Russia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Russia’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- March 2017 (15th Edition)

Executive Summary

Russia’s mobile operators gear up for 5G services by 2018

The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 143.5 million. The country’s ongoing economic woes, partly resulting from difficulties associated with a range of sanctions related to the annexation of Ukraine, have impacted growth in the telecom sector.

The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow and St Petersburg. The former holding company for Russia’s incumbent telecom operators, Svyazinvest, has emerged as Rostelecom, with most regional players absorbed into the operator. Rostelecom subsequently merged its mobile business with Tele2 Russia, which launched mobile services in the important Moscow market in October 2015.

Telcos continue to deploy and modernise fixed-line network infrastructure to offer improved broadband services as well as a range of IP-delivered content. The government is investing billions of Rubles in a 200,000km telecom network which will provide a broadband service of at least 10Mb/s to thousands of underserved villages. Rostelecom has been contracted to undertake and manage the work.

Russia has also emerged as one of Europe’s fastest growing markets for fibre-based broadband, with Rostelecom’s own fibre broadband access network covering more than 33 million premises. By the end of 2016 some 60% of the company’s broadband subscribers were on its fibre infrastructure.

The number of mobile subscriptions has passed 230 million, while SIM card penetration is high, at around 162% by early 2017. Several mobile network operators are active, although the market is dominated by four major operators (MTS, VimpelCom, Tele2 Russia/Rostelecom and MegaFon). These have expanded their footprints widely through the acquisition of smaller regional service providers. Tele2 Russia has undergone several changes of ownership in recent years, becoming a significant player following its merger with Rostelecom. Competition in the key markets of Moscow and St Petersburg is fierce, due to the size of the cities’ populations and the higher concentration of wealth there. Tele2 Russia launched services in Moscow in late 2015 and has steadily gained market share.

The extensive deployment of LTE infrastructure is supporting growth opportunities through mobile broadband and data services, which make up a growing proportion of overall mobile revenue. Investments in carrier aggregation and LTE-A technologies have further boosted network capabilities, while operators have also have strategies in place to prepare for 5G. Trials of 5G-based services are expected to be undertaken during the 2018 football World Cup, to be held in Russia.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s fixed-line telecom and IT markets. It includes information on key regulatory developments, data on fixed-line networks, and an assessment of telcos’ financial and operating performance. The report also covers the mobile market, assessing regulatory developments and detailing the strategies of the major operators. It evaluates technologies and areas including mobile data, content and applications. In addition the report provides data and analyses on the fixed-line and wireless broadband market, noting developments in a range of technologies including DSL, cable and FttX and providing subscriber forecasts to 2021.

Key developments:

  • Rostelecom appointed the sole universal telecom services provider, contracted to develop telecom network offering improved services to 13,600 villages;
  • Rostelecom considers increasing its stake in Tele2 Russia;
  • MTS launches MTS Money Wallet service;
  • MegaFon and VimpelCom sharing 1,300 LTE base stations by March 2017;
  • VimpelCom contracts Huawei to trial LTE-A and 5G technologies;
  • VimpelCom agrees to sell tower infrastructure to Russian Towers;
  • Ericsson and MTS sign agreement to develop 5G services by 2018;
  • Rostelecom’s fibre subscriber base broaches 7.3 million by end-2016;
  • Moscow City Telephone Network reports having 1.63 million subscribers on its GPON network;
  • Rostelecom opens tender to upgrade DSL areas with VDSL2;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2016, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

