2014 Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This report introduces the key aspects of the Finnish telecom market, providing comprehensive data on the fixed network services sector, together with an overview of key regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The major operators are profiled, while the telecoms infrastructure and fixed telephony services are also reviewed. The fixed and wireless broadband markets are assessed together with developments in related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, WiFi and internet via satellite. It also provides broadband forecasts to 2020. The report in addition provides statistics and analysis on the mobile market, including key regulatory issues, a snapshot of the consumer market, the growth of mobile data services and the development of emerging technologies and networks such as HSPA and LTE.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- November 2014 (13th Edition)

Executive Summary

Finland continuing to be a mobile technology pioneer with 5G investment

Finland’s telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with considerable emphasis by both the regulator and operators to test-bed technologies, particularly in the mobile sector, and to provide additional spectrum for telecom services. Supported by effective cross-platform competition and astute regulatory measures, the country enjoys among the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region. Digital media developments have progressed well since broadcasting was entirely digitised in early 2008, ahead of most other European countries.

The government has set an ambitious target to deliver 100Mb/s to all premises by 2015. The incumbent, TeliaSonera, is the dominant player in the DSL sector, while there is also a vibrant cable network presence in urban areas. The completed digital 450MHz network provided the country with the world’s first national wireless broadband network, while recent spectrum auctions will ensure that most of the population will benefit from commercial LTE services.

Finland also retains one of most advanced mobile markets in Europe. The country was the first to deploy 3G over 900MHz spectrum, and more recently it has auctioned spectrum in the 800MHz to extend the availability of LTE services nationally. The Finnish vendor Nokia Networks is also involved in developing 5G technologies. Growth in the number of mobile subscribers has stalled, in line with the high penetration, while the market has shifted to mobile data and mobile broadband. Market competition has helped keep mobile call charges among the lowest among EU member states. Regulated tariffs and termination rates have also put revenue pressure on MNOs.

Key developments:

Regulator proposes reduction in copper and fibre LLU charges; government develops Information Society Code; Sonera acquires AinaCom’s consumer operations and fixed networks; DNA completes acquisition of TDC’s Finnish businesses, upgrades broadband network to 200Mb/s, acquires Plus TV, launches pay-TV service; TV licence fee replaced with new tax; Ukko Mobile contracts Huawei to develop an LTE450 network; Sonera and DNA sign a mobile network sharing deal affecting sparsely populated Northern and Eastern Finland; Nokia to develop a trial 5G data network; MTRs reduced, effective to November 2015; MNP conditions revised; regulator auctions 800MHz for LTE; DNA expands HSPA+/LTE to half of the population; Anvia pilots LTE network using the 700MHz band; regulator’s H1 2014 market data; telcos’ financial and operating data to Q3 2014; recent market developments.

Companies and subsidiaries mentioned in this report include:

TeliaSonera, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2, Helsinki Television, Sonera Cable, Canal+, Yleisradio, Digita 

 Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview of Finland’s telecom market
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 History
      • 3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • 3.1.2 Revised NFR
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Finland
      • 3.3.1 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
      • 3.3.2 Interconnect
      • 3.3.3 Access
      • 3.3.4 Number portability (NP)
      • 3.3.5 Carrier preselection
  • 4. Fixed Network Operators
    • 4.1 Overview and statistics
    • 4.2 TeliaSonera
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
    • 5.4 Smart metering
  • 6. Broadband Market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.2 Universal Service
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
    • 6.2 Cable modems
      • 6.2.1 DNA
    • 6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • 6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • 6.6 Mobile broadband
    • 6.7 Wireless broadband
      • 6.7.1 Wireless LANS
      • 6.7.2 WiMAX/WiFi
      • 6.7.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
      • 6.7.4 G.fast
  • 7. Digital Media
    • 7.1 Key general trends
    • 7.2 Business models – bundled services
    • 7.3 Digital TV
      • 7.3.1 Overview
      • 7.3.2 National licences
      • 7.3.3 Regional licences
      • 7.3.4 Digital dividend
      • 7.3.5 Broadband (IPTV)
      • 7.3.6 Cable TV
      • 7.3.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
      • 7.3.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 7.3.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.3.10 VoIP
      • 7.3.11 Interactive TV (iTV)
  • 8. Mobile Communications
    • 8.1 Overview of Finland’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 8.1.2 Operator market shares
    • 8.2 Regulatory issues
      • 8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.2.2 Roaming
      • 8.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.2.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 8.2.5 Network sharing
    • 8.3 Mobile technologies
      • 8.3.1 Digital
      • 8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • 8.4 Major mobile operators
      • 8.4.1 TeliaSonera
      • 8.4.2 DNA
      • 8.4.3 Elisa
      • 8.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.5 Mobile voice services
      • 8.5.1 Prepaid cards
    • 8.6 Mobile Messaging
      • 8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 8.7 Mobile data services
      • 8.7.1 Overview
      • 8.7.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • 8.7.3 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • 8.7.4 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • 8.7.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • 8.7.6 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • 8.7.7 5G developments
      • 8.7.8 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
      • 8.7.9 Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA)
    • 8.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.8.1 Location based services
      • 8.8.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.8.3 M2M
  • 9. Forecasts
    • 9.1 Forecasts – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2012; 2020
      • 9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
      • 9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
    • 9.2 Forecasts Mobile
      • 9.2.1 Forecasts – Mobile ARPU – 2009 - 2010; 2015
      • 9.2.2 Forecasts – UMTS subscribers – 2009 - 2010; 2015
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2013
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2013 (e)
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 8 – ARPU by sector – 2010 – 2013
      • Table 9 – Telecom revenue – 2003 – 2014
      • Table 10 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 11 – Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 12 – Price differential for telephony services – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 13 – Price differential for data services – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 14 – Household penetration rate of select telecom services – 2009 - 2012
      • Table 15 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 16 – TeliaSonera LLU accesses – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 17 – Average LLU access pricing - copper – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 18 – Average LLU access pricing - fibre – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 19 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 20 – Fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 21 – Relative change to mobile voice and data traffic – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 22 – TeliaSonera (Finland) revenue, service revenue, EBITDA – 2012 - 2014
      • Table 23 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 24 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2014
      • Table 25 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 26 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 27 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 28 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 29 – Elisa Group revenue by sector – 2004 – 2014
      • Table 30 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 31 – TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 32 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2015
      • Table 33 – Broadband market share by sector – 2008 – 2012
      • Table 34 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 35 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 36 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2014
      • Table 37 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 38 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 39 – Broadband residential adoption by type of connection – 2010 – 2013
      • Table 40 – Proportion of fixed-line broadband speed by rate – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 41 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 42 – Broadband connections by data rate – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 43 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 44 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 45 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 46 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 47 – TeliaSonera internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2014
      • Table 48 – TeliaSonera broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 49 – Forecast broadband delivery by technology – 2015
      • Table 50 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 51 –BPL subscribers – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 52 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 53 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 54 – Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2014
      • Table 55 – Digital TV reception by technology – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 56 – TV and radio revenue – 2003 – 2014
      • Table 57 – IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 58 – Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 59 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2015
      • Table 60 – Sonera Cable TV subscribers – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 61 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 62 – DNA cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 63 – Historic - Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 64 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 65 – Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2004
      • Table 66 – Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 67 – Mobile network revenue – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 68 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2004
      • Table 69 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 70 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 71 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 72 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 73 – European SMS roaming charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
      • Table 74 – European data roaming charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
      • Table 75 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 - 2011
      • Table 76 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 77 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 78 – TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2014
      • Table 79 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
      • Table 80 – DNA annualised monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 81 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 82 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 83 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 84 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 85 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 86 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 87 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2013
      • Table 88 – Mobile data sent – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 89 – Mobile data subscriptions by type – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 90 – Annual growth in mobile data sent – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 91 – Relative change to fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 92 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario 2007 - 2013; 2015; 2020
      • Table 93 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2015; 2020
      • Table 94 – Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2015
      • Table 95 – Forecast UMTS subscribers – 2006 - 2010; 2015
      • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 2 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 3 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 4 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2014
      • Chart 5 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2014
      • Chart 6 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2014
      • Chart 7 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2014
      • Chart 8 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2014
      • Chart 9 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2014
      • Chart 10 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2014
      • Chart 11 – TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Chart 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2015
      • Chart 13 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2003 - 2014
      • Chart 14 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2014
      • Chart 15 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2013
      • Chart 16 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2015
      • Chart 17 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2014
      • Chart 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2015
      • Chart 19 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
      • Chart 20 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2013
      • Chart 21 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 22 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Chart 23 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2014
      • Chart 24 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2014
      • Chart 25 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2014
      • Exhibit 1 – EU –NRF
      • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
      • Exhibit 3 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
      • Exhibit 4 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland

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