Russia - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Russia has the largest mobile market in Europe, with the number of subscriptions having passed 234 million. Several mobile network operators are active, although the market is dominated by four major operators (MTS, VEON, Tele2 Russia/Rostelecom and MegaFon). These have expanded their footprints widely through the acquisition of smaller regional service providers. Tele2 Russia has undergone several changes of ownership in recent years, becoming a significant player following its merger with Rostelecom. Competition in the key markets of Moscow and St Petersburg is fierce, due to the size of the cities’ populations and the higher concentration of wealth there.

Mobile SIM card penetration is high, at around 164% by early 2018, although actual mobile user penetration is lower due to the popularity of multiple SIM card use. The extensive deployment of LTE infrastructure is supporting growth opportunities through mobile broadband and data services, which make up a growing proportion of overall mobile revenue. Investments in carrier aggregation and LTE-A technologies have further boosted network capabilities, while operators are also partnering with vendors to prepare for 5G.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s mobile market, covering regulatory developments, the major mobile operators including MegaFon, VEON and Tele2, as well as technologies and mobile data, content and applications, and a variety of updated financial and operational statistics.

Key developments:

  • MTS launches a Gigabit Class LTE-LAA service;
  • Roaming charges to end by mid-2018;
  • Telenor scales down shareholding in VEON;
  • Tele2 Russia sets up an MVNE service;
  • MegaFon reports data rates of up to 35Gb/s in 5G trials, deploys CA technology to deliver Gigabit LTE-A;
  • MegaFon and Rostelecom cooperate to develop 5G networks;
  • VEON agrees to sell tower infrastructure to Russian Towers;
  • Ministry of Communications removes restrictions on IMS, allowing for national VoLTE services;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q1 2018, recent market developments.
  • Companies mentioned in this report:

MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, VEON (VimpelCom) Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, MTS.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
  • 4. Mobile infrastructure
    • 4.1 5G
    • 4.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • 4.2.1 Spectrum
      • 4.2.2 MegaFon
      • 4.2.3 Yota Networks
      • 4.2.4 Tele2 Russia
      • 4.2.5 Rostelecom
      • 4.2.6 MTS
      • 4.2.7 VEON
      • 4.2.8 Other developments
    • 4.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • 4.4 GSM
  • 5. Narrowband IoT
  • 6. M2M networks
    • 6.1 Mobile voice
      • 6.1.1 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
    • 6.2 Mobile data
      • 6.2.1 SMS/MMS
    • 6.3 Mobile broadband
  • 7. Regulatory issues
    • 7.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 7.2 3G licences
    • 7.3 800MHz spectrum
    • 7.4 900MHz spectrum
    • 7.5 1800MHz spectrum
    • 7.6 2.6GHz spectrum
    • 7.7 Roaming
    • 7.8 Infrastructure sharing
  • 8. Major mobile operators
    • 8.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
    • 8.2 VEON (VimpelCom / Beeline)
    • 8.3 MegaFon
    • 8.4 Tele2 Russia
    • 8.5 SMARTS Group
    • 8.6 Uralsvyazinform
    • 8.7 Rostelecom
    • 8.8 VolgaTelecom
    • 8.9 Skylink
    • 8.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
  • 9. Mobile content and applications
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 M-commerce
    • 9.3 M-payments
  • 10. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 4 – Mobile market share of subscribers (Russia) – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 5 – Mobile service revenue – 2003 - 2018
  • Table 6 – LTE launch dates by operator
  • Table 7 – mobile base stations by technology - 2013 - 2016
  • Table 8 – Mobile VAS market share by operator – 2007 - 2015
  • Table 9 – SMS sent – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 10 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 11 – MTS mobile financial data (old style, Russia, $) – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 12 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2004 - 2018
  • Table 13 – MTS quarterly mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 14 – MTS capex (Russia, RUB) – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 15 – MTS operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 16 – MTS Russia subscribers – 2004 - 2018
  • Table 17 – MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU – 2001 - 2015
  • Table 18 – MTS Russia mobile voice and data traffic – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 19 – MTS Russia annualised VAS – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 20 – MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 21 – VEON mobile subscribers (Russia) – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 22 – VEON ARPU and MOU (Russia) – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 23 – VEON mobile financial data (Russia) – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 24 – VEON mobile financial data by type (Russia) – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 25 – MegaFon consolidated financial data – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 26 – MegaFon capex – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 27 – MegaFon mobile revenue – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 28 – MegaFon mobile subscriber data – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 29 – MegaFon base stations in use – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 30 – MegaFon mobile data traffic – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 31 – MegaFon mobile data revenue and subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 32 – Tele2 financial data (historic) – 2007 - 2012
  • Table 33 – Tele2 subscribers – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 34 – SMARTS Group subscribers – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 35 – SMARTS Group financial data – 2006 - 2013
  • Table 36 – Rostelecom mobile subscribers (historic) – 2010 - 2014
  • Table 37 – Rostelecom mobile revenue (historic) – 2008 - 2014
  • Table 38 – M-commerce revenue – 2011 - 2017
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 2 – MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) – 2004 - 2018
  • Chart 3 – VEON mobile financial data by type (Russia) – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – MegaFon financial data – 2007 - 2017

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