Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Germany’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- November 2017 (15th Edition)

Executive Summary

Germany’s mobile network operators commit to 5G by 2020

Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, with penetration in the broadband and mobile sectors about average for the region. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland, though other notable players include freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica.

The mobile market is also the largest in Europe. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of universally available 3G infrastructure and an extensive reach of LTE networks. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates on their networks. Looking forward, there is also increasing activity in 5G, with Telekom intending to provide 5G across its networks from 2020, and Telefónica Germany also active in deploying a 5G-antenna solution.

Although the mobile market is dominated by the three MNOs Telefónica Germany, Telekom and Vodafone Germany, there is effective competition from a large number of resellers and MVNOs. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue, and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

Germany’s broadband market has been among the more progressive in the pursuit of FttP and G.fast deployments. The dominant DSL platform is led by Telekom Deutschland, which continues to invest in network upgrades with a focus on fibre and vectoring VDSL. This strategy is aimed at competing with cablcos which are themselves investing in DOCSIS3.1 technology, as also at reaching broadband targets by 2020 and the more ambitious aim of creating a gigabit Germany by 2025.

This report examines key aspects of the German telecom market, providing data on the major operators, the fixed network infrastructure and regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. The report also assesses the mobile voice and data segments, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years. In addition the report covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, including subscriber forecasts and an analysis of developments in technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband and wireless broadband.

Key developments:

