Romania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Romania’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- November 2019 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Romania prepares for multi-band auction to support 5G launches

Romania’s telecoms market continues to evolve under the dynamics of competition and technological change. Alternative operators have launched competing services in the fixed-line voice market, with the provision of bundled services being a key driver. The acquisition of Liberty Global’s local unit UPC Romania by Vodafone Group in July 2019 has allowed Vodafone Romania to compete more effectively with the service offerings from Orange Romania and Telekom Romania. All operators are investing in network capacity upgrades in response to the shift towards offering IP-delivered content.

The mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services and prepared the ground for the launch of services based on 5G. Growth is expected to continue solidly during the next few years, supported by the release of additional spectrum in 2020.

Romania’s broadband market benefits from effective infrastructure-based competition. The country’s fibre sector has become one of the strongest in Europe in recent years, with a rapidly growing share of the fixed-line broadband market by subscriber lines. As a result, the country has one of the highest FttP penetration rates in the region, with almost 70% of connections offering data above 100Mb/s by early 2019. Operators including Orange Romania are building their own fibre infrastructure to gain independence from Telekom Romania’s wholesale access service.

This report provides an overview of Romania’s fast-developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, major players and fixed-line infrastructure, and offering a variety of operational and financial statistics as well as a range of subscriber forecasts to 2024. The report also covers the mobile voice and data markets, including profiles of the major operators, updates on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments. In addition, the report provides insights into the growing broadband market, covering technologies, the major players and market developments.

Key developments:

  • Orange Romania begins building its own fibre network;
  • Digi Mobil and Vodafone Romania launch 5G services;
  • Cost of 5G licences reduced;
  • Government scraps SIM card registration scheme over privacy concerns;
  • Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT, completes acquisition of UPC Romania;
  • Orange Romania invests €500 million in its networks;
  • Lycamobile launches services as an MVNO;
  • Five of seven RoNet project stages completed by October 2019;
  • Majority of fixed broadband connections accessing 100Mb/s or above;
  • NetCity to increase Bucharest open access fibre network to 2,100km by 2020;
  • Deutsche Telekom secures approval for sale of stake in Telekom Romania;
  • Telekom Romania begins dismantling parts of its legacy copper network;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2018, State Statistics data for 2018, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments

Companies mentioned in this report:

UPC Romania, RCS&RDS, Telekom Romania, Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Digi Mobil

Henry Lancaster
November 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Telecommunications market

    • Overview and statistics
    • Regional European Market Comparison
      • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • TMI versus GDP
      • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
      • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Access
    • Interconnect
    • Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
    • Number Portability (NP)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Telekom Romania
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
      • Telekom Romania
      • Alternative operators
    • International infrastructure
    • Wholesale
    • Smart infrastructure
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Government programs
      • Broadband statistics
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Local Area Networks (LANs)
      • Fixed wireless
  • Digital economy

    • E-government
      • Infrastructure
    • E-health
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Mobile voice
    • Mobile data
      • SMS and MMS
    • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory issues
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Roaming
      • Network sharing
      • SIM card registration
      • Major mobile operators
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
    • Mobile content and applications
  • Appendix – Historic data


