Vietnam - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Vietnam prepares to close GSM networks to support 5G services

As a communist state and a centrally planned economy Vietnam has undergone significant structural changes over the years. The government has progressively introduced a degree of competition into the economy, and in this regard it plans to part privatise the state’s holdings in telcos as well as a large number of other enterprises.

Fixed broadband penetration in Vietnam remains relatively low, mainly due to the limited number of fixed lines and the dominance of the mobile platform. Internet speeds are also relatively low, and although there is good connectivity via submarine cables the frequent cable breaks have given the country a reputation for unreliable connectivity.

Fixed broadband access is dominated by DSL though in recent years the government has focussed on fibre, and growth in the sector is largely based on expanding fibre infrastructure.

Growth in Vietnam’s mobile market over the past five years has been moderate, in part due to the high penetration. Subscriber growth is expected to remain e relatively low over the next few years, though it will be stimulated by the development of 5G services among operators, and by the government’s efforts to make smartphone ownership universal. The country is well on the path towards commercialising 5G services, with test licenses having been issued in early 2019 and services anticipated by the end of 2020. The government’s plans for 5G include repurposing GSM spectrum from 2022 and granting licenses for spectrum in the 2.6GHz range to increase network quality.

Ho Chi Minh City is set to become the first smart city in Vietnam, focusing on cloud computing infrastructure, big data, data warehouses and data centres and security-monitoring centres, and developing an open data ecosystem to achieve its 2020 goal.

Key developments

  • The MIC considers plans to close down GSM infrastructure from the beginning of 2022 and repurpose spectrum for LTE and 5G;
  • Vietnamese MNOs gear up for 5G commercial launches by mid-2020;
  • Viettel trials 2.6GHz range for LTE services;
  • Report update includes operator data for 2019, regulator’s market data to January 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom; Vietnamobile, GMobile, FPT Telecom; VTC; GTel

Table of Contents

  • Key Statistics

  • Regional Market Comparison

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Regulatory authorities
      • Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC)
      • Vietnam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA)
    • Mobile network developments
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  • Mobile market

    • Mobile statistics
    • Mobile broadband statistics
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G
      • 3G
      • GSM
      • NB-IoT
    • Major mobile operators
      • MobiFone
      • VNPT-Vinaphone
      • Viettel
      • Vietnamobile
      • GMobile
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
  • Fixed-line broadband market

    • Market overview
    • Fixed broadband statistics
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • VNPT
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wi-Fi
      • IPv6 v. IPv4
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Vietnam Post & Telecommunications (VNPT)
    • Viettel
    • FPT Telecom
    • GTel
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Fixed line statistics
    • Cross VietNam Cable System (CVCS).
    • International infrastructure
      • Introduction
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • Data Centres

    • Regional Overview
    • Market Drivers
    • Local data centre providers
  • Digital economy

    • E-Government
    • E-Health
    • E-Education
    • Smart Meters
    • Smart Cities
    • Technology parks/focus areas
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Vietnam– 2020 (e)
  • Table 2 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
  • Table 3 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers by technology – 2015 - 2020
  • Table 4 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers by prepaid and contract – 2015 - 2020
  • Table 5 – Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
  • Table 6 – Growth in the number of mobile data cards – 2015 – 2020
  • Table 7 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2018
  • Table 8 – Change in the number of Vietnamobile’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
  • Table 9 – Development of Vietnamobile’s financial data – 2017 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
  • Table 11 – Growth in the number of FttX subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Development of VNPT’s financial data – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 13 – Change in the number of fixed line subscriptions and teledensity – 2010 - 2025
  • Table 14 – Vietnam - Data Centres
  • Table 15 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 1995 – 2010
  • Table 16 – Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2010
  • Table 17 – Historic - Fixed line subscriptions and penetration – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 18 – Historic - Fixed line subscriptions and penetration – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 19 – Historic - Internet users and penetration – 1998 – 2016
  • Table 20 – Historic – MobiFone’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2016
  • Table 21 – Historic - VNPT - Vinaphone mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2014
  • Table 22 – Historic – Viettel’s mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2014
  • Table 23 – Historic - GMobile mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2011

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 4 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
  • Chart 5 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers by technology – 2015 - 2020
  • Chart 6 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers by prepaid and contract – 2015 - 2020
  • Chart 7 – Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
  • Chart 8 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
  • Chart 9 – Development of VNPT’s financial data – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 10 – Change in the number of fixed line subscriptions and teledensity – 2010 - 2025

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – South East Asia - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
  • Exhibit 3 –MIC’s assigned policy and regulatory responsibilities

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