Hungary - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

As in many other markets in the region, in Hungary the number of fixed-lines, as also fixed-line revenue, has been affected by the changing consumer use of such services and by the trend for fixed-to-mobile substitution. Fixed-line operators have thus looked to fixed and mobile broadband services to boost revenue and have promoted bundled services offerings in a bid to attract and retain customers. Pursuing this strategy formed part of the reasoning behind Vodafone Group’s mid-2019 acquisition of UPC Hungary.

The economic crisis of a decade ago also affected telecom revenue, though recovery since 2013 has improved disposable income among consumers and so helped revitalise sector revenue. However, financial recovery among telcos has been rendered more difficult by the government’s telecom and utility taxes, as also by regulated measures on termination rates and roaming charges.

The government has struck deals with Maygar Telekom and a number of other operators under which the telcos are extending super-fast broadband access to underserved areas. For its part, the government agreed not to provide funding to competitors in specific areas where telcos undertook to provide network upgrades. Hungary now has one of the most developed telecom infrastructures in the region. Services based on 5G are anticipated shortly after the multi-spectrum auction to be held in November 2019, while the incumbent telco, which already provides a gigabit service to over a third of premises, is fast replacing its legacy copper networks with fibre.

This report provides an overview of Hungary’s telecoms market, highlighting regulatory developments, the major operators, fixed-line network infrastructure and a variety of statistics.

Key developments:

  • Amendments to Utility Tax encouraging operators to accelerate deployment of superfast broadband networks;
  • Government scraps proposed levy on internet traffic, continues with other telecom taxes;
  • Amended access regulations incorporate fibre and cable infrastructure sharing;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2019, telcos' financial and operating data for Q2 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies covered in this report include:

Magyar Telekom, Invitel, Antenna Hungaria, GTS-Datanet, B2B Europe

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Regional European market comparison

    • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market leaders
      • Market challengers
      • Market emergents
    • TMI versus GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
    • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Telecom tax
    • Internet tax
    • Utility Tax
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Unified Telecommunications Act 2001
    • Electronic Communications Act 2003
    • Regulatory authority
      • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Privatisation
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
      • Carrier selection (CS) and carrier preselection (CPS)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Magyar Telekom
      • International expansion
    • Digi Telecom/Invitel
    • Monor
    • B2B Europe
    • Antenna Hungária
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • National telecom network
      • Magyar Telekom
      • Alternative operators
    • International infrastructure
  • Wholesaling

  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Hungary – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Change in telecom services revenue by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Maygar Telecom’s telecom tax contributions – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Change in the number of fixed-numbers ported – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 5 – Fixed-voice market share of subscribers by major operator – 2011 - 2019
  • Table 6 – Fixed-voice market share by minor operator – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Change in the market share of fixed telephony connections: PSTN, VoIP, VoCATV – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Development of Magyar Telekom Group’s revenue by sector – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 9 – Development of Magyar Telekom’s financial data – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Change in the number of Magyar Telekom’s wireline subscriber base by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Change in Digi Telecom’s subscriber base by type – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 12 – Change in Digi Telecom’s financial data – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 13 – Change in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 14 – Decline in fixed-line voice traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Development of international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 16 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 17 – Historic - Fixed-line voice traffic – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 18 – Historic - Development of international internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Change in telecom services revenue by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 15 – Maygar Telecom’s telecom tax contributions – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Change in the number of fixed-numbers ported – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 17 – Change in the market share of fixed telephony connections: PSTN, VoIP, VoCATV – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Development of Magyar Telekom Group’s revenue by sector – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Development of Magyar Telekom’s domestic revenue by type – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – Change in the number of Magyar Telekom’s wireline subscriber base by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Change in Digi Telecom’s subscriber base by type – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 22 – Change in Digi Telecom’s financial data – 2016 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Change in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 24 – Decline in fixed-line voice traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Development of international internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2016

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2– Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
  • Exhibit 3 – Number portability defined
  • Exhibit 4 – Carrier selection and carrier preselection overview

Related Reports

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Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Regulations & Government Policies
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 79

Status Current

Last updated 18 Oct 2019
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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