Vietnam - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Vietnam’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, mobile broadband,fixed broadband dand converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analysis, trends and developments;
  • Market and operator statistics;
  • Regulatory environment and developments;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband – fixed (FttH, DSL, wireless);
  • Broadband - mobile
  • Digital media and Digital economy
  • Market forecasts to 2022 (mobile, mobile broadband, fixed broadband).

Researcher:- Phil Harpur
Current publication date:- February 2017 (24th Edition)

Executive Summary

Vietnam ranks 18th in BuddeComm's Asian Telecoms Maturity Index

Vietnam is ranked 18th with a Telecoms Maturity Index score of 33. Vietnam is also ranked 11th in the “Developing Nations” category out of 16 countries. (BuddeComm’s “Asian Telecoms Maturity Index”, is an index (on a scale between 0 and 100) that measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industry in all of the 34 countries in Asia.) Compared to other Asian nations, Vietnam has very low fixed line penetration, low fixed broadband penetration, high mobile penetration and low mobile broadband penetration.

After peaking in 2009 the fixed line market in Vietnam has seen a significant decline by 2017. Further declines are predicted over the next five years to 2022.

Growth has been flat in Vietnam’s mobile market over the past five years. Market growth has been restrained due to a mature and saturated market. Mobile subscriber growth is also expected to be relatively low over the next five years to 2022, driven by growth in the mobile broadband market.

By 2017, all five major mobile operators had been issued 4G licenses, and by early 2018 4G rollouts were well underway. 4G access will open up many opportunities for rural residents to learn, consume entertainment, find jobs and generally narrow the gap between urban and rural areas.

The fixed broadband access has been built on the back of an extensive Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) network, with the more recent focus being on fibre-based services. Subscriber growth in fibre continues to be strong.

Fixed broadband penetration in Vietnam remains low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the dominance of the mobile platform. However the market has grown strongly over the past five years. Over the next five years to 2022 strong growth is expected to continue driven by rising fixed line penetration, in particular the rollout of fibre access.

The digital economy in Vietnam has been flourishing. With initiatives to promote e-commerce throughout the country. The government has been the driving force behind the country’s move into the age of the digital economy. It has been constantly emphasising the need to use e-commerce to improve the country’s economic competitiveness. The government has also been particularly active in the development of cyber laws, because of its deeply ingrained political culture of central control.

Key developments:

  • The fixed line market in Vietnam has seen a significant decline over the past few years.
  • MobiFone and VNPT were directed by the MIC to complete equitisation (a process by which its shares are sold) in 2018 and 2019.
  • Viettel Global announced plans to expand its footprint to Indonesia and Nigeria.
  • Vietnam has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years.
  • VNPT-Vinaphone completed the conversion of its fixed network from copper to fibre-optic access.
  • Fibre-based broadband (FttH) subscribers have been growing rapidly.
  • Over the next five years to 2022 strong growth is expected to continue in the fixed broadband market.

Companies mentioned in this report:

