Lithuania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Lithuania’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- August 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Telia partners with vendor to develop 5G services

Lithuania’s small telecoms market is among the better developed in Europe. Several alternative operators offer services although the incumbent Telia Lithuania is still the dominant operator in the fixed-line and broadband sectors. The number of fixed-line voice subscribers is in steady decline, attributed to fixed-to-mobile substitution. The cable broadband segment remains small while the DSL segment has been in decline as subscribers are migrated to fibre networks. The focus among telcos as well as the government has been on investing in fibre, with an emphasis on delivering gigabyte data speeds. Fibre now account for most new broadband connections.

The country has one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe, and it has one of the most mature fibre markets in the region. ISPs have focussed in IP-delivered services and bundled offers, which has encouraged investment in fibre infrastructure as a delivery platform. Widespread internet use has also resulted in a fast-emerging internet society, with a range of ICT services improving social and economic development, and with various e-commerce, e-government, e-education and e-health services increasingly available and used.

In the mobile sector there is effective competition among the three networks operators Telia Lithuania, Bité and Tele2, which have all invested in LTE in a bid to develop revenue from mobile data services. SIM card penetration is high for the region, and while the prepaid sector accounts for most subscribers the proportion of higher-ARPU postpaid subscribers is increasing. Mobile operators are developing the mobile data services sector through continuing investments in 3G and LTE networks, while work is also underway to develop services based on 5G.

The auction of spectrum in a range of bands has enabled the MNOs to improve on mobile broadband capacity. In April 2018 the regulator launched a consultation on the use of spectrum in the 3400MHz-3800MHz and 3800MHz-4200MHz ranges, both of which have been earmarked for 5G services within Europe. In addition, a spectrum refarming exercise in late 2017 has enabled MNOs to have greater continuous spectrum bands to improve data service offerings. Since mid-2018 Telia Lithuania has repurposed some of its 3G spectrum holdings for LTE use.

This report provides an overview of Lithuania’s fixed-line communications sector. It includes a variety of statistics from the regulator and the main players, as well as an overview of regulatory developments and telecommunications network infrastructure. The report also covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, including subscriber forecasts, and reviews the highly-developed mobile market, covering the major operators, regulatory developments, mobile technologies, and services.

Key developments:

