Africa - Convergence of Telecommunications and Digital Media

Publication Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the convergence of telecommunications with digital media in 35 African countries. Subjects covered include:

  • Next generation networks (NGN);
  • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP);
  • IPTV, triple play;
  • Mobile TV;
  • e-commerce;
  • e-government;
  • e-health;
  • e-education;
  • Online and mobile advertising;
  • Online social media.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Researcher:- Peter Lange
Current publication date:- September 2010 (5th Edition)
Next publication date:- October 2011

Executive Summary

Broadband infrastructure improvements enable advanced services and applications

The use of digital media is still in its infancy in Africa while suitable broadband infrastructure on the continent is evolving. However, significant improvements in national and international fibre infrastructure and the emergence of wireless broadband access and third-generation (3G) mobile systems in recent years are now bringing the Internet to a wider part of the continent’s close to one billion population, and this is opening the way to advanced online applications and services and a convergence of telecommunications with digital media.

Requiring relatively little bandwidth, VoIP Internet telephony was the first application in this converging environment. Beginning in 2004, its use has been liberalised in many key markets in Africa but remains restricted in others. IPTV services have emerged since 2006 and now exist in at least eight African countries. With mobile penetration above 50% across the continent in 2010 and near or above 100% in key markets, mobile TV services are also available in a number of countries.

Besides communication, information and entertainment, the Internet also holds the potential to bring vast improvements in other key areas where Africa lags behind most of the rest of the world: governance, trade, health and access to education. Besides some Indian Ocean island nations, the relatively wealthy North African countries are the most advanced in the areas of e-government, e-health and e-education, but there are also some notable initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa. E-commerce and m-commerce applications are enabling African businesses to compete more effectively in the global marketplace.

South Africa is the leading market on the continent where digital media have reached a level of development to foster an associated advertising and marketing industry. The country is also making a significant contribution globally towards the growth of social networking portals. It has more Twitter users than countries like Japan, China, Spain and the Netherlands, and the number of South African Facebook users is more than doubling every year, making South Africa one of the fastest growing markets worldwide.

Market highlights:

  • Next generation network (NGN) developments per country;
  • Status of VoIP and e-services per country;
  • Profiles of market players;
  • IPTV and triple play services and pricing;
  • e-commerce, e-government, e-health and e-education initiatives per country.

Top ten African Internet user communities – early-2010

Country

Internet users (million)

Market penetration

Nigeria

44.0

28%

Egypt

16.6

20%

Morocco

10.3

32%

Algeria

4.7

14%

South Africa

4.4

9%

Sudan

4.2

10%

Kenya

4.0

10%

Tunisia

3.5

34%

Uganda

3.2

10%

Zimbabwe

1.4

11%

(Source: BuddeComm based on ITU data)