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom; Vietnamobile, GMobile/GTel. KT; LG U+; SK Broadband; SK Telecom, Hanaro Telecom.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country Overview
      • 1.1.1 Background
      • 1.1.2 World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • 2. Regional Asian market comparison
  • 3. Telecommunications market
    • 3.1 Market Revenue
    • 3.2 Foreign investment
  • 4. Regulatory environment
    • 4.1 Regulatory authority
      • 4.1.1 Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC)
      • 4.1.2 Vietnam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA)
    • 4.2 Government policies
    • 4.3 Telecom licences
    • 4.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  • 5. Fixed network operators
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Vietnam Post & Telecommunications (VNPT)
    • 5.3 Viettel
    • 5.4 FPT Telecom
    • 5.5 GTel
  • 6. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 6.1 National telecom network
      • 6.1.1 Background
      • 6.1.2 Statistics
    • 6.2 New developments
      • 6.2.1 Cross VietNam Cable System (CVCS).
      • 6.2.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 6.3 International infrastructure
      • 6.3.1 Background to development
      • 6.3.2 Statistics
      • 6.3.3 Submarine cable networks
      • 6.3.4 Satellite networks
  • 7. Broadband market
    • 7.1 Market overview and Analysis
      • 7.1.1 Background
      • 7.1.2 Broadband Development Plan
      • 7.1.3 Government control
    • 7.2 Broadband Statistics and Forecasts
    • 7.3 Fixed Broadband Service Providers
      • 7.3.1 DSL Service providers
      • 7.3.2 FTTH Service providers
    • 7.4 Fixed Broadband Technologies
      • 7.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
      • 7.4.2 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
    • 7.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 7.5.1 WiFi
      • 7.5.2 WiMAX
      • 7.5.3 Cable modem
      • 7.5.4 Satellite internet
      • 7.5.5 Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC)
      • 7.5.6 Vietnam National Internet eXchange (VNIX)
      • 7.5.7 IPv6 v. IPv4
    • 7.6 Competition Issues
  • 8. Digital economy
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 E-Commerce
      • 8.2.1 Overview
    • 8.3 E-Government
      • 8.3.1 Overview
    • 8.4 E-Health
      • 8.4.1 E-Medicine
      • 8.4.2 Vaccination management
    • 8.5 E-Education
      • 8.5.1 E-Learning
    • 8.6 Technology parks/focus areas
  • 9. Digital media
    • 9.1 Introduction
      • 9.1.1 Cloud services
    • 9.2 Digitalisation
    • 9.3 Pay TV
    • 9.4 Videostreaming
    • 9.5 Social Media
      • 9.5.1 Introduction
    • 9.6 Media tablets
    • 9.7 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 10. Mobile communications
    • 10.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 10.2 Mobile Statistics and Forecasts
    • 10.3 Mobile Broadband Statistics and Forecasts
    • 10.4 Regulatory Issues
      • 10.4.1 Numbering
      • 10.4.2 Registration of prepaid services/SIM cards
      • 10.4.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 10.5 Mobile infrastructure
      • 10.5.1 Digital networks
    • 10.6 Major Mobile Operators
      • 10.6.1 Operator Statistics
      • 10.6.2 VNPT – Historic overview
      • 10.6.3 MobiFone
      • 10.6.4 VNPT-Vinaphone
      • 10.6.5 Viettel
      • 10.6.6 Vietnamobile
      • 10.6.7 GTel Mobile
      • 10.6.8 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 10.7 Mobile Content and Applications
      • 10.7.1 M-Commerce
      • 10.7.2 M-Banking
      • 10.7.3 Mobile Apps
      • 10.7.4 Other m-content
    • 10.8 Mobile Handsets
    • Table 1 – Country statistics Vietnam – 2017 (e)
    • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
    • Table 7 – Historic - Fixed-line subscribers and market share by operator – 2011
    • Table 8 – Historic - VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2005
    • Table 9 – VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2006 – 2016
    • Table 10 – Historic- Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 1990 – 2006
    • Table 11– Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 12 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 13 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
    • Table 14 – Internet Users and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Historic - Internet users and penetration – 1998 - 2006
    • Table 16 – Historic - DSL subscribers and market share by provider – 2014
    • Table 17 – VNPT/VDC fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 18 – VNPT fixed broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2016
    • Table 19 – Viettel’s DSL subscribers – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 20 – Historic - FttH subscribers and market share by provider – 2014
    • Table 21 – Historic - Fixed broadband DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 22 – Historic - FttH subscribers – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 23 – Historic - Vietnam B2C e-commerce sales indicators
    • Table 24 – Key broadcasting statistics
    • Table 25 – Historic - Facebook users and penetration
    • Table 26 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
    • Table 27 – Historic - mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2006
    • Table 28 – Total 3G mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 29– Mobile services revenue – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 30 – Mobile services sector estimated ARPU – 1998 - 2016
    • Table 31 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2010 - 2022
    • Table 32 – Mobile operators – networks
    • Table 33 – Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2017
    • Table 34 – Historic - VNPT subscribers – 1998 – 2014
    • Table 35 – MobiFone subscribers – 1998 - 2017
    • Table 36 – VNPT - Vinaphone subscribers – 1998 - 2017
    • Table 37 – Viettel subscribers – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 38 – Historic - HT Mobile (CDMA) subscribers – 2006 - 2009
    • Table 39 – Vietnamobile (GSM) subscribers – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 40 – Historic - Gmobile (Beeline) subscribers – 2009 - 2017
    • Chart 1 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
    • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index – South East Asia
    • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
    • Chart 4 – Fixed Broadband vs Mobile Penetration – South East Asia
    • Chart 5 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
    • Chart 6 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
    • Chart 7 – Internet Users and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
    • Chart 8 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
    • Chart 9 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2010 - 2022
    • Exhibit 1 – South East Asia -Telecoms Markets- Country Snapshot
    • Exhibit 2 –MIC’s assigned policy and regulatory responsibilities
    • Exhibit 3 – Vietnam’s Cyber Law – legislative instruments

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