  • Telia Lithuania begins refarming 3G spectrum for LTE use;
  • Regulator consults on future use of 3400MHz-3800MHz and 3800MHz-4200MHz spectrum ranges;
  • MNOs complete refarming of 900MHz and 1800MHz spectrum;
  • Tele2 launches tri-band carrier aggregation technology to provide data at up to 350Mb/s;
  • Telia Company partners with Ericsson to develop 5G services;
  • Cgates expands through additional acquisitions;
  • Lithuanian FttP penetration ranked third highest in Europe;
  • Government develops RAIN project extending fibre backbone to rural areas;
  • Telia’s fibre networks reach three-quarters of the population;
  • Bité, Tele2 and Telia create JV to administer number portability database;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to Q1 2018, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Lietuvos (Telia Lithuania), Vinita, Tele2 Lithuania, Balticum TV, Cgates, CSC Telecom, Telekomunikaciju grupa, Cubio, Eurocom SIP, Nacionalinis telekomunikacij tinklas, Norby Telecom, Bité Lithuania.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.4 Privatisation
    • 3.5 Interconnect
    • 3.6 Access
    • 3.7 Carrier selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 3.8 Number Portability (NP)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Telia Lietuvos (formerly TEO)
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 5.1.1 Telia Lietuvos
      • 5.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
    • 5.3 Wholesaling
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.3 Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 6.4.1 Infrastructure sharing
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 E-government
    • 7.2 Infrastructure
    • 7.3 E-health
  • 8. Digital media
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Bundled services
    • 8.3 Videostreaming
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
      • 9.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 9.2.3 Mobile data
      • 9.2.4 Mobile broadband
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 GSM licences
      • 9.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.3.3 2.6GHz spectrum
      • 9.3.4 3.4GHz
      • 9.3.5 Spectrum auction 2013
      • 9.3.6 Spectrum auction 2016
      • 9.3.7 Significant Market Power (SMP)
      • 9.3.8 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 9.3.9 Roaming
      • 9.3.10 SIM card registration
    • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.4.1 5G
      • 9.4.2 4G (LTE)
      • 9.4.3 3G
      • 9.4.4 Other infrastructure developments
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 Telia
      • 9.5.2 Bité
      • 9.5.3 Tele2 Lithuania
      • 9.5.4 MVNOs
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 M-payments
      • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Lithuania – 2018 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue (€) and annual change – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 3 – Retail telecom revenue by service (€) – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 4 – Telecom investment annual growth (LTL) – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 5 – Telecom investment (€) – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 6 – ARPU per service (€) – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 7 – Telecom revenue market share by operator – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 8 – Telecom revenue market share by major sector – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 9 – Traffic in mobile and fixed-line networks – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 10 – Interconnection revenue – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 11 – Wholesale access lines by type – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 12 – CS and CPS lines – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 13 – Cumulative fixed numbers ported – 2004 – 2017
      • Table 14 – Market share of fixed-lines and revenue, alternative operators – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 15 – Fixed-lines by operator – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 16 – Fixed-telephony revenue – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 17 – Telia revenue (LTL) – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 18 – Telia financial data (LTL) – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 19 – Telia financial data (€) – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 20 – Telia revenue by service (€) – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 21 – Telia fixed-line revenue by service (SEK) – 2013 - 2018
      • Table 22 – Telia investments – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 23 – Telia revenue by sector (LTL) – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 24 – Telia fixed-line subscribers by sector – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 25 – Historical - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 26 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2019
      • Table 27 – Altnets – fixed-line subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 28 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
      • Table 29 – Dark fibre lines – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 30 – Dark fibre revenue – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 31 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rates – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 32 – Internet users and penetration rates – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 33 – Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections by access type – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 34 – ISP market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 35 – Retail internet services market revenue – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 36 – Internet market revenue share by platform – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 37 – Internet access market share by access type – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 38 – Fixed-line and mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 39 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2001 - 2019
      • Table 40 – Fixed broadband subscriber net additions per year – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 41 – Internet ARPU – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 42 – Broadband data rates as proportion of subscribers – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 43 – Super-fast broadband connections by type – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 44 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 45 – Cable broadband share by operator – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 46 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 47 – Telia fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 48 – DSL subscribers – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 49 – Wholesale DSL lines – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 50 – FttP/FttB subscribers – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 51 – Telia FttX subscribers – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 52 – Telia investment in FttX infrastructure – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 53 – FttX market share by operator – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 54 – Telia Wi-Fi subscribers – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 55 – Wi-Fi subscribers – 2011 - 2018
      • Table 56 – Wi-Fi hotspots – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 57 – WiMAX subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 58 – WiMAX base stations in service – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 59 – Broadcasting revenue by platform (€) – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 60 – Pay TV subscribers – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 61 – Pay TV market share of subscribers by platform – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 62 – Digital TV subscribers by access method – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 63 – Digital TV market share by access method – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 64 – Subscribers to bundled services, by offer – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 65 – IPTV subscribers – 2014 - 2018
      • Table 66 – Telia IPTV subscribers – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 67 – Historical - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 68 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2019
      • Table 69 – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2016 - 2018
      • Table 70 – Proportion of mobile market revenue by service – 2010 – 2018
      • Table 71 – Mobile market revenue, MNOs and resellers (LTL) – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 72 – Mobile market revenue (€) – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 73 – MVNO share of subscribers and revenue – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 74 – Proportion of retail mobile service revenue to total telecom sector revenue – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 75 – 3G/4G subscriber market share per operator – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 76 – Number of 3G/4G subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 77 – Market share of revenue by operator – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 78 – Market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 79 – Base stations in use – 2006 – 2018
      • Table 80 – Mobile ARPU – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 81 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table 82 – Prepaid subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 83 – Mobile voice traffic – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 84 – Mobile data sent on mobile networks (quarterly comparison) – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 85 – Mobile data sent per subscriber – 2016 - 2018
      • Table 86 – Mobile data subscriber market share per operator – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 87 – Average mobile data speed by operator – 2013 - 2014
      • Table 88 – Total SMS messages sent – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 89 – SMS revenue and share of mobile market – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 90 – Total MMS messages sent – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 91 – Mobile broadband share of subscribers by operators – 2013 - 2018
      • Table 92 – Mobile broadband (datacard) subscribers, penetration – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 93 – Active mobile broadband subscribers, penetration – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 94 – Cumulative mobile number portings – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 95 – Mobile interconnection revenue – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 96 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
      • Table 97 – European roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 98 – Revenue from roaming services – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 99 – LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2015 - 2016
      • Table 100 – LTE base stations in service – 2011 - 2018
      • Table 101 – LTE subscribers – 2015 - 2018
      • Table 102 – M2M connections – 2012 - 2018
      • Table 103 – Telia Lithuania mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 104 – Telia Lithuania annualised ARPU (LTL) – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 105 – Telia Lithuania mobile ARPU (€) – 2013 - 2018
      • Table 106 – Telia Lithuania MOU and churn – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 107 – Telia Lithuania mobile revenue (SEK) – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 108 – Bité Lithuania mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 109 – Historic - Bité Lithuania mobile blended ARPU – 2010 – 2015
      • Table 110 – Historic - Bité Lithuania financial data – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 111 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 112 – Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 113 – MVNO subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Retail telecom revenue by service (€) – 2004 – 2018
      • Chart 2 – Telecom revenue market share by major sector – 2011 – 2017
      • Chart 3 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2019
      • Chart 4 – Internet access market share by access type – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 5 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2019
      • Chart 6 – Broadband data rates as proportion of subscribers – 2009 – 2018
      • Chart 7 – Telia fixed broadband subscribers, total and DSL – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 8 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2019
      • Chart 9 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Chart 10 – Mobile broadband (datacard) subscribers and penetration rate – 2006 - 2018
      • Chart 11 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
      • Exhibit 2 – 2G spectrum award
      • Exhibit 3 – 4G spectrum awarded – 800MHz band

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