2013 Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • 3G subscriber and mobile ARPU forecasts to 2015;
  • Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2020.

Key developments:

TeliaSonera’s LTE network extended to 50 locations; Russia and Finland negotiate roaming agreements; 800MHz spectrum opened up for LTE; DSL subscriber base shrinks; regulator funding rural broadband projects; DNA providing 200Mb/s broadband and tests 1.5Gb/s service; regulator’s 2012 market data report; telcos’ financial and operating data to Q1 2013; market developments to mid-2013.

Companies covered in this report include:

TeliaSonera, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- July 2013 (12th Edition)

Executive Summary

Half the population now accessing 100Mb/s broadband

BuddeComm’s annual publication, Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media sectors of one of Europe’s markets. The report includes the regulator’s 2012 market data report, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q1 2013 and market developments to mid-2013.

Telecom market overview

Finland’s telecom sector revenue fell steadily from 2006 to 2009, affected by the poor domestic and regional economic climate. Since 2009 the sector has stabilised, showing slight growth tempered by the effects of competition and regulatory measures and encouraged by the slight growth in GDP which is expected to continue at about 1% into 2014. Almost half of total turnover is derived from the mobile sector, while a third is from fixed network operations. 

Finland’s unique telecom sector pits the main players DNA, Elisa and TeliaSonera against a group of regional co-operatively incumbents operating as the Finnet Group. The geographically fragmented fixed-line market has made it difficult for alternative operators to establish and run their businesses nationally. Early deregulation has resulted in one of the highest levels of internet use in Europe. The mobile sector is equally vibrant, with penetration above the EU average. In common with other European countries, Finland has also taken steps to develop a national fibre network to future-proof the country’s requirements for telecom and IP-delivered services.

Broadband market

On a national level, the government and regulator have targeted a national fibre or cable network enabling 100Mb/s connections across the country by the end of 2015. The regulator is aiming for 99% of the population to be within 2kms of a 100Mb/s connection. Public funding in fixed-networks has helped finance smaller operators. Fixed-broadband is being supplemented by mobile broadband based on LTE, which is now widely available.

Key telecom penetration parameters – 2010; 2013

Penetration by sector:

2010

2013 (e)

Fixed broadband

29%

32%

Mobile

141%

151%

Fixed-line

20%

195

(Source: BuddeComm)

Market Highlights

  • The government has distributed about €9.3 million for 25 broadband projects as part of the Broadband 2015 plan, boosting availability in sparsely populated areas. State aid applications worth about €50.9 million are pending.
  • The largest cabelco DNA Welho has redefined basic broadband as 50Mb/s, indicative of the high quality of networks and consumer expectations.
  • Elisa’s LTE network covers more than 50 locations. Mobile broadband via LTE and DC-HSPA+ is available in around 200 locations across the country.
  • In a boost to DTTV, the government planned in 2014 to allocate terrestrial TV network licences which will hat enter into force in 2017.
  • The Broadband 2015 plan for more than 99% of the population to have access to a fibre or cable network connection has been made practicable by amendments to legislation regarding broadband construction aid, allowing state aid to be paid to applicants before networks have been built.
  • In mid-2013 DNA hired Swiss financial services company UBS to lead the sale or listing of its shares. A number of investment houses have progressed to a second stage of the sale process.

This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Finland. It provides further information on:

