Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Burkina Faso government launches metropolitan fibre network project

The telecom sector in Burkina Faso continues to be stymied by slow regulatory procedures and insufficient mobile spectrum, compounded by the poor condition of fixed-line networks which has held back the development of fixed-line internet services. The fixed-line incumbent Onatel is now majority-owned by Maroc Telecom. It operates the country’s fixed-line network as well as one of the three mobile networks, Telmob.

Mobile telephony has experienced strong growth since competition was introduced in 2000. There has been some fluidity in ownership, with Zain having been acquired by Bharti Airtel before being sold on to Orange Group in 2016, and with Telecel becoming part of Marco Telecom and being rebranded as Moov. Although market penetration remains below the African average, is continues to grow steadily.

Onatel’s FasoNet is the country’s leading internet service provider, offering DSL and EV-DO services. Internet penetration is extremely low, exacerbated by the high cost of connectivity despite price cuts introduced since 2011 in the wake of improved international bandwidth via fibre links through adjacent countries. These links provide access to the region’s international submarine cables. Although about 50 ISPs have been licensed, only three compete with FasoNet, and collectively these have fewer than 1,000 subscribers.

As a result of poor fixed-line infrastructure the mobile operators have become significant players in the internet sector, accounting for most connections.

Key developments:

ECOWAS mobile roaming agreement comes into play; government launches XOF23.6 billion project to provide metropolitan fibre-optic infrastructure; Vodafone Wholesale and Huawei complete cable to Ghanaian border; Orange Burkina Faso completes rebranding exercise; G-Cloud project aiming to connect more than 400 institutions in all 13 regions; government contracts Alcatel-Lucent to provide cloud networking technology facilitating digital public services; international internet bandwidth increases to 7.2Gb/s; report includes the regulator’s annual reports and market statistical updates to March 2017, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Onatel, Telmob, Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel), Orange Burkina Faso, Moov (Telecel, Etisalat), FasoNet, ZCP, Delgi, Cenatrin, CFAO Technologies, River Telecom, Net Access, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historic background
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 ARCEP (formerly Artel)
    • 5.3 NICI development plan
    • 5.4 Market liberalisation
      • 5.4.1 Second fixed-line and fourth mobile licence
    • 5.5 Universal Service Fund
  • 6. Fixed-network operators
    • 6.1 Onatel
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 7.1.1 National telecom network
      • 7.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL), CDMA2000 1x
      • 7.1.3 National fibre backbone
      • 7.1.4 Cloud-based services
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Public Internet access locations
    • 8.4 Other ISPs
    • 8.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
        • 8.5.1 Other fixed broadband services
      • 8.6 Broadband via satellite
    • 9. Digital media
      • 9.1 E-government
      • 9.2 E-education
      • 9.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
    • 10. Mobile market
      • 10.1 Market analysis
        • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
        • 10.1.2 Mobile data
        • 10.1.3 Mobile broadband
        • 10.1.4 Regulatory measures
      • 10.2 Major mobile operators
        • 10.2.1 Orange Burkina Faso (formerly Airtel, Zain, Celtel)
        • 10.2.2 Telmob (Onatel)
        • 10.2.3 Moov
      • 10.3 Mobile infrastructure
        • 10.3.1 Third generation (3G)
        • 10.3.2 Other infrastructure developments
      • 10.4 Mobile content and applications
        • 10.4.1 m-payment
        • 10.4.2 m-health
    • 11. Related reports
    • Table 1 – Country statistics Burkina Faso – 2016 (e)
    • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2017
    • Table 4 – Internet and social media user statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
    • Table 7 – ICT parameters by service – 2004 - 2018
    • Table 8 – Onatel subscribers by service – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 9 – Onatel financial data – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 10 – Fixed-line market revenue, investment – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 11 – Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 12 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 13 – CDMA lines in service – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 14 – CDMA subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Burkina Faso's international internet bandwidth – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 16 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 17 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 18 – Fixed-line internet subscribers – 2009 – 2018
    • Table 19 – Public telecentres – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 20 – FasoNet (Onatel) internet subscribers – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 21 –Onatel DSL subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 22 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 23 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 24 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 25 – Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 26 – Mobile market revenue, investment – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 27 – SMS traffic – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 28 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 29 – Mobile internet subscribers – 2011 - 2014
    • Table 30 – Orange Burkina Faso mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 31 – Onatel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 32 – Onatel revenue – 2011 - 2014
    • Table 33 – Onatel annualised ARPU – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 34 – Historic - Moov mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2010
    • Chart 1 – Onatel subscribers by service – 2010 - 2017
    • Chart 2 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 3 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
    • Exhibit 1 – Map of Burkina Faso

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