Russia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 144 million. The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow and St Petersburg, the two largest regional markets. The former holding company for Russia’s incumbent telecom operators, Svyazinvest, has emerged as Rostelecom, with most regional players absorbed into the operator. Rostelecom subsequently merged its mobile business with Tele2 Russia, which launched mobile services in the important Moscow market in October 2015. In late 2019 Rostelecom acquired the 55% of Tele2 Russia which it did not already owned, thereby strengthening its ability to compete in the market for bundled service offerings.

Telcos continue to deploy and modernise fixed-line network infrastructure to offer improved broadband services as well as a range of IP-delivered content. The government is investing billions of Rubles in a 200,000km telecom network which will provide a broadband service of at least 10Mb/s to thousands of underserved villages. Rostelecom was contracted to undertake and manage the work.

Russia has also emerged as one of Europe’s fastest growing markets for fibre-based broadband, with Rostelecom’s own fibre broadband access network covering more than 35 million premises.

The mobile market is on the cusp of the 5G era, with an auction of spectrum in the 25.25GHz-27.5GHz range expected in the first months of 2020.

Russia’s recent economic woes, partly resulting from the ongoing global financial crisis and partly to difficulties associated with a range of sanctions related to the annexation of Ukraine, have impacted growth in the telecom sector.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s fixed-line telecom and IT markets. It includes information on key regulatory developments, data on fixed-line networks, and an assessment of telcos’ financial and operating performance.

Key developments

  • Rostelecom contracted to develop telecom network offering improved services to underserved villages;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to September 2019, telcos' financial and operating data to Q3 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

TransTeleCom, VEON (VimpelCom), ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Regional European Market Comparison

    • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • TMI versus GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
    • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Telecommunications Law 2003
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnection
    • Access
    • Carrier selection
    • Universal Service Obligation
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Svyazinvest
      • Regional operators
    • Rostelecom
    • Central Telegraph
    • VEON
    • Multiregional Transit Telecom
    • TransTeleCom (TTK)
    • PeterStar
    • ER-Telecom
    • MTS
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
      • Central Telegraph
      • MTS
      • Golden Telecom
      • PeterStar
      • Rostelecom
      • TransTeleCom
      • ER-Telecom
    • International networks
      • Satellite networks
    • Data centres
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Russia – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Growth in telecom sector revenue – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Development of Rostelecom’s financials (post-merger) – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Change in the number of Rostelecom’s subscriber by type – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 5 – Development of VEON Group’ financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 6 – Development of VEON (Russia) financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Change in the number of VEON’s subscribers (Russia) by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Growth in ER-Telecom’s revenue – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Development of MTS’s financials (Russia, RUB) – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Development of MTS’s fixed-line subscribers by type – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 12 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2006 – 2017
  • Table 13 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 14 – Historic - Telecom sector revenue (RUB million) – 2003 – 2010
  • Table 15 – Historic - MTS financial data (Russia, $) – 2008 – 2012
  • Table 16 – Historic - Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data – 2008 – 2010

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Growth in telecom sector revenue – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 15 – Development of Rostelecom’s financials (post-merger) – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Change in the number of Rostelecom’s subscriber by type – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 17 – Development of VEON Group’ financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – VEON financial data (Russia) – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Change in the number of VEON’s subscribers (Russia) by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – Growth in ER-Telecom’s revenue – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 21 – Development of MTS’s financials (Russia, RUB) – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 22 – Development of MTS’s fixed-line subscribers by type – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 24 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2006 – 2017

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