2011 Africa - Mobile Voice Market and Major Network Operators

Publication Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the mobile communications and mobile data markets in 38 African countries. Subjects covered include:

  • Mobile statistics, trends, analysis for each country;
  • Government policies and regulatory issues;
  • Prepaid vs. postpaid;
  • Fixed-mobile convergence;
  • Mobile satellite services;
  • Major mobile operators;
  • Brief company history and overview;
  • Major shareholders;
  • Financial results where available;
  • Technology used – GSM, CDMA, 3G;
  • Network infrastructure and coverage;
  • Major contracts awarded;
  • Services offered;
  • Average revenue per user (ARPU) where available.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Researcher:- Peter Lange
Current publication date:- March 2011 (7th Edition)
Next publication date:- March 2012

Executive Summary

Market penetration has passed 50% amidst price wars

Mobile phones represent more than 90% of all telephone lines in Africa. Market penetration passed the 50% mark in 2010, with subscriber growth slowing to around 15% p.a. However, several individual markets are still growing at 50% p.a. or more and others stand at only single-digit penetration rates. The continent’s most advanced markets have passed the 100% penetration mark.

Although the greatest demand is in the major cities, cellular solutions are also being employed to increase accessibility in rural and other disadvantaged areas. In addition to mobile networks, Wireless Local Loop (WLL) systems have been introduced in a large number of countries for the provision of fixed-wireless services, with CDMA-2000 1x having evolved as a preferred technology. Additional choices are available through satellite-based mobile services such as Globalstar, ICO, Iridium and Thuraya.

The introduction of prepaid services and a steady decline in tariffs has meant that more than half of Africa’s close to one billion people can now afford a mobile phone. However, as lower and lower income groups are being targeted, the declining Average Revenue per User (ARPU) is putting pressure on the network operators' profit margins. Literal price wars have broken out in some markets where a large number of operators have been licensed. Despite this, international investors are still very keen to enter the market through new mobile licences or shares in existing mobile operations in Africa.

With their superior national coverage and large subscriber bases, Africa’s mobile network operators have built up a level of market power to the extent that they have been called "the new incumbents". Newly introduced converged licensing regimes have increased the competitive pressure but also allow the mobile operators to branch out into new service segments.

A variety of companies have established themselves as regional major players in Africa’s mobile sector. France Telecom, through its Orange mobile division has also established a presence in 18 African countries, South Africa’s MTN in 16, in addition to several in the Middle East. India’s Bharti Airtel took over 15 of the 16 African operations of Kuwait’s Zain for US$10.7 billion.

MTN’s archrival in its South African home market, Vodacom’s expansion across the continent has been limited to a total of only five countries due to restrictions from the partnership agreement with its majority shareholder, Vodafone which itself operates in three countries.

Millicom from Luxembourg was also among the early investors, operating under the Tigo brand in seven countries.

Orascom from Egypt divested most of its sub-Saharan operations between 2002 and 2005, mostly in markets with low penetration and high growth potential, to concentrate on the more developed North African and Middle Eastern markets. However, in 2008 it established a new subsidiary Telecel Globe to re-enter sub-Saharan Africa, including some of the same markets it had abandoned five years earlier.

Other regional players with major funding from the Middle East include the UAE’s Etisalat under the Moov brand, Warid Telecom, and the Lebanon-based Comium Group. Other African companies that have expanded beyond their home markets include Zimbabwe’s Econet, Maroc Telecom (with backing from Vivendi of France), Libya’s LapGreen and Sudan’s Sudatel under the Expresso brand.

Further consolidation is expected as smaller players are finding it increasingly difficult to compete. But even the bigger pan-African operators have recently become takeover targets for even bigger global players.

