Poland - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Poland’s mobile market in recent years has been characterised by the rapid extension of LTE networks and the development of mobile data services based on newly released and refarmed spectrum. In addition, the telecom regulator and operators alike are preparing for 5G, with the regulator embarking on a long-term strategy and with operators such as Orange Poland preparing to trial services based on 5G technologies in 2019.

Mobile penetration in Poland is above the European average, standing at almost 141% by early 2018. This reflects the continuing popularity among consumers to keep two or more SIM cards, which has distorted the real mobile penetration rate. The distortion has been addressed on two fronts: by network operators being encouraged to disconnect dormant SIM cards, and by legislation, effective from February 2017, which obliges subscribers of prepaid services to register their details. This has resulted in a significant readjustment in the number of subscribers in the market.

The market has effective competition from a number of MNOs, and has room for more than two dozen MVNOs, though many of these are small-scale. ARPU continues to be adversely affected by retail tariff competition and regulatory mandated reductions in mobile termination rates and roaming tariffs. However, operators anticipate that ARPU will rise in line with consumer adoption of mobile data services, facilitated by improved network infrastructure. LTE networks provide extensive population coverage, which will increase further into 2018 as operators make greater use of concessions in the 800MHz and 2600MHz bands and refarm spectrum currently used for GSM and 3G services.

This report reviews Poland’s mobile market, providing profiles of the major operators together with updated operating and financial results, and covering recent regulatory measures and spectrum auction results. The report also assesses the reach and capabilities of mobile technologies as deployed by operators, and details developments in mobile services and applications.

Key developments:

  • NetWorkS! Joint venture increases LTE spectrum allocation;
  • Polkomtel’s LTE-A service data rate increased to 300Mb/s;
  • New legislation waives spectrum fees for technology trials;
  • Orange Poland elects not to renew 450MHz licence, launches commercial Wi-Fi Calling service, planning 5G trials in 2019;
  • T-Mobile Poland launches NB-IoT services;
  • Regulator removes operator obligations on the SMS market;
  • Polkomtel trials LTE-B and VoWi-Fi technologies;
  • Regulator annuls results of the 2007 1800MHz auction;
  • SMS use falls in the wake of OTT alternative services;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s 2016 market data report, State Statistics data for 2016, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q1 2018, recent market developments.
  • Companies mentioned in this report:

CenterNet, Polkomtel (Plus), T-Mobile Poland, P4/Play, Orange Poland (PTK Centertel), Mobyland.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
    • 3.2 Prepaid cards
  • 4. Mobile infrastructure
  • 5. Digital networks
    • 5.1 5G
    • 5.2 3G
    • 5.3 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
  • 6. Other infrastructure developments
    • 6.1 NB-IoT
      • 6.1.1 M2M networks
  • 7. Mobile voice
  • 8. Mobile data
    • 8.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
  • 9. Mobile broadband
    • 9.1 Regulatory issues
      • 9.1.1 GSM licences
      • 9.1.2 Third Generation licences awarded
      • 9.1.3 Fourth GSM licence/fourth 3G licence auction
      • 9.1.4 450MHz
      • 9.1.5 800MHz and 2600MHz
      • 9.1.6 1800MHz
      • 9.1.7 3600MHz
      • 9.1.8 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.1.9 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 9.1.10 Roaming
      • 9.1.11 Network sharing
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Orange Poland (PTK Centertel)
    • 10.2 Polkomtel/Plus GSM
    • 10.3 T-Mobile Poland
      • 10.3.1 CenterNet
    • 10.4 Mobyland
    • 10.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 10.5.1 P4/Play
      • 10.5.2 Mobile Vikings
  • 11. Mobile content and applications
    • 11.1 M-payment
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Average blended mobile ARPU – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 2 – Mobile market revenue – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – historic – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 5 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 6 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 7 – Mobile market traffic and annual change – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2003 - 2016
  • Table 9 – Orange Poland prepaid subscribers – 2003 - 2016
  • Table 10 – T-Mobile Poland prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2016
  • Table 11 – M2M SIM cards in use – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 12 – M2M revenue – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 13 – Orange M2M cards in use – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Average mobile data traffic per subscriber – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 15 – Mobile data traffic – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 16 – SMS messages sent and annual growth – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 17 – MMS messages sent and annual growth– 2006 - 2016
  • Table 18 – Mobile broadband market share of subscribers by operator (2G/3G) – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 19 – Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
  • Table 20 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009- 2018
  • Table 21 – Orange dedicated mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 22 – Share of mobile broadband access by device – 2016
  • Table 23 – Mobile number portings – 2009 – 2015
  • Table 24 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
  • Table 25 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 26 – Roaming traffic (voice, SMS, data) – 2007 - 2015
  • Table 27 – Orange Poland mobile revenue – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 28 – Orange Poland mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 29 – Orange total monthly voice ARPU – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 30 – Orange total monthly voice ARPO – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 31 – Orange data ARPU share – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 32 – Polkomtel financial data (historic) – 2009 - 2013
  • Table 33 – Polkomtel subscribers – 2009 – 2010; 2012 - 2018
  • Table 34 – T-Mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 35 – T-Mobile mobile financial data – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 36 – T-Mobile ARPU and churn – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 37 – Play mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 38 – Play financial data – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 39 – Netia mobile RGUs – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 40 – Play mobile ARPU – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 – 2016
  • Chart 3 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2016
  • Chart 4 – Orange Poland mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Orange total monthly ARPO – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Polkomtel subscribers – 2009 – 2010; 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 7 – T-Mobile financial data – 2005 – 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – 5G spectrum, speed and devices
  • Exhibit 2 - Key considerations for government and regulators in relation to 5G
  • Exhibit 3 – 2G spectrum awarded
  • Exhibit 4 – Play spectrum concessions – 2018

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