobile subscribers;
  • Report update includes the Ministry of Communications data to March 2019, operator data to Q1 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Beltelecom, Cosmos TV, Minsk TV and Information Networks (MTIS), Teleradio, Belcel, A1 Belarus (MDC), MTS Belarus, BeST life:)

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnection
    • Access
  • Fixed network operators

    • Beltelecom
    • Alternative Digital Network (ADN)
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • International infrastructure
      • Satellite
    • Smart infrastructure
  • Fixed-line broadband market

    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Digital economy

    • E-commerce
    • E-government
  • Mobile market

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory issues
      • Licensing
      • Radio frequency usage fees
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G developments
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • GSM
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Major mobile operators
      • Belcel/Diallog
      • A1 Belarus
      • Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
      • BeST/life :)
      • MVNOs
    • Mobile content and applications
  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Belarus – 2018
  • Table 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2019
  • Table 3 – International internet bandwidth – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 4 – Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers, penetration – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 - 2019
  • Table 6 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 7 – Ethernet lines by data rate – 2017 - 2019
  • Table 8 – DOCSIS lines by data rate – 2017 - 2019
  • Table 9 – DSL subscribers – 2009 - 2019
  • Table 10 – DSL lines by data rate – 2017 - 2019
  • Table 11 – A1 Belarus fixed-line subscribers – 2016 - 2019
  • Table 12 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2019
  • Table 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2019
  • Table 14 – SMS traffic – 2007 - 2019
  • Table 15 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2019
  • Table 16 – MTRs by operator – 2015 - 2018
  • Table 17 – Mobile coverage by technology – March 2019
  • Table 18 – A1 Belarus financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 19 – A1 Belarus postpaid, prepaid and blended annualised ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 20 – A1 Belarus monthly minutes of use (MOU) – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 21 – A1 Belarus prepaid users and share of total – 2007 - 2019
  • Table 22 – A1 Belarus mobile broadband subscribers, M2M connections– 2012 – 2019
  • Table 23 – MTS Belarus subscribers – 2009 - 2019
  • Table 24 – MTS Belarus financial data – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 25 – MTS Belarus financial data (RUB) – 2014 - 2019
  • Table 26 – BeST financial data (BYR) – 2015 - 2019
  • Table 27 – BeST financial data (Lira) – 2014 - 2019
  • Table 28 – BeST mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2019

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 2 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 4 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 5 – A1 Belarus financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 6 – A1 Belarus mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 7 – A1 Belarus mobile broadband subscribers, M2M connections– 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – MTS Belarus financial data – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 9 – MTS Belarus financial data (RUB) – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 10 – BeST financial data (BYR) – 2015 - 2019

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