France - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

France has the third largest telecoms market in Europe, worth about €31 billion annually. The incumbent telco Orange Group is one of the world’s major players with interests in markets across Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The company is embarked on its five-year ‘Essentials 2020’ program focussed on emerging markets as well as on investments in super-fast broadband and LTE infrastructure within its European footprint.

Despite market liberalisation, the company still dominates all sectors though increasing competition from a number of major players (notably Altice and Iliad) has gradually eroded this lead, prompting it to respond with a range of innovative offers and wide-ranging strategies to meet future customer needs. It is also investing in a national fibre network, largely in response to the activities of smaller players.

The mobile sector is dominated by four providers, complemented by an increasing number of MVNOs which together have a market share of around 11% of subscribers. The vibrant broadband market has seen strong growth as a result of regulatory measures promoting competitor access to exchanges through local loop unbundling, as well as to fibre infrastructure and ducts.

This report introduces the key aspects of France’s telecom market, providing updated statistics on the country’s fixed network, an analysis of operator strategies, and a review of the key regulatory issues including the status of number portability, wholesaling and carrier preselection.

Key developments:

  • Orange stops promoting PSTN products;
  • Bouygues Telecom sets up Objenious subsidiary dedicated to the Internet of Things;
  • ACE submarine cable connecting France with African markets extended;
  • Orange opens its first 400Gb/s per wavelength cable;
  • Orange sets up Orange Horizons subsidiary to exploit potential in new markets;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data updates to June 2019, operator data to Q2 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange, Iliad (Free), Altice, SFR, Numéricable

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Regional European Market Comparison

    • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • TMI versus GDP
    • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
    • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • History
    • National legal framework
    • France NumErique 2012
    • Regulatory authority
      • Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority (ARCEP)
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Privatisation of Orange Group
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Orange Group
      • Essentials 2020
    • Altice France
    • Free (Iliad)
    • Bouygues Telecom
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • National telecom network
    • International infrastructure
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
      • Cloud services
  • Smart infrastructure

    • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • Smart Cities
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - France – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Development in telecom service investment – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 3 – Change in end-user traffic volume in minutes by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Percentage change in end-user traffic by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 5 – Decline in telecom market revenue, by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 6 – Development of end-user fixed-line market revenue (telephony, broadband) – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Change in the proportion of telecom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Percentage change in end-user telecom market revenue – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 9 – End-user monthly bill by service – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Change in the number of fixed lines subscriptions by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Change in the number of unbundled and bitstream lines – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 12 – Decline in the number of Orange’s wholesale broadband lines – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 13 – Development of annual fixed number porting – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Change in the number of Orange’s customers by sector (France) – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Drop in the number of Orange’s retail voice lines – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 16 – Development of Orange Group’s financial data by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 17 – Decline in Orange’s domestic revenue – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 18 – Change in Orange’s domestic telecom capex – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 19 – Change in the number of Orange’s retail and wholesale lines – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 20 – Growth in the number of SFR Group’s subscribers by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 21 – SFR Group financial data – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 22 – Change in SFR Group’s revenue by type – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 23 – SFR Group telecom capex – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 24 – Increase in Free’s revenue by segment – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 25 – Increase in the number of Free’s subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 26 – Change in the number of Bouygues Telecom’s subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 27 – Development of Bouygues Telecom’s financial data – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Change in the number of fixed-lines in service, and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 29 – Change in the proportion of fixed lines by technology – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 30 – Development of international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 31 – Historic - Telecom service investment – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 32 – Historic - End-user fixed-line market value – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 33 – Historic - Proportion of fixed lines by technology – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 34 – Historic - International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 35 – Historic - End-user traffic volume in minutes by sector – 2002 – 2099
  • Table 36 – Historic - End-user traffic growth by sector – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 37 – Historic – Change in end-user telecom market revenue – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 38 – Historic - Fixed lines subscriptions by type – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 39 – Historic - Unbundled and bitstream lines – 2002 – 2099
  • Table 40 – Historic - Indirect fixed line connections – 2006 – 2016

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 – Europe Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 – Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 – Northern Europe –mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 – Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 – Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 – Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 – Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 – Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 – Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 – Development in telecom service investment – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 15 – Change in end-user traffic volume in minutes by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Percentage change in end-user traffic by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 17 – Decline in telecom market revenue, by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 18 – Development of end-user fixed-line market revenue (telephony, broadband) – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 19 – Change in the proportion of telecom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 20 – Change in the number of fixed lines subscriptions by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 21 – Change in the number of unbundled and bitstream lines – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 22 – Decline in the number of Orange’s wholesale broadband lines – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 23 – Development of annual fixed number porting – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 24 – Change in the number of Orange’s customers by sector (France) – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 25 – Drop in the number of Orange’s retail voice lines – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 26 – Development of Orange Group’s financial data by sector – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 27 – Decline in Orange’s domestic revenue – 2007 – 2019
  • Chart 28 – Change in the number of Orange’s retail and wholesale lines – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 29 – Growth in the number of SFR Group’s subscribers by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 30 – SFR Group financial data – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Change in SFR Group’s revenue by type – 2017 – 2019
  • Chart 32 – Increase in Free’s revenue by segment – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 33 – Increase in the number of Free’s subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 34 – Change in the number of Bouygues Telecom’s subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 35 – Development of Bouygues Telecom’s financial data – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 36 – Change in the number of fixed-lines in service, and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 37 – Change in the proportion of fixed lines by technology – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 38 – Development of international internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2016

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop

Related Reports

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Licence Information

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Regulations & Government Policies
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 102

Status Current

Last updated 25 Oct 2019
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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