Germany - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

The German mobile market is the largest in Europe, with the number of active subscribers at about 107.5 million as of early 2019. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of the near universally available LTE infrastructure. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates on their networks. Looking forward, considerable progress is expected in the reach and availability of services based on 5G. The regulator concluded a multi-spectrum auction in mid-2019 and although licensees have complained that the cost of their licenses could retard network build in coming years, the first commercial services have been launched.

The mobile market is dominated by the three MNOs Telefónica Germany, Telekom Deutschland and Vodafone Germany, though there is effective competition from a large number of resellers and MVNOs which together command about a quarter of the market. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, which in combination with regulated termination rates and roaming charges has resulted in lower ARPU.

This report provides key statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years, as also an assessment of recent regulatory developments and spectrum auctions.

Key developments:

  • Regulator sets reduced MTRs through to 2022;
  • Telekom Deutschland launches 5G in five cities;
  • Additional security measures applied to 5G network components;
  • Telefónica Germany expands mobile banking service;
  • Universal broadband dependant on licence conditions concerned with rural areas;
  • Telefónica Germany reports 98% LTE coverage;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2018, VATM’s 2019 market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, Telefónica Germany, Freenet, CallMobile

Table of Contents

  • Market analysis

  • Mobile statistics

    • General statistics
    • Operator market shares
  • Mobile infrastructure

    • 5G
    • 4G (LTE)
    • 3G
    • Other infrastructure developments
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
    • Mobile voice/VoLTE
    • Mobile data services
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
    • Mobile broadband
  • Regulatory issues

    • Regulatory authority
    • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 3G
      • 2.6GHz
      • Multi-spectrum auction - 2015
      • 800MHz-2.6GHz
      • 2.1GHz and 3.6GHz
    • Roaming
    • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
  • Major mobile operators

    • Telekom Deutschland
    • Vodafone Germany
    • Telefónica Germany
    • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • Drillisch
      • Freenet
  • Mobile content and applications

    • Mobile banking
    • M-payments
    • Mobile Cloud
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 2 – Development of mobile market revenue by type – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Change in the proportion of mobile market revenue share by type – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Change in mobile revenue by MNOs and MVNOs – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Decline in prepaid customer share of mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Change in mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 9 – LTE base stations in service – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Increase in the number of LTE subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 12 – Growth in the number of M2M connections – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Growth in the number of Telefónica Germany’s M2M connections – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Change in fixed and mobile daily traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Growth in mobile voice traffic – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Growth in mobile data traffic – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 17 – Change in SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 19 – Development of Telekom Deutschland’s mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 20 – Change in Telekom Deutschland’s quarterly mobile revenue – 2015 - 2019
  • Table 21 – Development of Telekom Deutschland’s subscriber base by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Change in Telekom Deutschland’s average consumer monthly churn – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 23 – Telekom Deutschland mobile ARPU (Germany) – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 24 – Development of Vodafone Germany’s mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 25 – Change in Vodafone Germany’s customer churn – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 26 – Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 27 – Change in Vodafone Germany’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Change in Vodafone Germany’s mobile service revenue – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 29 – Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 30 – Change in Telefónica Germany’s mobile subscriber base by type – 2005 - 2019
  • Table 31 – Decline in Telefónica Germany’s monthly ARPU – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 32 – Development of Telefónica Germany’s mobile revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 33 – Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 34 – Telefónica Germany quarterly mobile revenue by type – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 35 – Unitymedia mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2019
  • Table 36 – Increase in the number of Drillisch’s mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Table 37 – Development of Freenet Group’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 38 – Development of Freenet Group’s mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 39 – Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 40 – Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 41 – Historic - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 42 – Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2009
  • Table 43 – Historic - Telekom Deutschland mobile subscribers – 2001 – 2009
  • Table 44 – Historic - Vodafone Germany’s financial data – 2003 – 2013
  • Table 45 – Historic - Mobile number portings – 2009 – 2013
  • Table 46 – Historic - Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 47 – Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 48 – Historic - SMS sent per day – 2005 – 2015
  • Table 49 – Historic - Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 – 2013
  • Table 50 – Historic - Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 2 – Development of mobile market revenue by type – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Change in the proportion of mobile market revenue share by type – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Change in mobile revenue by MNOs and MVNOs – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Decline in prepaid customer share of mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Change in mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 7 – Increase in the number of LTE subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 9 – Growth in the number of Telefónica Germany’s M2M connections – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 10 – Change in fixed and mobile daily traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 11 – Growth in mobile voice traffic – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 12 – Growth in mobile data traffic – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 13 – Change in SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2018
  • Chart 14 – Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 15 – Development of Telekom Deutschland’s mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Change in Telekom Deutschland’s quarterly mobile revenue – 2015 - 2019
  • Chart 17 – Development of Telekom Deutschland’s subscriber base by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Development of Vodafone Germany’s mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Change in Vodafone Germany’s customer churn – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – Change in Vodafone Germany’s mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Change in Vodafone Germany’s mobile service revenue – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 22 – Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Change in Telefónica Germany’s mobile subscriber base by type – 2005 - 2019
  • Chart 24 – Decline in Telefónica Germany’s monthly ARPU – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Development of Telefónica Germany’s mobile revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 26 – Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 27 – Telefónica Germany quarterly mobile revenue by type – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 28 – Increase in the number of Drillisch’s mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
  • Chart 29 – Development of Freenet Group’s mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – Development of Freenet Group’s mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – 3G auction results – August 2000
  • Exhibit 2 – Spectrum auction results (700MHz, 900MHz, 1.5GHz, 1.8GHz) – June 2015
  • Exhibit 3 –Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) – May 2010
  • Exhibit 4 – Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) – May 2010
  • Exhibit 5 –Spectrum auction assignments by operator (800MHz) – May 2010

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