Bulgaria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Bulgaria’s telecoms market in recent years has been affected by the country’s difficult macroeconomic climate, as well as relatively high unemployment and a shrinking population. These factors have contributed to steadily declining revenue across the sector since 2008. Consumers continue to migrate from fixed-line voice telephony to mobile and VoIP alternatives, while there is increasing pressure on SMS and MMS services from the growing use of alternative OTT messaging services. Mobile network operators are also faced with reduced roaming revenue following the decision by the European Commission, which became effective from June 2017, to bring international roaming rates in line with domestic rates. In addition, the preference among consumers for bundled services has reduced revenue from stand-alone offers. Nevertheless, there are considerable opportunities for telcos to develop these bundled packages, not least of which is the higher retention rate among subscribers.

The telecom sector has benefitted from Bulgaria’s adoption of EU regulatory measures, which has encouraged investment in the sector from other telcos as well as private equity firms. The incumbent Vivacom has been privatised, and the government no longer holds the ‘golden share’ which had enabled it to veto certain key decisions. Although the liberalised market has attracted new market entrants, Vivacom remains the dominant player.

This report provides an overview of Bulgaria’s fixed-line telecom market, including data on regulatory developments, the strategies and performances of the major operators and an assessment of the evolution of fixed-line networks.

Key developments:

  • Telenor Group sells in business in Bulgaria to the PPF Group;
  • Regulator introduces IP interconnection; signs MoU with Montenegrin telecom regulator to cooperate on reducing cost of telecom services;
  • Amended Electronic Communications Act focused on enhancing regulator’s powers;
  • Vestitel begins building second Greece-Bulgaria fibre link;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vivacom, Orbitel, Vestitel, A1 Bulgaria (MobilTel).

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historical overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnect
      • Access
    • Number Portability (NP)
    • Carrier selection/Carrier PreSelection
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Vivacom/Bulgarian Telecommunications Company (BTC)
    • A1 Bulgaria
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • International networks
  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Bulgaria – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telecom sector investment – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 3 – Investment in NGA – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 4 – Telecom sector revenue, annual change – 2006 – 2017
  • Table 5 – Telecom sector revenue by service – 2008 – 2017
  • Table 6 – Proportion of telecom sector revenue by service – 2011 – 2017
  • Table 7 – Share of fixed-voice revenue by type – 2011 – 2017
  • Table 8 – Cumulative fixed number portings – 2009 – 2016
  • Table 9 – Vivacom financial data – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Vivacom financial data by sector – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 11 – Vivacom subscribers by sector – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Vivacom pay TV and IPTV subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 13 – A1 Bulgaria fixed-telephony and broadband RGUs – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 14 – A1 Bulgaria fixed access lines – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 15 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 16 – International bandwidth – 2000 – 2016

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Telecom sector revenue by service – 2008 – 2017
  • Chart 2 – Proportion of telecom sector revenue by service – 2011 – 2017
  • Chart 3 – Vivacom financial data – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Vivacom financial data by sector – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 5 – Vivacom subscribers by sector – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview

Related Reports

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Licence Information

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Regulations & Government Policies
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 40

Status Current

Last updated 21 Sep 2018
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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