Market highlights:

  • Mobile market penetration in Africa has passed 50%;
  • Unsustainable price wars are raging in some countries;
  • Mobile ARPU has bottomed in some markets but is still falling rapidly in others;
  • Some mobile operators are rolling out national fibre optic backbone networks and are entering new service sectors under converged licensing regimes;
  • Subscriber statistics and estimates for 2011/12 for each country;
  • Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are expected to intensify in an increasingly crowded market.

Top 10 African countries by annual growth – 2010

Country

Annual growth

Zimbabwe

168%

Rwanda

80%

Burundi

69%

Mayotte

62%

Equatorial Guinea

52%

Sao Tome & Principe

49%

Central African Republic

47%

Eritrea

46%

Mali

45%

Niger

45%

(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Algeria
    • 1.1 Overview of Algeria’s mobile market
      • 1.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 1.1.2 Market analysis 2010
    • 1.2 Regulatory issues
      • 1.2.1 Registration of subscriber details
    • 1.3 Major mobile operators
      • 1.3.1 Algerie Telecom (Mobilis)
      • 1.3.2 Orascom Telecom Algerie (Djezzy)
      • 1.3.3 Wataniya Telecom (Nedjma)
    • 1.4 Mobile handsets
    • 1.5 Tariffs
    • 1.6 ARPU
    • 1.7 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2012; 2015
  • 2. Angola
    • 2.1 Overview of Angola’s mobile market
      • 2.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 2.2 Major mobile operators
      • 2.2.1 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
      • 2.2.2 Unitel
    • 2.3 Forecast mobile market – 2012; 2015
  • 3. Benin
    • 3.1 Telecoms market analysis 2010 and outlook to 2015
    • 3.2 Regulatory environment
      • 3.2.1 Overview
      • 3.2.2 West African common regulatory framework 2005
      • 3.2.3 The big ‘clean-up’ 2007
    • 3.3 Overview of Benin’s mobile market
      • 3.3.1 Mobile statistics
    • 3.4 Major mobile operators
      • 3.4.1 MTN (Spacetel-Benin, Areeba)
      • 3.4.2 Moov (Telecel Benin)
      • 3.4.3 Libercom (Benin Telecoms)
      • 3.4.4 BBCom (Bell Benin)
      • 3.4.5 Glo Mobile Benin (Globacom)
    • 3.5 Government confrontation with MTN and Moov
  • 4. Botswana
    • 4.1 Telecoms market analysis 2010
    • 4.2 Overview of Botswana’s mobile market
      • 4.2.1 Mobile statistics
    • 4.3 Regulatory issues
      • 4.3.1 Interconnection
      • 4.3.2 Backbone infrastructure
      • 4.3.3 Airtime tax
      • 4.3.4 Registration of subscriber details
    • 4.4 Major mobile operators
      • 4.4.1 Mascom Wireless
      • 4.4.2 Orange Botswana (formerly Vista Cellular)
      • 4.4.3 BeMobile (BTC)
  • 5.
  • 6. Burkina Faso
    • 6.1 Overview of Burkina Faso’s mobile market
      • 6.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 6.2 Major mobile operators
      • 6.2.1 Zain (formerly Celtel)
      • 6.2.2 Telmob (Onatel)
      • 6.2.3 Moov (Telecel, Etisalat)
  • 7. Cameroon
    • 7.1 Overview of Cameroon’s mobile market
      • 7.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 7.2 Regulatory environment
      • 7.2.1 Interconnection
      • 7.2.2 Registration of subscriber details
    • 7.3 Major mobile operators
      • 7.3.1 MTN Cameroon
      • 7.3.2 Orange CM
      • 7.3.3 Cameroon Mobile Telecommunications (CMT)
    • 7.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
    • 7.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2012; 2016
  • 8. Chad
    • 8.1 Overview of Chad’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 8.2 Major mobile operators
      • 8.2.1 Zain Chad (formerly Celtel)
      • 8.2.2 Millicom Chad (Tigo)
      • 8.2.3 Tchad Mobile (defunct)
  • 9. Cote d’Ivoire
    • 9.1 Overview of Côte d’Ivoire’s mobile market
      • 9.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2 Regulatory environment
      • 9.2.1 Interconnection
    • 9.3 Major mobile operators
      • 9.3.1 MTN Côte d’Ivoire (formerly Loteny)
      • 9.3.2 Orange CI
      • 9.3.3 Comium (KoZ)
      • 9.3.4 Moov (Etisalat)
      • 9.3.5 Green Network (Oricel, LapGreen)
      • 9.3.6 Warid Telecom
      • 9.3.7 Globacom
      • 9.3.8 CORA de Comstar and Aircomm CI (Historic)
  • 10. Democratic Republic of Congo
    • 10.1 Overview of the DRC’s mobile market
      • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 10.2 Regulatory issues
      • 10.2.1 GSM licence conditions, fees and taxes
    • 10.3 Major mobile operators
      • 10.3.1 Vodacom Congo
      • 10.3.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 10.3.3 Tigo (Millicom)
      • 10.3.4 CCT
  • 11. Egypt
