Finland - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- September 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Finland’s telcos wait on 3.5GHz auction for 5G launch

Finland’s telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with considerable emphasis by operators to test-bed technologies, particularly in the mobile and broadband sectors. These efforts have been supported by the regulator which has provided additional spectrum for telecom services. As a result of these efforts the country enjoys one of the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region, with customers able to make use of the latest iterations of technologies including DOCSIS3.1, carrier aggregation with LTE-A, and GPON fibre infrastructure.

The country has an advanced mobile market and has been a pioneer in developing 5G. Trial licenses were issued to network operators in early 2018, several tests were held later in the year using spectrum in the 3.5GHz band. The auction of spectrum in this band will enabled operators to launch commercial services in early 2019 pending the release of 3.5GHz spectrum and the availability of 5G-compliant modems and devices.

Finland’s high broadband penetration has been the result of astute regulatory measures which have encouraged market competition. Companies have also been keen to invest in new technologies in a bid to address demand for improved services among customers. The government has set demanding broadband delivery targets and is working towards targets to be achieved by 2025 and 2030 which incorporate a mix of fixed-line and mobile technologies, with the former focussed on FttP and DOCSIS3.1 technologies and the latter on gigabit LTE and 5G.

This report assesses key aspects of the Finnish telecom market, providing data on the fixed network services sector together with an overview of important regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The report also provides statistics and research on the mobile market, including key regulatory issues, a snapshot of the consumer market, the growth of mobile data services and the development of emerging technologies and networks such as HSPA, LTE and 5G. In addition the report profiles the fixed and wireless broadband markets, and analyses developments in related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite.

Key developments:

  • Telia Finland and Finnish postal service pilot smart mail boxes with NB-IoT;
  • Telia Finland waiting on 3.5GHz auction before launching 5G services in early 2019;
  • DNA upgrades core and regional networks in preparation for 5G;
  • Elisa launches pre-commercial 5G service;
  • Nokia launches key technologies for the Smart Tampere project;
  • Cinia Group participates in the Arctic Connect cable linking Europe with North America and Asia;
  • Fixed-voice subscriptions continue to fall;
  • Regulator concedes roaming charge extension to June 2019;
  • DNA trials Gigabit LTE service using carrier aggregation technology;
  • Elisa trials Nokia’s XGS-PON technology providing data at up to 10Gb/s;
  • Government prepares national broadband targets for 2025 and 2030;
  • DNA contracts Teleste to provide DOCSIS3.1 equipment;
  • Telia trials G.fast technology in Helsinki with Huawei;
  • DSL subscriber base shrinks as customers migrate to fibre infrastructure;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia, DNA, Elisa, Digita, Finnet Group, TDC Finland, Tele2

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
    • 3.4 Interconnect
    • 3.5 Access
    • 3.6 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.7 Carrier preselection (CPS)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Overview
    • 4.2 Telia
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
    • 5.4 Smart metering
    • 5.5 Data centres
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.3 Universal Service
      • 6.1.4 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.5 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 6.2.1 DNA
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
      • 6.3.2 G.fast
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.5.2 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Videostreaming
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Operator market shares
      • 8.2.3 Mobile data
      • 8.2.4 Mobile broadband
      • 8.2.5 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.3.2 Roaming
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 8.3.5 Network sharing
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Digital networks
      • 8.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 Telia
      • 8.5.2 DNA
      • 8.5.3 Elisa
      • 8.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.6.1 Location based services
      • 8.6.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.6.3 TETRA
      • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Finland – 2018 (e)
      • Table 2 – ARPU by sector – 2008 – 2015
      • Table 3 – Total telecom and broadcasting revenue – 2003 – 2015
      • Table 4 – Telecom service revenue by sector – 2009 – 2017
      • Table 5 – Market share telecom revenue by operator – 2012 – 2017
      • Table 6 – Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 7 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 8 – Telephony service price level change by sector – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 9 – Fixed-line termination rate – 2005 - 2020
      • Table 10 – Historic - Telia LLU accesses – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 11 – Average median LLU access pricing - copper – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 12 – Average median LLU access pricing - fibre pair – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 13 – Fixed-line operators’ market share of subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 14 – Fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 15 – Telia (Finland) revenue, EBITDA – 2012 - 2018
      • Table 16 – Telia (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 17 – Telia (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2018
      • Table 18 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 19 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 20 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 21 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 22 – Elisa Group revenue by sector – 2004 – 2018
      • Table 23 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 24 – Historic - TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 25 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2018
      • Table 26 – VoIP connections – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 27 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 28 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 29 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2018
      • Table 30 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 31 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 32 – Broadband connections by data rate – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 33 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 34 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 35 – Fixed broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 36 – Forecast – fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 37 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 38 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 39 – Telia internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2018
      • Table 40 – Telia broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 41 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 42 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 43 – IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 44 – Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 45 – Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 46 – Mobile network revenue – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 47 – Mobile network investment – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 48 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
      • Table 49 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 50 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 51 – Average mobile ARPU – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 52 – Active prepaid subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 53 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 54 – Mobile data traffic – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 55 – Annual growth in mobile data sent – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 56 – Mobile data subscriptions by type – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 57 – Proportion of mobile data subscriptions by speed (Mb/s) – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 58 – Historic - SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 59 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 60 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 61 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 62 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 63 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
      • Table 64 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 65 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 - 2015
      • Table 66 – MTRs by operator – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 67 – M2M connections – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 68 – Telia Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 69 – Telia Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 70 – Telia Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
      • Table 71 – DNA annualised postpaid monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 72 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 73 – DNA mobile revenue – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 74 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 75 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 76 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 77 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2018
      • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2017
      • Chart 2 – Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale – 2009 – 2017
      • Chart 3 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 – 2017
      • Chart 4 – Fixed-line operators’ market share of subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Chart 5 – Telia (Finland) revenue, EBITDA – 2012 – 2018
      • Chart 6 – Telia (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2018
      • Chart 7 – Telia (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2018
      • Chart 8 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Chart 9 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2018
      • Chart 10 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2018
      • Chart 11 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2018
      • Chart 12 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2018
      • Chart 13 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Chart 14 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2018
      • Chart 15 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 16 – Broadband subscribers by platform – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2018
      • Chart 17 – Broadband connections by data rate – 2009 – 2017
      • Chart 18 – Broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 19 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2018
      • Chart 20 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2018
      • Chart 21 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 22 – DNA mobile revenue – 2013 – 2018
      • Chart 23 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2018
      • Chart 24 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2018
      • Exhibit 1 – Access and the local loop
      • Exhibit 2 – 700MHz auction results – 2016
      • Exhibit 3 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
      • Exhibit 4 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland

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