Thailand - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Thailand’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the Telecoms Infrastructure, mobile, fixed broadband, Digital Media and Digital Economy sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Regional market comparisons
  • Telecoms Maturity Index
  • Data centres and smart Infrastructure;
  • Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU;
  • Broadband (FTTH, DSL);
  • Internet of Things, 5G developments
  • Mobile, broadband and mobile broadband forecasts to 2023-4.

Researcher: Phil Harpur
Current publication date:- September 2019 (25th Edition)

Executive Summary

Fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) continues to grow strongly in major metropolitan areas.

Penetration in the fixed line market in Thailand has been declining at a significant and increasing rate over the past five years. A major reason for this is due to the dominance of the mobile segment and the growth of the mobile broadband segment. The market is predicted to further decline over the next five years to 2024 as both mobile and mobile broadband penetration continue to increase.

There is strong interest to establish Thailand as a data centre hub to serve the region. The size, capacity and spread of existing data centres in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) outside of Thailand is small compared with Thailand. Power stability is still a problem there to some extent, while network performance and quality limited due to restricted fibre connectivity. This is restricting customers migrating to colocation or cloud services within data centres.

The Thailand 4.0 vision has been developed from a realization that digital technologies can drive socio-economic development and economic growth of countries.

As a part of its Thailand 4.0 initiative the country had set itself the target of creating at least 100 smart cities within its borders over the next two decades.

The expansion of broadband internet in Thailand in the early stages saw widespread adoption of Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) services, together with some significantly lesser deployment of the cable modem option, as well as some broadband wireless access. The transition to these other technology platforms had previously been inhibited by the Thai regulatory environment which saw ISPs unwilling to invest heavily in the necessary infrastructure.

Fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) continues to grow strongly in major metropolitan areas. AIS commercially launched its residential fibre broadband service, ‘AIS Fibre’, offering connection speeds of up to 1Gbps via FTTH.

The Thailand market has witnessed reasonably strong growth in the fixed broadband market over the past few years from a relatively small base. However fixed broadband penetration remains relatively low compared to other developed Asian telco markets due to a limited number of fixed lines and the dominance of the mobile platform. Over the next five years to 2024 strong but gradually declining growth is predicted as the major providers continue to rollout their fibre networks.

Thailand’s mobile market is highly developed and has experienced strong growth over the last seven years, however growth has become much slower over the past few years due to the heightened level of maturity.

Very slow growth is predicted over the next five years to 2024 with annual growth rates further easing. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to a saturated mobile subscriber market and strong local competition.

Thailand is making good progress towards the launch of 5G services. In late 2018 the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) allowed operators to use the 26GHz spectrum range for the first round of 5G technology.

MNVOs in Thailand are generally struggling to compete with bigger rivals amid highly intense competition.

Thailand has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past six years driven by strong growth of 4G mobile subscribers. Slowing growth is predicted over the next five to seven years to 2024. The mobile broadband market will be driven by increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G and 5G networks and improving tariffs due to strong competition.

Key Developments

  • The fixed line market remains underdeveloped and penetration has been declining over the past five years.
  • There is strong interest to establish Thailand as a data centre hub to serve the region.
  • Strong growth in the fixed broadband market over the past few years from a relatively small base.
  • Fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) continues to grow strongly in major metropolitan areas.
  • Over the next five years to 2024 slower and declining fixed broadband growth is predicted.
  • MNVOs in Thailand are generally struggling to compete with bigger rivals.
  • The Thailand market is now moving towards 5G.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

TOT Corp; CAT Telecom; True Corp; True Move; TT&T; AIS; DTAC; Thaicom, Triple T Broadband; AIS; DTAC; Cable Thai (CTH).

