Germany - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

The German mobile market is the largest in Europe, with the number of active subscribers at about 109 million. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of universally available 3G infrastructure and an extensive reach of LTE networks. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates on their networks. Looking forward, there is also increasing activity in 5G, with Telekom intending to provide 5G across its networks from 2020, and Telefónica Germany also active in deploying a 5G-antenna solution.

The mobile market is dominated by the three MNOs Telefónica Germany, Telekom and Vodafone Germany, though there is effective competition from a large number of resellers and MVNOs. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

This report provides key statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years, as also an assessment of recent regulatory developments and spectrum auctions.

Key developments:

  • Regulator delays 5G spectrum auction to early 2019;
  • Telekom Deutschland launches NB-IoT network, sets up 5G NR antennae in Berlin;
  • Telefónica Germany expands mobile banking service;
  • Universal broadband dependant on licence conditions concerned with rural areas;
  • Telefónica Germany reports having over 17 million LTE customers;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2017, VATM’s 2017 market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, Telefónica Germany, Freenet, CallMobile

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market analysis
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
    • 3.2 Operator market shares
  • 4. Mobile infrastructure
    • 4.1 5G
    • 4.2 4G (LTE)
    • 4.3 3G
    • 4.4 Other infrastructure developments
      • 4.4.1 Internet of Things (IoT)
      • 4.4.2 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
    • 4.5 Mobile voice/VoLTE
    • 4.6 Mobile data services
      • 4.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
    • 4.7 Mobile broadband
  • 5. Regulatory issues
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
    • 5.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 5.2.1 3G
      • 5.2.2 2.6GHz
      • 5.2.3 Multi-spectrum auction - 2015
      • 5.2.4 800MHz-2.6GHz
    • 5.3 Roaming
    • 5.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 5.5 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
  • 6. Major mobile operators
    • 6.1 Telekom Deutschland
    • 6.2 Vodafone Germany
    • 6.3 Telefónica Germany
    • 6.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 6.4.1 Drillisch
      • 6.4.2 Freenet
  • 7. Mobile content and applications
    • 7.1 Mobile banking
    • 7.2 M-payments
    • 7.3 Mobile Cloud
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 4 – Mobile market revenue – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Mobile market revenue share by type – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Mobile revenue; MNOs and MVNOs – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 7 – Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Mobile voice traffic – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 - 2017
  • Table 10 – Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 12 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 - 2018
  • Table 13 – LTE subscribers – 2015 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 15 – Telefónica Germany M2M connections – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 16 – Mobile data sent – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 17 – Telefónica Germany mobile data traffic – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 - 2009
  • Table 19 – SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 20 – SMS sent per day – 2005 - 2015
  • Table 21 – Mobile 3G/LTE data users – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 22 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 23 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 24 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 25 – Mobile number portings – 2009 - 2013
  • Table 26 – Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 - 2013
  • Table 27 – Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 28 – Telekom Deutschland quarterly mobile financial data (Germany) – 2015 - 2018
  • Table 29 – Telekom Deutschland subscribers – 2001 - 2018
  • Table 30 – Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 31 – Telekom Deutschland mobile ARPU (Germany) – 2015 - 2018
  • Table 32 – Vodafone Germany ARPU – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 33 – Vodafone Germany customer churn – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 34 – Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 35 – Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 36 – Vodafone Germany – financial data – 2003 - 2019
  • Table 37 – Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 - 2019
  • Table 38 – Telefónica Germany subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 39 – Telefónica Germany monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 40 – Telefónica Germany mobile revenue – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 41 – Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 42 – Telefónica Germany quarterly mobile revenue by type – 2015 - 2018
  • Table 43 – Unitymedia mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 44 – Drillisch financial data – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 45 – Drillisch mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 46 – Freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 47 – Freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 48 – Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 - 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 2 – Mobile market revenue share by type – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 - 2018
  • Chart 5 – Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – SMS annual message traffic – 2005 - 2017
  • Chart 7 – Telekom Deutschland subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 9 – Telefónica Germany subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 10 – Telefónica Germany monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2018
  • Chart 11 – Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type – 2011 – 2018
  • Chart 12 – Freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Chart 13 – Freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2018
  • Chart 14 – Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 – 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – 3G auction results – August 2000
  • Exhibit 2 – Spectrum auction results (700MHz, 900MHz, 1.5GHz, 1.8GHz) – June 2015
  • Exhibit 3 –Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) – May 2010
  • Exhibit 4 – Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) – May 2010
  • Exhibit 5 –Spectrum auction assignments by operator (800MHz) – May 2010

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