Estonia Telecoms Market Report

Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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Publication Date: May 2024

Report Pages: 178

Estonia’s delayed 5G auction providing MNOs with 3.5GHz spectrum

Investment in Estonia’s telecom market has been focussed on fixed-line infrastructure upgrades, and the deployment of 5G services. Fixed broadband subscribers are gradually migrating from DSL to fibre, with the legacy copper being replaced.

The MNOs Telia, Elisa, and Tele2 have comprehensive LTE infrastructure in place, and have in recent years channelled investment to 5G. Several 5G trials have been undertaken in recent years, though commercial service launches have been restricted by the lack of available spectrum. The regulator began to address this in May 2022, following the award of a 3.5GHz concession to Elisa. A second licence award will allow sufficient spectrum to provide national coverage by 2022. Delays in holding this spectrum were partly the result of difficulties in providing services in areas bordering Russia.

Progressive government policies on broadband infrastructure and an active regulatory regime have also contributed to Estonia having one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, and WiMAX platforms widely available. Elisa’s consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia’s telecom market, the performance of the key operators, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. In addition, the report reviews developments in the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, as also the mobile voice and data sectors including regulatory measures and operator strategies relating to 5G.

Key developments:

  • Telia Estonia launches Smart Wi-Fi service;
  • Elisa Estonia launches a limited 5G service using newly secured 3.5GHz spectrum;
  • Government amends Electronic Communications Act to make conditions on use of technologies and equipment for telecom networks;
  • Government commits €20 million to rural broadband program;
  • Report update includes operator data to Q1 2022, Statistics Estonia data to December 2020, the regulator's market data updates and annual reports, updated telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband

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