Kazakhstan Telecoms Market Report

Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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Last updated: 29 Jun 2024 Update History

Report Status: Current

Report Pages: 146

Kazakhstan looks to satellite services to bridge digital divide in remote areas

Kazakhstan has one of the most developed telecommunications sectors in the region. This is especially true of the mobile segment, where the country has the second fastest average mobile data rates in Central Asia after Azerbaijan. The competing MNOs have built extensive LTE networks: about 76% of Beeline’s mobile subscribers were on LTE as of March 2024, while the company’s LTE network provided 89% geographic coverage.

This widespread network coverage, as well as the development of 5G networks, has been encouraged by the government keen to see progress with the second stage of its Digital Kazakhstan program, by which most settlements across the country will be furnished with mobile internet connectivity. The remaining rural villages will be covered by satellite services, and to this end the government has licenced Hughes and SpaceX to provide satellite connectivity.

At the turn of the century, Kazakhstan had a relatively high fixed-line teledensity thanks to concerted efforts to invest in the fixed-line infrastructure and in next-generation networks. However, as with most developed telecom markets globally, demand for traditional voice services is on the wane as customers are increasingly attracted to the flexibility and ubiquity of the mobile platform for voice as well as data services.

Key developments:

  • Kazakhtelecom and AzerTelecom set up Caspinet as a joint venture to manage the Trans-Caspian Cable project.
  • Government licenses Hughes and Starlink to bridge the digital divide in remote regions.
  • Kcell and Tele2-Altel launch limited 5G services, aim to build at least 7,000 5G base stations and provide 80% population coverage by the end of 2027.
  • Government commits to 95% home broadband coverage by 2025, agrees to sell its entire stake in Mobile Telecom Service to Power International Holding.
  • Kazakhstan collaborating with Thales Alenia Space and Airbus Defense and Space to build satellites to replace the ageing KazSat craft in 2026.
  • Report update includes operator and regulator market data to May 2024, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q1 2024, updated Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

  • Kazakhtelecom (Kcell), Ducat, Astel, KazInformTelecom, Transtelecom, Altel, Beeline Kazakhstan, Izi, Jysan Mobile

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