Slovakia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Slovakia’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- November 2019 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Slovakia to auction 700MHz spectrum for 5G by mid-2020

Despite market liberalisation Slovakia’s incumbent telco Slovak Telekom maintains a near monopoly of the fixed-line market and also dominates the DSL broadband sector. However, there is effective competition in the broadband and mobile markets, where most investment is being channelled. The main operators including O2 Slovakia and Orange Slovakia have expanded into offering bundled fixed and mobile services.

The broadband market has shown steady growth in recent years. DSL remains the principal technology though by early 2020 it is expected to be eclipsed by the fast-developing fibre sector, which has been supported by sympathetic regulatory measures and considerable investment among operators. The cable sector is a distant third in terms of subscribers, though cable is particularly strong in urban areas. The main telco UPC Slovakia has gained customers steadily in recent years on the back of its widely available 500Mb/s service offering. In mid-2019 the company launched a 1Gb/s service in three cities, initially available to some 200,000 premises.

Slovakia’s mobile market is served by four mobile network operators. Two of these are the local units of operators with a pan-European reach (Deutsche Telekom and Orange Group) while O2 Slovakia was once the local unit of Telefónica Group before being sold to an investment group. Mobile penetration is relatively high, at about 142% by late 2019. The introduction of mobile number portability in 2006 intensified competition between players. However, the MVNO sector remains underdeveloped, with the few operators in place having failed to gain traction and thus holding only a marginal share of the overall market.

Mobile broadband access and content services are developing rapidly in line with operators having upgraded their networks. The regulator has prepared the groundwork for 5G services, with concessions in the 3.5GHz range allowing for the launch of 5G services. Operators are keen to secure spectrum in the 700MHz band which the regulator aims to auction before June 2020.

This report outlines Slovakia’s fixed-line telecom market, providing an overview of the regulatory environment, profiles of the major operators, and a range of operational and financial statistics. The report also provides insights into the mobile voice and data sectors, including market statistics as well as profiles of the mobile network operators, and covering regulatory issues as well as developments in LTE, 5G and mobile data services. In addition, the report addresses Slovakia’s fixed-line and wireless broadband markets, providing an overview of major players, as well as statistics, market analyses and subscriber forecasts.

Key developments:

  • Slovanet secures spectrum in the 10GHz band for wireless broadband, aims to sell 3.5GHz concessions to Orange Slovakia;
  • Orange Slovakia increases FttP footprint to over one million premises;
  • UPC Slovakia launches 1Gb/s cable broadband service based on DOCSIS3.1;
  • Municipal FttP developments showing further growth;
  • SWAN Mobile makes Slovakia’s first 5G mobile call;
  • Regulator and telcos reach agreement to extend broadband nationally by 2020;
  • Orange Slovakia and Slovak Telekom offering LTE service as substitute for fixed-line broadband;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2019, telcos’ operating data to Q3 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

 

Companies mentioned in this report:

Slovak Telekom, Orange Slovakia, UPC Slovakia, O2 Slovakia, BENESTRA (GTS Nextra)

Henry Lancaster
November 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
    • Regional European Market Comparison
      • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • TMI versus GDP
      • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
      • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
    • Country overview
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Electronic Communications Act 2003
    • Electronic Communications Act 2011
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnection
    • Access
    • Number Portability (NP)
    • Carrier selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Slovak Telecom
    • BENESTRA
    • Slovak Wireless Access Network (SWAN)
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
      • Alternative operators
    • International infrastructure
    • Cloud services
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Legislation
      • Government support
      • Broadband statistics
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • VDSL
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wireless broadband
  • Digital economy

    • E-government
    • E-health
    • E-education
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory issues
      • GSM licences
      • UMTS licences and third GSM licence
      • Fourth mobile network operator licence
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
      • 800MHz, 2600GHz
      • 1800MHz
      • 26GHz
      • 3.5GHz
      • 700MHz
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Major mobile operators
      • T-Mobile Slovakia (Slovak Telekom)
      • Orange Slovakia
      • O2 Slovakia
      • SWAN Mobile
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile content and applications
  • Appendix – Historic data


