Hungary - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Hungary’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).
Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- May 2014 (13th Edition)

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Hungary’s telcos look to expand cross-platform services

As in many other markets in the region, in Hungary the number of fixed-lines, as also fixed-line revenue, has been affected by the changing consumer use of such services and by the trend for fixed-to-mobile substitution. Fixed-line operators have thus looked to fixed-line and mobile broadband services to boost revenue. The economic crisis also affected telecom revenue, though recovery since 2013 has increased disposable income among consumers and so helped revitalise sector revenue.

In late 2015 the government struck deals with Maygar Telekom and a number of other operators under which the telcos are extending super-fast broadband access to underserved areas. These efforts are being supported by intense infrastructure-based competition in the broadband market, with the result that broadband penetration is relatively high for the region. There is an extensive cable network competing against DSL services and a vibrant and rapidly expanding fibre sector. In May 2018 Liberty Global agreed to sell its cable unit UPC Hungary to Vodafone Group, a deal which will see Vodafone Hungary improve its position in the market for bundled services.

The incumbent telco Maygar Telekom has built an extensive 1Gb/s fibre-based footprint and has also launched a 2Gb/s service. FttP and the expansion of services based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard will help drive the take-up of fixed broadband services, though from about 2023 it is anticipated that growth will slow as customers adopt voice and data services on 5G infrastructure, particularly in rural areas.

Amendments to the Utility Tax have also encouraged operators to accelerate the deployment of superfast networks (those which provide data of at least 30Mb/s). These connections accounted for more than 68% of all fixed broadband connections by mid-2018.

Hungary’s dynamic mobile market is served by three mobile network operators and a growing number of MVNOs. The bundled services operator Digi Telecommunications is building up a mobile network based on its 1800MHz and 3.4GHz concessions and has expanded into the fixed-line market through its May 2018 acquisition of Invitel.

Mobile penetration is relatively high for the region, and there remains considerable growth in mobile broadband services delivered via upgraded networks. Revenue growth is focused on mobile data as operators struggle with competition and regulated tariff reductions, as well as reduced MTRs.

Maygar Telekom is at the forefront of 5G developments, supported by the government, universities, other telcos and vendors forming the Hungarian 5G Coalition

This report provides an overview of Hungary’s telecoms market, highlighting regulatory developments, the major operators, fixed-line network infrastructure and a variety of statistics. The report also covers the mobile voice, data and broadband segments, covering the strategies of the major providers as well as regulatory measures. In addition the report reviews the fixed-line and fixed-wireless broadband markets, including market analyses, statistics and subscriber forecasts.

Key Developments

  • Maygar Telekom launches a 2Gb/s fibre service;
  • Government invests HUF150 billion in program to deliver universal 30Mb/s broadband services;
  • Vodafone Group acquires UPC Hungary from Liberty Global;
  • Digi Telecom acquires Invitel;
  • Telcos strike deal with the government to extend broadband to underserved areas;
  • Utility Tax amendments favouring superfast broadband network roll-outs;
  • FttX subscriber base broaches 668,000;
  • Regulator preps for 5G spectrum auction in Q3 2019;
  • Telenor Group sells it Hungarian business to PPF Group;
  • Maygar Telekom launches NB-IoT platform;
  • Hungarian 5G Coalition partners trial data rates at up to 22Gb/s;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2018, telcos' financial and operating data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Hungary, Maygar Telecom, UPC Hungary, Hungarotel, GTS Datanet, B2B Europe, Invitel, Antenna Hungaria

Henry Lancaster
October 2018

Table of Contents

  • Key Statistics

    • Country Overview
  • Telecommunications Market

    • Telecom Tax
    • Internet Tax
    • Utility Tax
  • Regulatory Environment

    • Historical Overview
    • Unified Telecommunications Act 2001
    • Electronic Communications Act 2003
    • Regulatory Authority
      • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Privatisation
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
      • Carrier selection (CS) and carrier preselection (CPS)
  • Fixed Network Operators

    • Introduction
    • Magyar Telekom
      • International expansion
    • Invitel
    • Monor
    • B2B Europe
    • Antenna Hungária
  • Telecommunications Infrastructure

