Poland - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Poland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- June 2019 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

Poland preps for 5G multi-spectrum auctions

Poland’s liberalised telecom market has seen considerable development in the broadband and mobile sectors. The incumbent telco, Orange Poland, dominates the broadband market and has invested in fibre infrastructure to support the growing adoption of bundled services among customers.

The regulatory environment has also been shaped by EU principles designed to facilitate competition, allowing competing operators to enter the market. This extended to opening Orange Poland’s fibre network to access and pricing regulation, while in May 2019 the regulator also instituted new rules governing wholesale access to cable networks.

The mobile market in recent years has been characterised by the rapid extension of LTE networks and the development of mobile data services based on newly released and re-farmed spectrum. The regulator is preparing to release additional spectrum in several bands for 5G, though delays to the process mean that 700MHz spectrum is unlikely to be available before mid-2022.

Operators have invested in 5G, with T-Mobile Poland having launched a pre-commercial service in Warsaw at the end of 2018, and with full commercial services expected to be available in early 2020.

Mobile penetration in Poland is above the European average, standing at 137% by mid-2019. This reflects the continuing popularity among consumers to keep two or more SIM cards, which has distorted the real mobile penetration rate. Nevertheless, the distortion has been addressed on two fronts: by network operators being encouraged to disconnect dormant SIM cards, and by legislation, effective from February 2017, which obliges subscribers of prepaid services to register their details. These forces have resulted in a significant readjustment in the number of subscribers in the market.

The market has effective competition from four MNOs, and has room for more than two dozen MVNOs though many of these are small operators with marginal market share. ARPU has been adversely affected by retail tariff competition and by regulatory mandated reductions in mobile termination rates and roaming tariffs. However, operators anticipate that ARPU will rise in line with consumer adoption of mobile data services, facilitated by improved network infrastructure.

The fixed broadband market has benefited from excellent cross-platform competition, with comprehensive DSL infrastructure complemented by extensive cable networks and a growing fibre presence. Commercial considerations meant that fibre was for some years restricted to a number of urban areas, though more recently the sector has received considerable financial support from the government and the European Union. This support is aimed at building fibre-based networks across the country (particularly in eastern areas) and promoting fibre connectivity to end-users. As a result, the proportion of broadband subscribers receiving a service of at least 100Mb/s has increased sharply in recent years.

This report covers key aspects of Poland’s developing telecom market, presenting data and analyses on market operators, fixed-line networks and technologies, and the key regulatory developments. The report reviews the fixed broadband market, including an assessment of technology platforms and recent market developments. In addition, the report profiles the main mobile network operators, and analyses recent regulatory measures and spectrum auction results, and evaluates LTE deployments and operator strategies for 5G.

 

Key developments:

  • Regulator preps for multi-spectrum auction for 5G services;
  • Government proposes reduced licence fees if MNOs improve network coverage;
  • T-Mobile Poland and Orange Poland extend 5G trials;
  • T-Mobile Poland launches NB-IoT services;
  • Orange Poland revenue decline prompts outsourcing and disposal strategy;
  • Regulator amends cable network access rules;
  • Poland may fail to reach 2020 broadband targets given high cost of network rollouts;
  • Vectra’s plan to merge with Multimedia receives competition scrutiny;
  • UPC Poland launches 1Gb/s cable services based on DOCSIS3.1;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data reports, State Statistics data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q1 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

CenterNet, Polkomtel (Plus), T-Mobile Poland, P4/Play, Mobyland, UPC Poland, Orange Poland (Telekomunikacja Polska), Netia, Aster, Multimedia Polska, Vectra, Telefonia Dialog, GTS Energis, Exatel, Telekomunikacja Kolejowa.

Henry Lancaster
June 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

    • Country overview
  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
    • Telecommunications Act (2001)
    • Telecommunications Act (2004)
    • Mega-Act
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnection
    • Carrier selection and carrier preselection
    • Access
      • Fibre access
    • Number Portability (NP)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Orange Poland
    • Netia
    • Telefonia Dialog
    • Telekomunikacja Kolejowa (TK Telekom)
    • T-Mobile Poland
    • Exatel
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Orange Poland
    • Alternative operators
    • Smart infrastructure
      • Smart cities
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wi-Fi
      • WiMAX
      • Internet via satellite
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Prepaid cards
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • Digital networks
    • Other infrastructure developments
      • NB-IoT
    • Mobile voice
    • Mobile data
      • SMS/MMS
    • Mobile broadband
      • Regulatory issues
    • Major mobile operators
      • Orange Poland (PTK Centertel)
      • Polkomtel/Plus GSM
      • T-Mobile Poland
      • P4/Play
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile content and applications
      • M-payment

