2015 Finland - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Mobile subscriber and ARPU forecasts;
  • Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2020.
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- November 2015 (14th Edition)

Executive Summary

Finland’s Broadband 2015 program on track to ensure comprehensive 100Mb/s services

Finland’s telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with considerable emphasis by both the regulator and operators to test-bed technologies, particularly in the mobile sector. As a result the country enjoys one of the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region. New developments in G.fast and 5G technologies suggest that consumers will remain at the forefront of emerging technologies in coming years.

The country’s high broadband penetration has resulted from astute regulatory measures which have encouraged market competition. The government has set in train an ambitious target to deliver 100Mb/s to all premises, principally through fibre networks supported by subsidies through its Broadband 2015 program, but also with LTE in certain remoter areas. Recent spectrum auctions ensure that most of the population can now benefit from commercial LTE services.

Although growth in the number of mobile subscribers has stalled, in line with high mobile penetration, the market has shifted to mobile data and mobile broadband. Market competition has helped keep mobile call charges among the lowest within the European Union, while regulated tariffs and termination rates have also put revenue pressure on MNOs.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Finnish telecom market, providing data on the fixed network services sector together with an overview of key regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The major operators are profiled, while the telecoms infrastructure and fixed telephony services are also reviewed. The report also profiles Finland’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, and assesses developments in technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite. It also provides statistics and research on the mobile market, including key regulatory issues, a snapshot of the consumer market, the growth of mobile data services and the development of emerging technologies and networks such as HSPA, LTE and 5G.

Key developments:

  • DNA upgrades broadband network to 200Mb/s;
  • TeliaSonera trials G.fast technology in Helsinki; DSL subscriber base shrinks as customers migrate to fibre infrastructure;
  • Mobile broadband accounting for over half of all broadband subscribers;
  • TeliaSonera launches commercial LTE-A services;
  • TeliaSonera and DNA make progress with joint mobile network to deliver services in Northern and Eastern Finland;
  • Nokia develops trial 5G data network;
  • MTRs reduced, effective to November 2015;
  • Regulator sets new connection and line rental pricing;
  • Nordic regulators agree to closer co-operation for regional markets;
  • Government legislates Information Society Code;
  • Cinia Group announces plans to build 685-mile submarine cable linking Finland with Germany;
  • Report update includes regulator’s market data update to June 2015; telcos’ financial and operating data to Q2 2015; recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Helsinki Television, Sonera Cable, Canal+, Elisa, DNA, Yleisradio, TeliaSonera, Finnet Group, TDC Finland, Tele2.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
      • 3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • 3.1.2 Revised NFR
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
    • 3.4 Interconnect
    • 3.5 Access
    • 3.6 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.7 Carrier preselection (CPS)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 TeliaSonera
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
    • 5.4 Smart metering
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.3 Universal Service
      • 6.1.4 Broadband statistics
    • 6.2 Forecasts – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2015; 2017; 2020
      • 6.2.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
      • 6.2.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
    • 6.3 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 6.3.1 DNA
    • 6.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.4.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
      • 6.4.2 G.fast
    • 6.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.6 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.6.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.6.2 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Business models – bundled services
    • 7.3 Digital TV
      • 7.3.1 Overview
      • 7.3.2 National licences
      • 7.3.3 Regional licences
      • 7.3.4 Digital dividend
      • 7.3.5 Broadband (IPTV)
      • 7.3.6 Cable TV
      • 7.3.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
      • 7.3.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 7.3.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.3.10 Interactive TV (iTV)
      • 7.3.11 Communications: VoIP, messaging, conferencing
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Prepaid cards
      • 8.2.3 Operator market shares
      • 8.2.4 Mobile data
      • 8.2.5 Mobile broadband
      • 8.2.6 Forecasts – mobile ARPU – 2015; 2017; 2020
      • 8.2.7 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2015; 2017; 2020
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.3.2 Roaming
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 8.3.5 Network sharing
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Digital networks
      • 8.4.2 5G developments
      • 8.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 TeliaSonera
      • 8.5.2 DNA
      • 8.5.3 Elisa
      • 8.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.6.1 Location based services
      • 8.6.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.6.3 M2M
      • 8.6.4 TETRA
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2015 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2014
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2015 (e)
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2015 (e)
      • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2015 (e)
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2015 (e)
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 8 – ARPU by sector – 2010 – 2014
      • Table 9 – Telecom revenue – 2003 – 2015
      • Table 10 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 11 – Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 12 – Telecom revenue share by sector – 2014
      • Table 13 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 14 – TeliaSonera LLU accesses – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 15 – Average LLU access pricing - copper – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 16 – Average LLU access pricing - fibre – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 17 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 18 – Fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 19 – Relative change to mobile voice and data traffic – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 20 – TeliaSonera (Finland) revenue, EBITDA – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 21 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 22 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2015
      • Table 23 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 24 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 25 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 26 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 27 – Elisa Group revenue by sector – 2004 – 2015
      • Table 28 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 29 – Historic - TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 30 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2015
      • Table 31 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 32 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 33 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2015
      • Table 34 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 35 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 36 – Broadband residential adoption by type of connection – 2010 – 2013
      • Table 37 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 38 – Proportion of fixed-line broadband speed by rate – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 39 – Broadband connections by data rate – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 40 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 41 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 42 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario 2015; 2017; 2020
      • Table 43 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2015; 2017; 2020
      • Table 44 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 45 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 46 – TeliaSonera internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2015
      • Table 47 – TeliaSonera broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 48 – Forecast broadband delivery by technology – 2015
      • Table 49 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 50 –BPL subscribers – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 51 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 52 – Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2014
      • Table 53 – Digital TV reception by technology – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 54 – Household TV reception by device – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 55 – TV and radio revenue – 2003 – 2014
      • Table 56 – IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 57 – Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 58 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 59 – Sonera Cable TV subscribers – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 60 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2015
      • Table 61 – DNA cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2015
      • Table 62 – Historic - Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 63 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 64 – Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2004
      • Table 65 – Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 66 – Mobile network revenue – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 67 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2004
      • Table 68 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 69 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 70 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 71 – Mobile data sent – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 72 – Mobile data subscriptions by type – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 73 – Annual growth in mobile data sent – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 74 – Relative change to mobile traffic in minutes – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 75 – Historic - SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2004
      • Table 76 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 2005 - 2015
      • Table 77 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2015
      • Table 78 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 79 – Forecast mobile ARPU – 2015; 2017; 2020
      • Table 80 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2015; 2016; 2020
      • Table 81 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 82 – European SMS roaming charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
      • Table 83 – European data roaming charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
      • Table 84 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 - 2011
      • Table 85 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 86 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2015
      • Table 87 – TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2015
      • Table 88 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
      • Table 89 – DNA annualised monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 90 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 91 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 92 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 93 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 94 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2015
      • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2015
      • Chart 2 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2014
      • Chart 3 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2015
      • Chart 4 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2015
      • Chart 5 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2015
      • Chart 6 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2015
      • Chart 7 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2015
      • Chart 8 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2015
      • Chart 9 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2015
      • Chart 10 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2015
      • Chart 11 – Historic - TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Chart 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2015
      • Chart 13 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2003 - 2015
      • Chart 14 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2015
      • Chart 15 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2013
      • Chart 16 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2016
      • Chart 17 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2015
      • Chart 18 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
      • Chart 19 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2013
      • Chart 20 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 21 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Chart 22 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2015
      • Chart 23 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2015
      • Chart 24 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2015
      • Exhibit 1 – EU –NRF
      • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
      • Exhibit 3 – Overview of digital media
      • Exhibit 4 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
      • Exhibit 5 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland

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