    • 11.1 Overview of Egypt’s mobile market
      • 11.1.1 Telecom Egypt’s mobile deal
      • 11.1.2 Third mobile licence
      • 11.1.3 Fourth mobile licence
      • 11.1.4 Mobile statistics
    • 11.2 Regulatory issues
      • 11.2.1 Tariffs
      • 11.2.2 International gateways
      • 11.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 11.2.4 Registration of user details
      • 11.2.5 GPS ban
    • 11.3 Major mobile operators
      • 11.3.1 Mobinil (ECMS)
      • 11.3.2 Vodafone Egypt
      • 11.3.3 Etisalat Misr
    • 11.4 Mobile voice services
      • 11.4.1 Prepaid services
      • 11.4.2 Satellite mobile
      • 11.4.3 Mobile VoIP
    • 11.5 Forecasts – mobile subscribers 2012; 2015
  • 12. Ethiopia
    • 12.1 Overview of Ethiopia’s mobile market
      • 12.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 12.2 Mobile operator
      • 12.2.1 Ethio-Mobile
    • 12.3 Mobile voice services
      • 12.3.1 Satellite mobile
    • 12.4 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • 13. Gabon
    • 13.1 Overview of Gabon’s mobile market
      • 13.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 13.2 Major mobile operators
      • 13.2.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 13.2.2 Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
      • 13.2.3 Moov (Telecel Gabon)
      • 13.2.4 Azur (USAN, Bintel)
  • 14. Gambia
    • 14.1 Overview of Gambia’s mobile market
      • 14.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 14.2 Major mobile operators
      • 14.2.1 Gamcel
      • 14.2.2 Africell
      • 14.2.3 Comium
      • 14.2.4 QCell
      • 14.2.5 Additional licences
  • 15. Ghana
    • 15.1 Overview of Ghana’s mobile market
      • 15.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 15.2 Regulatory issues
      • 15.2.1 Licensing
      • 15.2.2 Tariffs
      • 15.2.3 Interconnect
      • 15.2.4 Taxation
      • 15.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 15.2.6 Infrastructure sharing
      • 15.2.7 Registration of subscriber details
    • 15.3 Major mobile operators
      • 15.3.1 Vodafone (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
      • 15.3.2 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
      • 15.3.3 Millicom Ghana (Mobitel, Tigo)
      • 15.3.4 Kasapa
      • 15.3.5 Zain (Celtel, Westel)
      • 15.3.6 Globacom
    • 15.4 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
    • 15.5 Forecast – mobile market 2012; 2015
  • 16. Guinea
    • 16.1 Overview of Guinea’s mobile market
      • 16.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 16.2 Major mobile operators
      • 16.2.1 MTN Guinea (Areeba)
      • 16.2.2 Sotelgui (Lagui)
      • 16.2.3 Orange Guinea (formerly Spacetel Guinee)
      • 16.2.4 Intercel Guinea (formerly Télécel Guinea)
      • 16.2.5 Cellcom Guinee
  • 17. Kenya
    • 17.1 Overview of Kenya’s mobile market
      • 17.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 17.2 Regulatory issues
      • 17.2.1 Interconnection
      • 17.2.2 International gateways
      • 17.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 17.2.4 Quality of Service (QoS) control
      • 17.2.5 Registration of subscriber details
      • 17.2.6 Taxes
      • 17.2.7 Tariff regulation
    • 17.3 Major mobile operators
      • 17.3.1 Safaricom Ltd
      • 17.3.2 Bharti Airtel Kenya (formerly Zain, Celtel, KenCell)
      • 17.3.3 Essar Telecom Kenya (Yu, formerly Econet)
      • 17.3.4 Orange Kenya (Telkom Kenya)
    • 17.4 Mobile voice services
      • 17.4.1 Prepaid cards
      • 17.4.2 Special regional tariffs
      • 17.4.3 International roaming
      • 17.4.4 VoIP
      • 17.4.5 Flashback
      • 17.4.6 GSM community phones
      • 17.4.7 Price war 2008-2010
      • 17.4.8 Low-cost handsets
      • 17.4.9 Satellite mobile
    • 17.5 Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • 18. Lesotho
    • 18.1 Overview of Lesotho’s mobile market
      • 18.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 18.2 Major mobile operators
      • 18.2.1 Vodacom Lesotho
      • 18.2.2 Econet Ezi-Cel
  • 19. Liberia
    • 19.1 Overview of Liberia’s mobile market
      • 19.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 19.2 Regulatory issues
      • 19.2.1 Licence reform
      • 19.2.2 The Comium-Liberia Act
      • 19.2.3 GSM spectrum reallocation
      • 19.2.4 Interconnection
    • 19.3 Major mobile operators
      • 19.3.1 MTN Liberia (LoneStar)
      • 19.3.2 Cellcom
      • 19.3.3 Comium
      • 19.3.4 LiberCell
    • 19.4 Additional licences
  • 20. Libya
    • 20.1 Overview of Libya’s mobile market
