Poland - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Poland’s mobile market in recent years has been characterised by the rapid extension of LTE networks and the development of mobile data services based on newly released and refarmed spectrum. In addition, the telecom regulator and operators alike are preparing for 5G, with the regulator embarking on a long-term strategy and with operators such as Orange Poland trialling services based on 5G technologies. Commercial services are expected to be launched in 2020 or 2021.

Mobile penetration in Poland is above the European average, standing at almost 138% by mid-2018. This reflects the continuing popularity among consumers to keep two or more SIM cards, which has distorted the real mobile penetration rate. Nevertheless, the distortion has been addressed on two fronts: by network operators being encouraged to disconnect dormant SIM cards, and by legislation, effective from February 2017, which obliges subscribers of prepaid services to register their details. These forces have resulted in a significant readjustment in the number of subscribers in the market, which continued into 2018.

The market has effective competition from a number of MNOs, and has room for more than two dozen MVNOs, though many of these are small-scale. ARPU has been adversely affected by retail tariff competition and by regulatory mandated reductions in mobile termination rates and roaming tariffs. However, operators anticipate that ARPU will rise in line with consumer adoption of mobile data services, facilitated by improved network infrastructure. LTE networks provide near national population coverage, facilitated by operators having made greater use of concessions in the 800MHz and 2600MHz bands and having refarmed spectrum used for GSM and 3G services.

This report reviews Poland’s mobile market, providing profiles of the major operators together with updated operating and financial results, and covering recent regulatory measures and spectrum auction results. The report also assesses the reach and capabilities of mobile technologies as deployed by operators, and details developments in mobile services and applications.

Key developments:

  • NetWorkS! Joint venture increases LTE spectrum allocation;
  • Polkomtel’s LTE-A service data rate increased to 300Mb/s;
  • New legislation waives spectrum fees for technology trials;
  • Orange Poland elects not to renew 450MHz licence, launches commercial Wi-Fi Calling service, begins 5G trials;
  • T-Mobile Poland launches NB-IoT services;
  • Regulator removes operator obligations on the SMS market;
  • Polkomtel trials LTE-B and VoWi-Fi technologies;
  • Regulator annuls results of the 2007 1800MHz auction;
  • SMS use falls in the wake of OTT alternative services;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data reports, State Statistics data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.
  • Companies mentioned in this report:

CenterNet, Polkomtel (Plus), T-Mobile Poland, P4/Play, Orange Poland (PTK Centertel), Mobyland.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
    • 3.2 Prepaid cards
  • 4. Mobile infrastructure
  • 5. Digital networks
    • 5.1 5G
    • 5.2 4G (LTE)
    • 5.3 3G
  • 6. Other infrastructure developments
    • 6.1 NB-IoT
      • 6.1.1 M2M networks
  • 7. Mobile voice
  • 8. Mobile data
    • 8.1 SMS/MMS
  • 9. Mobile broadband
    • 9.1 Regulatory issues
      • 9.1.1 GSM licences
      • 9.1.2 Third Generation licences awarded
      • 9.1.3 Fourth GSM licence/fourth 3G licence auction
      • 9.1.4 450MHz
      • 9.1.5 800MHz and 2600MHz
      • 9.1.6 1800MHz
      • 9.1.7 3600MHz
      • 9.1.8 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.1.9 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 9.1.10 Roaming
      • 9.1.11 Network sharing
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Orange Poland (PTK Centertel)
    • 10.2 Polkomtel/Plus GSM
    • 10.3 T-Mobile Poland
      • 10.3.1 CenterNet
    • 10.4 Mobyland
    • 10.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 10.5.1 P4/Play
      • 10.5.2 Mobile Vikings
  • 11. Mobile content and applications
    • 11.1 M-payment
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Average blended mobile ARPU – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 2 – Mobile market revenue – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Mobile base stations in service – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 4 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – historic – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 6 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 - 2017
  • Table 7 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2017
  • Table 8 – Mobile market traffic and annual change – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 9 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 10 – Orange Poland prepaid subscribers – 2003 - 2018
  • Table 11 – T-Mobile Poland prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 12 – M2M SIM cards in use – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 13 – M2M revenue – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 14 – Orange M2M cards in use – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 15 – Average mobile data traffic per subscriber – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 16 – Mobile data traffic – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 17 – SMS messages sent and annual growth – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 18 – MMS messages sent and annual growth– 2006 - 2018
  • Table 19 – Mobile broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
  • Table 21 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009- 2018
  • Table 22 – Orange dedicated mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 23 – Share of mobile broadband access by device – 2016
  • Table 24 – Mobile number portings – 2009 – 2015
  • Table 25 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
  • Table 26 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 27 – Roaming traffic (voice, SMS, data) – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 28 – Orange Poland mobile revenue – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 29 – Orange Poland mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 30 – Orange total monthly voice ARPU – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 31 – Orange total monthly voice ARPO – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 32 – Orange data ARPU share – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 33 – Polkomtel financial data (historic) – 2009 - 2013
  • Table 34 – Polkomtel subscribers – 2009 – 2010; 2012 - 2018
  • Table 35 – T-Mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 36 – T-Mobile mobile financial data – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 37 – T-Mobile ARPU and churn – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 38 – Play mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 39 – Play financial data – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 40 – Netia mobile RGUs – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 41 – Play mobile ARPU – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 – 2017
  • Chart 3 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2017
  • Chart 4 – Mobile broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2008 – 2017
  • Chart 5 – Orange Poland mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Orange total monthly ARPU/ARPO – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Polkomtel subscribers – 2009 – 2010; 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – T-Mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 9 – T-Mobile financial data – 2005 – 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – 5G spectrum, speed and devices
  • Exhibit 2 - Key considerations for government and regulators in relation to 5G
  • Exhibit 3 – 2G spectrum awarded
  • Exhibit 4 – Play spectrum concessions – 2018

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