List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Poland – 2018
  • Table 2 – Telecom and access revenue – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Proportion of households with PCs and internet access – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 4 – Household internet access by type – 2015 – 2016
  • Table 5 – Fixed-line call traffic – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Fixed-line telephony ARPU – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Orange Poland fixed-line voice ARPU/ARPO – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 8 – T-Mobile Poland fixed-line revenue – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 9 – T-Mobile Poland fixed-line subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Fibre nodes in service – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 11 – Fixed-line call traffic in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 12 – International bandwidth – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 13 – Smart infrastructure funding by program – 2014 – 2020
  • Table 14 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 15 – Internet market share of subscribers by technology – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 16 – Fixed-line broadband market share by operator – 2011 – 2015
  • Table 17 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 18 – Proportion of businesses with broadband – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 19 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 20 – Cable subscribers – 2004 – 2019
  • Table 21 – UPC Poland revenue – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Multimedia Polska broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2017
  • Table 23 – Multimedia Polska revenue by service – 2016 – 2017
  • Table 24 – Multimedia Polska financial data – 2016 – 2017
  • Table 25 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 26 – Orange Poland broadband ARPU/ARPO – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 27 – Netia broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Multimedia broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2017
  • Table 29 – T-Mobile Poland broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 30 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 31 – Orange Poland fibre subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 32 – Length of fibre network – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 33 – Satellite broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 34 – Mobile base stations in service – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 35 – M2M SIM cards in use – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 36 – Orange M2M cards in use – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 37 – Average mobile data traffic per subscriber – 2011 – 2017
  • Table 38 – Mobile data traffic – 2008 – 2017
  • Table 39 – MMS messages sent and annual growth– 2006 – 2019
  • Table 40 – Orange dedicated mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 41 – Orange Poland mobile revenue – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 42 – T-Mobile ARPU and churn – 2009 – 2019

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2012 – 2017
  • Chart 2 – Orange Poland wholesale access lines by type – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 3 – Market share of revenue by main operator – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 4 – Market share of subscribers, Orange and altnets – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 5 – Market share of fixed-line accesses by technology – 2012 – 2017
  • Chart 6 – Orange Poland retail lines by type – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 7 – Orange Poland financial data (PLN) – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – Orange Poland financial data by type (€) – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 9 – Netia financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 10 – Netia subscribers by type – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 11 – T-Mobile Poland financial data – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 13 – Proportion of fixed-line revenue by type – 2011 – 2017
  • Chart 14 – Broadband market revenue by sector – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 15 – Proportion of broadband market revenue by sector – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 16 – Internet market share of subscribers by technology – 2013 – 2017
  • Chart 17 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 18 – Internet subscriber penetration rates – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – UPC Poland subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Cable market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 22 – Orange Poland DSL and VDSL subscribers – 2003 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – DSL market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 24 – Fibre market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 25 – Mobile market revenue and annual change– 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2019
  • Chart 27 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2017
  • Chart 28 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 – 2017
  • Chart 29 – Mobile market traffic and annual change – 2006 – 2017
  • Chart 30 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2017
  • Chart 31 – Orange Poland prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 32 – T-Mobile Poland prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 33 – Mobile data traffic – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 34 – SMS messages sent and annual growth – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – MMS messages sent and annual growth – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 36 – Mobile broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2008 – 2017
  • Chart 37 – Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 – 2019
  • Chart 38 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 39 – Roaming traffic (voice, SMS, data) – 2007 – 2017
  • Chart 40 – Orange Poland mobile and mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 41 – Orange total monthly ARPU/ARPO – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 42 – Polkomtel mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2010; 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 43 – T-Mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 44 – T-Mobile financial data – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 45 – Play mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 46 – Play financial data – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 47 – Play mobile ARPU – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 48 – Netia mobile RGUs by type – 2010 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
  • Exhibit 2 – 5G spectrum, speed and devices
  • Exhibit 3 – Key considerations for government and regulators in relation to 5G
  • Exhibit 4 – 2G spectrum awarded
  • Exhibit 5 – Play spectrum concessions – 2018

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