Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Estonia’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster

Current publication date:- February 2019 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

Estonia’s telcos extend NB-IoT nationally

Estonia’s telecom market continues to benefit from a range of regulatory measures which have encouraged competition, enabling alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Telia. Fixed-line infrastructure upgrades have been geared to supporting bundled offerings, and this process has prompted Telia to stop services based on DSL by the end of 2020 and instead rely on infrastructure geared to VDSL, fibre and G.fast, supplemented by LTE in rural areas.

The country has one of the most advanced mobile markets in Europe, the result of considerable investment from the mobile network operators Telia, Elisa and Tele2. The market enjoys effective competition between these MNOs, although the MVNO sector remains underdeveloped. Operator investment in new technologies has supported the fast developing mobile broadband sector. Telia and its vendor partners launched a 5G testbed in January 2019 and the sector is expected to underpin revenue growth in coming years once services become commercially available from about 2020.

Progressive government policies on broadband infrastructure and an active regulatory regime have also contributed to Estonia having one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE platforms widely available. Elisa’s consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia’s telecom market, the performance of the key operators, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. In addition the report reviews developments in the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, as also the mobile voice and data sectors including regulatory measures and operator strategies relating to 5G.

Key developments:

  • Telia Estonia, TalTech University and Ericsson launch testbed 5G network;
  • Regulator auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE and 5G services;
  • Elisa extending LTE-A services;
  • Tele2 launches platform to manage M2M connections;
  • Telia Estonia’s Narrowband-IoT network providing national coverage;
  • Government commits €20 million to rural broadband program;
  • Telia Estonia planning to close DSL-based services by end-2020;
  • Report update includes operator data to Q4 2018, Statistics Estonia data to June 2018, the regulator's market data updates and 2017 annual report, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband

Henry Lancaster
February 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

    • Country overview
  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authorities
    • Telecoms sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnect
    • Access
    • Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • Number Portability (NP)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Overview of operators
    • Telia Estonia
    • Tele2 Estonia
    • Elisa
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
      • Telia Estonia
      • Alternative operators
      • International networks
    • Smart infrastructure
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • Wholesale
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wi-Fi
      • Li-Fi
      • WiMAX
  • Digital economy

    • Estonian Information Society Strategy
    • Legislation
    • E-government
      • Infrastructure
      • eID card
      • E-Residency
      • EEBone
    • E-commerce
    • E-education
    • E-health
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Mobile voice
    • Mobile data
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
      • Multimedia Message Service (MMS)
    • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory issues
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MRTs)
      • Roaming
      • Coordination with Latvia
    • Major mobile operators
      • Telia Estonia (Eesti Mobiltelefon, EMT)
      • Elisa
      • Tele2 Estonia
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile content and applications
      • Location-based services
      • M-commerce
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)

List of Tables

  • Table 2 – Telecom licenses by service – 2012 – 2016
  • Table 3 – Telecoms sector revenue (kroons and €) – 2008 – 2016
  • Table 4 – ICT financial statistics – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Telecoms sector revenue ($) – 2000 – 2016
  • Table 6 – Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks – 2008 – 2016
  • Table 7 – Unbundled Local Loops – 2006 – 2014
  • Table 8 – Fixed number portings – 2005 – 2016
  • Table 9 – Fixed-line subscribers by operator (TRA data) – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 10 – Fixed-lines in service by operator – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 11 – Fixed-line voice traffic – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 12 – Telia Estonia revenue by service – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Telia Estonia financial data – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 14 – Telia Estonia subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 15 – Tele2 financial data – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Tele2 Estonia financial data by sector – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 17 – Tele2 Estonia financial data – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 18 – Tele2 Estonia subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 19 – Elisa subscribers by sector – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 20 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 – 2009
  • Table 21 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 22 – Fixed line voice subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 23 – Fixed line voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 24 – Fixed line voice revenue – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 25 –Telia PSTN/ISDN subscribers – 2002 – 2016
  • Table 26 –International bandwidth – 2000 – 2016
  • Table 27 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 28 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 29 – Fixed-broadband lines and penetration – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Fixed-broadband subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 31 – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 33 – Telia fixed-broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 34 – Telia fixed-broadband ARPU – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 35 – Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 36 – Forecast broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 37 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 38 – Elisa cable broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 39 – DSL subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 40 – STV broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 41 – FttX broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 42 – Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 43 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 44 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 45 – Active prepaid and contract subscribers – 2010 – 2016
  • Table 46 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2016
  • Table 47 – Telia prepaid subscribers – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 48 – Mobile services revenue by type – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 49 – Mobile revenue (subscription, data) – 2014 – 2016
  • Table 50 – M2M connections – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 51 – Mobile voice traffic – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 52 – Mobile data traffic – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 53 – Total SMS messages sent – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 54 – Total MMS messages sent – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 55 – Mobile broadband subscribers by type – 2006 – 2016
  • Table 56 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 57 – Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed – 2013 – 2016
  • Table 58 – Mobile data revenue – 2011 – 2016
  • Table 59 – Mobile number portings – 2005 – 2016
  • Table 60 – Telia subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 61 – Telia blended ARPU – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 62 – Telia mobile financial data – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 63 – Elisa financial data – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 64 – Elisa mobile subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 65 – Elisa mobile blended ARPU – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 66 – Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 67 – Telia M2M connections – 2014 – 2018

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Telia Estonia revenue by service – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Telia Estonia subscribers by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 3 –Tele2 financial data – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration – 2004 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services – 2011 – 2016
  • Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Mobile services revenue by type – 2011 – 2016
  • Chart 11 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 12 – Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed – 2013 – 2016
  • Chart 13 – Elisa financial data – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 14 – Elisa mobile subscribers – 2008 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview

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