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Slovakia – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Development of investment in telecom market, by sector – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 3 – Decline in telecom market revenue – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 4 – Development in the number of annual fixed-number portings – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Decline in the number of Carrier selection and CPS lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Decline in the volume of fixed-line calls and traffic – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Development in Slovak Telekom’s financial results – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Development in Slovak Telekom’s subscriber base by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 9 – Decline in the number of residential fixed lines in service – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 11 – Growth in the number of VoIP lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Growth in the number of fixed internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Decline in the number of dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 15 – Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 16 – Steady growth in internet market revenue – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 17 – Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 18 – Development in UPC Slovakia’s broadband/voice subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 19 – Increase in the number of UPC Slovakia’s homes passed – 2003 – 2019
  • Table 20 – UPC Slovakia revenue – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 21 – Development of the DSL subscriber base and penetration – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 22 – Increase in the number of Slovak Telekom’s retail DSL subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 23 – Growth in the number of FttP/B subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 24 – Increase in the number of Orange Slovakia’s broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 25 – Growth in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 26 – Change in the number of satellite broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 27 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 28 – Gains in population coverage by technology – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 29 – Gains in geographical coverage by technology – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Change in the number of prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 31 – Change in the ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 32 – Decline in the proportion of T-Mobile Slovakia’s prepaid subscribers – 2004 – 2019
  • Table 33 – Decline in mobile market revenue – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 34 – Development of mobile network voice traffic by type – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 35 – Development of SMS traffic – 2003 – 2019
  • Table 36 – Growth in the number of MMS messages sent – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 37 – Growth in the number of mobile internet subscriptions by type – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 38 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 39 – Development in the number of annual mobile portings – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 40 – Growth in the number of M2M connections – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 41 – Change in T-Mobile Slovakia’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 42 – Development in T-Mobile Slovakia’s mobile financial data – 2004 – 2019
  • Table 43 – T-Mobile Slovakia quarterly mobile service revenue – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 44 – T-Mobile Slovakia mobile ARPU – 2004 – 2019
  • Table 45 – Change in Orange Slovakia’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 46 – Change in Orange Slovakia’s mobile revenue – 2003 – 2019
  • Table 47 – Change in Orange Slovakia’s revenue by quarter – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 48 – Growth in the number of O2 Slovakia’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 49 – Development of O2 Slovakia’s financial results – 2016 - 2019
  • Table 50 – Change in O2 Slovakia’s mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 51 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 52 – Historic - International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 53 – Historic- Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2015
  • Table 54 – Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 55 – Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 56 – Historic - UPC Slovakia – homes passed – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 57 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 58 – Historic - Orange Slovakia’s blended ARPU – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 59 – Historic - Mobile GSM/3G base stations in service – 2005 - 2012
  • Table 60 – Historic - Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 61 – Historic - Telefónica O2 prepaid users – 2007 – 2013

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Development of investment in telecom market, by sector – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 2 – Decline in telecom market revenue – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 4 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 5 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 6 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 7 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 15 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 16 – Development in the number of annual fixed-number portings – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 17 – Decline in the number of Carrier selection and CPS lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 18 – Decline in the volume of fixed-line calls and traffic – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 19 – Development in Slovak Telekom’s financial results – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – Development in Slovak Telekom’s subscriber base by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 22 – Growth in the number of VoIP lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 23 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 24 – Growth in the number of fixed internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Decline in the number of dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 26 – Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 27 – Steady growth in internet market revenue – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 28 – Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 29 – Development in UPC Slovakia’s broadband/voice subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – Increase in the number of UPC Slovakia’s homes passed – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Development of the DSL subscriber base and penetration – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 32 – Increase in the number of Slovak Telekom’s retail DSL subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 33 – Growth in the number of FttP/B subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 34 – Increase in the number of Orange Slovakia’s broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – Growth in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 36 – Change in the number of satellite broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 37 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 38 – Gains in population coverage by technology – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 39 – Gains in geographic coverage by technology – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 40 – Change in the number of prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 41 – Change in the ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 42 – Decline in the proportion of T-Mobile Slovakia’s prepaid subscribers – 2004 – 2019
  • Chart 43 – Decline in mobile market revenue – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 44 – Development of mobile network voice traffic by type – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 45 – Development of SMS traffic – 2003 – 2019
  • Chart 46 – Growth in the number of MMS messages sent – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 47 – Growth in the number of mobile internet subscriptions by type – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 48 – Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 49 – Development in the number of annual mobile portings – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 50 – Growth in the number of M2M connections – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 51 – Change in T-Mobile Slovakia’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 52 – Development in T-Mobile Slovakia’s mobile financial data – 2004 – 2019
  • Chart 53 – Change in Orange Slovakia’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 54 – Change in Orange Slovakia’s mobile revenue – 2003 – 2019
  • Chart 55 – Change in Orange Slovakia’s revenue by quarter – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 56 – Growth in the number of O2 Slovakia’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 57 – Development of O2 Slovakia’s financial results – 2016 - 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
  • Exhibit 3 – 2G spectrum awarded in Slovakia
  • Exhibit 4 –Multi spectrum allocation – Dec 2013

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