2010 Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Germany’s telecommunications market. The report analyses trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media including VoIP, VoD and IPTV developments. 

Subjects include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet and broadband development;
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);
  • Telecom market forecasts for selective years to 2015 or 2019.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- June 2010 (9th Edition)
Next publication date:- March 2011

Executive Summary

BuddeComm’s annual publication, Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in Europe’s largest telecom market.

Germany’s broadband and mobile penetration are on a par with the EU average. Growth in the number of mobile subscribers (at more than 108 million, giving a penetration rate of about 130%) is chiefly attributable to the increased use of SIM cards for mobile Internet access. The substantial customer base is also the prop supporting the enormous growth in mobile data: operators report 45% annual growth in the volume of data transported on upgraded networks, though stiff competition between the MNOs, together with regulated roaming and interconnection tariffs, has meant that revenue growth is considerably lower. T-Mobile and Vodafone have both tested Long-term evolution technology, while the government has specifically pushed for frequencies in the 800MHz band, freed from the switch to digital broadcasting, to be made available for mobile broadband in its bid to guarantee 1Mb/s broadband to all households by the end of 2010.

In the broadband market, Deutsche Telekom remains dominant in DSL sector, though other notable players including freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica have gained market share: the top six providers account for about 90% of DSL subscriptions. The co-operation between players in the extension of VDSL networks will have substantial repercussions in the next few years as higher bandwidth services become available to a greater number of subscribers. This will include a wider choice of HD channels, as well as emerging 3D formats. Nevertheless, DSL remains a poor cousin to cable in transmission bandwidth: although the cable operators’ broadband market share remains relatively low – at about 10% – a number of cablecos now provide services at up to 120Mb/s, based on the EuroDOCSIS 3.0 standard. These will become more extensively available during 2011 as the main players KDG, Unitymedia and Kabel BW continue to invest in their networks. In 2009 alone, cablecos collectively invested an estimated €700 million in network upgrades to extend bundled services provision.

Digital terrestrial TV has progressed swiftly, and all broadcasters should end their analogue transmissions by April 2012. By mid-2010 about 80% of all satellite TV households watched digital DTH, while 55% of all households had access to digital TV. The regulator in April 2010 auctioned the first tranche of digital dividend spectrum for use by other services.

Germany – key telecom parameters – 2009; 2011

Sector

2009

2011 (e)

Broadband:

Fixed broadband subscribers (million)

25.3

29.1

Fixed broadband penetration rate

28%

34%

Mobile broadband subscribers (million)

5.2

8.1

Subscribers to telecoms services:

Fixed-line telephony (million)

49.0

46.0

SIM cards in service (million)

108.3

112.3

SIM penetration (population)

130%

143%

(Source: BuddeComm)

Market highlights:

  • In common with other European markets, telecom investment in 2010 and 2011 will be focussed on the broadband and mobile sectors as operators continue to upgrade networks and compete for subscribers. Telecom revenue fell sharply in 2009 in the wake of the economic crisis, but should recover marginally during 2010 and more strongly thereafter, largely bolstered by consumer spending on mobile data and broadband.
  • Mobile broadband should make significant progress by the end of 2010 as the first LTE-based networks come on-stream for consumers. This may significantly alter consumer use of mobile data offers, with a greater emphasis on mobile broadband as a substitute for fixed-line access.
  • Germany’s fibre sector can expect to see considerable development in 2010 and 2011 as DT pushes its revamped strategy, moving beyond the current focus on VDSL to FttH. The company planned to invest more than €10 billion in a new fibre access network to 2013, providing GPON FttH to four million households, or 10% of all German households, by 2012.
  • With analogue switch-off on schedule, mobile broadband stands to be the major beneficiary after 2012 from auctioned sub-GHz spectrum.

