Ghana’s telecom market has undergone several changes in recent years, following the privatisation of the incumbent telco Ghana Telecom and its rebranding as Vodafone Ghana. Vodafone Ghana was recently sold to Telecel Group, which committed itself to investing in mobile infrastructure. As a result, the operator has considerably extended the reach of its LTE network, and has launched LTE-A service in major urban centres.
Two of the key players merged to form AirtelTigo in 2017, though in mid-2020 the parent companies of the operator decided to exit the market. The sale and transfer of AirtelTigo to the state was completed in November 2021, and the operator was rebranded as AT in mid-2023.
In the mobile sector, MTN Ghana remains the dominant player. This was largely the result of a 2015 spectrum auction in which MTN was the only bidder. To address this dominance, the regulator has imposed a number of measures since mid-2020 aimed at reducing the company’s market share and so improve the competitive environment. One measure includes technology neutrality affecting sub-GHz spectrum, which will enable MTN and Vodafone to expand their LTE offers, and encourage AT to launch services.
Only MTN Ghana has thus far signalled a willingness to invest in 5G. This reticence is in part due to the existing potential of LTE and LTE-A networks, which can manage anticipated data traffic growth in the short term, as also to restrictions imposed by the company’s SMP status. The government in August 2023 decided against auctioning spectrum for 5G, and instead set up a company to operate a shared mobile infrastructure which will provide access to all operators.
Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch), Telecel Group, Capital Telecom, Globacom, MainOne, VoltaCom, Phase3 Telecom, Suburban Telecom, AirtelTigo (Tigo Ghana, Airtel Ghana), MTN Ghana, Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa), Globacom (Glo Mobile), Thuraya, Network Computer Systems (NCS), InternetGhana, Africa Online, Busy Internet, Linkserve, IDN, Infinite Stream Ghana, Electricity Corporation of Ghana (ECG), Cactel Communications, O3b Networks, Internet Solutions, OneWeb.
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