Indonesia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Indonesia’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the Telecoms Infrastructure, mobile, fixed broadband, Digital Media and Digital Economy sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU;
  • Broadband, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband (FttH, DSL, wireless);
  • Digital Economy and Digital Media sectors eg e-Commerce and e-Payments;
  • Mobile and fixed broadband forecasts to 2022
  • Telecoms Maturity Index

Researcher:- Phil Harpur
Current publication date:- April 2018 (24th Edition)

Executive Summary

Mobile broadband penetration surges in Indonesia

Indonesia still faces some big challenges if it is to successfully continue the building of the telecommunications infrastructure required to support a large population spread over what is a uniquely complex geography. Continued progress in the development of the telecom sector will need further government action on restructuring the industry.

Indonesia is ranked 17th on the Asian Telecoms Maturity Index with an Index score of 33. Indonesia is also ranked 10th in the ‘Market Challengers” category out of 16 countries. (BuddeComm’s “Asian Telecoms Maturity Index”, is an index (on a scale between 0 and 100) that measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industry in all of the 34 countries in Asia.) Compared to other Asian nations, Indonesia has very low fixed line and fixed broadband penetration, high mobile penetration and moderate mobile broadband penetration.

Fixed broadband penetration in Indonesia remains relatively low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the dominance of the mobile platform. The fixed broadband market has grown slightly over the past five years from a very small base. Over the next five years to 2022 moderate growth is expected to continue  from this very small base.

4G mobile services offering mobile broadband is now relatively advanced in Indonesia and act as a direct substitute to fixed line broadband. This also inhibits  further fixed broadband rollouts. Mobile broadband subscribers have grown rapidly over the past five years in Indonesia. Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022.

Not only is wireless-based mobile broadband helping to get more people online; it is also bypassing the problem of inferior telecommunications infrastructure that has been impeding fixed broadband expansion.

Indonesia’s mobile market has displayed very strong growth over the last five years and particularly during 2016 to 2018. Growing use of mobile broadband has been a significant driver of this strong growth. The market has seen a strong increase in subscribers from the market leader Telkomsel, supported by very strong growth from XL Axiata and Indosat Ooredoo.

Industry consolidation is possible towards 2019 as intense data competition may force smaller and unprofitable mobile operators to be pushed out of the market. Industry consolidation is more likely to have a positive impact on the local telco sector as it will reduce the overcapacity in the market and bring more stability to data tariffs.

Mobile subscriber growth is expected to be relatively low over the next five years to 2022 as the market further matures in a highly competitive market. The market will be driven by the uptake of both 4G and 5G services.

Key Developments

  • Indonesia is ranked 17th on the Asian Telecoms Maturity Index with an Index score of 33.
  • The fixed line market (wireless and wireline) continues to suffer setbacks with a rapidly declining subscriber base.
  • The fixed broadband market has grown slightly over the past five years from a very small base.
  • 4G mobile services offering mobile broadband is now relatively advanced in Indonesia.
  • Telkomsel and Huawei held a live demo of 5G technology in Jakarta, which they claim is capable of producing data speeds of up to 70Gbps.
  • Industry consolidation is possible as intense data competition may force smaller mobile operators to be pushed out of the market.
  • Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022 for the mobile broadband segment.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