TransTeleCom, VimpelCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom, Mostelecom, Akado Group, NTV, Ren TV, CTC Media, TV Radio Company.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Telecommunications Law 2003
    • 3.3 Regulatory authority
    • 3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.5 Privatisation
    • 3.6 Interconnection
    • 3.7 Access
    • 3.8 Carrier selection
    • 3.9 Universal Service Obligation
    • 3.10 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
    • 3.11 Local call tariffs
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Svyazinvest
      • 4.2.1 Regional operators
    • 4.3 Rostelecom
    • 4.4 Central Telegraph
    • 4.5 VimpelCom
    • 4.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom
    • 4.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)
    • 4.8 PeterStar
    • 4.9 ER-Telecom
    • 4.10 MTS
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 New developments
    • 5.3 Local
      • 5.3.1 Central Telegraph
      • 5.3.2 MTS
      • 5.3.3 Golden Telecom
      • 5.3.4 PeterStar
    • 5.4 National
      • 5.4.1 Golden Telecom
      • 5.4.2 Rostelecom
      • 5.4.3 TransTeleCom
      • 5.4.4 ER-Telecom
    • 5.5 International networks
      • 5.5.1 Satellite networks
    • 5.6 Data centres
    • 5.7 Cloud computing
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Regulatory developments
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.4 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 Rostelecom
      • 6.3.2 MTS
      • 6.3.3 VimpelCom
      • 6.3.4 Other providers
      • 6.3.5 VDSL
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • 6.4.1 Golden Telecom
      • 6.4.2 MTS
      • 6.4.3 Other operators
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.5.2 Fixed wireless broadband
      • 6.5.3 Wi-Fi
      • 6.5.4 WiMAX
      • 6.5.5 Internet via satellite
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Overview
    • 7.2 Videostreaming
    • 7.3 Cable TV (CATV)
      • 7.3.1 MTS
      • 7.3.2 National Telecommunications Company (NTC)
      • 7.3.3 Akado Group
      • 7.3.4 TV Radio Company (TVT)
    • 7.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
    • 7.5 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.5.1 DTTV strategy
  • 8. Digital economy
    • 8.1 overview
    • 8.2 e-health
    • 8.3 e-government
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
      • 9.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 9.2.3 Mobile data
      • 9.2.4 Mobile broadband
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.3.2 3G licences
      • 9.3.3 800MHz spectrum
      • 9.3.4 900MHz spectrum
      • 9.3.5 1800MHz spectrum
      • 9.3.6 2.6GHz spectrum
      • 9.3.7 Calling Party Pays (CPP)
      • 9.3.8 Roaming
      • 9.3.9 Infrastructure sharing
    • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.4.1 Digital networks
      • 9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments (these are examples only)
      • 9.4.3 M2M networks
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
      • 9.5.2 VimpelCom (Beeline)
      • 9.5.3 MegaFon
      • 9.5.4 Tele2 Russia
      • 9.5.5 SMARTS Group
      • 9.5.6 Uralsvyazinform
      • 9.5.7 Rostelecom
      • 9.5.8 VolgaTelecom
      • 9.5.9 Skylink
      • 9.5.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 Introduction
      • 9.6.2 M-commerce
      • 9.6.3 M-payments
      • 9.6.4 Mobile TV
      • 9.6.5 Mobile broadcasting (DVB-H)
      • Table 1 – Country statistics Russia – 2016 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 4 – Broadband subscriber statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 7 – Telecom revenue (RUB) – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 8 – Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data – 2008 - 2010
      • Table 9 – Rostelecom (post-merger) financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 10 – Rostelecom subscriber data – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 11 – VimpelCom Group financial data – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 12 – VimpelCom fixed-line financial data (Russia) – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 13 – VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 14 – ER-Telecom financial data (RUB) – 2005 - 2011
      • Table 15 – ER-Telecom financial data ($) – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 16 – ER Telecom subscribers – 2007 - 2011
      • Table 17 – MTS financial data (Russia, $) – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 18 – MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 19 – MTS operational data – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 20 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 21 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 22 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 23 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 24 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2017
      • Table 25 – Fixed broadband penetration – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 26 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table 27 – ER-Telecom broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 28 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 29 – Rostelecom fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2016
      • Table 30 – Rostelecom annualised broadband ARPU – 2008 – 2016
      • Table 31 – MTS fixed broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 32 – VimpelCom fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 33 – Rostelecom FttX subscribers – 2013 – 2016
      • Table 34 – FttP/B subscribers – 2011 – 2017
      • Table 35 – MGTS GPON subscribers – 2013 – 2016
      • Table 36 – VimpelCom FttB subscribers – 2010 – 2016
      • Table 37 – VimpelCom FttB revenue – 2010 – 2016
      • Table 38 – Rostelecom FttX subscribers – 2011 – 2016
      • Table 39 – Rostelecom residential IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 40 – Rostelecom residential cable TV subscribers – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 41 – MTS pay TV subscribers – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 42 – Estimated total DTTV implementation cost – 2010 - 2015
      • Table 43 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 44 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 45 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 46 – Mobile market share of subscribers in Moscow – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 47 – Mobile market share of subscribers in St Petersburg – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 48 – Mobile market share of subscribers (Russia) – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 49 – Mobile service revenue – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 50 – Mobile VAS as proportion of total mobile revenue – 2002 - 2015
      • Table 51 – Mobile VAS market share by operator – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 52 – SMS sent – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 53 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 54 – LTE launch dates by operator
      • Table 55 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, $) – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 56 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 57 – MTS capex (Russia, RUB) – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 58 – MTS operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 59 – MTS Russia subscribers – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 60 – MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU – 2001 - 2015
      • Table 61 – MTS Russia mobile traffic – 2014 - 2016
      • Table 62 – MTS Russia annualised VAS – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 63 – MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type – 2010 - 2015
      • Table 64 – MTS Russia mobile data traffic by type – 2014 - 2015
      • Table 65 – MTS Russia mobile data use by device type – 2014 - 2015
      • Table 66 – VimpelCom mobile subscribers (Russia) – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 67 – VimpelCom and MOU (Russia) – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 68 – VimpelCom mobile financial data (Russia) – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 69 – VimpelCom mobile financial data by type (Russia) – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 70 – VimpelCom mobile ARPU, MoU, churn (Russia) – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 71 – MegaFon consolidated financial data – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 72 – MegaFon capex – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 73 – MegaFon mobile revenue – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 74 – MegaFon mobile subscriber data – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 75 – MegaFon base stations in use – 2013 - 2015
      • Table 76 – MegaFon mobile data traffic – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 77 – MegaFon mobile data revenue and subscribers – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 78 – Tele2 financial data (historic) – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 79 – Tele2 subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 80 – T2 RTK financial data – 2014- - 2015
      • Table 81 – SMARTS Group subscribers – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 82 – SMARTS Group financial data – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 83 – SMARTS mobile revenue by type – 2010 - 2011
      • Table 84 – Rostelecom mobile subscribers (historic) – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 85 – Rostelecom mobile revenue (historic) – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 86 – Rostelecom mobile ARPU (historic) – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 87 – VolgaTelecom mobile revenue (historic) – 2007 - 2010
      • Table 88 – VolgaTelecom mobile subscribers (historic) – 2007 - 2010
      • Table 89 – VolgaTelecom MOU and ARPU (historic) – 2007 - 2010
      • Table 90 – M-commerce revenue – 2011 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Rostelecom financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Chart 2 – Rostelecom subscriber data – 2008 – 2016
      • Chart 3 – VimpelCom group financial data – 2007 - 2016
      • Chart 4 – VimpelCom financial data – 2007 - 2016
      • Chart 5 – VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) – 2008 - 2016
      • Chart 6 – MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2011 – 2016
      • Chart 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 - 2018
      • Chart 8 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 10 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2004 - 2016
      • Chart 11 – MegaFon financial data – 2007 - 2016

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