Mongolia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Rising mobile broadband penetration continues to drive Mongolia’s telecoms market

Mongolia possesses a liberalised and competitive telecoms market served by multiple competing players and an incumbent operator that no longer holds a dominant share of its market. The growing popularity of mobile broadband has underpinned overall broadband and telecoms growth. This trend is consolidating Mongolia’s position as a “mobile first” telecoms market and shaping the future direction of Mongolia’s developing digital economy.

Mongolia is ranked 14th out of 34 with a Telecoms Maturity Index score of 42. This ranks Mongolia 7th last in the “Market Challengers” category. (BuddeComm’s “Asian Telecoms Maturity Index”, is an index (on a scale between 0 and 100) that measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industry in all of the 34 countries in Asia.) Compared to other Asian nations, Mongolia has moderate mobile penetration, moderate mobile broadband penetration and low fixed broadband penetration.

The penetration of fixed lines in Mongolia has increased strongly over the past five years as a higher proportion of residences decide to take a fixed line access option. Penetration is however predicted to only increase slightly over the next five years to 2022. There is a continued migration from fixed-line services to mobile operators that have a much higher availability in the rural areas and access to applications and services in the urban areas.

Fixed broadband penetration in Mongolia remains low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the dominance of the mobile platform. However the market has grown very strongly over the past five years from a very small base. Over the next five years to 2022 moderate growth is expected to continue. A major driver of broadband growth among the general population will be affordable access to relevant content.

Mongolia’s mobile market has experienced fairly slow growth over the past five years in a relatively mature market. High mobile penetration levels in Mongolia are also indicative of healthy competition. Slow to moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to strong local competition and a further maturing market.

Mobile broadband has become an increasingly attractive proposition due to the increasingly faster speeds offered coupled with improving tariffs due to strong competition among the four mobile network operators. Mobile broadband subscriptions grew rapidly commencing in 2012, with this growth attributed to the increasing popularity of 3G mobile broadband products.

The launch of 4G LTE services by all the major operators will see the uptake of mobile broadband customers continue to grow strongly over the next five years to 2022.

In May 2018 South Korea’s KT Corp completed the sale of its 40% stake in Telecom Mongolia back to the Mongolian government.

Key Developments:

  • The penetration of fixed lines in Mongolia has increased strongly over the past five years.
  • Over the next five years to 2022 moderate growth is expected to continue in the fixed broadband market.
  • The launch of 4G LTE services will see the uptake of mobile broadband customers continue to grow strongly.
  • MobiCom launched its first LTE-A services.
  • South Korea’s KT Corp completed the sale of its 40% stake in Telecom Mongolia back to the Mongolian government

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Mongolia’s economy
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 4.2 Regional Market Comparison
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC)
      • 5.2.2 Information Technology, Post and Telecommunications Authority of Mongolia (ITPTA)
    • 5.3 Government policies
      • 5.3.1 Mongolia Telecom Company privatisation
      • 5.3.2 Structural separation
      • 5.3.3 ICT Vision 2021
      • 5.3.4 E-Mongolia 2012
      • 5.3.5 National broadband program of Mongolia
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Mongolia Telecom
    • 6.3 Mongolian Railways Communications
    • 6.4 Ulusnet (Mobinet)
    • 6.5 Univision (Unitel)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 National telecom network
      • 7.1.1 Rural services
    • 7.2 Fixed-line statistics
    • 7.3 International infrastructure
      • 7.3.1 Internet infrastructure statistics
      • 7.3.2 Terrestrial cable
      • 7.3.3 Satellite
    • 7.4 Specific IT developments
      • 7.4.1 Data Centres
      • 7.4.2 National information technology park
      • 7.4.3 Mongolia internet Exchange (MIX)
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Fixed Broadband statistics and Forecast
    • 8.3 Internet Statistics
    • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 Wi-Fi
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Mobile statistics and Market Forecast
    • 9.2 Mobile voice
    • 9.3 Mobile data
    • 9.4 Mobile Broadband and Market Forecast
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Operator Statistics
    • 10.2 MobiCom
    • 10.3 SkyTel
    • 10.4 Unitel
    • 10.5 G-Mobile
  • 11. Mobile content and applications
  • 12. Digital economy
    • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.1.1 National ICT Committee
      • 12.1.2 CIO Council
    • 12.2 e-Commerce
    • 12.3 e-Banking
      • 12.3.1 E-Signatures
      • 12.3.2 Electronic ID card
    • 12.4 e-Government
    • 12.5 e-Health
    • 12.6 e-Education
  • 13. Digital Media
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Cable, DTH and MMDS television services
    • 13.3 Digital TV
    • 13.4 IPTV
    • 13.5 Mobile Broadcast TV
  • 14. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Mongolia – 2017 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2017 - 2022
  • Table 8 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 9 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 10 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration– 1990, 1995 - 2006
  • Table 11 – Historic - Total fixed network traffic – 2008 – 2015
  • Table 12 – Mongolia fibre cable deployed – 2016
  • Table 13 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2017
  • Table 14 – International and domestic Internet bandwidth by ISP – June 2015
  • Table 15– Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 16 – Historic - Broadband subscribers per platform – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 17 – Broadband subscribers by location – June 2015
  • Table 18 – Internet users and penetration – 2007 – 2017
  • Table 19 – Percentage of Households with Internet Access at Home - 2007 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 21 – Historic - Mobile subscribers, total v. prepaid, annual change and penetration – 1996 - 2010
  • Table 22 – Prepaid subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Historic - Total outgoing mobile telephone traffic – 1999 - 2015
  • Table 24 – Historic - SMS traffic – 2000 – 2009; 2012 – 2016
  • Table 25 – Historic - 3G subscribers – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 26– Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 - 2022
  • Table 27 – Mobile operators - subscribers and market share – 2017
  • Table 28 – MobiCom subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 29 – SkyTel subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 30 – Unitel subscribers - 2006 - 2017
  • Table 31 – G-Mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 32 – Historic - Operating Systems –2015
  • Table 33 – Historic - Cable, DTH and MMDS TV subscribers – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 34 – Historic - IPTV, double play and triple play subscribers – 2016
  • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2017; 2022
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 3 – Telecoms Maturity Index – Central Asia
  • Chart 4 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Chart 6 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 7 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 8 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 - 2022
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Mongolia
  • Exhibit 2 – Central Asia - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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