Norway - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Norway’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- September 2019 (17th Edition) 

Executive Summary

Norway considers 20Mb/s broadband as a universal service

In common with other Scandinavian countries, Norway has a sophisticated telecom market with high broadband and mobile penetration rates and a highly developed digital media sector. Although not a member of the European Union, the country’s telecoms sector is synchronised with relevant EC legislation. Telenor is the dominant operator in all sectors, though there is increasing competition from new entrants. Telia Norway increased its market share by acquiring the operations of Tele2, Phonero and Get.

Norway enjoys near comprehensive LTE coverage, while both Telenor and Telia are looking to close their 3G and 2G networks (by 2020 and 2025 respectively), focussing instead on LTE and 5G technologies. The mobile broadband sector was bolstered by the auction of spectrum in the 700MHz and 21MHz band in June 2019. Additional spectrum in the 700MHz is expected to be auctioned for mobile broadband use (5G) in 2021.

The broadband penetration rate is among the highest in Europe, while in recent years subscribers have been migrated to faster broadband solutions over fibre networks, VDSL and upgraded cable infrastructure. The leading ISPs Telenor and NextGenTel have also deployed services based on G.fast technology.

The regulator has called on the government to help fund additional cable infrastructure to reduce the country’s dependence on Telenor’s networks. In late 2019 the government proposed making broadband of at least 20Mb/s a universal service.

This report introduces the key elements of Norway’s telecom market, providing statistics and an overview of the regulatory environment, the fixed network operators and their services, and telecom infrastructure. The report also profiles the mobile voice and data market, providing statistics on the main operators, a review of the key regulatory issues, and a snapshot of the consumer market for services. In addition, the report covers the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, together with developments in related technologies such as Broadband Powerline.

Key developments:

  • Regulator recommends measures to reduce dependence on Telenor's network;
  • Telenor undergoes organisational restructure; sells its Central and Eastern European businesses;
  • Telenor to phase out PSTN infrastructure by 2025;
  • Regulator completes 700MHz auction, consults on release of additional spectrum for 5G;
  • Telenor Group assigned to manage a major European 5G project, sets up a second IoT lab;
  • Telenor partners with Huawei to trial 5G technologies;
  • Telia achieves speeds of 1Gb/s on its LTE infrastructure;
  • Telenor looks to VoLTE as it aims to close its 2G and 3G networks by 2025;
  • Telenor to migrate all DSL subscribers to fibre by 2023;
  • Telenor and NextGenTel pursue G.fast technology;
  • Municipalities access EU-funded public Wi-Fi scheme;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2018, telcos' operating and financial data to Q2 2019, recent market development.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telenor, Telia Norway, Tele2, BaneTele, NetCom, Mobile Norway, Teletopia, Telio, Lyse, Nordisk Mobiltelefon.

Henry Lancaster
September 2019

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation in Norway
    • Privatisation
    • Interconnect
    • Access
    • Number Portability (NP)
    • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Telenor
      • International operations
    • Telia Norway
    • NextGenTel (Telio)
    • Tele2
    • BaneTele
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • NGN
    • International infrastructure
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • Cloud services
    • Smart infrastructure
      • Smart grids
  • Broadband market

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Government support
      • Broadband statistics
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • VDSL
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Utilities
      • Telenor
      • Other developments
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • Mobile communications

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
    • Regulatory issues
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • Major mobile operators
      • Telenor Mobil
      • Telia Norway
      • Mobile Norway
      • Teletopia
      • Ice
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile content and applications
      • Location-based services
      • M-commerce
  • Appendix – Historic data


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Norway – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Operators’ share of fixed-line subscriptions (minor providers) – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 3 – NextGenTel Holding financial data – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 4 – NextGenTel Holding revenue by sector – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 5 – NextGenTel subscribers by organisational sector – 2017 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Broadband market share by provider – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Superfast broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
  • Table 8 – Residential broadband connections by downstream access speed – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 9 – Proportion of residential broadband connections above 100Mb/s – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Telia Norway cable broadband revenue – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Market share of mobile subscribers by main provider – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Revenue market share by provider – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 13 –Ice Norway mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 14 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration 2000 – 2009
  • Table 15 – Historic - Total telecom revenue – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 16 – Historic - Revenue by sector – 2003 – 2008
  • Table 17 – Historic - Broadband market revenue – 2003 – 2009
  • Table 18 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 – 2009
  • Table 19 –Historic - Mobile voice traffic – 2004 – 2009
  • Table 20 –Historic - Mobile revenue – 2002 – 2009
  • Table 21 – Historic - Prepaid share of mobile subscribers – 1999; 2005 – 2009
  • Table 22 – Historic - Annual SMS sent – 1999 – 2009