      • 20.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 20.2 Major mobile operators
      • 20.2.1 Al-Madar (El-Madar)
      • 20.2.2 Libyana
  • 21. Madagascar
    • 21.1 Overview of Madagascar’s mobile market
      • 21.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 21.2 Major mobile operators
      • 21.2.1 Zain (formerly Madacom, Celtel)
      • 21.2.2 Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
      • 21.2.3 Telma Mobile
      • 21.2.4 Madamobil
    • 21.3 Mobile handsets
    • 21.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2012; 2015
  • 22. Malawi
    • 22.1 Overview of Malawi’s mobile market
      • 22.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 22.2 Major mobile operators
      • 22.2.1 TNM
      • 22.2.2 Zain Malawi (formerly Celtel)
    • 22.3 Third and fourth mobile licence
      • 22.3.1 G-Mobile (GAIN)
  • 23. Mali
    • 23.1 Overview of Mali’s mobile market
      • 23.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 23.2 Major mobile operators
      • 23.2.1 Malitel
      • 23.2.2 Orange Mali (formerly Ikatel)
  • 24. Mauritius
    • 24.1 Overview of the Mauritian mobile market
      • 24.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 24.2 Major mobile operators
      • 24.2.1 Orange (MT, Cellplus)
      • 24.2.2 Emtel
      • 24.2.3 Mahanagar (MTML)
  • 25. Morocco
    • 25.1 Overview of Morocco’s mobile market
      • 25.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 25.2 Major mobile operators
      • 25.2.1 Maroc Telecom (IAM)
      • 25.2.2 Medi Telecom (Meditel)
      • 25.2.3 Wana
    • 25.3 Forecast – mobile market – 2012; 2015
  • 26. Mozambique
    • 26.1 Overview of Mozambique’s mobile market
      • 26.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 26.2 Major mobile operators
      • 26.2.1 mCel
      • 26.2.2 Vodacom Mozambique
    • 26.3 Third mobile licence
    • 26.4 ARPU
  • 27. Namibia
    • 27.1 Overview of Namibia’s mobile market
      • 27.1.1 The long road to Namibia’s second mobile licence
      • 27.1.2 Mobile statistics
    • 27.2 Major mobile operators
      • 27.2.1 MTC
      • 27.2.2 Cell One (Leo)
  • 28. Nigeria
    • 28.1 Overview of Nigeria’s mobile market
      • 28.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 28.2 Regulatory issues
      • 28.2.1 GSM licence terms
      • 28.2.2 Interconnection
      • 28.2.3 Mobile tariffs
      • 28.2.4 International gateways
      • 28.2.5 Unified licensing regime brings new competition
      • 28.2.6 Universal service
      • 28.2.7 Mobile number portability
      • 28.2.8 Central equipment identity register
      • 28.2.9 Poor quality of service
      • 28.2.10 Registration of subscriber details
      • 28.2.11 Foreign ownership
    • 28.3 Major mobile operators
      • 28.3.1 MTN Nigeria
      • 28.3.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
      • 28.3.3 Globacom
      • 28.3.4 M-Tel
      • 28.3.5 Unified service licensees
    • 28.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2012; 2016
  • 29. Rwanda
    • 29.1 Overview of Rwanda’s mobile market
      • 29.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 29.2 Major mobile operators
      • 29.2.1 MTN Rwanda
      • 29.2.2 Rwandatel (formerly Terracom Mobile)
      • 29.2.3 Millicom Rwanda (Tigo)
    • 29.3 Mobile handsets
    • 29.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 2016
  • 30. Senegal
    • 30.1 Overview of Senegal’s mobile market
      • 30.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 30.2 Regulatory issues
      • 30.2.1 Mobile number portability (MNP)
      • 30.2.2 Registration of customer details
      • 30.2.3 Per-second billing (PSB)
      • 30.2.4 MVNO licences
      • 30.2.5 Millicom licence dispute
    • 30.3 Major mobile operators
      • 30.3.1 Orange (Sonatel Mobiles)
      • 30.3.2 Tigo (Sentel GSM)
      • 30.3.3 Expresso (Sudatel)
  • 31. Sierra Leone
    • 31.1 Overview of Sierra Leone’s mobile market
      • 31.1.1 Mobile licensing
      • 31.1.2 Mobile statistics
    • 31.2 Major mobile operators
      • 31.2.1 Zain (Bharti, formerly Celtel)
      • 31.2.2 Comium
      • 31.2.3 Africell (Lintel)
      • 31.2.4 Tigo (now part of Africell)
      • 31.2.5 Sierratel
      • 31.2.6 Datatel
      • 31.2.7 Cellcom
      • 31.2.8 Ambitel GreenN
  • 32. South Africa
    • 32.1 Overview of South Africa’s mobile market
      • 32.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 32.1.2 Market liberalisation and licence obligations
      • 32.1.3 Community service telephones (CST)
      • 32.1.4 Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC)
    • 32.2 Regulatory issues
      • 32.2.1 Prices
