Romania - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Romania’s mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Penetration rates are average for the region, though this is partly attributed to customers opting to have multiple SIM cards. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services.

One of the largest broadband players, UPC Romania, was acquired by Vodafone Group in May 2018 in a development which will greatly expand the convergence ambitions of Vodafone Romania. Other MNOs which have expanded into the fixed-line market include Orange Romania through a network sharing deal with Telekom Romania. Orange Romania’s broadband services are available to more than 2.4 million premises across the country.

This report provides a concise overview of Romania’s growing mobile market, covering market developments, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. It also provides an update on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments.

Key developments:

  • Orange Romania conducts FWA 5G network trials, anticipates 5G as fixed-line broadband replacement from 2020;
  • Regulator outlines strategies for multiple spectrum award, proposes 2019 date for 470-790MHz band auction, reduces MNP charge;
  • Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT, acquires UPC Romania;
  • Digi Mobil seeks collaboration with MNOs for 5G development;
  • Vodafone Romania’s Supernet 4G+ service upgraded to provide data at up to 800Mb/s;
  • Orange Romania invests €500 million in its Romanian networks;
  • Lycamobile launches services as an MVNO;
  • Telekom Romania Mobile expands LTE service;
  • Regulator’s 4G frequency auction brings in €682 million;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, State Statistics data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), Digi Mobil, Telemobil.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
  • 4. Mobile infrastructure
    • 4.1 Analogue networks
    • 4.2 5G developments
    • 4.3 4G (LTE)
    • 4.4 3G
    • 4.5 Other infrastructure developments
      • 4.5.1 NB-IoT
  • 5. Mobile voice
  • 6. Mobile data
    • 6.1 SMS and MMS
  • 7. Mobile broadband
  • 8. Regulatory issues
    • 8.1 Licensing
      • 8.1.1 UMTS (3G) licences
      • 8.1.2 410MHz
      • 8.1.3 900MHz
      • 8.1.4 Multi-band auction - 2012
      • 8.1.5 Multi-band auction - 2019
      • 8.1.6 3400MHz-3800MHz
    • 8.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 8.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • 8.4 Roaming
    • 8.5 Network sharing
    • 8.6 Major mobile operators
      • 8.6.1 Vodafone Romania
      • 8.6.2 Orange Romania
      • 8.6.3 Telekom Romania Mobile (formerly Cosmote Romania)
      • 8.6.4 Digi Mobil
    • 8.7 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.8 Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
  • 9. Mobile content and applications
    • 9.1.1 M-ticketing
    • 9.1.2 M-banking
    • 10. Related reports
    • Table 1 – Historic – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
    • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 2010 – 2019
    • Table 3 – Mobile market revenue – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 4 – Historic - Mobile market investment – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 5 – Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 6 – Prepaid cards in service – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 7 – Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 8 – Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers – 2008 – 2018
    • Table 9 – Overview of provider services by technology – 2018
    • Table 10 – Mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 11 – Total MMS messages sent – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 12 – Total SMS messages sent – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 13 –SMS messages sent per subscriber – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 14 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 16 – Proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 17 – Mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 18 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 19 – Mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
    • Table 20 – Multi-spectrum auction results – 2012
    • Table 21 – Multi-spectrum auction results – spectrum allocation – 2012
    • Table 22 – Annual mobile number portings – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 23 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
    • Table 24 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 25 – International roaming traffic – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 26 – Vodafone Romania subscribers– 2008 - 2018
    • Table 27 – Vodafone Romania voice traffic– 2008 - 2016
    • Table 28 – Vodafone Romania mobile data traffic– 2016 - 2018
    • Table 29 – Vodafone Romania ARPU – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 30 – Historic - Vodafone Romania revenue – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 31 – Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 32 – Orange Romania subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 33 – Orange Romania blended ARPU – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 34 – Orange Romania revenue – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 35 – Telekom Romania mobile financial data – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 36 – Telekom Romania mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 37 – Telekom Romania mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 38 – Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU – 2006 - 2018
    • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 2005 – 2019
    • Chart 2 – Vodafone Romania ARPU – 2008 – 2018

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