    • National Telecom Network
      • Magyar Telekom
      • Alternative operators
    • International Infrastructure
    • Wholesaling
  • Broadband Market

    • Introduction and Statistical Overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) Networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
    • Fibre-To-The-Premises (FTTP)
    • Other Fixed Broadband Services
      • Wi-Fi
      • Satellite broadband
  • Digital Economy

    • e-Government
      • Infrastructure
    • e-Health
    • e-Commerce
    • e-Education
  • Mobile Communications

    • Market Analysis
    • Mobile Statistics
      • General statistics
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory Issues
      • GSM licences
      • 3G licence awards
      • Multi-spectrum auction
      • 900MHz spectrum
      • 450MHz spectrum
      • 3.4GHz
      • Auction – 5G
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Roaming
      • SIM card registration
    • Mobile Infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • GSM
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Major Mobile Operators
      • T-Mobile Hungary (MTel)
      • Telenor Hungary
      • Vodafone Hungary
      • MPVI Mobil
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile Content and Applications
      • m-commerce
      • m-marketing

List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Hungary – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Maygar Telecom telecom tax contributions – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Fixed-number portings – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Fixed-voice market share of subscribers by major operator – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 5 – Fixed-voice market share by minor operator – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Market share of fixed telephony by service – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Magyar Telekom Group financial data – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Magyar Telekom domestic financial data – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Magyar Telekom subscribers by sector – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Historic - Invitel financial data by sector – 2010 – 2015
  • Table 11 – Historic - Invitel financial data by sector (new format) – 2015 – 2016
  • Table 12 – Historic - Invitel subscribers – 2010 – 2016
  • Table 13 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 14 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 15 – Fixed-line voice traffic – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2016
  • Table 17 – Internet access revenue by platform – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 18 – Dial-up internet traffic – 2002 – 2015
  • Table 19 – Fixed-line broadband traffic – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 20 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rates – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 21 – Internet users and penetration rates – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 22 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 23 – Fixed broadband market share of subscribers by major operator – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 24 – Fixed broadband market share of subscribers by minor operator – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 25 – Fixed broadband lines above 30Mb/s, by platform – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 26 – Proportion of household internet connections by type – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 27 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 28 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 29 – UPC cable broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Magyar Telekom cable broadband subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 31 – Digi Telecom RGUs by service – 2017 – 2018
  • Table 32 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 33 – Magyar Telekom retail DSL subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 34 – FttX broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 35 – Magyar Telekom FttX subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 36 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 37 – Use of e-government services (proportion of internet users) – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 38 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 39 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 40 – Mobile voice market share by SIM cards – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 41 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 42 – Mobile sector revenue – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 43 – Mobile data traffic – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 44 – Historic - Total SMS and MMS messages sent – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 45 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 46 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 47 – Mobile voice traffic – 2001 – 2018
  • Table 48 – T-Mobile mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 49 – Mobile broadband revenue – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 50 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
  • Table 51 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 52 – T-Mobile subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 53 – T-Mobile revenue (€) – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 54 – T-Mobile revenue (HUF) – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 55 – T-Mobile quarterly revenue (HUF) by type – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 56 – T-Mobile blended ARPU (€) – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 57 – T-Mobile ARPU (HUF) – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 58 – Telenor subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 59 – Telenor financial data – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 60 – Telenor Monthly ARPU – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 61 – Telenor Monthly ARPU – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 62 – Vodafone Hungary subscribers – 2007 – 2018

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Magyar Telekom Group financial data – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Magyar Telekom domestic financial data – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Magyar Telekom subscribers by sector – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Invitel subscribers – 2010 – 2016
  • Chart 5 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Internet access revenue by platform – 2002 – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 9 – Mobile voice market share by SIM cards – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Mobile voice traffic – 2001 – 2018
  • Chart 11 – T-Mobile ARPU (HUF) – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 12 – Telenor mobile financial data – 2006 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
  • Exhibit 2 – Number portability defined
  • Exhibit 3 – Carrier selection and carrier preselection overview
  • Exhibit 4 – 2G spectrum awards
  • Exhibit 5 – Spectrum auction results – 2014

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