Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Burkina Faso makes further efforts to end mobile roaming charges

The telecom sector in Burkina Faso continues to be stymied by slow regulatory procedures and insufficient mobile spectrum, compounded by the poor condition of fixed-line networks which has held back the development of fixed-line internet services and rendered such services among the most expensive globally. The fixed-line incumbent Onatel is now 61%-owned by Maroc Telecom. It operates the country’s fixed-line network as well as one of the three mobile networks, Telmob.

Mobile telephony has experienced strong growth since competition was introduced in 2000. There has been some fluidity in ownership, with Zain having been acquired by Bharti Airtel before being sold on to Orange Group in 2016. Although market penetration remains below the African average, is continues to grow steadily.

Onatel’s FasoNet is the country’s leading internet service provider, offering DSL and EV-DO services. Internet penetration is extremely low, exacerbated by the high cost of connectivity despite price cuts introduced since 2011 in the wake of improved international bandwidth via fibre links through adjacent countries. These links provide access to the region’s international submarine cables. Although about 50 ISPs have been licensed, only three compete with FasoNet, and collectively these have fewer than 1,000 subscribers.

As a result of poor fixed-line infrastructure the mobile operators have become significant players in the internet sector, accounting for most connections.

Key developments:

  • Burkina Faso joins G5 Sahel countries to eliminate roaming fees by 2019;
  • Maroc Telecom increases its stake in Onatel to 61%;
  • Government prepares to amend legislation to improve regulations and the legal framework governing the telecom sector;
  • SES Networks renews contract to provide satellite services for government agencies;
  • Government proposes technology-neutral licences to boost mobile broadband connectivity;
  • Huawei starts phase one of a new national fibre backbone project;
  • Government progresses with XOF23.6 billion project to provide metropolitan fibre-optic infrastructure;
  • Vodafone Wholesale and Huawei complete cable to Ghanaian border;
  • International internet bandwidth increases to 17.7Gb/s;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s annual reports and market statistical data to 2017, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Onatel, Telmob, Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel), Orange Burkina Faso, Moov (Telecel, Etisalat), FasoNet, ZCP, Delgi, Cenatrin, CFAO Technologies, River Telecom, Net Access, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historic background
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 ARCEP (formerly Artel)
    • 5.3 NICI development plan
    • 5.4 Market liberalisation
      • 5.4.1 Second fixed-line and fourth mobile licence
    • 5.5 Universal Service Fund
  • 6. Fixed-network operators
    • 6.1 Onatel
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 7.1.1 National telecom network
      • 7.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL), CDMA2000 1x
      • 7.1.3 National fibre backbone
      • 7.1.4 Cloud-based services
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Public Internet access locations
    • 8.4 Other ISPs
    • 8.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.5.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 8.6 Other fixed broadband services
      • 8.6.1 WiMAX
      • 8.6.2 Broadband via satellite
  • 9. Digital economy
    • 9.1 E-government
    • 9.2 E-education
  • 10. Mobile market
    • 10.1 Market analysis
      • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 10.1.2 Mobile data
      • 10.1.3 Mobile broadband
      • 10.1.4 Regulatory measures
    • 10.2 Major mobile operators
      • 10.2.1 Orange Burkina Faso (formerly Airtel, Zain, Celtel)
      • 10.2.2 Telmob (Onatel)
      • 10.2.3 Moov (Telecel)
    • 10.3 Mobile infrastructure
      • 10.3.1 3G
      • 10.3.2 Other infrastructure developments
    • 10.4 Mobile content and applications
      • 10.4.1 m-payment
      • 10.4.2 m-health
  • 11. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Burkina Faso – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – ICT parameters by service – 2004 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Onatel subscribers by service – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 4 – Historic - Onatel financial data – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 5 – Fixed-line market revenue, investment – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 6 – Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 7 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2019
  • Table 8 – Historic - CDMA lines in service – 2009 - 2014
  • Table 9 – CDMA subscribers – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 10 – Burkina Faso's international internet bandwidth – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 12 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 13 – Fixed internet subscribers – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 15 – Public telecentres – 2009 - 2017
  • Table 16 – DSL subscribers – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 17 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
  • Table 18 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 19 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 20 – Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 21 – Mobile market revenue, investment – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 22 – SMS traffic – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 24 – Mobile internet subscribers – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 25 – Orange Burkina Faso mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 26 – Orange Burkina Faso financial data – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 27 – Onatel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 28 – Onatel revenue – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 29 – Historic - Onatel annualised ARPU – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 30 – Historic – Telecel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2010
  • Chart 1 – Onatel subscribers by service – 2010 - 2018
  • Chart 2 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 5 – Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 – 2017
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Burkina Faso

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