  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • The impact of the global economic crisis;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
  • 3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
  • Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
  • Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
  • ARPU statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview of Finland’s telecom market
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 History
      • 3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • 3.1.2 Revised NFR
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Finland
      • 3.3.1 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
      • 3.3.2 Interconnect
      • 3.3.3 Access
      • 3.3.4 Number portability (NP)
      • 3.3.5 Carrier preselection
  • 4. Fixed Network Operators
    • 4.1 Overview and statistics
    • 4.2 TeliaSonera
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband Market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.2 Universal Service
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
    • 6.2 Cable modems
      • 6.2.1 DNA
    • 6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • 6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
    • 6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • 6.6 Mobile broadband
    • 6.7 Wireless broadband
      • 6.7.1 Wireless LANS
      • 6.7.2 WiMAX/WiFi
      • 6.7.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
  • 7. Digital Media
    • 7.1 Key general trends
    • 7.2 Business models – bundled services
    • 7.3 Digital TV
      • 7.3.1 Overview
      • 7.3.2 National licences
      • 7.3.3 Regional licences
      • 7.3.4 Digital dividend
      • 7.3.5 Broadband (IPTV)
      • 7.3.6 Cable TV
      • 7.3.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
      • 7.3.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 7.3.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.3.10 VoIP
      • 7.3.11 Interactive TV (iTV)
  • 8. Mobile Communications
    • 8.1 Overview of Finland’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 8.1.2 Operator market shares
    • 8.2 Regulatory issues
      • 8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.2.2 Roaming
      • 8.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.2.4 Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
    • 8.3 Mobile technologies
      • 8.3.1 Digital
      • 8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • 8.4 Major mobile operators
      • 8.4.1 TeliaSonera
      • 8.4.2 DNA
      • 8.4.3 Elisa
      • 8.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.5 Mobile voice services
      • 8.5.1 Prepaid cards
    • 8.6 Mobile Messaging
      • 8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 8.7 Mobile data services
      • 8.7.1 Overview
      • 8.7.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • 8.7.3 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • 8.7.4 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • 8.7.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • 8.7.6 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • 8.7.7 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
      • 8.7.8 Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA)
    • 8.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.8.1 Location based services
      • 8.8.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.8.3 M2M
  • 9. Forecasts
    • 9.1 Forecasts – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2012; 2020
      • 9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
      • 9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
    • 9.2 Forecasts – Mobile ARPU – 2009 - 2010; 2015
    • 9.3 Forecasts – UMTS subscribers – 2009 - 2010; 2015
    • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2012 (e)
    • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2012 (e)
    • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2012
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2012
    • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2012
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2012
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
    • Table 8 – Telecom revenue – 2003 – 2013
    • Table 9 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2012
    • Table 10 – Price differential for data and voice services – 2007 - 2009
    • Table 11 – Household penetration rate of select telecom services – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 12 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 13 – TeliaSonera LLU accesses – 2006 - 2013
    • Table 14 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 15 – Fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 16 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2013
    • Table 17 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 18 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 19 – DNA revenue (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 20 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 21 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2013
    • Table 22 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2013
    • Table 23 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 24 – TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 25 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2014
    • Table 26 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2012
    • Table 27 – Broadband market share by sector – 2009 – 2012
    • Table 28 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
    • Table 29 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 30 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2014
    • Table 31 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 32 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2012
    • Table 33 – Broadband residential adoption by type of connection – 2010 – 2012
    • Table 34 – Fixed-line broadband speed by rate (market share) – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 35 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 36 – Broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 37 – Demographic profile of broadband penetration by type – 2011
    • Table 38 – NGA-based broadband subscribers by platform – June 2012
    • Table 39 – Broadband subscriber market share by operator – 2011 - 2012
    • Table 40 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 41 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 42 – TeliaSonera internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 43 – TeliaSonera broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2013
    • Table 44 – Forecast broadband delivery by technology – 2015
    • Table 45 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 46 –BPL subscribers – 2004 - 2012
    • Table 47 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 48 – Demographic profile of mobile broadband penetration – 2010 - 2012
    • Table 49 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2014
    • Table 50 – Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 51 – Digital TV reception by technology – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 52 – TV and radio revenue – 2003 – 2013
    • Table 53 – Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2004
    • Table 54 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 55 – Sonera Cable TV subscribers – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 56 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 57 – DNA cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 58 – Historic - Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
    • Table 59 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 60 – Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2012
    • Table 61 – Mobile network revenue – 2006 - 2013
    • Table 62 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – Jun 2012
    • Table 63 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
    • Table 64 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
    • Table 65 – Mobile operators – monthly ARPU – 2004 - 2012
    • Table 66 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2011
    • Table 67 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2011
    • Table 68 – European roaming call charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 69 – European SMS roaming charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 70 – European data roaming charges (€ cents) – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 71 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 - 2011
    • Table 72 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2012
    • Table 73 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 74 – TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2012
    • Table 75 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2012
    • Table 76 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 77 – DNA annualised monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2012
    • Table 78 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2012
    • Table 79 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2012
    • Table 80 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2012
    • Table 81 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 82 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 83 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2013
    • Table 84 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 85 – Mobile data sent – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 86 – Proportion of mobile subscribers by data rate – 2011
    • Table 87 – Annual growth in mobile data sent – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 88 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • Table 89 – Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration – higher market growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • Table 90 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • Table 91 – Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • Table 92 – Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2015
    • Table 93 – Forecast UMTS subscribers – 2006 - 2010; 2015
    • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue and annual change – 2003 - 2013
    • Chart 2 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2012
    • Chart 3 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2012
    • Chart 4 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2013
    • Chart 5 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2013
    • Chart 6 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2013
    • Chart 7 – DNA revenue (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2013
    • Chart 8 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2013
    • Chart 9 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2013
    • Chart 10 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2013
    • Chart 11 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2013
    • Chart 12 – TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2013
    • Chart 13 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2012
    • Chart 14 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2003 - 2014
    • Chart 15 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2014
    • Chart 16 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2013
    • Chart 17 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2012
    • Chart 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2013
    • Chart 19 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
    • Chart 20 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2011
    • Chart 21 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2012
    • Chart 22 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2012
    • Chart 23 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2012
    • Chart 24 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2012
    • Chart 25 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2012
    • Chart 26 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2012
    • Chart 27 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2012
    • Chart 28 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • Chart 29 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • Exhibit 1 – EU –NRF
    • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
    • Exhibit 3 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
    • Exhibit 4 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland
    • Exhibit 5 – Premium SMS market overview – 2005

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