Romania - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Romania’s mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Penetration rates are average for the region, though this is partly attributed to customers opting to have multiple SIM cards. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services. Growth is expected to continue solidly during the next few years following the launch of commercial 5G services in late 2019. These services will be supported by the release of additional spectrum in 2020.

One of the largest broadband players, UPC Romania, was acquired by Vodafone Group in July 2019 in a development which will greatly expand the convergence ambitions of Vodafone Romania. Other MNOs which have expanded into the fixed-line market include Orange Romania through a network sharing deal with Telekom Romania. In September 2019 Orange Romania began building its own fibre infrastructure.

This report provides a concise overview of Romania’s growing mobile market, covering market developments, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. It also provides an update on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments.

Key developments:

  • Digi Mobil and Vodafone Romania launch 5G services;
  • Cost of 5G licences reduced;
  • Government scraps SIM card registration scheme over privacy concerns;
  • Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT, completes acquisition of UPC Romania;
  • Orange Romania invests €500 million in its networks;
  • Lycamobile launches services as an MVNO;
  • Regulator's 4G frequency auction brings in €682 million;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2018, State Statistics data for 2018, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), Digi Mobil, Telemobil

Table of Contents

  • Market analysis

  • Mobile statistics

    • General statistics
  • Mobile infrastructure

    • Analogue networks
    • 5G
    • 4G (LTE)
    • 3G
    • Other infrastructure developments
      • NB-IoT
  • Mobile voice

  • Mobile data

    • SMS and MMS
  • Mobile broadband

  • Regulatory issues

    • Licensing
      • UMTS (3G) licences
      • 410MHz
      • 900MHz
      • Multi-band auction – 2012
      • Multi-band auction – 2019
      • 3400MHz-3800MHz
    • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • Roaming
    • Network sharing
    • SIM card registration
    • Major mobile operators
      • Vodafone Romania
      • Orange Romania
      • Telekom Romania Mobile (formerly Cosmote Romania)
      • Digi Mobil
    • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
  • Mobile content and applications

    • M-ticketing
    • M-banking
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


  • List of Tables

    • Table 1 – Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
    • Table 2 – Development of mobile market revenue – 2013 – 2018
    • Table 3 – Average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
    • Table 4 – Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
    • Table 5 – Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service – 2009 – 2018
    • Table 6 – Decline in the number of Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2005 – 2019
    • Table 7 – Decline in the number of Telekom Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
    • Table 8 – Overview of provider services by technology – 2019
    • Table 9 – Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 – 2018
    • Table 10 – Change in the volume of MMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
    • Table 11 – Change in the volume of SMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
    • Table 12 –SMS messages sent per subscriber – 2004 – 2017
    • Table 13 – Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2024
    • Table 14 – Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2012 – 2018
    • Table 15 – Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 – 2018
    • Table 16 – Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 – 2018
    • Table 17 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2011 – 2018
    • Table 18 – Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
    • Table 19 – Multi-spectrum auction results – 2012
    • Table 20 – Multi-spectrum auction results – spectrum allocation – 2012
    • Table 21 – Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings – 2008 – 2019
    • Table 22 – Increase in international voice roaming traffic – 2012 – 2018
    • Table 23 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile subscriber base– 2008 – 2019
    • Table 24 – Increase in Vodafone Romania’s mobile data traffic – 2016 – 2019
    • Table 25 – Drop in Vodafone Romania’s mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
    • Table 26 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile service revenue – 2014 – 2020
    • Table 27 – Decline in Orange Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
    • Table 28 – Growth in Orange Romania’s revenue – 2011 – 2019
    • Table 29 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data – 2006 – 2019
    • Table 30 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 – 2019
    • Table 31 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
    • Table 32 – Telekom Romania’s mobile ARPU – 2006 – 2019
    • Table 33 – Development of Digi’s subscribers by type – 2016 – 2019
    • Table 34 – Growth in Digi’s revenue, by type – 2016 – 2019
    • Table 35 – Historic – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 1997 – 2009
    • Table 36 – Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2009
    • Table 37 – Historic - Mobile market investment – 2005 – 2012
    • Table 38 – Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2009

    List of Charts

    • Chart 1 – Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
    • Chart 2 – Development of mobile market revenue – 2013 – 2018
    • Chart 3 – Average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
    • Chart 4 – Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
    • Chart 5 – Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service – 2009 – 2018
    • Chart 6 – Decline in the number of Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2005 – 2019
    • Chart 7 – Decline in the number of Telekom Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
    • Chart 8 – Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 – 2018
    • Chart 9 – Change in the volume of MMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
    • Chart 10 – Change in the volume of SMS messages sent – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 11 – Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2024
    • Chart 12 – Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 – 2018
    • Chart 13 – Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 – 2018
    • Chart 14 – Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
    • Chart 15 – Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings – 2008 – 2019
    • Chart 16 – Increase in international voice roaming traffic – 2012 – 2018
    • Chart 17 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile subscriber base– 2008 – 2019
    • Chart 18 – Increase in Vodafone Romania’s mobile data traffic – 2016 – 2019
    • Chart 19 – Drop in Vodafone Romania’s mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
    • Chart 20 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile service revenue – 2014 – 2020
    • Chart 21 – Decline in Orange Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
    • Chart 22 – Growth in Orange Romania’s revenue – 2011 – 2019
    • Chart 23 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data – 2006 – 2019
    • Chart 24 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 – 2019
    • Chart 25 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
    • Chart 26 – Development of Digi’s subscribers by type – 2016 – 2019
    • Chart 27 – Growth in Digi’s revenue, by type – 2016 – 2019

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