For those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecommunications sector in Germany, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:

  • Developments in the digital broadcast market, IPTV and VoD;
  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • The impact of the global economic crisis;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Internet and broadband development and growth;
  • VoIP, IPTV, VoD, digital TV and DTTV;
  • Historical and current subscriber statistics;
  • Average Revenue per User (ARPU) statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview of Germany’s telecom market
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 History
      • 3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
    • 3.2 Regulatory authority
      • 3.2.1 Federal Network Agency (BNetzA)
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Germany
      • 3.3.1 Privatisation of Deutsche Telekom
      • 3.3.2 Interconnect
      • 3.3.3 Access
    • 3.4 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 3.6 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • 4. Fixed Network Market
    • 4.1 Market overview
    • 4.2 Deutsche Telekom
      • 4.2.1 Operator overview and statistics
      • 4.2.2 Structural review
      • 4.2.3 Going into 2010
      • 4.2.4 Sales and acquisitions
    • 4.3 Vodafone
      • 4.3.1 Operator overview and statistics
    • 4.4 freenet
      • 4.4.1 Operator overview and statistics
      • 4.4.2 debitel
    • 4.5 BT Global Services
      • 4.5.1 Operator overview
    • 4.6 Tele2
      • 4.6.1 Operator overview and statistics
    • 4.7 Telefónica
      • 4.7.1 Operator overview and statstics
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 5.4 Regulatory issues
      • 5.4.1 Wholesaling
  • 6. Broadband Market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 Government support
      • 6.1.2 Government Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.3 Broadband developments
    • 6.2 Cable modems
      • 6.2.1 Cable market consolidation
      • 6.2.2 Regulating cable access
      • 6.2.3 Cable players
    • 6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • 6.3.1 T-Home
      • 6.3.2 Other service providers
      • 6.3.3 ADSL2+
      • 6.3.4 VDSL
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
      • 6.4.1 Regulating fibre access
      • 6.4.2 Deutsche Telekom
      • 6.4.3 Other developments
    • 6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.5.1 Energie Baden-Wurttemberg
      • 6.5.2 Vype (Mannheim)
      • 6.5.3 Power Plus Communications (PPC. AG)
      • 6.5.4 DREWAG (Dresden)
    • 6.6 Wireless broadband
      • 6.6.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 6.6.2 WiMAX/WiFi
      • 6.6.3 Operators
      • 6.6.4 Wireless LANS
      • 6.6.5 Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
      • 6.6.6 PAMR
      • 6.6.7 Internet via satellite
      • 6.6.8 Mobile broadband
  • 7. Digital Media
    • 7.1 Convergence
      • 7.1.1 Key general trends
      • 7.1.2 Business models and bundled services
      • 7.1.3 Regulator issues
    • 7.2 Digital TV
      • 7.2.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.2.2 Free-to-Air (FTA) broadcasting
      • 7.2.3 Public broadcasters
      • 7.2.4 TV-over-DSL (IPTV)
      • 7.2.5 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
      • 7.2.6 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • 7.2.7 Voice over Digital Subscriber Line (VoDSL)
      • 7.2.8 Voice over Cable
      • 7.2.9 Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
      • 7.2.10 Cable TV
      • 7.2.11 Digital cable TV
      • 7.2.12 Satellite TV
  • 8. Mobile Communications
    • 8.1 Overview of Germany’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 8.1.2 Operator market shares
    • 8.2 Regulatory issues
      • 8.2.1 Regulatory authority
      • 8.2.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.2.3 Roaming
      • 8.2.4 Number portability
      • 8.2.5 Fixed-to-mobile call charges
      • 8.2.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • 8.3 Mobile technologies
      • 8.3.1 Digital
      • 8.3.2 Fixed-mobile convergence
      • 8.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • 8.4 Major mobile operators
      • 8.4.1 T-Mobile
      • 8.4.2 Vodafone
      • 8.4.3 E-Plus
      • 8.4.4 O2
      • 8.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 8.4.6 Regional operators
    • 8.5 Mobile voice services
      • 8.5.1 Prepaid cards
      • 8.5.2 Mobile VoIP
    • 8.6 Mobile messaging
      • 8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Services (MMS)
    • 8.7 Mobile data services
      • 8.7.1 Overview of Germany’s mobile data services market
      • 8.7.2 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
      • 8.7.3 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • 8.7.4 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • 8.7.5 Evolved HSPA (HSPA+)
      • 8.7.6 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • 8.7.7 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
    • 8.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.8.1 Video over mobile
      • 8.8.2 i-mode
      • 8.8.3 iPhones
      • 8.8.4 Android
      • 8.8.5 BlackBerry
      • 8.8.6 Vodafone live!
      • 8.8.7 Femtocells
      • 8.8.8 Mobile VoIP
      • 8.8.9 Mobile TV
      • 8.8.10 TETRA (TErrestrial Trunked RAdio)
      • 8.8.11 Mobile content and applications
  • 9. Forecasts
    • 9.1 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • 9.2 Forecasts – mobile market – 2010; 2012 - 2015
      • 9.2.1 Mobile ARPU forecasts
      • 9.2.2 UMTS forecasts
  • 10. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 - Country statistics Germany – 2009
  • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2009
  • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2009
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2009
  • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – January 2010
  • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2009
  • Table 7 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 8 – New entrants’ market share, select sectors – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 9 – Telecom market revenue – 1998 - 2010
  • Table 10 – Competitor telephone lines – 2004 - 2007
  • Table 11 – Voice lines by technology – 2000 - 2008
  • Table 12 – Telecom market investment Deutsche Telekom and competitors – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 13 – Fixed-network termination charge – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 14 – Unbundled loops and access lines – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 15 – LLU, shared access price – connection and monthly rental – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 16 – Deutsche Telekom unbundled lines – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Annual fixed-line portings – 2004 - 2007
  • Table 18 – Fixed network call minutes: Deutsch Telekom/competitors – 2001 - 2008
  • Table 19 – Fixed-network call minutes by type – 2000 - 2008
  • Table 20 – PreSelection lines – 1999 - 2010
  • Table 21 – Alternative operator share of call market (traffic) – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 22 – Telephone channels by operator (VATM data) – 1998 - 2008
  • Table 23 – Voice traffic in minutes by sector – 2000 - 2007
  • Table 24 – Proportion of voice traffic by sector – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 25 – Deutsche Telekom domestic revenue and annual change – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 26 – Deutsche Telekom domestic subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 27 – Deutsche Telekom Group financial data – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 28 – Vodafone fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 29 – Vodafone fixed-line and broadband subscribers by sector – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 30 – freenet fixed-network subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 31 – freenet revenue by segment – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 32 – debitel financial data and subscribers (historic) – 2004 - 2007
  • Table 33 – Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 34 – Tele2 financial data by sector – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 35 – Telefónica (O2) subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 36 – Telefónica (O2) financial data – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 37 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 38 – Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 39 – Broadband subscribers by access type and market penetration – 2001 - 2009
  • Table 40 – Broadband subscribers by access type (regulator data) – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 41 – Broadband subscribers by provider and type – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 42 – Narrowband Internet traffic in minutes – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 43 – Broadband Internet traffic in gigabytes – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 44 – Proportion of DSL subscribers by provider – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 45 – Broadband penetration by sector – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 46 – Cable subscribers – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 47 – Kabel BW broadband subscribers; homes passed – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 48 – Kabel BW financial data – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 49 – Kabel Deutschland financial data – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 50 – Kabel Deutschland revenue by sector – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 51 – Kabel Deutschland operating data – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 52 – Unitymedia subscribers – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 53 – Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 54 – DSL broadband subscribers by provider – 2001 - 2009
  • Table 55 – Proportion of DSL connections by provider – 2001 - 2009
  • Table 56 – DSL household penetration rate – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 57 – DT wholesale and resale lines – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 58 – Versatel financial data and annual change – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 59 – Versatel residential subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 60 – United Internet financial data – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 61 – United Internet subscriber data by technology – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 62 – Vodafone broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 63 – Vodafone fixed-line revenue – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 64 – freenet fixed network subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 65 – freenet revenue by segment – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 66 – Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 67 – QSC financial data – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 68 – Satellite broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 69 – Subscribers to bundled services – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 70 – DT bundles service subscribers – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 71 – End-user access to TV – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 72 – Proportion of households with access to DTV – 2001 - 2010