      • 32.2.2 Interconnection
      • 32.2.3 Handset subsidies
      • 32.2.4 International gateways
      • 32.2.5 Fees and obligations for 1800MHz spectrum
      • 32.2.6 Registration of personal details
      • 32.2.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 32.2.8 Quality of service (QoS)
    • 32.3 Mobile handsets
    • 32.4 Major mobile operators
      • 32.4.1 Vodacom South Africa
      • 32.4.2 MTN South Africa
      • 32.4.3 Cell C
      • 32.4.4 Telkom SA
      • 32.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
    • 32.5 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2012, 2015
  • 33. Sudan
    • 33.1 Overview of Sudan’s mobile market
      • 33.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 33.2 Major mobile operators
      • 33.2.1 Zain (Mobitel, Celtel)
      • 33.2.2 MTN Sudan (Bashair Telecom, Investcom/Areeba)
      • 33.2.3 Sudani (Sudatel)
    • 33.3 Southern Sudan
      • 33.3.1 Network of the World (NOW), Vivacell
      • 33.3.2 Gemtel (G Telecom)
  • 34. Swaziland
    • 34.1 Overview of Swaziland’s mobile market
      • 34.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 34.2 Swazi MTN
      • 34.2.1 Shareholders
      • 34.2.2 Licence conditions
      • 34.2.3 Network rollout and coverage
      • 34.2.4 Services and tariffs
      • 34.2.5 Distribution channels
      • 34.2.6 ARPU analysis
  • 35. Tanzania
    • 35.1 Overview of Tanzania’s mobile market
      • 35.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 35.2 Major mobile operators
      • 35.2.1 Vodacom Tanzania
      • 35.2.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 35.2.3 Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
      • 35.2.4 Zantel
    • 35.3 Tariffs
      • 35.3.1 Special regional tariffs
      • 35.3.2 Free international roaming
      • 35.3.3 Price war 2010
    • 35.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 2016
  • 36. Tunisia
    • 36.1 Overview of Tunisia’s mobile market
      • 36.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 36.2 Major mobile operators
      • 36.2.1 Tunicell (Tunisie Telecom)
      • 36.2.2 Tunisiana (Orascom Telecom Tunisia)
      • 36.2.3 Orange Tunisie
  • 37. Uganda
    • 37.1 Overview of Uganda’s mobile market
      • 37.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 37.2 Regulatory issues
      • 37.2.1 Licensing
      • 37.2.2 Taxes
      • 37.2.3 Infrastructure sharing
    • 37.3 Major mobile operators
      • 37.3.1 MTN Uganda
      • 37.3.2 Zain Uganda (Bharti, formerly Celtel)
      • 37.3.3 Uganda Telecom Ltd (UTL)
      • 37.3.4 Warid Telecom
      • 37.3.5 Orange Uganda (HiTS Telecom)
      • 37.3.6 i-Tel
    • 37.4 Tariffs and price war
      • 37.4.1 Per-second billing
      • 37.4.2 Free calls
      • 37.4.3 Flat rates
      • 37.4.4 MTN Zone
      • 37.4.5 Free international roaming
    • 37.5 Forecasts – mobile market 2012; 2015
  • 38. Zambia
    • 38.1 Overview of Zambia’s mobile market
      • 38.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 38.2 Major mobile operators
      • 38.2.1 Zain Zambia (formerly Celtel, Zamcell)
      • 38.2.2 MTN Zambia (formerly Telecel)
      • 38.2.3 Cell Z (Zamtel)
    • 38.3 Average Revenue per User (ARPU)
    • 38.4 Local handset manufacturing
  • 39. Zimbabwe
    • 39.1 Overview of Zimbabwe’s mobile market
      • 39.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 39.2 Major mobile operators
      • 39.2.1 Econet Wireless Zimbabwe (EWZ)
      • 39.2.2 NetOne
      • 39.2.3 Telecel Zimbabwe
  • 40. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate Algeria – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 2 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change Algeria – March 2010
  • Table 3 – Algeria – Djezzy blended ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 4 – Forecast mobile subscribers Algeria – 2012; 2015
  • Table 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate Angola – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 6 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change Angola – December 2009
  • Table 7 – Forecast mobile subscribers Angola – 2012; 2015
  • Table 8 – Mobile subscriber and penetration rate in Benin – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 9 – MTN Benin ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 10 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Botswana – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 11 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Botswana – December 2009