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Change in total telecom revenue and annual growth – 2009 – 2023
  • Chart 2 – Change in telecom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Change in the proportion of turnover by sector – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Decline in the number of fixed voice lines – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Change in telecom sector investment – 2012 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Change in fibre and LTE investment – 2012 – 2017
  • Chart 7 – Decline in fixed-line traffic in minutes (PSTN/ISDN) – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Operators’ share of fixed-line subscription s – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 9 – Decline in fixed-telephony revenue (PSTN/ISDN) – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 10 – Telenor domestic fixed-line revenue by type – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 11 – Telenor Group financial data – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 12 – Decline in Telenor’s voice and broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 13 – Change in Telia Norway’s revenue – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 14 – Change in Telia Norway’s broadband and mobile subscriber numbers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 15 – Decline in fixed lines in service and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 16 – Decline in the number of VoIP lines in service – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 17 – Operators’ share of VoIP revenue – 2015 – 2018
  • Chart 18 – International internet bandwidth – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 19 – Steady increase in fixed broadband market revenue – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 20 – Broadband market revenue by platform – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 21 – Fixed broadband subscribers by platform – 2010 – 2019
  • Chart 22 – Growth in the fixed broadband subscriber base and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 23 – Annual net adds in broadband connections, by type – 2008 – 2018
  • Chart 24 – Change in fixed broadband market share by technology – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 25 – Change in fixed broadband penetration by technology – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 26 – Growth in broadband connections via housing associations – 2015 – 2018
  • Chart 27 – Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2018
  • Chart 28 – Telia Norway cable broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 29 – Decline in the number of DSL broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2018
  • Chart 30 – Telenor retail broadband subscribers and local loops – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 31 – Change in fibre broadband share by operator – 2016 – 2018
  • Chart 32 – Growth in fibre broadband subscribers (residential and corporate) – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 33 – Change in mobile revenue – 2002 – 2018
  • Chart 34 – Change in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 35 – Slowing growth in mobile voice traffic – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 36 – Change in mobile voice traffic by type – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 37 – Declining share of prepaid mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 38 – Change in the number of prepaid and contract subscribers –2009 – 2018
  • Chart 39 – Declining share of Telenor Norway’s prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 40 – Decline in the number of SMS sent – 2010 – 2020
  • Chart 41 – Decline in the number of standard mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2020
  • Chart 42 – Growth in active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 43 – Change in market share of mobile broadband subscribers by provider – 2013 – 2017
  • Chart 44 – Strong growth in mobile data traffic – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 45 – Change in mobile data revenue – 2004 – 2018
  • Chart 46 – Decline in revenue from roaming services – 2013 – 2018
  • Chart 47 – Growth in the number of M2M cards in use – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 48 – M2M SIM revenue by provider – 2013 – 2017
  • Chart 49 – Growth in revenue from M2M services – 2012 – 2017
  • Chart 50 – Change in Telenor Mobil’s mobile subscribers by type – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 51 – Change in Telenor Mobil’s financial data – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 52 – Evolution of Telenor Mobil’s ARPU: blended, contract and prepaid – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 53 – Development of Telia Norway’s mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 54 – Change in Telia Norway’s mobile ARPU – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 55 – Change in Telia Norway’s mobile service revenue – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 56 – Change in Ice Scandinavia financial data – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 57 – Change in Ice Norway financial data – 2014 – 2019
  • Chart 58 – Decline in the number of MVNO subscribers – 2014 – 2017

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – 3G beauty contest licence results in Norway – 2000; 2003; 2007
  • Exhibit 2 – Multi-spectrum auction results – Dec 2013

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