PT Telkom; PT Indosat; Bakrie Telecom; PT Satelindo; ThaiCom. PT Telkomsel, Temasek, TelkomNet, Telkomsel.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 2.2 Historical overview
    • 2.3 Regional Asian Market Comparison
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
      • 3.1.1 Telecommunications Law 1989
      • 3.1.2 Telecommunications Law 2000
      • 3.1.3 Ministry of Communication and Informatics (MoCI)
      • 3.1.4 Foreign ownership
      • 3.1.5 Anti-monopoly case
    • 3.2 Access
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Operator Statistics
    • 4.2 PT Telkom Indonesia
    • 4.3 Indosat Ooredoo
    • 4.4 PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom)
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Fixed Lines Statistics
      • 5.2.1 Telecom towers
    • 5.3 New developments such as NGN, fibre networks etc
      • 5.3.1 Palapa Ring Project
      • 5.3.2 High-Speed Broadband (HSBB) project
      • 5.3.3 TITO (Trade In Trade Off) Access Modernization Project
      • 5.3.4 Other developments
    • 5.4 International infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 International gateway exchanges
      • 5.4.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.4.3 Satellite networks
    • 5.5 Specific IT developments (data centres, cloud computing)
      • 5.5.1 Data centres
    • 5.6 Smart infrastructure
      • 5.6.1 Smart cities
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Fixed Broadband Statistics and Forecasts
    • 6.2 Broadband Service Providers
      • 6.2.1 TelkomNet
      • 6.2.2 LinkNet
      • 6.2.3 MNC Kabel Mediacom
      • 6.2.4 Biznet Networks
      • 6.2.5 MyRepublic (Indonesia)
    • 6.3 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.3.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
  • 7. Digital economy
    • 7.1 e-Commerce
    • 7.2 E-Payments
    • 7.3 e-Government
    • 7.4 e-Health
    • 7.5 e-Education
    • 7.6 E-Books
    • 7.7 Other digital services relevant to the country
      • 7.7.1 Internet of Things (IoT)
      • 7.7.2 Start-up Incubation Programs
      • 7.7.3 Google’s Project Loon
  • 8. Digital media
    • 8.1 Advertising
      • 8.1.1 Taxing of Digital Transactions
    • 8.2 Videostreaming / IPTV
      • 8.2.1 Introduction
      • 8.2.2 Major players
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market Overview and analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 Mobile Subscriber Statistics and Forecasts
      • 9.2.2 Mobile data
      • 9.2.3 Mobile Broadband Statistics and Forecast
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Near Field Communication (NFC)
      • 9.3.2 Spectrum
      • 9.3.3 MNP
    • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.4.1 Digital networks
      • 9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
      • 9.4.3 IoT and M2M networks
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 Operator Statistics
      • 9.5.2 XL Axiata
      • 9.5.3 Telkomsel
      • 9.5.4 Indosat Ooredoo
      • 9.5.5 PT Hutchison 3 Indonesia
      • 9.5.6 PT SmartFren Telecom (SmartFren)
      • 9.5.7 PT Bakrie Telecom (BTEL)
      • 9.5.8 Sampoerna Telekomunikasi Indonesia (STI) / (Net1)
      • 9.5.9 Internux (Bolt!)
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 m-TV
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 7 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
      • Table 8 – Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2017 - 2022
      • Table 9 – Historic - Major fixed-line operators - subscribers – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 10 – Historic - Fixed lines subscribers and annual change by operator - 2015
      • Table 11 – PT Telkom – Revenue and EBITDA – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 12 – Historic - PT Telkom’s capital expenditure (capex) – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 13 – Historic - PT Telkom – revenue contribution by market segment – 2015 - 2016
      • Table 14 – Historic - PT Telkom – Operations results by Segment – 2015 - 2016
      • Table 15 – PT Telkom’s total fixed-line subscribers – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 16 – Fixed lines and penetration – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 17 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2005 - 2022
      • Table 18 – Historic - DSL subscribers – 2001 - 2015
      • Table 19 – Internet Users and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 20 – Historic - Internet users – 1998 - 2006
      • Table 21 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 22 – PT Telkom’s fixed broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 23 – PT Telkom’s mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 24 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Table 25 – Historic - Mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2006
      • Table 26 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 - 2022
      • Table 27 – Historic - Frequency spectrum overview - major mobile operators – September 2015
      • Table 28 – Historical - Fixed-wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2003; 2007 - 2015
      • Table 29 – Major mobile operators by System
      • Table 30 – Mobile subscribers and market share by operator – 2017
      • Table 31 – XL Axiata mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 32 – Telkomsel mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2017
      • Table 33 – Telkomsel’s mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 34 – PT Indosat – revenue and contribution by market segment – 2015 - 2016
      • Table 35 – Indosat Ooredoo - mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 36 – PT Indosat - postpaid and prepaid mobile subscribers (million)– 2015 - 2016
      • Table 37 – PT Indosat ARPU (IDR thousand/month ) – 2011 – 2017
      • Table 38 – 3 Indonesia subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 39 – SmartFren subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 40 – Bakrie Telecom subscribers – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 41 – Internux (Bolt!) – Mobile Subscribers – 2014 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2017; 2022
      • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category - 2017
      • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index – South East Asia - 2017
      • Chart 4 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita - 2017
      • Chart 5 – Fixed Broadband vs Mobile Penetration – South East Asia - 2017
      • Chart 6 – Fixed Broadband vs Mobile Penetration – Top Ten Countries in Asia by Population - 2017
      • Chart 7 - Fixed Lines and penetration – 2012 - 2017
      • Chart 8 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 9 – Internet Users and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 10 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 11 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Exhibit 1 – Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
      • Exhibit 2 – South East Asia -Telecoms Markets- Country Snapshot
      • Exhibit 3 – PT Telkom – major shareholder groups
      • Exhibit 4 – Major shareholder categories in PT Telkom
      • Exhibit 5 – Palapa Ring Project – specification of rings
      • Exhibit 6 – Indonesian satellites
      • Exhibit 7 – Major shareholders in PT Indosat

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