Romania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Romania’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2018 (16th Edition)

Executive Summary

Romania’s telcos move further into multi-sector service offerings

Romania’s telecoms market continues to evolve under the influence of competition and technological change. Alternative operators have launched competing services in the liberalised fixed-line voice market, with cable TV operators such as UPC being particularly successful in attracting new customers. The market overall continues to evolve with operators expanding into the provision of multiple services. To this end Vodafone Group acquired Liberty Global’s local unit UPC Romania in May 2018, thus allowing Vodafone Romania to compete more effectively with the service offerings from orange Romania and telekom Romania. All operators are investing in network capacity upgrades in response to the shift towards offering IP-delivered content.

The broadband market benefits from effective infrastructure-based competition. The fibre sector has become one of the strongest in Europe in recent years, with a rapidly growing share of the fixed-line broadband market by subscriber lines. As a result, the country has one of the highest FttP penetration rates in the region, with about two-thirds of connections offering data above 100Mb/s.

Romania’s mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Penetration rates are average for the region, though this is partly attributed to customers opting to have multiple SIM cards. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services.

This report provides an overview of Romania’s fast-developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, major players and fixed-line infrastructure, and offering a variety of operational and financial statistics. The report also reviews the mobile market, covering technological developments as well as profiling the major operators and their strategies in a competitive and highly regulated environment. In addition, the report covers the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband segments.

Key developments:

  • Vodafone Romania signs fibre network access deal with Telekom Romania;
  • Two-thirds of fixed broadband connections accessing 100Mb/s or above;
  • NetCity to increase Bucharest open access fibre network to 2,100km by 2020;
  • Telekom Romania expanding 1Gb/s FttP offering;
  • RCS&RDS launches free shared Wi-Fi network for subscribers;
  • Liberty Global sells UPC Romania unit to Vodafone Group;
  • Orange Romania conducts FWA 5G network trials, anticipates 5G as fixed-line broadband replacement from 2020;
  • Regulator outlines strategies for multiple spectrum award, proposes 2019 date for 470-790MHz band auction;
  • Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT;
  • Digi Mobil seeks collaboration with MNOs for 5G development;
  • MNOs expand m-ticketing functionalities;
  • Regulator adopts Action Plan 2018;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, State Statistics data for 2017, telco’s operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

UPC Romania, RCS&RDS (Digi Mobile), Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Telemobil, GTS Telecom, SN Radiocomunicatii

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Overview and statistics
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.4 Privatisation
    • 3.5 Access
    • 3.6 Interconnect
    • 3.7 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
    • 3.8 Number Portability (NP)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Telekom Romania
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 5.1.1 Telekom Romania
      • 5.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
    • 5.3 Wholesale
    • 5.4 Smart infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Government programs
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.4 Forecasts – fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Local Area Networks (LANs)
      • 6.5.2 Fixed wireless
      • 6.5.3 Videostreaming
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 E-government
      • 7.1.1 Infrastructure
    • 7.2 E-health
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
    • 8.3 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.3.1 Analogue networks
      • 8.3.2 5G developments
      • 8.3.3 4G (LTE)
      • 8.3.4 3G
      • 8.3.5 Other infrastructure developments
    • 8.4 Mobile voice
    • 8.5 Mobile data
      • 8.5.1 SMS and MMS
    • 8.6 Mobile broadband
    • 8.7 Regulatory issues
      • 8.7.1 Licensing
      • 8.7.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.7.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 8.7.4 Roaming
      • 8.7.5 Network sharing
      • 8.7.6 Major mobile operators
      • 8.7.7 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 8.7.8 Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
    • 8.8 Mobile content and applications
    • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Romania – 2018 (e)
    • Table 2 – Total telecom market revenue – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 3 – Fixed-line market revenue – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 4 – Fixed-line traffic – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 5 – CS and CPS providers, fixed network – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 6 – CS and CPS lines – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 7 – Annual fixed number portings – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 8 – Fixed-line market share by subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 9 – Fixed-lines in service, by operator – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 10 – Fixed-line subscribers – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 11 – Telekom Romania fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 12 – Telekom Romania fixed-line telephony subscribers – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 13 – Telekom Romania broadband and TV subscribers – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 14 – Historical – Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) – 2000 - 2009
    • Table 15 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) – 2010 - 2019
    • Table 16 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 17 – Fixed broadband penetration, urban and rural – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 18 – Fixed broadband penetration of households, urban and rural – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 19 – Fixed broadband traffic – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 20 – Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 21 – Internet users and penetration – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 22 – Fixed broadband providers by access type – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 23 – Fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 24 – Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 25 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 26 – Internet revenue by type (retail and wholesale) – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 27 – Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) – 2011 – 2017
    • Table 28 – Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 29 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Table 30 – UPC Romania broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 31 – UPC Romania revenue – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 32 – Vodafone Romania fixed broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 33 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 34 – Orange Romania broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 35 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 36 – Telecom Romania broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 37 – Fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 38 – Wi-Fi hotspot locations – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 39 – Fixed wireless broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 40 – IPTV subscribers – 2008 – 2017
    • Table 41 – Historic – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
    • Table 42 – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 2010 – 2019
    • Table 43 – Mobile market revenue – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 44 – Historic - Mobile market investment – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 45 – Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 46 – Prepaid cards in service – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 47 – Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 48 – Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers – 2008 – 2018
    • Table 49 – Overview of provider services by technology – 2018
    • Table 50 – Mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 51 – Total MMS messages sent – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 52 – Total SMS messages sent – 2005 - 2018
    • Table 53 –SMS messages sent per subscriber – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 54 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 55 – Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 56 – Proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 57 – Mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 58 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 59 – Mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
    • Table 60 – Multi-spectrum auction results – 2012
    • Table 61 – Multi-spectrum auction results – spectrum allocation – 2012
    • Table 62 – Annual mobile number portings – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 63 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
    • Table 64 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 65 – International roaming traffic – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 66 – Vodafone Romania voice traffic– 2008 - 2016
    • Table 67 – Vodafone Romania subscribers– 2008 - 2018
    • Table 68 – Vodafone Romania mobile data traffic– 2016 - 2018
    • Table 69 – Vodafone Romania ARPU – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 70 – Historic - Vodafone Romania revenue – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 71 – Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 72 – Orange Romania subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 73 – Orange Romania blended ARPU – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 74 – Orange Romania revenue – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 75 – Telekom Romania mobile financial data – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 76 – Telekom Romania mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 77 – Telekom Romania mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 78 – Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU – 2006 - 2018
    • Chart 1 – Fixed-line traffic – 2011 – 2017
    • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2019
    • Chart 3 – Internet users and penetration – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 4 – Fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 – 2017
    • Chart 5 – Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 – 2017
    • Chart 6 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2018
    • Chart 7 – Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) – 2011 – 2017
    • Chart 8 – Fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2011 – 2017
    • Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 2005 – 2019
    • Chart 10 – Vodafone Romania ARPU – 2008 – 2018
    • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview

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