  • Table 12 – Mascom (Botswana) monthly ARPU – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 14 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Burkina Faso – December 2009
  • Table 15 – Zain Burkina Faso subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 16 – Zain Burkina Faso financial results and capital expenditure – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Telmob subscribers and ARPU – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cameroon – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 19 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Cameroon – June 2010
  • Table 20 – MTN Cameroon ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 21 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Cameroon – 2012; 2016
  • Table 11 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 22 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Chad – March 2010
  • Table 23 – Zain Chad subscribers – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 24 – Zain Chad ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 25 – Tigo Chad quarterly ARPU, local currency vs US$ – 2009 - 2010
  • Table 12 – Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers – 2001 - 2004
  • Table 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cote d’Ivoire – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 27 – MTN-CI (Cote d’Ivoire) subscribers – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 28 – MTN Côte d’Ivoire ARPU – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 29 – Orange CI (Cote d’Ivoire) subscribers – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 30 – Comium CI (Cote d’Ivoire) subscribers – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 31 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Democratic Republic of Congo – 1996; 1998 - 2012
  • Table 32 – Vodacom Congo (DRC) subscribers – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 33 – Vodacom Congo (DRC) ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 34 – Zain DRC ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 35 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration in Egypt – 1996; 1998; 2000 - 2011
  • Table 36 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology and annual change in Egypt – March 2010
  • Table 37 – Mobinil (Egypt) active subscribers – 1998; 2000 - 2010
  • Table 38 – Mobinil (Egypt) key performance indicators – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 39 – Mobinil (Egypt) blended monthly ARPU and AUPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 40 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 1998; 2000 - 2010
  • Table 41 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 42 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Egypt – 2012; 2015
  • Table 43 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Ethiopia – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 44 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Ethiopia – 2013; 2016
  • Table 45 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gabon – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 46 – Zain Gabon subscribers and ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 47 – Libertis (Gabon) subscribers and ARPU – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 48 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 49 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Ghana – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 50 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Ghana – May 2010
  • Table 51 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 52 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Ghana – 2012; 2015
  • Table 53 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Guinea – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 54 – MTN Guinea subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 55 – Orange Guinea subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 56 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 57 – Mobile subscribers by operator and quarterly change in Kenya – September 2010
  • Table 58 – Safaricom ARPU – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 59 – Zain Kenya ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 60 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Kenya – 2013; 2016
  • Table 61 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lesotho – 1997 - 2011