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Algeria
    • 1.1 Convergence
      • 1.1.1 VoIP
      • 1.1.2 Triple Play
    • 1.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 1.2.1 E-services
  • 2. Angola
    • 2.1 Convergence
      • 2.1.1 VoIP telephony
      • 2.1.2 Broadband over Cable TV (CATV)
      • 2.1.3 Triple play
    • 2.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 2.2.1 E-government
  • 3. Benin
    • 3.1 VoIP
  • 4. Botswana
    • 4.1 Convergence
      • 4.1.1 VoIP
      • 4.1.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 4.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 4.2.1 E-health, E-learning
  • 5.
  • 6. Burkina Faso
    • 6.1 E-government
  • 7. Cameroon
    • 7.1 VoIP
  • 8. Chad
    • 8.1 VoIP
  • 9. Cote d’Ivoire
    • 9.1 Convergence
      • 9.1.1 VoIP
    • 9.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 9.2.1 E-Commerce
  • 10. Egypt
    • 10.1 Convergence
      • 10.1.1 VoIP telephony
      • 10.1.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 10.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 10.2.1 IPTV
      • 10.2.2 Mobile TV
      • 10.2.3 E-commerce
      • 10.2.4 Information Highway Project
      • 10.2.5 E-government
      • 10.2.6 E-learning
      • 10.2.7 E-schools
      • 10.2.8 GLORIAD (Academic sector)
  • 11. Ethiopia
    • 11.1 Convergence
      • 11.1.1 VoIP grey market
    • 11.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 11.2.1 E-learning
  • 12. Gabon
    • 12.1 VoIP
  • 13. Gambia
    • 13.1 Convergence
      • 13.1.1 VoIP telephony
      • 13.1.2 Triple play
    • 13.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 13.2.1 E-Government
  • 14. Ghana
    • 14.1 Convergence
      • 14.1.1 VoIP telephony
    • 14.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 14.2.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
      • 14.2.2 Mobile TV
      • 14.2.3 E-Commerce
      • 14.2.4 E-Government, e-Ghana project
      • 14.2.5 E-Learning
      • 14.2.6 Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
  • 15. Guinea
    • 15.1 VoIP
  • 16. Kenya
    • 16.1 Convergence
      • 16.1.1 VoIP telephony
    • 16.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 16.2.1 IPTV, triple-play
      • 16.2.2 Internet TV
      • 16.2.3 Digital TV
      • 16.2.4 Mobile TV
      • 16.2.5 E-learning
      • 16.2.6 E-commerce
      • 16.2.7 E-government
  • 17. Liberia
    • 17.1 Internet banking
  • 18. Libya
    • 18.1 Convergence
      • 18.1.1 VoIP
      • 18.1.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 18.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 18.2.1 Mobile TV
  • 19. Madagascar
    • 19.1 VoIP
  • 20. Malawi
    • 20.1 VoIP
  • 21. Mali
    • 21.1 Convergence
      • 21.1.1 VoIP telephony
    • 21.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 21.2.1 E-health
      • 21.2.2 Tele-education
  • 22. Mauritius
    • 22.1 Convergence
      • 22.1.1 VoIP
    • 22.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 22.2.1 NetTV
      • 22.2.2 IPTV, Triple Play (My.T)
      • 22.2.3 Mobile TV
      • 22.2.4 E-government
  • 23. Morocco
    • 23.1 Convergence
      • 23.1.1 VoIP telephony
    • 23.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 23.2.1 E-commerce
      • 23.2.2 E-learning
      • 23.2.3 IPTV, triple-play
      • 23.2.4 Mobile TV
  • 24. Mozambique
    • 24.1 E-government
  • 25. Namibia
    • 25.1 Convergence
      • 25.1.1 VoIP
      • 25.1.2 Next-generation networks (NGN)
    • 25.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 25.2.1 E-commerce
      • 25.2.2 E-government
      • 25.2.3 Mobile TV
  • 26. Nigeria
    • 26.1 Convergence
      • 26.1.1 VoIP
      • 26.1.2 Next generation networks (NGN), Triple-play
    • 26.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 26.2.1 Internet TV
      • 26.2.2 Cable TV
      • 26.2.3 Mobile TV
      • 26.2.4 E-services
  • 27. Rwanda
    • 27.1 Convergence
      • 27.1.1 VoIP
    • 27.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 27.2.1 E-government
      • 27.2.2 E-health
      • 27.2.3 E-learning
  • 28. Senegal
    • 28.1 Convergence
      • 28.1.1 VoIP
    • 28.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 28.2.1 Broadband television (IPTV), triple play
      • 28.2.2 E-health
      • 28.2.3 E-government
      • 28.2.4 Smart grids, Broadband over Powerlines (BPL, PLC)
  • 29. Sierra Leone
    • 29.1 VoIP
  • 30. South Africa
    • 30.1 Convergence
      • 30.1.1 VoIP
    • 30.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
      • 30.2.1 Telkom SA
      • 30.2.2 Neotel
      • 30.2.3 Transtel
      • 30.2.4 Eskom
      • 30.2.5 SITA
    • 30.3 Digital media
      • 30.3.1 IPTV, Triple Play
      • 30.3.2 Broadcasting licences 2007
      • 30.3.3 Broadcast signal distributors
      • 30.3.4 Digital TV
      • 30.3.5 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
      • 30.3.6 Personal video recorders (PVR)
      • 30.3.7 Interactive TV (iTV)
      • 30.3.8 Online retail
      • 30.3.9 Online advertising
      • 30.3.10 Online media
      • 30.3.11 Social media
      • 30.3.12 Mobizines
      • 30.3.13 User Generated Content (UGC)
      • 30.3.14 Search engines
    • 30.4 Digital economy
      • 30.4.1 E-learning
      • 30.4.2 E-banking
      • 30.4.3 Mobile banking (m-banking)
      • 30.4.4 Electronic funds transfer at point of sale (EFTPOS)
      • 30.4.5 Online gambling
  • 31. Sudan
    • 31.1 VoIP
  • 32. Tanzania
    • 32.1 Convergence
      • 32.1.1 VoIP
    • 32.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 32.2.1 E-health
      • 32.2.2 E-learning
  • 33. Tunisia
    • 33.1 Convergence
      • 33.1.1 VoIP
    • 33.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 33.2.1 E-commerce
      • 33.2.2 E-government
  • 34. Uganda
    • 34.1 Convergence
      • 34.1.1 VoIP
      • 34.1.2 Next generation Networks (NGN)
      • 34.1.3 Broadband over powerlines (BPL)
    • 34.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 34.2.1 Overview of the broadcasting market
      • 34.2.2 Digital TV
      • 34.2.3 E-services
  • 35. Zambia
    • 35.1 Convergence
      • 35.1.1 VoIP
    • 35.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 35.2.1 E-learning
  • 36. Zimbabwe
    • 36.1 Convergence
      • 36.1.1 VoIP
    • 36.2 Digital media/digital economy
      • 36.2.1 E-commerce
  • 37. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – TV Cabo cable broadband pricing – 2009
  • Table 2 – My.T triple play pricing – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 3 – Online advertising revenue and annual change in South Africa – 2003; 2006 - 2009

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Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Broadcasting
Digital Media
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 98

Status Archived

Last updated 8 Sep 2010
Update History

Analyst: Peter Lange

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