Phil Harpur
September 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

    • Country overview
      • Background and economy
  • Telecommunications market

    • Market overview and analysis
    • Regional Asian Market Comparison
    • Background
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
      • Telecommunications Act 2001
      • Ministry of Information and Communications Technology (MICT)
    • Regulatory authority
      • National Telecommunications Commission (NTC)
      • National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC)
      • Master Plans (including Frequency Allocation Master Plan)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • TOT Corp
    • True Corp
      • Overview
      • TrueOnline
    • Advance Information Services (AIS)
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Fixed Line Subscribers and Market Forecast
    • Government Infrastructure Project
    • International infrastructure
      • Overview
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • Data Centres
      • Overview
      • Providers
      • Government Developments
    • Smart infrastructure
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Smart cities
      • Smart grids
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market overview and analysis
      • Fixed broadband statistics and forecast
    • Fixed broadband service providers
      • True Online True Internet Corp
      • AIS
      • Triple T Broadband
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • WiFi
      • Community projects
  • Digital economy

    • e-Government
    • e-Payments
    • e-Commerce
    • e-Health
  • Digital media

    • Pay TV
    • Videostreaming / IPTV
      • Major players
  • Mobile communications

    • Market overview and analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics and forecast
      • Mobile broadband statistics and forecast
    • Regulatory issues
      • National security
      • Spectrum
      • Tariffs
      • SIM Card Registration
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • Mobile technologies
      • 3G and 4G
      • 5G
      • Vo-WiFi
    • Major mobile operators
      • Operators
      • Advanced Info Service (AIS)
      • DTAC
      • TrueMove
      • Telephone Organization of Thailand Corp (TOT)
      • Communications Authority of Thailand (CAT)
      • TT&T
      • Jas Mobile
      • MVNOs

List of Tables

  • Table 1– Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2– Historic - True’s fixed-line subscribers – 2004 – 2016
  • Table 3– Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 4– Historic - Fixed lines and Penetration – 1995 – 2006
  • Table 5 –Inet - Data Centres
  • Table 6 – TCC Technology- Data Centres
  • Table 7 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2007
  • Table 9 – Historic - DSL subscribers – 2002 – 2014
  • Table 10 – International internet bandwidth – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 11 – Lit/Equipped International Bandwidth Capacity – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Fixed broadband subscribers by Operator and market share – 2019
  • Table 13 – TrueOnline’s Fixed Broadband Subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 14 – AIS Fixed Broadband Subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 15 – AIS: Fixed Broadband ARPU – 2018 – 2019
  • Table 16 – Historic- Fibre-based broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2014
  • Table 17 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 18 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 19 – Historic - Mobile subscribers, penetration and annual growth – 1999 – 2007
  • Table 20 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 21 – Mobile operators and systems
  • Table 22 – Mobile subscribers by Mobile Operator and Market Share – 2019
  • Table 23 –AIS – total revenue and annual change – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 24 – Historic – AIS subscribers and market share – 2004; 2007 – 2013
  • Table 25 – AIS: subscribers (millions) – 2014 - 2019
  • Table 26 – AIS: ARPU (postpaid, prepaid and blended) – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 27 – DTAC: mobile subscribers (millions) – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 28 – DTAC: ARPU (postpaid, prepaid and blended) – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 29 –DTAC – total revenue and annual change – 2018 - 2019
  • Table 30 –TrueMove– total revenue and annual change – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 31 – True Move: mobile subscribers (millions) – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 32 – Historic - True Move: ARPU (postpaid, prepaid and blended) – 2007 – 2014
  • Table 33 – Historic - TOT’s fixed-line subscribers – 2005 – 2013

List of Charts

  • Chart 1– Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2019; 2024
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 4 – Telecoms Maturity Index – South East Asia
  • Chart 5– Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 6 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) - 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 7 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 8 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 – 2024

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – South East Asia - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
  • Exhibit 3– Major Fixed Line and International Carriers by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 4– Submarine cable networks
  • Exhibit 5– Thaicom’s satellite network
  • Exhibit 6– International internet gateway operators in Thailand

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