  • Table 62 – Vodacom Lesotho subscribers, ARPU and churn rate – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 63 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Liberia – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 64 – LoneStar/MTN Liberia subscribers, ARPU and market share – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 65 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Libya – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 66 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology, and annual change in Libya – March 2010
  • Table 67 – Mobile subscribers, penetration rate, traffic and revenue in Madagascar – 1996; 1998; 2000 - 2011
  • Table 68 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Madagascar – September 2009
  • Table 69 – Zain Madagascar subscribers and monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 70 – Zain Madagascar financial data – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 71 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Madagascar – 2012; 2015
  • Table 72 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Malawi – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 73 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Malawi – September 2009
  • Table 74 – TNM monthly ARPU in Malawi – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 75 – Zain Malawi subscribers, market share and ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 76 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 77 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Mali – December 2009
  • Table 78 – Malitel subscribers and ARPU in Mali – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 79 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mauritius – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 80 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Morocco – 1994; 1996; 1998 - 2011
  • Table 81 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology and annual change in Morocco – March 2010
  • Table 82 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile subscribers and market share in Morocco – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 83 – Maroc Telecom domestic blended monthly mobile ARPU and churn rate in Morocco – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 84 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile revenue and EBIT in Morocco – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 85 – Meditel mobile subscribers and market share in Morocco – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 86 – Forecast - mobile subscribers in Morocco – 2012; 2015
  • Table 87 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mozambique – 1997 - 2011
  • Table 88 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Mozambique – September 2009
  • Table 89 – mCel (Mozambique) financial results – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 90 – Vodacom Mozambique financial results – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 91 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 92 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Namibia – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 93 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Namibia – September 2009
  • Table 94 – MTC ARPU in Namibia – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 95 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Nigeria – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 96 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology in Nigeria – December 2009
  • Table 97 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 98 – Zain Nigeria ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 99 – Starcomms (Nigeria) total and mobility/mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 100 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2012; 2016
  • Table 101 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Rwanda – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 102 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Rwanda – September 2010
  • Table 103 – MTN Rwanda ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 104 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Rwanda – 2013; 2016
  • Table 105 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Senegal – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 106 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology, annual change in Senegal – June 2010
  • Table 107 – Sonatel/Orange mobile subscribers in Senegal – 1999 - 2010
  • Table 108 – Orange mobile ARPU, prepaid versus postpaid in Senegal – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 109 – GSM licences and operations in Sierra Leone – 1998 - 2010
