2011 Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • 3G subscriber and mobile ARPU forecasts to 2015;
  • Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2020. 

Key developments:

Mobile subscriber grows 7% in 2011; MNP conditions revised; TeliaSonera’s LTE network providing 48Mb/s; Russia and Finland negotiate roaming agreements; Finland free to use 800MHz for LTE following spectrum agreement with Russia; MTR reduction agreed to late 2014; DNA expands HSPA+/LTE to 50% of the population; DSL subscriber base shrinks in 2011; mobile broadband accounting for over half of all broadband subscribers; DNA providing 200Mb/s broadband and tests 1.5Gb/s service; government begins licensing round to utilise capacity in the A, G, VHF A and VHF B multiplexes; DNA launches pay-TV service; fixed-voice subscriptions continue to fall; DNA begins company restructure; regulator’s H1 2011 market data update; operator data to end-2011; market developments into 2012. 

Companies covered in this report include:

TeliaSonera, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2, Digita, Helsinki Television, Sonera Cable, Canal+, Yleisradio Oy.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- May 2012 (10th Edition)

Executive Summary

Finland’s MNOs deliver LTE to half of the population

BuddeComm’s half-yearly report, Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the Finnish telecoms and digital media markets. It includes the regulator’s market data to June 2011, telcos’ financial and operating data to end-2011, and  market developments into 2012.

Telecom revenue overview

Turnover in Finland’s telco sector fell steadily from 2006 to 2009, affected by a poor economic climate. Since 2009 the sector has stabilised, showing slight growth tempered by the effects of competition and regulatory measures. More than half of overall telecom revenue is derived from the mobile sector. Turnover from fixed-line telephony has fallen steadily in line with lower access and call charges. Mobile sector revenue is expected to remain flat through to 2013 before the nascent mobile data services sector begins to provide measureable revenue to compensate for declining voice services revenue.

Broadband market

Finland’s three main telcos TeliaSonera, Elisa and DNA provide near national broadband coverage. In addition, a number of cablecos also offer services, while national wireless networks are provided via mobile networks as well as through Digita Oy’s @ 450 network. The government is striving for leadership in the FttH sector. The few commercial offerings from telcos has resulted in FttH having made only a moderate impact thus far, though the government’s willingness to subsidise rural projects and initiatives has provided fibre to about 5% of the population. The updated National Broadband Plan will deliver 100Mb/s services nationally by 2015.

Mobile market

The mobile sector has shown steady growth in recent years, with penetration above the EU average. Sector revenue has been affected by regulator measures  and competition on pricing. Finland has been at the forefront of mobile technology developments, as well as in utilising spectrum assets for mobile services, including the use of both the 1.8GHz and 2.6GHz bands for LTE.

Key telecom parameters – 2010; 2013

Sector

2010

2013 (e)

Subscribers to telecoms services (million):

Fixed-line telephony

1.18

0.95

Fixed broadband

1.56

1.69

Mobile (SIM)

8.39

10.13

Mobile broadband

1.63

3.12

Market penetration by sector:

Fixed-line telephony

25%

23%

Fixed broadband

28%

35%

Mobile (SIM)

141%

151%

(Source: BuddeComm)

Market Highlights

  • The largest cableco DNA has delivered wide-reaching 200Mb/s services and has trialled a 1.5Gb/s service, the world’s fastest thus far.
  • Long term spectrum licences in the 2.5-2.69GHz band has encouraged operators to invest in network upgrades. DNA offers a combination of HSPA+ and LTE to some 130 municipalities, representing up to half of the population.
  • The frequency coordination agreement reached between Finland and Russia in 2011 enables Finland to use the 800MHz band for LTE, fast-tracking mobile broadband to rural areas.
  • FttH has been stimulated by government intervention providing public funding for rural projects, which now benefit about 5% of the population.
  • Initially slow to develop large-scale fibre projects, the major telcos have recently stepped up their investment though concentrating on commercially viable areas, with LTE expected to fill gaps in rural areas.

This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Finland. It provides further information on:

  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • The impact of the global economic crisis;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
  • 3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
  • Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
  • Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
  • ARPU statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview of Finland’s telecom market
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 History
      • 3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • 3.1.2 Revised NFR
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Finland
      • 3.3.1 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
      • 3.3.2 Interconnect
      • 3.3.3 Access
      • 3.3.4 Number portability (NP)
      • 3.3.5 Carrier preselection
  • 4. Fixed Network Operators in Finland
    • 4.1 Overview and statistics
    • 4.2 TeliaSonera
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Network
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband Market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.2 Universal Service
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
    • 6.2 Cable modems
      • 6.2.1 DNA
    • 6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • 6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
    • 6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • 6.6 Mobile broadband
    • 6.7 Wireless broadband
      • 6.7.1 Wireless LANS
      • 6.7.2 WiMAX/WiFi
      • 6.7.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
  • 7. Digital Media
    • 7.1 Key general trends
    • 7.2 Business models – bundled services
  • 8. Digital TV
    • 8.1 Overview
    • 8.2 National licences
    • 8.3 Regional licences
    • 8.4 Digital dividend
    • 8.5 Broadband (IPTV)
    • 8.6 Cable TV
      • 8.6.1 Helsinki Television Ltd (HTV)
      • 8.6.2 Sonera Cable
      • 8.6.3 Canal+
      • 8.6.4 Elisa
      • 8.6.5 DNA
    • 8.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
    • 8.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 8.8.1 Yleisradio (YLE)
    • 8.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
    • 8.10 VoIP
    • 8.11 Interactive TV (iTV)
  • 9. Mobile Communications
    • 9.1 Overview of Finland’s mobile market
      • 9.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 9.1.2 Operator market shares
    • 9.2 Regulatory issues
      • 9.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 9.2.2 Roaming
      • 9.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.2.4 Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
    • 9.3 Mobile technologies
      • 9.3.1 Digital
      • 9.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • 9.4 Major mobile operators
      • 9.4.1 TeliaSonera
      • 9.4.2 DNA
      • 9.4.3 Elisa
      • 9.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 9.5 Mobile voice services
      • 9.5.1 Prepaid cards
    • 9.6 Mobile Messaging
      • 9.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 9.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 9.7 Mobile data services
      • 9.7.1 Overview
      • 9.7.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • 9.7.3 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • 9.7.4 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • 9.7.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • 9.7.6 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • 9.7.7 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
      • 9.7.8 Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA)
    • 9.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.8.1 Location based services
      • 9.8.2 Mobile TV
  • 10. Forecasts
    • 10.1 Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2012; 2020
      • 10.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
      • 10.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
    • 10.2 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 10.3 Forecasts – Mobile ARPU – 2009 - 2010; 2015
    • 10.4 Forecasts – UMTS subscribers – 2009 - 2010; 2015
  • 11. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2011 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2011 (e)
  • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2012 (e)
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2011
  • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2012 (e)
  • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2012 (e)
  • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 8 – Telecom revenue – 2003 – 2012
  • Table 9 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 10 – Price differential for data and voice services – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 11 – Household penetration rate of select telecom services – 2009 - 2011
  • Table 12 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009
  • Table 13 – Telco operator assets and network investments – 2003 - 2008
  • Table 14 – Share of telecom revenue by sector (historic) – 2003 - 2007
  • Table 15 – Share of consumer telecom spend by sector – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 16 – TeliaSonera LLU accesses – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 17 – Cumulative fixed numbers ported – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 18 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 19 – Fixed-line connections and traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 20 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 21 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 22 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 23 – DNA revenue (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 24 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 25 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 26 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 27 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 28 – TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 29 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 30 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 31 – Fixed-line broadband market speed by rate – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 32 – Broadband market share by sector – 2008 – 2011
  • Table 33 – Proportion of broadband revenue to telecom sector – 2007 - 2012
  • Table 34 – Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2013
  • Table 35 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 36 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2013
  • Table 37 – Broadband subscribers – WLAN, BPL – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 38 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 39 – Broadband lines by service (EC data) – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 40 – Broadband household penetration by type of connection – 2010 - 2011
  • Table 41 – Demographic profile of broadband penetration by type – 2011
  • Table 42 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 43 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 44 – TeliaSonera internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 45 – TeliaSonera broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 46 – Forecast broadband delivery by technology – 2015
  • Table 47 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2013
  • Table 48 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
  • Table 49 – Demographic profile of mobile broadband penetration – 2010 - 2012
  • Table 50 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2013
  • Table 51 – Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2012
  • Table 52 – Digital TV reception by technology – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 53 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 54 – Sonera Cable TV subscribers – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 55 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 56 – DNA cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 57 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 58 – Mobile revenue as proportion to total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 59 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – 2011
  • Table 60 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
  • Table 61 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
  • Table 62 – Mobile operators – monthly ARPU – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 63 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 64 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 65 – Cumulative mobile numbers ported – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 66 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 67 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 68 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 69 – TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 70 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 71 – DNA financial data – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 72 – DNA annualised monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 73 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 74 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 75 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 76 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 77 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 78 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2013
  • Table 79 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2013
  • Table 80 – Mobile data sent – 2006 - 2013
  • Table 81 – Proportion of mobile subscribers by data rate – 2011
  • Table 82 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Table 83 – Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration – higher market growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Table 84 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Table 85 – Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Table 86 – Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2015
  • Table 87 – Forecast UMTS subscribers – 2006 - 2010; 2015
  • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue and annual change – 2003 - 2012
  • Chart 2 – Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile – 2006 - 2012
  • Chart 3 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2011
  • Chart 4 – Fixed-line connections and traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2012
  • Chart 5 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 6 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2011
  • Chart 7 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2011
  • Chart 8 – DNA revenue (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2011
  • Chart 9 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2011
  • Chart 10 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2011
  • Chart 11 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2011
  • Chart 12 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2011
  • Chart 13 – TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2011
  • Chart 14 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 15 – Broadband market share by sector – 2008 - 2011
  • Chart 16 – Proportion of broadband revenue to telecom sector – 2007 - 2012
  • Chart 17 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 - 2013
  • Chart 18 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2013
  • Chart 19 – TeliaSonera broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2011
  • Chart 20 – Digital TV reception by technology – 2008 – 2010
  • Chart 21 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 22 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2012
  • Chart 23 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2013
  • Chart 24 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2013
  • Chart 25 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 26 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2012
  • Chart 27 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2011
  • Chart 28 – DNA financial data – 2007 - 2011
  • Chart 29 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2010
  • Chart 30 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2011
  • Chart 31 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2011
  • Chart 32 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2011
  • Chart 33 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Chart 34 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Exhibit 1 – EU –NRF
  • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
  • Exhibit 3 – Overview of digital media
  • Exhibit 4 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
  • Exhibit 5 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland
  • Exhibit 6 – Premium SMS market overview – 2005

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