  • Table 73 – DTTV penetration – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 74 – RTL Group financial data – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 75 – ProSiebenSat.1 Group financial data – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 76 – Deutsche Telekom Entertain IPTV subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 77 – HanseNet financial data – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 78 – Vodafone fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 79 – Vodafone subscribers by sector – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 80 – VoIP traffic in minutes – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 81 – VoIP connections – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 82 – VoIP traffic as proportion to all voice traffic – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 83 – Cable TV investment – 1998 - 2009
  • Table 84 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1991 - 2011
  • Table 85 – Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 86 – Kabel Deutschland: TV, Internet and telephony, monthly ARPU – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 87 – Kabel Deutschland financial data – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 88 – Digital cable TV penetration rate – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 89 – Digital multichannel households (Germany, Austria) – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 90 – Unitymedia subscribers – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 91 – Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 92 – Unitymedia ARPU by sector – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 93 – Satellite pay TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1993 - 2011
  • Table 94 – Sky financial data – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 95 – Sky subscribers - 2007 - 2009
  • Table 96 – arena satellite pay TV financial data by sector – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 97 – arena satellite pay TV subscribers and monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 98 – Mobile market revenue – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 99 – Mobile operator share of revenue – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 100 – Mobile traffic in minutes – 1999 - 2010
  • Table 101 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – 2009
  • Table 102 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 103 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 104 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2012
  • Table 105 – Cumulative mobile numbers ported – 2002 - 2008
  • Table 106 – Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 107 – T-Mobile financial data (Germany) – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 108 – Deutsche Telekom domestic revenue and annual change – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 109 – T-Mobile subscribers in selected European countries – 2001 - 2009
  • Table 110 – T-Mobile revenue in selected European countries – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 111 – T-Mobile monthly ARPU (Germany) – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 112 – Vodafone Germany mobile subscriber statistics – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 113 – Vodafone Germany – mobile financial data – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 114 – Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 115 – E-Plus - mobile operating and financial data – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 116 – E-Plus net adds: prepaid/contract – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 117 – O2 subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 118 – O2 revenue and monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 119 – Mobile service provider share of subscribers – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 120 – freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 121 – freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 122 – freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 123 – Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 124 – SMS annual message traffic – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 125 – Annual MMS traffic – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 126 – Mobile data sent – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 127 – Annual mobile data value – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 128 – Broadband-capable handset market – 2006; 2010; 2015
  • Table 129 – E-Plus i-mode subscribers (historic) – 2002 - 2005
  • Table 130 – Vodafone i-mode subscribers (historic) – 2005 - 2006
  • Table 131 – T-Mobile – smartphone share of new contract subscribers – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 132 – Vodafone live! customers (historic) - 2002 - 2007
  • Table 133 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Table 134 – Forecast broadband subscribers – lower growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
  • Table 135 – Forecast mobile ARPU – 2005 - 2010; 2012 - 2015
  • Table 136 – Forecast UMTS subscribers – 2006 - 2010; 2015
  • Exhibit 1 – EU – The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
  • Exhibit 3 – Number portability defined
  • Exhibit 4 – Overview of media convergence
  • Exhibit 5 – Germany’s 3G auction winners – August 2000
  • Exhibit 6 – German 3G network sharing agreements
  • Exhibit 7 – Selected MMS launches by operator in Germany

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