  • Table 110 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Sierra Leone – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 111 – Zain SL subscribers and market share in Sierra Leone – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 112 – Celtel/Zain SL ARPU in Sierra Leone – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 113 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa – 1994 - 2011
  • Table 114 – Vodacom South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 115 – Vodacom South Africa key statistics – year ended March 2010
  • Table 116 – MTN South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 117 – MTN South Africa key statistics – six months ended June 2010
  • Table 118 – Forecast mobile subscribers in South Africa – 2012; 2015
  • Table 119 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Sudan – 1996 - 2011
  • Table 120 – Major mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Sudan – March 2010
  • Table 121 – Zain Sudan ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 122 – MTN Sudan ARPU – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 123 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Swaziland – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 124 – Swazi MTN messaging prices in Swaziland – 2009; 2010
  • Table 125 – Swazi MTN ARPU in Swaziland – 2001 - 2010
  • Table 126 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tanzania – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 127 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Tanzania – December 2010
  • Table 128 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 129 – Zain Tanzania ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 130 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Tanzania – 2013; 2016
  • Table 131 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 132 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology and annual change in Tunisia – December 2009
  • Table 133 – Tunisiana subscribers and blended monthly ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 134 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda – 1996 - 2011
  • Table 135 – MTN Uganda subscribers – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 136 – MTN Uganda ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 137 – Zain Uganda subscribers – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 138 – Zain Uganda ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 139 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Uganda – 2012; 2015
  • Table 140 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Zambia – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 141 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Zambia – September 2009
  • Table 142 – Mobile ARPU in Zambia – Zain/Celtel and MTN – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 143 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Zimbabwe – 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 144 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Zimbabwe – March 2010
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers in Gabon – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 2 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999-2012
  • Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers by operator in Kenya – September 2010
  • Chart 4 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Nigeria - 1998-2011
  • Chart 5 – Mobile subscribers in Rwanda – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 6 – Mobile subscribers in Tanzania – 2002 - 2012
  • Exhibit 1 – West African common regulatory framework 2005
  • Exhibit 2 – An analysis of Egypt’s third mobile licence valuation
  • Exhibit 3 – Vodafone Egypt’s public listing and delisting
  • Exhibit 4 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria
  • Exhibit 5 – Ownership battle in Nigeria – from EWN to Vee Networks to V-Mobile to Celtel/Zain to Bharti
  • Exhibit 6 – e-Soko in Rwanda
  • Exhibit 7 – Spotlight on Vodacom GSM community payphones in South Africa
  • Exhibit 8 – Swazi MTN licence conditions in Swaziland
  • Exhibit 9 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria
  • Exhibit 10 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria
  • Exhibit 11 – Vodacom – in and out of Zambia
  • Exhibit 12 – One million dollars per minute in Zimbabwe

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Technologies

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Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
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Number of pages 278

Status Archived

Last updated 30 Mar 2011
Update History

Analyst: Peter Lange

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