  • Regulator decides on future bitstream access requirements;
  • EC calls on the regulator to reduce fixed termination rates;
  • Telekom Deutschland launches NB-IoT network;
  • Vodafone Germany increases LTE speeds to 500Mb/s;
  • Deutsche Telekom commits to 5G across its network footprint;
  • Vodafone Germany offering a 1Gb/s FttP service;
  • NetCologne invests €100 million in G.fast and FttP;
  • Tele Columbus begins rebrand as PYUR;
  • Telekom launches 1Gb/s FttP service;
  • EWE to invest more than €1 billion in fibre-based infrastructure to 2026;
  • Industry pressure to develop a gigabit society by 2025;
  • Unitymedia to launch 1Gb/s service based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard in early 2018;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2016, VATM’s market data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, freenet, BT Global Services, Tele2 Germany, Telefónica Germany, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, CallMobile, United Internet, Tiscali, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Recent developments
    • 2.2 Historical overview
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
      • 3.3.1 Privatisation
    • 3.4 Interconnect
    • 3.5 Access
    • 3.6 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.7 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Market overview
    • 4.2 Telekom Deutschland (Telekom, TD)
    • 4.3 Vodafone Germany
    • 4.4 Freenet
    • 4.5 Tele2
    • 4.6 Telefónica Germany
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 Terrestrial
      • 5.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.2.3 Satellite networks
    • 5.3 Smart infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 Smart cities
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Government support
      • 6.1.3 Government Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.4 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.5 Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 6.2.1 Cable market consolidation
      • 6.2.2 Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
      • 6.2.3 Unitymedia (Kabel BW)
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 VDSL
      • 6.3.2 Providers
      • 6.3.3 G.fast
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 6.4.1 Telekom Deutschland
      • 6.4.2 Other developments
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.5.2 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Mobile communications
    • 7.1 Market analysis
    • 7.2 Mobile statistics
      • 7.2.1 General statistics
      • 7.2.2 Operator market shares
      • 7.2.3 Mobile voice
      • 7.2.4 Mobile data services
      • 7.2.5 Mobile broadband
    • 7.3 Regulatory issues
      • 7.3.1 Regulatory authority
      • 7.3.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 7.3.3 Roaming
      • 7.3.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 7.3.5 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • 7.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Third Generation (3G) mobile
      • 7.4.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • 7.4.3 5G developments
      • 7.4.4 Internet of Things (IoT)
      • 7.4.5 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
    • 7.5 Major mobile operators
      • 7.5.1 Telekom Deutschland
      • 7.5.2 Vodafone Germany
      • 7.5.3 Telefónica Germany
      • 7.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 7.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 7.6.1 Mobile banking
      • 7.6.2 M-payments
      • 7.6.3 Mobile Cloud
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 9 – Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 10 – New entrants’ market share of revenue, investment – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 11 – New entrants’ market share of subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 12 – Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 13 – Historic - Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 14 – Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 15 – Voice traffic by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 16 – Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines – 2008 – 2017
      • Table 17 – Fixed number portings – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 18 – CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 19 – Historic - Fixed-line market revenue – 1998 - 2012
      • Table 20 – Historic - Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets – 1998 - 2012
      • Table 21 – Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 22 – Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 23 – Deutsche Telekom Group financial data – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 24 – Vodafone fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 25 – Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 26 – Freenet financial data by segment – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 27 – Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 28 – Tele2 revenue by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 29 – O2 Germany subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 30 – O2 Germany financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 31 – Fixed lines in service by type – 2002 - 2018
      • Table 32 – Fixed lines in service by type – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 33 – International internet bandwidth – 2025 - 2016
      • Table 34 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 35 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 36 – Broadband subscriber lines by type – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 37 – Broadband traffic, by year and average per connection – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 38 – Market share of broadband subscribers by major provider – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 39 – Market share of broadband subscribers by minor provider – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 40 – Broadband penetration – 2001 - 2018
      • Table 41 – Broadband penetration by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 42 – Broadband lines by data rates – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 43 – Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 44 – Share of overall fixed broadband lines by provider – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 45 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Table 46 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 47 – Vodafone KDG financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 48 – Vodafone KDG internet and telephony RGUs – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 49 – Vodafone KDG blended ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 50 – Unitymedia broadband and telephony subscribers – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 51 – Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 52 – Proportion of DSL connections by provider – 2001 - 2016
      • Table 53 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2018
      • Table 54 – DSL lines by data rates – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 55 – Proportion of DSL lines by data rates – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 56 – Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 57 – United Internet financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 58 – United Internet subscribers by type– 2010 - 2017
      • Table 59 – Vodafone fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 60 – Telefónica Germany broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2017
      • Table 61 – QSC financial data – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 62 – Households passed with fibre – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 63 – Annual net additions in FttP/B households passed and connected – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 64 – FttP/B connections by provider – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 65 – FttP/B share of connections by provider – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 66 – Telekom Deutschland fibre subscribers – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 67 – Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 68 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 69 – Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2009
      • Table 70 – Mobile market revenue – 2010 – 2017
      • Table 71 – Mobile revenue; MNOs and MVNOs – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 72 – Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2018
      • Table 73 – Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 - 2016
      • Table 74 – Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 - 2016
      • Table 75 – Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 76 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 77 – Mobile data sent – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 78 – Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 79 – SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 80 – SMS sent per day – 2005 - 2015
      • Table 81 – Mobile 3G/LTE data users – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 82 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2017
      • Table 83 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 85 – Mobile number portings – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 86 – Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 87 – Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 88 – O2 Germany M2M connections – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 89 – Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 90 – Telekom Deutschland subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table 91 – Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 92 – Vodafone Germany ARPU – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 93 – Vodafone Germany customer churn – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 94 – Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 95 – Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 96 – Vodafone Germany – financial data – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 97 – Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 98 – O2 subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 99 – O2 monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 100 – O2 mobile revenue – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 101 – O2 mobile revenue by type – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 104 – Freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 105 – Freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 106 – Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Fixed-line investments: Telekom and altnets – 2005 – 2017
      • Chart 2 – Telecom market revenue – 2002 – 2016
      • Chart 3 – Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines – 2008 – 2017
      • Chart 4 – Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue – 2009 - 2017
      • Chart 5 – Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2017
      • Chart 6 – Deutsche Telekom Group financial data – 2005 - 2017
      • Chart 7 – Freenet financial data by segment – 2005 - 2017
      • Chart 8 – Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector – 2007 – 2017
      • Chart 9 – Tele2 revenue by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 10 –O2 Germany subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 11 –O2 Germany financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 12 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 13 – Broadband subscriber lines by type – 2006 – 2017
      • Chart 14 – Broadband lines by data rates – 2005 – 2017
      • Chart 15 – Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) – 2007 – 2017
      • Chart 16 – Vodafone KDG financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Chart 17 – Vodafone KDG blended ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 18 – Unitymedia broadband and telephony subscribers – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 19 – Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 20 – Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines – 2004 - 2017
      • Chart 21 – United Internet financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 22 – United Internet subscribers by type– 2010 – 2017
      • Chart 23 – QSC financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 24 – Households passed with fibre – 2007 – 2017
      • Chart 25 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 26 – Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2018
      • Chart 27 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 28 – SMS annual message traffic – 2005 - 2017
      • Chart 29 – O2 subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2017
      • Chart 30 – O2 monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 31 – Freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 32 – Freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 33 – Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 – 2017
      • Exhibit 1 – Access and the local loop
      • Exhibit 2 – Number portability defined
      • Exhibit 3 – 3G auction results – August 2000
      • Exhibit 4 – Spectrum auction results (700MHz, 900MHz, 1.5GHz, 1.8GHz) – June 2015
      • Exhibit 5 –Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) – May 2010
      • Exhibit 6 – Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) – May 2010
      • Exhibit 7 –Spectrum auction assignments by operator (800MHz) – May 2010

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