2016 Finland - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- November 2016 (15th Edition)

Executive Summary

Finland’s telcos prepare for 700MHz spectrum auction

Finland’s telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with considerable emphasis by both the regulator and operators to test-bed technologies, particularly in the mobile sector. The regulator has been quick to provide additional spectrum for telecom services, with spectrum in the 800MHz already available for LTE use and with a multi-band auction planned to be held by the end of 2016. Supported by these spectrum allocations the country enjoys among the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region. Digital media developments have also progressed well since broadcasting services became entirely digital in early 2008, ahead of most other European countries.

Finland’s high broadband penetration has also resulted from astute regulatory measures which have encouraged market competition, as well as a population keen to adopt internet services and their delivery through fixed-line and mobile technologies. The government has set an ambitious target to deliver 100Mb/s to all premises and by mid-2016 more than half of all households were able to access a 100Mb/s service. The incumbent, Telia, remains the dominant player in the declining DSL sector, while there is also a vibrant cable network presence in urban areas, as well as a strengthening fibre sector.

Finland retains one of most advanced mobile markets in Europe. The country was the first to deploy 3G using 900MHz spectrum. The Finnish vendor Nokia Networks is involved in developing 5G technologies, which are expected to be trialled in 2017. Growth in the number of mobile subscribers has stalled, in line with the high penetration, while the market has shifted to mobile data and mobile broadband. Market competition has helped keep mobile call charges among the lowest among EU member states. Regulated tariffs and termination rates have also put revenue pressure on MNOs.

This report assesses a number of key aspects of the Finnish telecom market, providing data on the fixed network services sector together with an overview of important regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The major operators are profiled, while the telecoms infrastructure and fixed telephony services are also assesses. The report also provides statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including a snapshot of the consumer market, the growth of mobile data services and the development of emerging technologies and networks such as HSPA, LTE and 5G. In addition the report profiles Finland’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite. It also provides broadband forecasts to 2021.

Key developments:

  • Regulator sets new connection and line rental pricing;
  • Nordic regulators agree to closer co-operation for regional markets;
  • Cinia Group to build a 685-mile submarine cable linking Finland with Germany;
  • Fixed-voice subscriptions continue to fall;
  • DNA contracts Teleste to provide DOCSIS3.1 equipment;
  • Telia trials G.fast technology in Helsinki with Huawei;
  • DSL subscriber base shrinks as customers migrate to fibre infrastructure;
  • Regulator providing €7 million funding for rural broadband projects;
  • 100Mb/s broadband service available to more than half of all households;
  • DNA launches 1Gb/s broadband service;
  • Regulator preps for 700MHz auction by end-2016;
  • Telia expands LTE-A footprint;
  • DNA launches Finland’s first 600Mb/s mobile broadband offer;
  • Ukko Mobile contracts Huawei to develop an LTE450 network;
  • Elisa claims 1.9Gb/s download on its LTE network;
  • Nokia developing 5G data network;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data update to June 2016, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q3 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2, DNA, Digita, Helsinki Television, Sonera Cable, Canal+, Yleisradio.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
      • 3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • 3.1.2 Revised NFR
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
    • 3.4 Interconnect
    • 3.5 Access
    • 3.6 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.7 Carrier preselection (CPS)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Telia
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
    • 5.4 Smart metering
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.3 Universal Service
      • 6.1.4 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.5 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 6.2.1 DNA
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
      • 6.3.2 G.fast
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.5.2 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Business models – bundled services
    • 7.3 Digital TV
      • 7.3.1 Overview
      • 7.3.2 National licences
      • 7.3.3 Regional licences
      • 7.3.4 Digital dividend
      • 7.3.5 Videostreaming
      • 7.3.6 Cable TV
      • 7.3.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
      • 7.3.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 7.3.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.3.10 Interactive TV (iTV)
      • 7.3.11 Communications: VoIP, messaging, conferencing
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Operator market shares
      • 8.2.3 Mobile data
      • 8.2.4 Mobile broadband
      • 8.2.5 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.3.2 Roaming
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 8.3.5 Network sharing
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Digital networks
      • 8.4.2 5G developments
      • 8.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
      • 8.4.4 Machine-to-Machine (M2)
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 Telia
      • 8.5.2 DNA
      • 8.5.3 Elisa
      • 8.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.6.1 Location based services
      • 8.6.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.6.3 TETRA
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2015
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 8 – ARPU by sector – 2010 – 2015
      • Table 9 – Total telecom revenue – 2003 – 2015
      • Table 10 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2015
      • Table 11 – Market share telecom revenue by operator – 2012 – 2015
      • Table 12 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 13 – Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 14 – Telecom revenue share by operator – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 15 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 16 – Telephony service price level change by sector – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 17 – Telia LLU accesses – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 18 – Average LLU access pricing - copper – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 19 – Average LLU access pricing - fibre – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 20 – Fixed-line operators’ market share of subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 21 – Fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 22 – Telia (Finland) revenue, EBITDA – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 23 – Telia (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 24 – Telia (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2016
      • Table 25 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 26 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 27 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 28 – Elisa Group revenue by sector – 2004 – 2016
      • Table 29 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 30 – Historic - TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 31 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 32 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 33 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 34 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 35 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 36 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 37 – Broadband connections by data rate – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 38 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 39 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 40 – Fixed broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 41 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table 42 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 43 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 44 – Telia internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2016
      • Table 45 – Telia broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 46 – Forecast broadband delivery by technology – 2015
      • Table 47 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 48 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 49 – Household TV reception by device – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 50 – TV and radio revenue – 2003 – 2015
      • Table 51 – IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 52 – Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 53 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 20105 - 2017
      • Table 54 – Sonera Cable TV subscribers – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 55 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 56 – DNA cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 57 – Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 58 – Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 2010 - 2015
      • Table 59 – Mobile network revenue – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 60 – Mobile network investment – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 61 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
      • Table 62 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 63 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 64 – Relative change to mobile traffic in minutes – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 65 – Average mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 66 – Active prepaid subscribers – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 67 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 68 – Mobile data traffic – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 69 – Annual growth in mobile data sent – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 70 – Mobile data subscriptions by type – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 71 – Proportion of mobile data subscriptions by speed (Mb/s) – 2014 - 2016
      • Table 72 – Historic - SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 73 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 74 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 75 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 76 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table 77 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
      • Table 78 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 79 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 - 2014
      • Table 80 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 81 – M2M connections – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 82 – Telia Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 83 – Telia Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 84 – Telia Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2016
      • Table 85 – DNA annualised monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 86 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 87 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 88 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 89 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 90 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2016
      • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2015
      • Chart 2 – Fixed-line operators’ market share of subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Chart 3 – Telia (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2016
      • Chart 4 – Telia (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2016
      • Chart 5 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Chart 6 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2016
      • Chart 7 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2016
      • Chart 8 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2016
      • Chart 9 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2016
      • Chart 10 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Chart 11 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2017
      • Chart 12 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2003 - 2017
      • Chart 13 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2017
      • Chart 14 – Broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2016
      • Chart 15 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2017
      • Chart 16 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2017
      • Chart 17 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 18 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Chart 19 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Chart 20 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2016
      • Chart 21 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2016
      • Exhibit 1 – EU –NRF
      • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
      • Exhibit 3 – Overview of digital media
      • Exhibit 4 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
      • Exhibit 5 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland

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