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Romania – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Increase in telecom market revenue – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Change in retail and wholesale fixed-line market revenue – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Decline in average monthly fixed-line revenue by subscriber and household – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Decline in fixed-line traffic by type – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 7 – CS and CPS providers, fixed network – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Change in the number of annual fixed number portings – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s share of fixed lines in service – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Decline in the number of fixed-lines in service, by operator – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 11 – Decline in the number of fixed-line subscribers – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s fixed-line revenue – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 13 – Change in the number of Telekom Romania’s fixed. broadband and TV subscribers – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 15 – Increase in international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 16 – Development of fixed broadband population penetration, urban and rural – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 17 – Development of fixed broadband household penetration, urban and rural – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 18 – Growth in fixed broadband data traffic – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 19 – Change in the number of fixed broadband providers by access type – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 20 – Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 21 – Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers, and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 23 – Internet revenue by type (fixed and mobile) – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 24 – Increase in average monthly internet revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 25 – Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 26 – Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 27 – Growth in UPC Romania’s broadband subscriber base – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 28 – Vodafone Romania fixed broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 29 – Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Increase in the number of Orange Romania’s broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 31 – Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 32 – Change in the number of Telecom Romania’s broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 33 – Change in the number of fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 34 – Change in the proportion of fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 35 – Increase in the number of Wi-Fi hotspot locations – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 36 – Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 37 – Development of mobile market revenue – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 38 – Average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 39 – Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 40 – Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 41 – Decline in the number of Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 42 – Decline in the number of Telekom Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 43 – Overview of provider services by technology – 2019
  • Table 44 – Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 45 – Change in the volume of MMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 46 – Change in the volume of SMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 47 –SMS messages sent per subscriber – 2004 – 2017
  • Table 48 – Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 49 – Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 50 – Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 51 – Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 52 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 53 – Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 54 – Multi-spectrum auction results – 2012
  • Table 55 – Multi-spectrum auction results – spectrum allocation – 2012
  • Table 56 – Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 57 – Increase in international voice roaming traffic – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 58 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile subscriber base– 2008 – 2019
  • Table 59 – Increase in Vodafone Romania’s mobile data traffic – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 60 – Drop in Vodafone Romania’s mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 61 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile service revenue – 2014 – 2020
  • Table 62 – Decline in Orange Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 63 – Growth in Orange Romania’s revenue – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 64 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 65 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 66 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 67 – Telekom Romania’s mobile ARPU – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 68 – Development of Digi’s subscribers by type – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 69 – Growth in Digi’s revenue, by type – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 70 – Historic – Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 71 – Historic - International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 72 – Historic - CS and CPS lines – 2008 – 2017
  • Table 73 – Historic - Telekom Romania’s fixed-line telephony subscriber base – 2006 – 2009
  • Table 74 – Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration – 1999 – 2015
  • Table 75 – Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 76 – Historic - Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 77 – Historic - DSL broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 78 – Historic - Fixed wireless broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2017
  • Table 79 – Historic – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 1997 – 2009
  • Table 80 – Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 81 – Historic - Mobile market investment – 2005 – 2012
  • Table 82 – Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Increase in telecom market revenue – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Change in retail and wholesale fixed-line market revenue – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Decline in average monthly fixed-line revenue by subscriber and household – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Decline in fixed-line traffic by type – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 7 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 8 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 9 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 10 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 15 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 16 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 17 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 18 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 19 – Change in the number of annual fixed number portings – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 20 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s share of fixed lines in service – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 21 – Decline in the number of fixed-lines in service, by operator – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 22 – Decline in the number of fixed-line subscribers – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 23 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s fixed-line revenue – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 24 – Change in the number of Telekom Romania’s fixed. broadband and TV subscribers – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 26 – Development of fixed broadband population penetration, urban and rural – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 27 – Development of fixed broadband household penetration, urban and rural – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 28 – Growth in fixed broadband data traffic – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 29 – Change in the number of fixed broadband providers by access type – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 30 – Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 31 – Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 32 – Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers, and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 33 – Increase in average monthly internet revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 34 – Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 35 – Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 36 – Growth in UPC Romania’s broadband subscriber base – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 37 – Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 38 – Increase in the number of Orange Romania’s broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 39 – Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 40 – Change in the number of Telecom Romania’s broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 41 – Change in the number of fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 42 – Change in the proportion of fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 43 – Increase in the number of Wi-Fi hotspot locations – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 44 – Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 45 – Development of mobile market revenue – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 46 – Average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 47 – Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 48 – Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 49 – Decline in the number of Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 50 – Decline in the number of Telekom Vodafone Romania’s prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 51 – Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 52 – Change in the volume of MMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 53 – Change in the volume of SMS messages sent – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 54 – Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 55 – Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 – 2018
  • Chart 56 – Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 57 – Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 58 – Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 59 – Increase in international voice roaming traffic – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 60 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile subscriber base– 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 61 – Increase in Vodafone Romania’s mobile data traffic – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 62 – Drop in Vodafone Romania’s mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 63 – Development of Vodafone Romania’s mobile service revenue – 2014 – 2020
  • Chart 64 – Decline in Orange Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 65 – Growth in Orange Romania’s revenue – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 66 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 67 – Change in Telekom Romania’s mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 68 – Decline in Telekom Romania’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 69 – Development of Digi’s subscribers by type – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 70 – Growth in Digi’s revenue, by type – 2016 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview

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