Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Estonia’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- March 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Estonia auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band to prepare for 5G services

Estonia’s telecom market continues to benefit from a range of measures which have encouraged competition and enabled alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Telia. Fixed-line infrastructure upgrades have been geared to supporting bundled offerings, and this process has prompted Telia to stop services based on DSL by the end of 2020. Instead, services will be carried over the operator’s VDSL, fibre and G.fast infrastructure, supplemented by LTE and, in time, 5G in rural areas.

The country has one of the most advanced mobile markets in Europe, having benefitted from considerable investment from Telia, Elisa and Tele2. The deployment of carrier aggregation with LTE-A services has provided some of the highest data rates available in Europe. Operators are also engaged in 5G trials, with Telia endeavouring to provide commercial 5G-based services in parts of Estonia and Sweden by the end of 2018, some two years before the technology is expected to be widely available. Such an early deployment would provide the company with some influence over the technology’s standards, as well as issues including appropriate spectrum.

Estonia also has one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE options widely available. The incumbent telco Telia is the dominant provider of DSL-based services, while cable broadband is the main competing platform. Telia planned to end DSL-based services by the end of 2020, migrating customers to its G.fast and fibre networks. Elisa’s consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia’s telecom market, the performance of the key players, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. The report also reviews the mobile market, covering the major players, services offered and emerging technologies. In addition the report provides statistics and an overview of broadband market developments and trends, as well as subscriber forecasts to 2023.

Key developments:

  • Regulator auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE and 5G services;
  • Telia Estonia and Tele2 Estonia trial 5G services;
  • Telia providing fastest average mobile broadband speeds, at 75.3Mb/s download;
  • Tele2 rolls out CA LTE-A services in major cities;
  • Government commits €20 million to rural broadband program;
  • Telia Estonia planning to close DSL-based services by end-2020;
  • Estonian start-up developing Li-Wi technology;
  • Estonia develops e-residency cards;
  • Report update includes operator data to Q4 2017, Statistics Estonia data to December 2017, the regulator’s market data updates and 2016 annual report, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa (Starman), STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
    • 3.3 Telecoms sector liberalisation
    • 3.4 Privatisation
    • 3.5 Interconnect
    • 3.6 Access
    • 3.7 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 3.8 Number Portability (NP)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Overview of operators
    • 4.2 Telia (Eesti Telekom, Elion)
    • 4.3 Tele2 Estonia
    • 4.4 Elisa
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 5.1.1 Telia Estonia
      • 5.1.2 Alternative operators
      • 5.1.3 International networks
    • 5.2 Smart infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 Internet of Things (IoT)
    • 5.3 Wholesale
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.3 Forecasts – broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Wi-Fi
      • 6.5.2 Li-Fi
      • 6.5.3 WiMAX
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 Estonian Information Society Strategy
    • 7.2 Legislation
    • 7.3 E-government
      • 7.3.1 Infrastructure
      • 7.3.2 eID card
      • 7.3.3 E-Residency
      • 7.3.4 EEBone
    • 7.4 E-commerce
    • 7.5 E-education
    • 7.6 E-health
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 8.2.3 Mobile data
      • 8.2.4 Mobile broadband
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Licensing
      • 8.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MRTs)
      • 8.3.4 Roaming
      • 8.3.5 Coordination with Latvia
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Digital
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 Telia (Eesti Mobiltelefon, EMT)
      • 8.5.2 Elisa
      • 8.5.3 Tele2 Estonia
      • 8.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.6.1 Location-based services
      • 8.6.2 M-commerce
      • 8.6.3 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 7 – ICT financial statistics – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 8 – Telecoms sector revenue (kroons and €) – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 9 – ICT revenue – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 10 – Telecoms sector revenue ($) – 2000 - 2015
      • Table 11 – Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 12 – Unbundled Local Loops – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 13 – Fixed number portings – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 14 – Fixed-line voice traffic – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 15 – Telia Estonia revenue by service – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 16 – Telia Estonia financial data – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 17 – Telia Estonia subscribers by sector – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 18 – Tele2 Estonia financial data by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 19 – Tele2 Estonia subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 20 – Elisa subscribers by sector – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 21 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 22 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 23 – Fixed line voice subscribers – 2011 - 2018
      • Table 24 – Fixed line voice subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 25 – Fixed line voice revenue – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 26 –Telia PSTN/ISDN subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table 27 –International bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
      • Table 28 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 29 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 30 – Active fixed-broadband lines and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 31 – Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 32 – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 33 – Telia fixed-broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 34 – Telia fixed-broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 35 – Proportion of broadband connections by data speed – 2010 - 2015
      • Table 36 – Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services – 2013 - 2015
      • Table 37 – Forecast broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 38 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 39 – Elisa cable broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 40 – DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 41 – STV broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 42 – FttX broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
      • Table 43 – Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2018
      • Table 44 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 45 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 46 – Active prepaid and contract subscribers – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 47 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2016
      • Table 48 – Telia prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2016
      • Table 49 – Mobile services revenue by type – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 50 – Mobile voice traffic – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 51 – Mobile data traffic – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 52 – Total SMS messages sent – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 53 – Total MMS messages sent – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 54 – Mobile broadband subscribers by type – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 55 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 56 – Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed – 2013 - 2015
      • Table 57 – Mobile number portings – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 58 – Telia subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 59 – Telia blended ARPU – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 60 – Telia mobile financial data – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 61 – Elisa financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 62 – Elisa mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 63 – Elisa mobile blended ARPU – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 64 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 65 – Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 66 – Telia M2M connections – 2013 - 2016
      • Table 67 –M2M connections by operator – 2011 - 2015
      • Chart 1 – Telia Estonia revenue by service – 2005 – 2017
      • Chart 2 – Telia Estonia subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2017
      • Chart 3 – Tele2 Estonia financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 4 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2018
      • Chart 5 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
      • Chart 6 – Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
      • Chart 7 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2018
      • Chart 8 – Elisa financial data – 2008 – 2017
      • Chart 9 - Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview

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