Russia - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Russia has the largest mobile market in Europe, with the number of subscriptions having passed 230 million. Several mobile network operators are active, although the market is dominated by four major operators (MTS, VimpelCom, Tele2 Russia/Rostelecom and MegaFon). These have expanded their footprints widely through the acquisition of smaller regional service providers. Tele2 Russia has undergone several changes of ownership in recent years, becoming a significant player following its merger with Rostelecom. Competition in the key markets of Moscow and St Petersburg is fierce, due to the size of the cities’ populations and the higher concentration of wealth there. Tele2 Russia launched services in Moscow in late 2015 and has steadily gained market share.

Mobile SIM card penetration is high, at around 162% by early 2017, although actual mobile user penetration is lower due to the popularity of multiple SIM card use. The extensive deployment of LTE infrastructure is supporting growth opportunities through mobile broadband and data services, which make up a growing proportion of overall mobile revenue. Investments in carrier aggregation and LTE-A technologies have further boosted network capabilities, while operators have also have strategies in place to prepare for 5G.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s mobile market, covering regulatory developments, the major mobile operators including MegaFon, VimpelCom and Tele2, as well as technologies and mobile data, content and applications, and a variety of updated financial and operational statistics.

Key developments:

Rostelecom considers increasing its stake in Tele2 Russia; MTS launches MTS Money Wallet service; MTS and VimpelCom agree on shared spectrum to expand LTE across 20 regions; MegaFon and VimpelCom sharing 1,300 LTE base stations by March 2017; VimpelCom contracts Huawei to trial LTE-A and 5G technologies; MTS secures national licence in 2.6GHz spectrum auction, launches national HD voice service on GSM networks; VimpelCom agrees to sell tower infrastructure to Russian Towers; Ericsson and MTS sign agreement to develop 5G services by 2018; Ministry of Communications removes restrictions on IMS, allowing for national VoLTE services; report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2016, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
    • 3.2 Mobile voice
      • 3.2.1 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
    • 3.3 Mobile data
      • 3.3.1 SMS/MMS
    • 3.4 Mobile broadband
  • 4. Regulatory issues
    • 4.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 4.2 3G licences
    • 4.3 800MHz spectrum
    • 4.4 900MHz spectrum
    • 4.5 1800MHz spectrum
    • 4.6 2.6GHz spectrum
    • 4.7 Calling Party Pays (CPP)
    • 4.8 Roaming
    • 4.9 Infrastructure sharing
  • 5. Mobile infrastructure
    • 5.1 Digital networks
      • 5.1.1 GSM
      • 5.1.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
      • 5.1.3 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • 5.1.4 5G developments
    • 5.2 Other infrastructure developments (these are examples only)
      • 5.2.1 CDMA
      • 5.2.2 General packet radio service (GPRS)
      • 5.2.3 Enhanced data for GSM evolution (EDGE)
      • 5.2.4 High-speed packet access (HSPA)
      • 5.2.5 Satellite mobile
    • 5.3 M2M networks
  • 6. Major mobile operators
    • 6.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
      • 6.1.1 International expansion
    • 6.2 VimpelCom (Beeline)
      • 6.2.1 International expansion
      • 6.2.2 Network contracts
    • 6.3 MegaFon
      • 6.3.1 Acquisitions
    • 6.4 Tele2 Russia
    • 6.5 SMARTS Group
    • 6.6 Uralsvyazinform
    • 6.7 Rostelecom
    • 6.8 VolgaTelecom
    • 6.9 Skylink
    • 6.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
  • 7. Mobile content and applications
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 M-commerce
    • 7.3 M-payments
    • 7.4 Mobile TV
    • 7.5 Mobile broadcasting (DVB-H)
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 4 – Mobile market share of subscribers in Moscow – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 5 – Mobile market share of subscribers in St Petersburg – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 6 – Mobile market share of subscribers (Russia) – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 7 – Mobile service revenue – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Mobile VAS as proportion of total mobile revenue – 2002 - 2015
  • Table 9 – Mobile VAS market share by operator – 2007 - 2015
  • Table 10 – SMS sent – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 12 – LTE launch dates by operator
  • Table 13 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, $) – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 14 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2004 - 2016
  • Table 15 – MTS capex (Russia, RUB) – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 16 – MTS operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 17 – MTS Russia subscribers – 2004 - 2016
  • Table 18 – MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU – 2001 - 2015
  • Table 19 – MTS Russia mobile traffic – 2014 - 2016
  • Table 20 – MTS Russia annualised VAS – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 21 – MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 22 – MTS Russia mobile data traffic by type – 2014 - 2015
  • Table 23 – MTS Russia mobile data use by device type – 2014 - 2015
  • Table 24 – VimpelCom mobile subscribers (Russia) – 2005 - 2016
  • Table 25 – VimpelCom and MOU (Russia) – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 26 – VimpelCom mobile financial data (Russia) – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 27 – VimpelCom mobile financial data by type (Russia) – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 28 – VimpelCom mobile ARPU, MoU, churn (Russia) – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 29 – MegaFon consolidated financial data – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 30 – MegaFon capex – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 31 – MegaFon mobile revenue – 2005 - 2016
  • Table 32 – MegaFon mobile subscriber data – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 33 – MegaFon base stations in use – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 34 – MegaFon mobile data traffic – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 35 – MegaFon mobile data revenue and subscribers – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 36 – Tele2 financial data (historic) – 2007 - 2012
  • Table 37 – Tele2 subscribers – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 38 – T2 RTK financial data – 2014- - 2015
  • Table 39 – SMARTS Group subscribers – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 40 – SMARTS Group financial data – 2006 - 2013
  • Table 41 – SMARTS mobile revenue by type – 2010 - 2011
  • Table 42 – Rostelecom mobile subscribers (historic) – 2010 - 2014
  • Table 43 – Rostelecom mobile revenue (historic) – 2008 - 2014
  • Table 44 – Rostelecom mobile ARPU (historic) – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 45 – VolgaTelecom mobile revenue (historic) – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 46 – VolgaTelecom mobile subscribers (historic) – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 47 – VolgaTelecom MOU and ARPU (historic) – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 48 – M-commerce revenue – 2011 - 2017
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 2 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2004 - 2016
  • Chart 3 – MegaFon financial data – 2007 - 2016

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