Mongolia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Growing mobile broadband penetration drives Mongolia’s broadband market

Mongolia possesses a liberalised and competitive telecoms market served by multiple competing players and an incumbent operator that no longer holds a dominant share of its market. Mobicom is the number one mobile operator in the Mongolian market with 36% market share followed by Unitel (31%), SkyTel (24%) and G-Mobile (9%).

Operators have focused on expanding network reach and capacity to support the growing popularity of fixed and mobile broadband services, doubling the amount of fibre optic cable in Mongolia within the past five years alone and extending into Mongolia’s sparsely populated rural regions.

The fixed broadband market has been growing strongly over the past few years. Penetration has increased from 4.9% in 2013 to 7.1% in 2015 and 7.4% in 2016. Further strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2021.

The penetration of fixed lines in Mongolia has increased strongly over the past five years as a higher proportion of residences decide to take a fixed line access option.

The growing popularity of mobile broadband has underpinned overall broadband growth and coincided with a contraction in fibre subscriptions, suggesting some end users are migrating from fibre to mobile. Broadband growth in 2017 will continue to be underpinned by mobile, consolidating Mongolia’s position as a “mobile first” telecoms market and shaping the future direction of Mongolia’s developing digital economy.

High mobile penetration levels in Mongolia are indicative of healthy competition although the market is undergoing transition. Overall mobile penetration levels as well as mobile voice traffic is contracting while 3G accounts for an increasing proportion of total subscriptions, with the total number of 3G subscriptions expected to overtake 2G subscriptions by 2017.

Mongolia’s mobile subscriber market has experienced relatively slow growth over the past five years in a relatively mature market. Market penetration has increased from 104.8% in 2011 to over 105% in 2016. Further slow growth is predicted over the next five year to 2021.

Key Developments:

  • Fixed line penetration has increased from 5.2% in 2012 to nearly 9% in 2016.
  • Mongolia Telecom no longer holds the largest market share in the fixed line market
  • Operators are investing in fibre to support future broadband growth
  • Total mobile voice minutes contracted for the first time in 2015
  • Mobile represents the dominant share of total broadband subscriptions
  • Mongolia has emerged as a “mobile first” country
  • 3G subscriptions expected to overtake 2G by 2017

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Mongolia’s economy
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 4.2 Mongolia’s telecom market – financial statistics
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC)
      • 5.2.2 Information Technology, Post and Telecommunications Authority of Mongolia (ITPTA)
    • 5.3 Government policies
      • 5.3.1 Mongolia Telecom Company privatisation
      • 5.3.2 Structural separation
      • 5.3.3 ICT Vision 2021
      • 5.3.4 E-Mongolia 2012
      • 5.3.5 National broadband program of Mongolia
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Mongolia Telecom Company
    • 6.3 Mongolian Railways Communications
    • 6.4 Ulusnet (Mobinet)
    • 6.5 Univision (Unitel)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 National telecom network
      • 7.1.1 Rural services
    • 7.2 Fixed-line statistics
    • 7.3 International infrastructure
      • 7.3.1 Internet infrastructure statistics
      • 7.3.2 Terrestrial cable
      • 7.3.3 Satellite
    • 7.4 Specific IT developments
      • 7.4.1 Data Centres
      • 7.4.2 National information technology park
      • 7.4.3 Mongolia internet Exchange (MIX)
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Market overview and Analysis
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • 8.3.1 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • 8.3.2 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 Wi-Fi
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
    • 9.3 Mobile voice
    • 9.4 Mobile data
      • 9.4.1 SMS and MMS
    • 9.5 Mobile broadband
    • 9.6 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Operator Statistics
    • 10.2 MobiCom
    • 10.3 SkyTel
    • 10.4 Unitel
    • 10.5 G-Mobile
  • 11. Mobile content and applications
  • 12. Digital economy
    • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.1.1 National ICT Committee
      • 12.1.2 CIO Council
    • 12.2 e-Commerce
    • 12.3 e-Banking
      • 12.3.1 E-Signatures
      • 12.3.2 Electronic ID card
    • 12.4 e-Government
      • 12.4.1 E-government master plan 2005
    • 12.5 e-Health
    • 12.6 e-Education
  • 13. Digital Media
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Cable, DTH and MMDS television services
    • 13.3 Digital TV
    • 13.4 IPTV
    • 13.5 Mobile Broadcast TV
  • 14. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Mongolia – 2016
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – GDP and foreign direct investment: 2003 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Total revenue and investment of ICT sector and tax contribution – 2005 – 2015
  • Table 9 – ICT sector revenue breakdown – June 2015
  • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990, 1995 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Total fixed network traffic – 2008 – 2015
  • Table 12 – Mongolia fibre cable deployed – 2016
  • Table 13 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2016
  • Table 14 – International and domestic Internet bandwidth by ISP – June 2015
  • Table 15 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration– 2007 - 2016
  • Table 16 – Broadband subscribers per platform – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 17 – Broadband subscribers by location – June 2015
  • Table 18 – Internet users and penetration – 2007 – 2017
  • Table 19 – Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 20 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 21 – Historical - Mobile subscribers, total v. prepaid, annual change and penetration – 1996 - 2010
  • Table 22 – Prepaid subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Total outgoing mobile telephone traffic – 1999 - 2015
  • Table 24 – SMS traffic – 2000 – 2009; 2012 – 2016
  • Table 25 – 3G subscribers – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 26 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 27 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 2011 - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 28 – Mobile operators - subscribers and market share – 2016
  • Table 29 – MobiCom subscribers – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 30 – SkyTel subscribers – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 31 – Unitel subscribers - 2006 - 2016
  • Table 32 – G-Mobile subscribers and market share – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 33 – Operating Systems –2015
  • Table 34 – Cable, DTH and MMDS TV subscribers – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 35 – IPTV, double play and triple play subscribers – 2016
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2007 – 2017
  • Chart 2 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration– 2007 - 2016
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers annual change and penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Mongolia

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